icPSIRS 2016

Volume X, Pages 1- 57 (May 2016)
The European Proceedings of Social & Behavioural Sciences EpSBS
e-ISSN: 2357-1330
©2016 Published by the Future Academy
Edited by: Zafer Bekirogullari, Melis Y. Minas & Roslind X. Thambusamy
Articles: 1-6
Conference: 3rd icPSIRS International Conference on Political Science, International Relations and Sociology
Dates: 10 - 12 May 2016
Location: Kyrenia - Cyprus
Conference Chair(s): Dr. Vojtech Regec, Ph.D., Vice-Dean, Palacký University Olomouc, Czech Republic & 
Dr. Jan Kalenda, Director of Research Centre of the Faculty of Humanities, Tomas Bata University, Czech Republic
Cover Page here

Title: Contents
Open Access


No: 1
Title: Gender Differences In Anxiety, Depression And Metacognition
Pages 1-9
Author(s): Vojtech Regec*, & Lucia Pastieriková
Open Access

Full Text 1
The aim of this paper is to present the key findings regarding e-accessibility of resources at universities and colleges in the context of international rules and legal standards, applicable in the Czech Republic and Slovakia. The key assumption in this research study is the pre-existence of a structured electronic platform for individual public, state and private universities and colleges and individuals with different types and degrees of visual impairment. The proposed research method presents a quantitative and qualitative analysis of the digital elements in 2014 and 2015 conducted at 106 public, state and private universities and colleges. In total, we have analysed more than 5,300 digital documents regarding their suitability and accessibility for an individual with visual impairment. We found out that the level of accessibility at universities in the Czech Republic and Slovakia has remained unsatisfactory over a long term and contradicts the basic e-accessibility principles set forth in Act No. 81/2006 Coll., Decree No. 55/2015, Regulation No. 458/2012 Coll. and international rules stated in, WCAG 2.0.

No: 2
Title:  Minimal and maximal representation of degressively proportional allocation
Pages 10-18
Author(s): Janusz Łyko*, & Arkadiusz Maciuk
Open Access

Full Text 2
Boundary conditions are a significant element of a process developing the degressive proportionality principles. With regard to voting issues, this is equivalent to determining a minimum and a maximum representation, and a size of the whole assembly. In case of a practical problem, the choice of these numbers is evidently constrained. The political conditions as well as the necessity of ensuring efficient functioning of the elected body significantly restrict a set of all possible alternatives. The paper analyzes the feasibility of boundary conditions under a given minimum and maximum representation.

No: 3
Title: The Influence of Budi-Islam Values on Tunku Abdul Rahman (Tunku) Leadership   
Pages 19-28
Author(s): Wan Norhasniah Wan Husin*
Open Access

Full Text 3
The objective of the research is to analyse the influence of the budi-Islam values in shaping the culture and identity of the Malay community, especially on the aspects of politics and leadership in the Federated Malay States. Literature reveals that both the values play a prominent role in moulding the mentality, actions and conduct of the Malay community. The emergence of the elements of budi was a natural progression within the Malay society, and it was reinforced with the social norms and surroundings which were inspired by the philosophies of calmness of water and humble spirits of the paddy. The arrival of Islam to this part of the world further emphasized the status of budi, as the Malay traditions and Islamic teachings share various similar principles. The budi-Islam facets engaged in shaping the Malay identity were articulated through the social values of compromise, respect, cooperation, compassion, tolerance, forgiveness and patience. The findings from textual analysis and history reveal that the elements of budi-Islam hugely influenced Tunku Abdul Rahman’s (Tunku) style of leadership and beliefs. His affable manner and considerate nature when communicating with the multi-racial society, was effective in maintaining harmony. The stance taken by Tunku had protected the continuation of the Malay Political Supremacy and Malay-Islamic values, by going to the discussion table with the British colonial masters instead of launching a war against them as instigated by Chin Peng. Tunku was equally instrumental in averting Lee Kuan Yew’s provocation, who proposed the concept of a Malaysian Malaysia.

No: 4
Title: Alpha Proportionality and Penrose Square Root Law
Pages 29-35
Author(s): Piotr Dniestrzański*
Open Access

Full Text 4
Problem concerns the distribution of mandates in collegial bodies of communities of states. The number of delegates representing each member of community depends on the number of its population. The paper analyzes the fairness of different kinds of relationship involving the number of representatives in collegial bodies of communities of states, in search of the fairest relationship. The research aims at comparing different ideas of how the numbers of representatives are determined reflecting the population of member states. Literature review, elementary probabilistic tools and mathematical analysis of degressive proportionality are employed. The main result of the paper demonstrates that the two fundamentally different approaches to the problem of distribution of mandates in collegial bodies may lead to similar solutions. A probabilistic approach (based on the voting power) and the concept of degressive proportionality (without additional assumptions) do not exclude each other, but, quite the contrary, may complement each other. The Penrose law and the rule of degressive proportionality, when suitably interpreted, are two sides of the coin. Degressive proportionality, as written in the Lisbon Treaty, is a vague idea.

No: 5
Title: Effects of Interpersonal Relationship Dimension on Locally Specific Participatory Processes
Pages 36-49
Author(s): Neslihan Kulözü*
Open Access

Full Text 5
The present study aims to explore the attributes of interpersonal relationships, as a socio-psychological dimension, and their beneficial or detrimental effects on locally specific participatory processes in a Turkish context. Following this, an analysis of the effect of the relationship on locally specific participatory processes is presented, through a comparative assessment of processes in four local cases which were partners of the Local Government & NGO Cooperation in Participatory Democracy Project. This research, designed as an exploratory case study, determines some of the unexplained factors affecting participatory processes. Finally, the study reveals that, relationships, change in relationships, trust, rivalry, dominance, hidden agendas and jealousy are all perceived attributes of the interpersonal relationship dimension in the Turkish context. While the interpersonal relationship dimension enhanced the participatory process in two of the four cases (Odunpazarı and Seyrek), it hindered the participatory process in Gazi and Kaymaklı.

No: 6
Title: Cluster's innovaton development through the territory of the regions
Pages 50-57
Author(s): Juliya Tsertseil*, & Konstantin Ordov
Open Access

Full Text 6
The influence of factors is considered in the work: the capital costs financed from funds of the federal budget and the organizations involved in the sphere of research and development activities for increase in a share of innovative products in a total amount of manufactured goods in the territory of innovative clusters. The considered clusters are located in the territory of the following federal districts: Northwestern, Siberian, Volga - region, Central and Ural Districts in the Russian Federation. Relevance of research is caused by the fact that development of regional economy within clusters are considered as the main condition of economic growth now. A consequence of network interaction of the anchor production enterprises and the organizations which are a part of a cluster in the sphere of Research and Development is acceleration of innovative process that leads to increasing  in a share of innovative products in a total amount of manufactured goods in the territory of innovative clusters.