icCSBs August 2015

Volume VI, Pages 1- 220 (August 2015)
The European Proceedings of Social & Behavioural Sciences EpSBS
e-ISSN: 2357-1330
©2015 Published by the Future Academy
Edited by: Zafer Bekirogullari and Melis Yagmur Minas
Articles: 1-20
Conference: icCSBs August 2015 The Annual International Conference on Cognitive - Social, and Behavioural Sciences
Dates: 03-06 August 2015
Location: Nicosia - Cyprus
Conference Chair(s): Prof. Dr. W.C.M. (Willibrord) Weijmar Schultz, Head of section Psychosomatic Obstetrics and Gynecologie / Sexology UMCG, University Medical Center Groningen &
Dr Mehryar Nooriafshar, Senior Lecturer, University of Southern  Queensland, Queensland, Australia

Title: Contents
Pages: 1-3
Open Access

Contents 1 

No: 1
Title: The Social Role Approach of Family Education in Adolescents Development
Pages 4-10
Author(s): Aigul Karimova*, Liassat Alekeshova, Meiramgul Yesengulova, Bakit Kulbaeva, Marat Sarkulov
Open Access

Full Text 1
Problem Statement: In our modern society, a burst of interest to the regularities of ‘children and parents’relations and development of personality in the context of a family has acquired.
Research Questions: The family plays the main role in the formation of moral principles of a child.
Purpose of the Study: The problem of relations of children and parents is complex and paradoxical. Its complexity resides in the hidden, intimate nature of human relations, the sensitivity of external penetration in them. The parents don’t have all necessary pedagogical and psychological information.
Research Methods: During the research part, we used the following methods in the work with children: the drawing test “Kinetic Drawing of the Family” (R. Burns and S. Kaufman) the methodology of measuring parents' mindset and reactions. (The PARI methodology).
Findings: Analysis of the drawing test showed that only 18 of 60 families could be called the families with high level of 'children and parents' relations, which is equal to 30% of the total number. The average level of 'children and parents' relations is 30 families (50%). 12 families showed the low level, which is equal to 20%.
Conclusions: We found out that disorders of parents’ relation to children affects their emotional state, particularly, displays of anxiety, occurrence of conflicts between parents and children. 

No: 2
Title: The Intonation in Gender Analysis of Linguistics
Pages 11-20
Author(s): Zeine Orazbekova, Nazgul Shyngyssova, Kulaiym Mamyrova, Anarkhan Zhumabayeva*
Open Access

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Problem Statement: Women in everyday life are characterized by exclamatory and interrogative intonation, attended with increasing tone. Eliminations of differences are now investigated between woman and masculine speech.
Research Questions: In the manifestations of emotions and perception occurs communications barrier, the study of the emotional state caused by the study of gender in the science of linguistics.
Purpose of the Study: In modern gender linguistics interest increases in the study of intonation. A control degree above intonation is a specific index. Study of the emotional state expressed by means of intonations assists the deep opening of the inner world of women, system of her values, attitude and their aesthetic estimation.
Research Methods: At research were used analytical, comparatively comparable methods during classification and systematization of research for the study of features of behavioral strategies, , types of emotions and their external display, that is explained by the features of woman speech. The varieties of mental conditionsreactions for the deeper opening of the state of women in gender linguistics.
Findings: Variety of intonation and actions at conversation, reactions assist the deep opening of the inner world of representatives of both sexes that allow giving estimation to their behavior and system of values that they follow in the life. Display of emotion in intonations universal and ability to identify emotions is universal also. It specifies on solidity of gender linguistics.
Conclusions: In the modern gender linguistics, oriented to the study of intercommunication of sexes, study of their emotional state, expressed by means of nonverbal facilities, namely: by means of intonation . By virtue of gender distinctions the representatives of both sexes have likenesses and distinctions in intonations and language of nonverbal communication. It and other problems require careful scientific- linguistic analysis.

No: 3 
Title: Familial relationships perceived by parents and adolescent depression: Psychosocial functioning moderating effect
Pages 21-37
Author(s): Andreia Mota*, Ana Paula Matos, Maria Rosário Pinheiro, José Joaquim Costa, Sara Oliveira
Open Access

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Problem Statement: Depression is a major public health problem with significant impairment in psychosocial functioning. Quality of interpersonal relationships between parent and children, can be an important protective/vulnerability factors to depression.
Research Questions: The research addresses the question of identifying the characteristics of the associations between parents-child quality of relationships and psychological functioning and depressive symptoms.
Purpose of the Study: This research aims to study children's psychosocial functioning as a moderator variable between quality of the relationships perceived by the parents and children's depressive symptoms. Further, we analyse if demographic variables influence the quality of these interpersonal relationships and if psychosocial functioning of the children is associated with depression.
Research Methods: The sample is constituted by 170 adolescents aged from 14 to 17 years. The following instruments were used: CDI, (Kovacs, 1985 Portuguese version: Marujo, 1994), QRI - Parents Perception (QRI-PP, Pinheiro, Matos & Costa, 2015). To evaluate adolescent psychosocial functioning was used the semi-structured interview Adolescent-Longitudinal Interval Follow-up (Keller et al., 1993 Portuguese version: Matos & Costa, 2011).
Findings: As expected the parents’ perception of the quality in the relationships with children, and the psychosocial functioning of the adolescent are associated with adolescent’s depressive symptoms. A relationship was also found between parent-child interactions and children psychosocial functioning.
Conclusions: Several studies found an association of familial and psychosocial functioning with the development and recurrence of depression. Our findings reinforce the importance of these variables in the development of adolescent depression and, in line with previous research, emphasize the importance of their inclusion in the prevention programs of depression.

No: 4
Title: Parental Resilience and Adolescence Depression: Moderating Effect of Children’s Psychosocial Functioning
Pages 38-52
Author(s): Cátia Pestana*, Ana Paula Matos, Maria Rosário Pinheiro, José Joaquim Costa& Cristiana Marques
Open Access

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Problem Statement: Studies have shown high prevalence of depression in adolescents. Researchers also found that psychosocial impairment is associated with depressive symptomatology in adolescence. However, little is known about this association.
Research Questions: It is crucial to study relationships maintained between depressive symptoms and psychosocial adolescent impairment in several areas like relationships with family and friends, functioning at school and life satisfaction.
Purpose of the Study: The main aims of this study are to examine the potential protective role of parents’ resilience regarding the development of children’s depressive symptoms and the moderating effect of children psychosocial functioning in the relationship between parental resilience and adolescent depressive symptomatology.
Research Methods: The sample was composed by 130 adolescents aged between 14 and 17 years. Psychosocial functioning was assessed with the Adolescent Longitudinal Interval Follow-up Evaluation (A-LIFE, Keller et al., 1993 Matos & Costa, 2011). To evaluate parental resilience the RS25 (Wagnild, 2009 Pinheiro & Matos, 2013) was used. Depressive symptoms were assessed with CDI (Kovacs, 1992 Marujo, 1994).
Findings: The results suggest that the parents’ resilience and children’s psychosocial functioning are associated with depressive symptoms in adolescents.
Conclusions: This study may have important implications for the development of prevention programs of adolescent depression that will involve young people and their parents in order to promote the interpersonal skills and problem solving abilities.

No: 5
Title: Maltreatment experiences and depression in adolescents: The moderating effect of psychosocial functioning
Pages 53-66
Author(s): Ana Sofia Gomes, Ana Paula Matos*, Sílvia Monteiro, & Lisete Mónico
Open Access

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Problem Statement: Depression is a serious health problem among adolescents, which may be associated with poor psychosocial functioning. Maltreatment is a risk factor for the development of depression in adolescence.
Research Questions: The relationship between maltreatment and psychosocial functioning and the role that psychosocial functioning has in the relation between maltreatment and depressive symptomatology are underexplored in the literature.
Purpose of the Study: The aims of this study are to explore the moderating effect of psychosocial functioning in the relationship between maltreatment experience and depressive symptomatology, and their relation to socio-demographic variables. The sample consists of 170 adolescents (between 14-17 years, mostly female).
Research Methods: Two self-report questionnaires were used: the Childhood Trauma Questionnaire (Bernstein, & Fink, 2004 Pereira & Matos, 2011) to evaluate the maltreatment experience and the Children’s Depression Inventory (Kovacs, 1992 Marujo, 1994) to measure the level of depression. To assess the psychosocial functioning of adolescents was applied the Adolescent Longitudinal Interval Follow-Up Evaluation (Matos & Costa, 2011).
Findings: As expected the maltreatment experience was associated with depressive symptomatology. Emotional abuse and neglect were the best predictors of depressive symptoms.
Conclusions: These results emphasize the impact that maltreatment experiences can have on the development of depression among adolescents. This risk factor, mainly its emotional dimension, is an important variable to consider in the development of prevention and treatment programs for depression.

No: 6
Title: The Resilience Scale: A study in a Portuguese adult sample
Pages 67-80
Author(s): Maria Rosário Pinheiro*, Ana Paula Matos, Cátia Pestana, Sara Oliveira& José Joaquim Costa
Open Access

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Problem Statement: The Resilience Scale (Wagnild & Young, 1993) assesses resilience levels in adults. Good psychometric characteristics of its long and short forms were obtained for adolescents by Pinheiro&Matos (2013).
Research Questions: The research evaluated, in an adult’s sample, the unidimensionality factor structure proposed by original authors, and confirmed by Pinheiro and Matos (2013) and Oliveira, Matos, Pinheiro and Oliveira (2015).
Purpose of the Study: This study aims to explore the construct validity of the RS-25 scale for adults and its reliability and validity.
Research Methods: The sample consisted of 400 parents, mostly female, who participated in a s0tudy about prevention of adolescent depression (PTDC/MHC-PCL/4824/2012). Exploratory and Confirmatory Factor analyses were performed to study the factorial structure of the RS25. Dimensionality, reliability and validity were studied.
Findings: As expected the results confirm the good psychometric characteristics and the factor structure obtained in previous studies with Portuguese adolescents, and with adults by Wagnild and Young (1993).
Conclusions: Based on psychometrics properties obtained, our study supports the usefulness of the RS25 (Portuguese long form) to assess resilience in the Portuguese adult population. Further, this scale will be very useful to study the relationships of levels of parent’s resilience and adolescents’ resilience with depressive symptoms.

No: 7
Title: Quality of Interpersonal Relationships and Depression in Adolescence: Psychosocial Functioning Moderating Effect
Pages 81-94
Author(s): Joana Brito*, Ana Paula Matos, Maria Rosário Pinheiro & Sílvia Monteiro
Open Access

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Problem Statement: Depression in adolescence has a lasting, devastating nature, and affects different areas of functioning, resulting in significant psychosocial limitations. Poor interpersonal relations have been increasingly associated with depressive symptoms.
Research Questions: Negative familial interactions are a vulnerability factor to depression but more research is needed to identify dimensions of parent-child relationships that are relevant to the development of depressive symptomatology.
Purpose of the Study: This study aimed to test the moderating effect of psychosocial functioning in the relationship between the quality of interpersonal relationships and depressive symptoms.
Research Methods: The sample consisted of 170 adolescents, with 13-17 years. The following instruments were used: CDI, (Kovacs, 1985 Marujo, 1994), QRI - Quality of Relationships Inventory, Pierce, Sarason & Sarason, 1991 Neves & Pinheiro 2006). To evaluate adolescent psychosocial functioning was used the semi-structured interview Adolescent-Longitudinal Interval Follow-up (Keller et al., 1993 Portuguese version: Matos & Costa, 2011).
Findings: A relationship was found between poor interpersonal relationships and depressive symptomatology. The dimensions of support and depth in the relationships with mother and father were protective factors against the development of depression in adolescence. The conflict dimension was associated with higher levels of depressive symptoms.
Conclusions: The present results suggest that the implementation of intervention programs designed to improve the quality of familial relationships will be beneficial to adolescents’ psychosocial functioning and to the prevention of the onset of depressive symptoms.

No: 8
Title: A Parental Program for the Prevention of Depression in Adolescents
Pages 95-108
Author(s): Maria do Rosário Pinheiro*, Ana Paula Matos, José Joaquim Costa, Eiríkur Örn Arnarson, & W. Edward Craighead
Open Access

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Problem Statement: The Parental Program for the Prevention of Depression in Adolescents (3PDA) is an innovative intervention - which includes contents that were never studied in depression prevention programs.
Research Questions: There is few and inconclusive research on parental components in preventive interventions with youth.
Purpose of the Study: The purpose of this study is to describe the process of planning (structure, contents, specific goals, strategies and resources), implementing (parents groups sessions contexts) and evaluating preliminary efficacy data of 3PDA.
Research Methods: An experimental group (16 parents) and a control group (33 parents) participated in the efficacy study of the 3PDA. The selection was carried out from a sample of parents of adolescents, considered as being “at risk” (scores between the 75th and the 90th percentiles on the CDI). The 3PDA is composed by 10 thematic sessions, developed during 5 weeks.
Findings: Qualitative and quantitative analyses suggested a reduction of depressive symptoms in children.
Conclusions: Conclusion: The 3PDA is a parental program that can improve the efficacy of The Adolescent Program for the Prevention of Depression (Arnarson & Craighead, 2009). Future studies are needed, with larger samples.

No: 9
Title: A Small Central Institution Increases Economic Development and Efficiency: Albanian Case compared with Regional Balkan States
Pages 109-118
Author(s): Ermir Shahini*
Open Access

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Problem Statement: The breakdown of monetary fraudulent business models in mid 1997,which had pulled in stores from a generous bit of Albania's populace,activated serious social agitation and 8% drop in GDP.
Research Questions: The study involved a progression of shut finished inquiries relating IT administration to duty agreeability, reasonableness, and assessment learning.
Purpose of the Study: A contextual analysis methodology was utilized following the convention of contextual analysis system has been utilized as a part of different comparative setting particularly in learning organizations.
Research Methods: Keeping in mind the end goal to acquire a high number of respondents in a brief time, Qualtrics online overview programming was consistently received in gathering the information. Scott (2012), portrays Qualtrics as programming with adaptable capacities of online information gathering, testing, and examining input.
Findings: The administration has taken measures to control savage wrongdoing, and as of late embraced a financial change bundle went for decreasing the extensive dark economy and drawing in outside venture.
Conclusions: The economy is supported by yearly settlements from abroad speaking to around 15% of GDP, basically from Albanians living in Greece and Italy this helps counterbalance the towering exchange shortage.

No: 10
Title: Organizational policies and attitudes
Pages 119-124
Author(s): Luljeta Bexheti*
Open Access

Full Text 10
Problem Statement: This research study includes the role of organizational policy of companies in forming attitudes towards other workers with different ethnicity.
Research Questions: Do you think there is a relationship between the organization's policy and attitudes among employees?
Purpose of the Study: This study aims to describe and analyze the role of organizational policy and attitudes toward workers with other ethnic affiliations.
Research Methods: The main technique used for the collection of this information's is a questionnaire designed to measure precisely these factors. In this study have been used a number of statistical methods, as Pierson correlation, T-test etc.
Findings: Regarding the data obtained, it was concluded connection between corporate organizational policy and workers' attitudes toward workers with different ethnicity.
Conclusions: We can conclude that if the companies organizational policy reach to support and implement forms of cultural diversity, namely ethnicity, workers not only will have positive attitudes toward each another, but also high opinion for the organization.

No: 11
Title: The relationship between the well-being of parents and children
Pages 125-134
Author(s): Karmen Pavlic*, &Sanja Tatalović Vorkapić
Open Access

Full Text 11
Problem Statement: Within preschool period in children’s cognition, parents as significant others have the major impact in their level of opt(pes)imistic thought.
Research Questions: What levels of optimism and happiness do have parents and their children, and are they related?
Purpose of the Study: The aim of this study was to examine the level of optimism in preschool children and their parents, and the relationship between the children’s and their parents’ optimism.
Research Methods: This study has a coorelational research design. A set of relevant questionnaires for parents and children have been applied. A total of 328 parents of preschool children, of whom 173 were mothers and 155 fathers, and their 178 children from 10 cities in the Croatian counties of Zagreb, Karlovac and Koprivnica-Križevci participated in the study.
Findings: The study confirmed that there is a significant positive correlation of the parents’ optimism and life satisfaction with the happiness and attributional style of children. Determined findings are discussed within the frame of significant parents’ role in the development of optimistic thought in their children, which has the major role in children well-being.
Conclusions: During the preschool years, children build and develop their optimism, what makes this as an especially important period in every individual’s life. This study has confirmed that parents and their optimism, happiness and life satisfaction have a major role in development of their children's attributional style and happiness.

No: 12
Title: Formation of teacher’s professional competence in Kazakhstan School
Pages 135-140
Author(s): Danna Naurzalina*, Norslu Kibatayeva, Elizaveta Davletkaliyeva, Bagdashzhan Muldasheva, Bibigul Almurzayeva, Aelita Sagiyeva
Open Access

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Problem Statement: Socio-economic changes which occur in the Republic of Kazakhstan, provided the young country significant growth in the economy, have made it possible to integrate into the world community.
Research Questions: Requirements of society to the teacher of the new formation, in recent years have increased substantially.
Purpose of the Study: The aim of the conducted experiment is a creating of scientific and methodological work’s system at school to improve the professional and pedagogical competence of teachers.
Research Methods: We used research methods: theoretical (modeling, comparison, generalization, abstraction, classification) empirical (study and analysis of literary sources, normative legal documents, pedagogical observation, surveys, testing).
Findings: Application of quality indicators for specifying directions of each teacher allowed developing a plan of teaching career, the content of which is individualized. In general, it should be noted that of 21 teachers who took part in this research, by 89.4% is observed active professional personal development, by 10.6% of teachers - development strongly depends on conditions.
Conclusions: The conducted research on formation of the teachers’ professional competence the specialized school № 2 Aktobe, Kazakhstan provided a new look at the process of professional and personal formation of the teaching staff, changes the activities’ trajectory of the scientific and methodical work, in general, on educational management.

No: 13
Title: Application of Podlasy technology in the teaching and educational process of the rural school
Pages 141-146
Author(s): Danna Naurzalina*, Aktota Umbetova, Maira Sutyeyeva, Sabira Alimbekova, Asan Tuksanbayev, Marat Utepov
Open Access

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Problem Statement: According to scientists and methodologists, technologies in the teacher’s work very soon will define by 80% a success, and individual excellence - 20%.
Research Questions: Therefore, the actual problem is the task of mastering by teachers of comprehensive schools promising pedagogical technologies offered by pedagogical science and progressive pedagogical practice.
Purpose of the Study: The purpose of the experimental research is the process of Podlassy' productive technology’s application in teaching and educational process of the rural comprehensive school.
Research Methods: Methods of research are study and analysis of psycho-pedagogical, social, philosophical and methodological literature on the experiment’s problem compilation of the best pedagogical experience analysis and study of school and pedagogical documentation, a number of special techniques: methods of pupils’ personality’s studying, determining the level of need-motivational, cognitive and intellectual sphere, the sphere of interpersonal relationships, questionnaires, tests, etc.
Findings: I.P. Podlassy' productive pedagogical technology is an effective way of providing quality’s training’s all levels schoolboys in all school subjects. A team of teachers and experimenters accumulated and enriched unique experience combination of several advanced educational technologies’ interrelated elements in a single integrated system of education aimed at achieving of best outcomes.
Conclusions: Using of learning productive technology revealed improvement in the quality of pupils' knowledge on the 5-7% overall and there is a tendency of final point’s increasing of the external certification - United national testing

No: 14
Title: Understanding Dramatization of Pain in Crime Coverage
Pages 147-161
Author(s): Dimitrina Semova, Padillo Requeijo, Graciela Padilla, Ana Segovia, E. Aladro*
Open Access

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Problem Statement: We start from the analysis of several cases of criminal news trying to detect problems associated to journalistic practices based on dramatization of the information and its consequences.
Research Questions: Analysis of mechanism of dramatization and spectacularisation of the information, of de-formation, hypertrophy of the transformation, perception.
Purpose of the Study: Developing a set of recommendations aimed at the training of journalism students in subjects on news coverage of criminal news. Discussing the set with experts from different fields: journalists, lawyers, psychologists, police. Final stage: Situational assessment of experiences.
Research Methods: Cognitive and informational analysis of communication, through the domain of cognitive and representational analysis. -analysis of the social world of relationships in networks, with all its dynamic aspects, as well as the primary communications, groups and rituals of interaction in different groupings and formations, -framing, -group discussion.
Findings: Preliminary results show that the problem has to do with the following aspects: hipervisibility, hiperrealism, redundancy in the micro, hegemony of the present tense in speech, creation of non-places (atopic spaces, places of passage, of rapid transit), creating of neo-places as alternative spaces, collage effect, etc.
Conclusions: We focus on new interpretations, on referential, metalinguistic and metacommunicative level.Mixed and multidisciplinary methodology allows us to address the issue from different perspectives. Our research team seeks to introduce new points of discussion on the question of the dramatization of information seeking, at the same time, the practical application of the results.

No: 15
Title: The Impact of Neoliberal Educational Reforms on Teachers Learning Experiences
Pages 162-173
Author(s): Kristi Mets*, Inge Timoštšuk, Aino Ugaste
Open Access

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Problem Statement: Rapid changes in education can cause frictions in society, in schools and universities influencing teachers´ learning. Inconsistent learning experiences affect beginning teacher´ commitment to the profession and professional identity.
Research Questions: 1) How teachers beginning their work during neoliberal reforms describe learning 2) How committed are they to the teaching profession and what domains of professional identity they developed most
Purpose of the Study: The aim of the study is to describe teachers learning experiences starting from neoliberal educational reform In Estonia. Better understanding of the impact of reform on teachers learning helps to understand more critical aspects of professional identity influenced by transition from totalitarian system to liberal one.
Research Methods: Data was collected for 15 Estonian teachers` (graduated in 1990-1995). Semi-structured interview, based on concept of social learning was used. In first step data was analysed by components of social learning: community, practice, belonging, identity (Wenger, 2004). In the second step belonging and identity sub-categories were analysed by critical society-related factors, identified based on theoretical frame of the study.
Findings: Teachers describe their learning as continuous process where experiences in school context and contacts within local teaching community are more important than belonging to other social groups. The role of professional identity building was marginal. However teachers’ commitment to the profession was high. The social changes were reflected more in changes of teaching related routines and less in identity.
Conclusions: Although rapid changes in society cause frictions in education, those changes are not reflected in teachers´ learning experiences as strong as expected. The neoliberal social changes are reflected in personal meaning of teaching and in changes of everyday routines but support of colleagues helped to cope with changes and the personal context of learning eclipsed social context of learning.

No: 16
Title: Correlation between Personality Traits and Expression of Hostility in Adolescents
Pages 174-182
Author(s): Ema Stroe*, & Simona Trifu
Open Access

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Problem Statement: The present research follows a topic which is controversial for a long period of time, namely the association of personality disorders with the expression of hostility in adolescents
Research Questions: Identification of associations between hostility with clinical factors such as agitation, psychological inadequacy and psychopathic deviation The examination of correlation between hostility and scales of conformism, dominance, self-discipline, tension.
Purpose of the Study: The scope of this research was to identify and prove the existence of a relation between the personality traits and the various aspects of human personality
Research Methods: The lots are formed of 30 subjects. The first questionnaire applied to the lot of subjects was the Clinical Analysis Questionnaire, which followed eight scales, among which the last three are the clinical factors: dominance, impulsivity, conformism, tension, self-discipline, agitation, psychological inadequacy and psychopathic deviation. The second questionnaire offered to the same lot of subjects was the hostility one.
Findings: The working hypothesis following the identification of negative correlation with clinical factors was confirmed, being a statistically significant correlation, at the level of 0.01 where r= -0,688 and p0.0005. The second confirmed hypothesis was the correlation between hostility and tension, having a significance threshold of 99%, where r=0.325 and p=0.079.
Conclusions: The results obtained following the statistical analysis indicate the fact that personality disorders do not significantly correlate with the expression of hostility in adolescents, so that the general hypothesis was rejected

No: 17
Title: Psychological features of space perception as main PIQ of military aviation
Pages 183-191
Author(s): Aksaule Karabalina, Danna Naurzalina*, Gulmira Bekeshova, Tamara Batyrova, Saltanat Urazayeva, Aliya Tolegenova
Open Access

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Beginning of the XXI century is connected with cardinal changes in the military aviation of the Republic of Kazakhstan. A special place occupies training of military aviation professionals. The successful fulfillment of military aviation activity directly depends on the  person’s professional formation in the process of getting education in military high school. The successful fulfillment of military aviation activity directly depends on the person’s  professional formation in the process of getting education in military high school. Research conducted on the basis Military Institute of Air Defense Forces between 2012 and 2014. There were 120 participants from 17 to 22 years old. All subjects are males. Findings showed that most of participants showed domination of left hemisphere. In addition, method “Spatial Orientation Test” revealed interesting data on the “mirror” effect of perception among space cadets. 18% of responses were given in the “mirror” displaying, that is with turn on 180 °. As a result of our research we can conclude that the main professional qualities, in the opinion of the students, are formed by the students by the third year of training, which falls on the stage of professional growth. The most productive stage of military aviation specialist’s professional development is the period of study on the senior courses.

No: 18
Title: Emotional competence of the person
Pages 192-203
Author(s): Aliya Tolegenova*, Dariya Tunguskova, Danna Naurzalina, Nazirash Zhubanazarova, Laura Baimoldina, Adilshinova Zina
Open Access

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Problem Statement: Behaviour models depend on emotional experience and emotional memoirs of the person. Emotional competence is the integrative component of personal wellbeing during the process of personal growth.
Research Questions: Emotional competence plays an essential role in family relationships. The theoretical analysis of emotional competence impact on emotional and mental development and personal wellbeing was made
Purpose of the Study: The purpose of the paper is to make theoretical analysis of emotional competence concept, analyze its basic conditions and components. The investigation of emotional saturation, which is one of the important factors in successful development of emotional competence of the person also reflects the direction of this paper.
Research Methods: During this study there were used complex of methods: System analysis of structured components, lexical semantical analysis, classification method.
Findings: System analysis of structured components revealed meaningful emotional competence understanding among modern psychologists. Thus, 30% of modern psychologists comprehend the emotional competence as compliance of emotions to behavioral ability to understand, estimate, control emotions (90%) Self-control and regulation of relationship (65%), reflection (55%), empathy (43%), emotional literacy (52%), emotional thinking (35%), and the emotional intelligence (92%).
Conclusions: Emotional Competence considered as a factor of successful development of the person. In various researches the Emotional Competence level in the family has significant impact on emotional development of the person. With the deficiency of emotional contacts the process of mental development hampers and distorted.

No: 19
Title: Primary Teachers’ Instructional Behavior as Related to Learning Engagement and Homework Practices
Pages 204-213
Author(s): Anne-Mai Näkk, & Inge Timoštšuk*
Open Access

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Problem Statement: The quality of teaching influences learning engagement. Engagement in school and at home has positive effect on outcomes but low engagement is correlated with lower achievement and with school dropout
Research Questions: 1) How teachers use of autonomy supportive and structured teaching is related with pupils´ learning engagement 2) How teachers instructional behavior is related with parents effort in supporting pupils´ homework
Purpose of the Study: The aim of the study was to investigate how teachers´ instructional behavior in second grade is related to pupils’ engagement in learning and homework practices. Better understanding of teachers’ role in students engagement and homework behavior can be used in developing teacher education courses.
Research Methods: Data was collected for 11 second-grade teachers’ teaching and their pupils (n-224).. Autonomy supportive and structured teaching-style classroom observation sheets and home-work instruction observation sheets exploring teachers’ instructional behaviour were used. Also student questionnaire about engagement in observed lessons and parent questionnaire about homework practices were used. The quantitative and qualitative data analysis was combined.
Findings: We found that a balanced teaching style, rather than a dominance of either structured or autonomy supportive teaching, resulted in more learning engagement but more structure supportive teaching is related with higher need of homework support from parents. Teachers´ autonomy supportive teaching style is bring to pupils´ more independent and meaningful homework.
Conclusions: As findings revealed an the relationships between pupils´ learning and teachers´ instructional behavior and structured teaching the need of explaining the different teaching strategies in more detailed ways is teacher education is evident. Also the autonomy supportive strategies for fostering pupils´ independent and meaningful homework should be in focus both in pre- service and in-service teacher education.

No: 20
Title: The impact of family style education on high school student’s grades
Pages 214-220
Author(s): Danna Naurzalina*, Tatyana Shumeiko, Bibigul Almurzayeva, Aliya Tolegenova,  Venera Kubiyeva
Open Access

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Problem Statement: Nowadays many families face a problems cause of differences in their view of parental and educational style of upbringing.
Research Questions: Progress of the child at school is one of important criteria of its assessment as persons from adults and contemporaries.
Purpose of the Study: The relations in a family where emotionally warm atmosphere of family education in which parents are respectful to the identity of the child is defined, recognizing his rights, accepting it as the personality – give to the child the chance successfully to develop and be successful in study.
Research Methods: We used certain methods: Questionnaire of the parental attitude towards children (A.Ya. Varga, V.V. Stolin), Test "Definition of school motivation" (A.M. Schubert), "School test of IQ development". (ShTUR), Test level of school anxiety Phillips.
Findings: We divided participants (60 students) on two groups (Control and Experimental). From the obtained data it is visible that at EG the low level of school motivation of 33,3% prevails, these children attend school reluctantly, prefer to skip classes. At lessons often are engaged in foreign affairs. We found significant differences in IQ between WG and CG.
Conclusions: The problem of influence of the dominating type of the parental relation on the child gained special relevance today. From what strategy of behavior choose parents depends emotional, motivational, behavioral and many other spheres of the child that further influences his progress at school.