Volume III, Pages 1- 41 (March 2015)
The European Proceedings of Social & Behavioural Sciences EpSBS
©2015 Published by the Future Academy
Edited by: Zafer Bekirogullari and Melis Yagmur Minas
Conference: ic-PSIRS International Conference on Political Science, International Relations and Sociology
Dates: 12-15 March 2015
Location: Nicosia - Cyprus
Conference Chair: Dr. Jan Kalenda, Chair, Director of Research Centre of the Faculty of Humanities, Tomas Bata University, Czech Republic
Title: Guest Editors' Message
Title: 2nd Annual International Conference on Political Science, International Relations and Sociology
Author(s): Jan Kalenda*
Title: Role of extradition as a legal tool to fight drug-crimes
Author(s): Ridvan Kajtazi*
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Problem Statement: Today we live in a time when crime has reached a high degree of organization. However, we experienced a high degree of perfect criminality, especially drug crime.
Research Questions: How important is extradition to achieve the aim of Republic of Albania in combating drug-crimes?
Purpose of the Study: The purpose of this research paper is divided into primary purpose, which includes legal and procedural aspects of extradition, and in secondary purpose, which includes the role of extradition as a tool of legal assistance in Republic of Albania in combating drug-crimes.
Research Methods: Working methods applied in this paper are: historical methods focusing on the historical aspects of extradition itself, and also its role in combating criminality in general, and in particular the drug-crimes legal methods, exploring the domestic and international legal framework regulating extradition and other methods, such as analytical, statistical and comparative approaches.
Findings: Historically, extradition is treated as a tool of legal assistance in international cooperation between states, in order to combat and punish offenders. Today, extradition between states significantly assists in combating drug-crimes.
Conclusions: The analysis presented in this scientific paper is significant because it identifies and examines the role of extradition as a tool of inter-state legal assistance in combating drug-crimes.
Title: Sino-Japanese Diffidation in 1958: from the perspective of domestic internationalism-nationalism confrontation
Author(s): Jing Sun*
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Problem Statement: Regardless of all achievements, Chinese government chose to abandon “People’s diplomacy” policy with thorough diffidation with Japan, leaving an important question of “Why” to be answered.
Research Questions: Why, from the domestic perspective, did Chinese government choose to abandon its “People’s diplomacy” policy toward Japan with a thorough diffidation with Japan in 1958?
Purpose of the Study: By giving detailed observations from domestic perspective, this research aims to help shape more comprehensive cognition of the Sino-Japanese diffidation in 1958, to deepen the understanding of “People’s diplomacy” policy, and to inspire further thoughts and researches regarding nationalistic factors in past and present Chinese foreign policy-making.
Research Methods: By conducting literature studies on works of Mao Zedong and Chou Enlai, available Chinese confidential documents on Sino-Japanese relations and memoirs of diplomats directly processing Sino-Japanese relations, this research will sum up characteristics of “People’s diplomacy” and persuasive evidences of existing nationalism, and try to analyze the influence of their interactions on policy-making process of Sino-Japanese diffidation in 1958.
Findings: Chinese “People’s diplomacy” policy towards Japan in the 1950s shows strong internationalist belief in separating “friendly Japanese people and groups” from “US Imperialists and Japanese Militarists”. Meanwhile, there has been anti-Japanese nationalistic emotions and voices existing and growing. Confrontation between internationalism-based policy and anti-Japanese nationalism pushed Chinese government to rethink about and change its policy towards Japan finally.
Conclusions: Gradually realizing that the internationalism-based “People’s Diplomacy” policy towards Japan faced unignorable growing pressures from domestic anti-Japanese nationalistic emotions, especially in the second half of 1950s, Chinese government finally chose to give up such policy by stating to stop all the communications with Japan in 1958, which is the Sino-Japanese diffidation.
Title: Green Politics as an Institutional Efficient Tool for Developing Albanian Economy
Author(s): Ermir Shahini*
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Problem Statement: This study focuses on providing logical findings that pertain to the efficiency of green politics as an institutional efficient tool for developing the economy of Albania.
Research Questions: What are the positive impacts and the adverse consequences of using green politics as an instrument for developing the economy of Albania?
Purpose of the Study: How green politics ideology was used to develop the economy of Albania. Determine whether green politics has developed the economy of Albania. Identify the effects of adopting the green politics ideology as a tool for developing the economy of Albania.
Research Methods: The combination of qualitative and quantitative approach can facilitate the collection of accurate data and their proper analysis to prove or disapprove the central research question.The combined approach also reduces the limitations present in each strategy when used separately.Even though quantitative approach may be objective and reliable is limited when it comes to validity aspect of information.
Findings: Specifically, the green politics has facilitated trade liberalization, privatization and the enhancement of environmental regulations among others.The core pillar of the green politics is the grassroots democracy which tends to advocate in equal economic and policy-making procedures. In this regard, the economy of Albania is not controlled by few cartels that would seek to maximize their gains unfairly
Conclusions: The analysis of such materials proves that green politics provides a platform through which governments can uphold democracy,human rights and environmental conservation.However,it offers a limitation on the use of energy. This factor may contribute to the increment of energy prices due to high demand for the socially and legislatively approved energy sources which in turn leads to unemployment.
Title: Secularism is a guarantee of the development of Kazakhstan’s society (sociological vision)
Author(s): Zaure Zhanazarova, Zhanar Nurbekova*
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Problem Statement: In Kazakhstan - as a sovereign, democratic, secular, legal and social state now exist not only traditional and world religions, but also new beliefs and pseudo- association.
Research Questions: Religon and society, religion and people, secular
Purpose of the Study: Today, many pseudo-religious associations deliberately and systematically involve almost all the population layers and many target groups in the scope of their interests, including children, students, young workers, intellectuals, educational and scientific, senior citizens and businessmen.
Research Methods: Monitoring of public opinion of people in Kazakhstani on issues of religiosity dynamics and trends, carried out by "Perspective" Information and Advisory Group" Public Fund in 2010 in 14 regional centers, as well as in Astana and Almaty
Findings: It is very important that using the norms of religious law, morals and dogma both individual behavior of believers, and the whole processes in society can be adjusted. The above-mentioned functions demonstrate the role of religion in an individual’s life, in a group of individuals (community) or a nation.
Conclusions: In general, this ambiguity in the characteristics of religion has obviously predetermined its place in the system of social and public relations, the evolution of which has shown that a secular, non-religious state structure meets the interest of all members of society and forms the nation and its development.