The European Proceedings of Social & Behavioural Sciences EpSBS
Volume XIX, Pages 1- 776 (January 2017)
©2017 Published by the Future Academy
Edited by: Fabio Casati, PhD, Professor, Department of Engineering and Computer Information, University of Trento, Italy &
G.А. Barysheva, Dr., Professor, Head of Department of Economics IHSST TPU & Wolfgang Krieger, Dr., Professor, University of Applied Sciences Ludwigshafen/Rhein, International Affairs FB IV, Ludwigshafen/Rhein, Germany.
Articles: 1- 101
Conference: III International Scientific Symposium on Lifelong Wellbeing in the World WELLSO 2016
Dates: 11-16 September 2016
Location: Tomsk Polytechnic University, Tomsk, Russian Federation
Conference Chair: Prof Dr Fabio Casati, University of Trento, Italy
Cover Page here
Title: Credit crime and economic welfare of the population: statistics analysis
Author(s): Abdulvaliev Almaz*, Elena Vasilkova
Full Text 1
The article deals with the issue of credit crime which is considered through the connection of statistical indicators on individuals’ loan debts (including arrears) with the indicators of committed felonies in Russian federal districts. It deals with the problems of the reasons for credit crime, analyzed the statistic data, which illustrate the size of the loans and the level of crime in the Russian Federation regions. It`s give graphical data correlation crime and debt the size of loans in the federal districts of the Russian Federation. It`s give the argument that the crimes committed by debtors on loans, represent a major threat to many regions of Russia, and that there is a link between the high crime rate and the size of loans in the subjects of the Russian Federation. Poverty in the region is an important factor in forcing people to live in debt. Debt is pushing people to commit crimes. Often, these citizens commit crimes against life and health, as well as economic crimes. Several examples from judicial practice illustrating crimes committed by people because of arrears, show how topical the problem is.
Title: Modeling of Return on Pension Funds, Taking into Account Risk Factors and Impact on the Well-Being of the Older Generation
Author(s): Y. Aksenova*, V. Kats
Full Text 2
The hypothesis that the well-being of the older generation can be improved by increasing the efficiency of pension savings investments into more profitable securities is proposed.A key factor, which increases the return on investment at a constant level of risk, is to diversify risk in the preparation of the portfolio. The well-being of older generations in terms of the need for optimum use of pension savings is considered. Four types of securities with different levels of risk and return, which theoretically can be invested pension funds are taken for analysis. Opportunities for investment securities in the simple and expanded portfolios are determined on the basis of existing legislation. Portfolios with different risk levels are compared. The principle of diversification is used. The curve of return and risk of various possible investment portfolios is simulated. The study is based on statistical methods.The opportunities for investing pension savings in securities with a higher level of profitability while maintaining a constant risk is demonstrated. The study focused on the revision of legislation in the field of investments of the pension funds of the Russian Federation in the stocks and bonds of Russian companies.
Title: The Analysis of Family Support for Older People in Russia
Author(s): Ekaterina Anikina*, Ekaterina A. Taran, Yana Timofeeva
Full Text 3
The article is devoted to discussion of topical issues relating to such an important challenge as the decline in family support for older people (on the example of Russia). It is well known that the modern family is changing, and relationships within the family are also changing, so that attitude to the family support for older people and an adequacy of such support are shifted. In particular, the presented research tries to answer one of the crucial question: is family support for older people in developing and transitional societies really breaking down? There are many foreign scientific publications devoted to the family support in developing and transitional countries, however, Russia is not mentioned. In spite of the fact that this problem is almost not being discussed not only at a worldwide level but in Russia as well, it is still rather relevant because all abovementioned tendencies are observed in Russia against the background of a steady growth of the specific weight of older people groups in the general population. Therefore, within the given article, the answer to the posed question will be given in relation to Russia. The key conclusion is that the family support for older people in developing and transitional societies has not vanished, and adult children support their parents as before, however when they really need it. In other words, the level of support depends on the level of need.
Title: Diversification Infrastructure of Russian Company Towns
Author(s): Irina S. Antonova*
Full Text 4
Structural socio-economic transformation of company town supposes the complex process of planning and implementing on the basis of development of complex investment plan of company town modernization. The analysis of investments into company towns for the recent 5 years shows its concentration mainly in infrastructural projects. The government took the deliberate decision to create the conditions for further diversification missing the complex approach for the company town development. The author considers a diversification infrastructure as complex term defining conditions of company town development. In this paper it is derived the concept and the basic elements of company town diversification infrastructure including social, productive and financial elements of infrastructure and its differences in stakeholders, institutions, resources and networks. The author conducts the research of investments into the infrastructure for company town diversification in Yurga, Kemerovo region and concludes that the plan is reaching the emerging goals of local authority avoiding complex restructuration of company town.
Title: Mentoring as an Essential Element of Social Entrepreneurship
Author(s): Artcer Tatiana*, Chayka Yuliyab, Trukhanenko Anna
Full Text 5
The changing age structure of the population could potentially have significant implications for economic development, labor markets and population welfare in countries with different levels of development. In this regard, there are questions related to possible labor shortages and lack of skilled workers, productivity and innovation, as well as the provision of adequate social protection and other services for the ageing population. Mentoring acts as a mechanism for the transfer of specific and important knowledge, experience, skills, techniques and methods of work, as well as the establishment of the corporate culture of an enterprise. The elderly people who have worked for one and the same company for many years have all the qualities of a mentor. Nowadays the government is actively implementing the policy strategies of supporting older people in their wellbeing; the role of business is also of high importance in this case. The article examines the possibility of using mentoring and engaging retired employees with their experience, high level of their education and professional qualification into training of young inexperienced workers. Mentoring is presented as an element of social entrepreneurship.
Title: Social Responsibility, Sustainable Development, Happiness and Well-being of Single Industry Towns’ Population
Author(s): Irina Roshina, Natalya Artyukhova*
Full Text 6
The article describes peculiarities and problems of single industry towns. We explore the differences in happiness and well-being assessment between single industry towns and poly-functional economies, namely due to the influence of a town forming enterprise. We use the anthropogenic humanized approach to evaluate the impact of the town forming enterprise on the happiness and well-being of people. The article describes application of the anthropogenic humanized facet approach in analyzing social and labor relations of town forming enterprises and single industry towns in general. Peculiar characteristics of social and labor relations and the impact of the town forming enterprise on happiness and well-being are examined on evidence from a single industry town Leninsk-Kuznetsky, Kemerovo region. We provide a rationale to apply an approach encompassing sustainability, well-being indicators and social responsibility of town forming enterprises to assess social and economic development of single industry towns. This approach is applicable to the method for assessing social and labor relations sustainability of a town forming enterprise and a single-industry town, which was developed by the authors.
Title: Postural Control and Social Well-being of Elderly Women
Author(s): Elena Baranova*, Leonid Kapilevich
Full Text 7
To do this, in the course of phylogeny developed a very complex, but at the same time, an effective system of automatic fine regulation of body position - postural control system. At the present time there is a problem quite early start weakening postural balance. Diagnosis of the level of postural stability in older people will determine what is the cause of malfunction of the postural control system, and, consequently, increasing the risk of falls. Age-related changes in the function of equilibrium are characterized by increasing of projected area of the center of pressure and the velocity of the transference of center of pressure. The changes in peripheral blood flow have the influence on the maintenance of equilibrium affects mainly the frontal plane. Changes in the regulation of vascular tone in a part of the peripheral blood flow affect the performance of dynamic equilibrium and, as result, reduction of the integral index of balance function.
Title: Typology of Innovative Development of AIRR-Regions (Association of Russian Innovative Regions)
Author(s): G.A. Barysheva*, A.A. Mikhalchuk, Yu.S.Burets, D.A. Novoseltseva
Full Text 8
The article describes typology of regions of AIRR based on factor and cluster analysis. The main purpose of typology in this study is seeking for opportunities to transform interregional differentiation from problem into an additional source of development of regions with different complementary models of innovation development. It highlights 4 main and 2 additional types (subtypes) of regions of AIRR: Type 1 “Industrial innovation-active regions” (Subtype 1 “regions with developed medium-technological industries” and Subtype 2 “regions with developed high-technological industries”), Type 2 “Industrial regions providing demand for innovations (“market”), Type 3 “Regions with developed scientific-educational complex”, Type 4 “Mixed (catching-up)”. Peculiarities of different types of regions allow each region achieving an efficient innovative activity through complementarity of resources if each region fulfills its role, defined by type of innovative development. It makes actual the problem of development of mechanism of interregional innovation policy as one of the area of development of a synergistic approach in the state innovative policy.
Title: E-learning as a Model of Lifelong Education for Older Adults
Author(s): Tatiana G. Bekisheva*, Natalia A. Kovalenko, Gayane A. Gasparyan
Full Text 9
The article deals with the specific information about main resources of E-learning education for older adults. Programs and policies that encourage lifelong educational resources and practices by older persons are needed. These included education level; self-study in the form of reading manuals, reference books and journals; computer/Internet use, use of the library; leisure reading of books; reading letters, notes and e-mails. Ways of application of Information Technology in older adults teaching process are given. Lifelong education enables older people to gain self-confidence, show their creativity, and share their skills and experience. Education becomes a special need in the realization and protection of older adults of their rights and clarifying the responsibilities, taking responsibility for their own destiny. The elderly are the most socially vulnerable group in need of a decent quality of life and health. At the same time, there is an increasingly significant need for the development of social services such as education, health care, medical services, vocational training and the retraining of the elderly.
Title: Humanitarian and Anthropologic Aspects of Tolerance
Author(s): Tatiana G. Bekisheva*, Galina I. Petrova, S.K. Gural, Irina V. Brylina, Alla A. Kornienko
Full Text 10
The article deals with the problem of tolerance in the prospective of modern information sociality. The method of comparativism makes it possible to find the specifics of the status of this problem at different stages of historical development. Sociocultural approach allowed us extensively consider tolerance as a way of communicative interaction between people (in the biological, social, national, cultural plans). Due to the nature of the modern type of society, its communicative ontology, tolerance is seen as a principle indifferent towards anthropological orientations in the society organization. Tolerance is a social, but not individually personal principle of life interaction between people. However, particularly this indifference gives tolerance possibility to organize society based on democracy, law and ethical norms and to saturate all forms of human interaction with the anthropological content. In this content tolerance has both positive (tolerance is the basis of social democratic regimes) and negative (alienation and disunity of people on a personal level, the crisis of personal identity) sides.
Title: Social Wellbeing of Older Adults in Britain and Russia through the Prism of Social Challenges
Author(s): Ludmila V. Beskrovnaya*, Natalia A. Kovalenko, Dmitriy V. Chalov
Full Text 11
The paper considers the peculiarities of social well-being of older adults who represent the generation of baby boomers. The baby boom generation consists of people born during the demographic post–world war II baby boom between the years 1946 and 1964 in Britain and in Russia. Approaches to the research of wellbeing among Russian and foreign scientists are presented. Social wellbeing is a great concern in social philosophy. Several social challenges are described to form possible dimensions of social wellbeing. The author emphasizes a dichotomy of social well-being, considering external and internal determinants. The author analyzes social well-being through a prism of social difficulties (social integration, social acceptance, social contribution, social actualization, social coherence) that form the model of social well-being. The potential benefits of social life are a sense of belonging, social integration and a sense of shared consciousness. Comparing how older adults of Britain and Russia overcome difficulties and adapt to the new social realities, the author comes to a conclusion that subjective factors define the readiness of older adults to shift to a new level and influence their ability to cope with social difficulties.
Title: Functioning of the Social Policy Mechanism in Russia: Analysis of the Current Problems and Formulation of the Improvement Strategy Aimed at Enhancing the Economic and Social Welfare
Author(s): Boretsky Evgeniy*, Egorova Maria, Cherdanceva Irina
Full Text 12
The problem of the transition of Russia from the socialist way of life to the market economy is formulated. As a result, Russia has suffered from the violation of the intergenerational continuity of the social practices. People do not have time to adapt an essential set of socially acceptable and effective practices to address their life problems. In this context, the role of the state social policy and its effective functioning is increasing. The paper discusses the directions of the social policy in Russia. The major social problems to be addressed by the state and the shortcomings of the social policy mechanism are identified. Based on the analysis of the obtained information, some measures are developed to significantly reduce the level of a particular problem of the social policy. In addition, the recommendations are developed to improve the effectiveness of social programs in Russia.
Title: Educational Background as a Factor of National Welfare Boosting
Author(s): K.O.Latysheva, V.O.Borovikova*
Full Text 13
The article presents the identifying the relationship between the level of education and the level of income in the national economy. As the title implies the article describes the education as a factor of accelerating economic growth: the concept of human capital. Data are given about the educational factor in the economy of developed countries. The article gives the analysis of educational markets in Russia and its impact on the welfare of the population. It is dealt with the state system of higher education in Russia. The main problems of higher education were identified. Recommendations are given for solving the main problems of the higher education system. This article presents such data as indexes of the educational level of the world countries (20 countries), a ranking of countries and territories according to the size of GNI per capita, the relationship between the level of education and the level of income across regions, the relationship between the level of education and socio-economic development of the region (correlation of indicators of socio-economic development of the region and the proportion of people who have vocational education).
Title: Identity Crisis as Impetus to Acquire and Develop New Identity
Author(s): Olga Brezgina*, Elena Vasilkova
Full Text 14
The problem under consideration is identity crisis and the ways of overcoming it. Now then the world is deep in economic, political, social, cultural and ethical troubles, the topical issue is the core values of an individual and the ways of their developing in the right way. It can be possible if everyone understands the need not only to identify oneself in the modern world, but also to acquire and develop new identity. Having studied the issue we understand that researchers interpret the concept identity differently since it concerns people’s consciousness, which is not a clearly seen material substance. A person’s identity is being constantly influenced by external and internal things, which sooner or later lead to identity crisis. But this crisis may become a mechanism to develop new identity, which is impossible without preserving traditional core values. If we better understand this phenomenon, we will be able to create a more harmonious society.
Title: The Knowledge Market and the Idea of Entrepreneurship in the Modern University
Author(s): Irina V. Brylina*, Julia A. Nikitina, Vladimir I. Brylin, Yana I. Chaplinskaya
Full Text 15
The university model of enterprise type of 21st century is analyzed. The transfer of classical university model into entrepreneurial one presents a threat to the university cultural mission. The Science and Education become more valuable as they produce knowledge, which becomes an item of goods. The authors compare modern university model with classic one. Following the hermeneutical method, the modern epoch is presented as a period of economic mercantilism and knowledge is interpreted as symbolic capital. In addition to that, the formation premise of the education market and open knowledge market are analyzed. The transformation of university structures is explored in the context of knowledge capitalization process. The article shows the knowledge as a source of innovation and the university as a result of commercial competition. The interconnection between the modern university and the mainstreaming of research project results into new technologies is based on contractual relationship (treaty relations). This relationship is defined by the term «innovation zone», which presents the final phase of the innovation cycle. We conclude that in the context of “knowledge capitalism” universities become the means of competition for global leadership in the high technologies.
Title: Establishing of Harmonic Civil Society as a Social-Economic Formation of Stable Development and Wellbeing
Author(s): E.G. Bryndin*
Full Text 16
There are two ways for the society: the way of force, which exists now and the way of peaceful proceeding to the harmonic vital activity of a sustainable development, which will provide wellbeing of society. During social activity the society forms the social order as a product of human activity. The social order should make sense for all cooperating subjects, that is to have public legitimation. On the basis of public legitimation crystallization of the social order is carried out. In development of a social reality the social order should be exposed to alteration (reorganization) on the part of cooperating subjects. Alteration also should have public legitimation through procedures of the coordination Public legitimation of the world community moves in a direction of development of democracy. Democracy is an authority of people. The highest democracy is formation of the perfect people's power. People's power is formed in a civil society. The perfect authority is formed in the perfect civil society. The perfect civil society is cultural, professional, healthy society. The perfect people's power in a cultural, professional, healthy society will form from cultural, professional, healthy citizens. Therefore an actual problem of authority and people is formation of a social reality of a cultural, professional, healthy society. Article acquaints with ideology of harmonization of activity, formation of fair democracy and conscientious social policy on its basis.
Title: Healthy Wellbeing of the Person and Society
Author(s): E.G. Bryndin*, I.E. Bryndina
Full Text 17
Despite many attempts to measure health, it wasn't offered any scale which would have practical value in this plan. Absence of the uniform point of view on a problem of essence of health is obvious. A specification of essence of health – the main methodological problem of the doctrine about health. The World Health Organization considers that a state of person health defines for 75% its way of life and a power supply system, for 10% - heredity, another 10% - environmental conditions, and only for 5% of service of health care. Health of the person most of all depends on a way of life. By definition of the World Health Organization (WHO), health is a condition of physical, spiritual and social wellbeing. Approach of WHO to concept health has humanitarian character. In article health is allocated in independent medico-social category which is characterized by direct indicators. The healthy nation is formed on the basis of a healthy way of life as family and social, cultural tradition. The cultural tradition of a healthy way of life unites complete adjustment of the person for a healthy condition, spiritual and physical training of longevity, social hygiene of mentality of the person from stresses and neurosises, neutralization of bad habits on stages of infringement of harmonious integrity of the person, harmonization of a way of life, health saving up medicine and health saving up system of public health services.
Title: Youth Living Standards in Transforming Modern Society
Author(s): Yana Chaplinskaya*
Full Text 18
This study covers the issue of modern society young generation life. The work focuses on the concept of a crowd and a possibility to keep the rising generation quality of life under control. The integrational processes of the Russian society implementation into the international community resulted in a gap between social transformation and their recognition. In multidimensional and fast developing modern society the youth faces a challenging existential issue. Modern young person life is inseparably connected with social life. The research is carried out by using the method of the comparative analysis supported by dialectic and competency-based approaches. From our point of view, a healthy Russian society task will be the leading one in the future country development. The focus will be turned to the person with his psychological and physiological health oriented to the human value in the society. Research goes within the solution of questions of social policy.
Title: Well-being in the Context of Innovation Resistance
Author(s): A. Dibrov*, Т. Arkhipova, L. Beskrovnaya
Full Text 19
In this article the major problem of innovation in providing economic and social wellbeing is defined. The main purpose of the paper is to develop the concept of innovation resistance. The innovation resistance is defined as an immanent property of the economic system to slow down its development under the influence of active and passive innovation resistance. The authors examine the peculiarities of innovation resistance and its influence on innovation-based economic system. Also the structure of economic system encompasses in terms of innovation resistance is determined. Entities of innovation resistance as elements of economic system have been identified. The role of institutions in providing the inertial performance or the development of economic entities is defined. The importance of overcoming innovation resistance as a key factor of improvement of social and economic wellbeing of society is emphasized. The concept of social order developed by Douglass C. North, John Joseph Wallis, and Barry R. Weingast is considered as a source of some insights in overcoming innovation resistance.
Title: Preparing Managerial Personnel for Medical Establishments at National Research Tomsk State University
Author(s): M.E. Dobrusina*
Full Text 20
The Center of Medical Management, opened at Tomsk State University in the year 2000, is realizing project of innovative research and educational for inter-university integration of knowledge in the sphere of economics, medicine and law at the university level. The project aims to provide programs for continuing professional development and upgrading skills of medical personnel from among practicing doctors, medical interns, residents, pharmacists, nurses, and senior students as well as all those wishing to gain knowledge in the field of medical management. In essence, this is training of a first generation of managers and specialists for healthcare organizations capable of effectively using the latest business technology in their professional activity. Medical management is an important area in social management, oriented at people’s health and the preservation of his ability to work and enjoy a long life – essentially, the study of organizing and managing healthcare in conditions of state and insurance financing.
Title: Educational Migration into Secondary Vocational Institutions in the Context of Society's Well-being
Author(s): S. Dryga*, E. Giniyatova, D. Poletaev, E. Dementeva, Yu. Lenivtseva
Full Text 21
In this article education and educational migration into secondary vocational institutions is considered as one of the most important factors of improving the well-being of the society. Actualization of such concepts as “knowledge economics” and “smart educations” and also the emergence of new tendencies on the world educational services market (internalization of education, commercialization of education; geographical changes in educational migration) contribute to it. In the context of such changes Russian education is capable of improving its competitiveness at the expense of reconsideration of the concept of vocational education. This article presents opportunities in stimulating educational migration into Russian secondary vocational institutions under current demographic situation and deficiency of qualified workers, and also specifies some system limitations and difficulties, which can be faced when realizing the strategy of educational services export. Some of them: bad potential students’ knowledge of Russian language, poor material and technical base, old-fashioned educational facilities and persisting differences in educational systems with the other leading countries of the world, inadequate legislation, etc. Listed in the article problems call for a better managed migration policy by using modern organizational and economic solutions, providing incentives and opportunities for the population influx.
Title: Well-being Paradigm in the Context of Green Economy and Information Society
Author(s): Egorova Maria*, Guzyr Vladimir, Cherdanceva Irina, ShatovaMaria
Full Text 22
It was determined the necessity of the searching for a new paradigm of social and economic development in order to ensure the well-being without negative impact on environment. The social well-being factors connected with green economy development were analysed. It was concluded that the role of technology and technological changes increases, and technologies predominant over other development factors. Analysis of biotechnologies, information and cognitive technologies was carried out in the context of qualitative changes. It is noted that modern technologies focus on human abilities, intelligence and information. Components and working objects of information technologies were determined. The main virtual economy components were studied. The interaction between the virtual economy development and the social well-being was demonstrated.Conducted research results proved, that Russia needs the transition to new economic system, which will contribute to the preservation of natural resources. The authors propose new paradigm of social well-being as such economic system in the context of green economy and information society development. The authors note that human abilities, intellect and information are primary for modern technologies, machinery is paled into insignificance. It was concluded that, on the one hand, modern technologies and their forms could be good for society in the efficient and purposeful use. On the other hand, they will be dangerous if the use of technologies is inefficient.
Title: Pension System as Wellbeing Institute
Author(s): S.L. Eremina*, E.O.Achelov,Sun Fu,A.D. Lakhmanova
Full Text 23
The article proves that it is possible to achieve wellbeing if there is an improvement of both the pension system and change in the citizen’s attitude towards retirement income. The calculations (dynamics of the percentage of the working retirees, both in Russia and TPU, and the average salary) show that the increase in the ratio of the number of retirees and working people can’t lead to the deficit of the budget of the Russian Pension Fund. It is proved that the key way to overcome the deficit is to remove payments, which are not or little connected with earned income (disability and loss of a breadwinner pension, long service pension, and early retirement pension) and save only one function – compensation for loss of earnings. Refusal of the territorial rent (pension’s peg to the minimum of subsistence of a retiree in the region) will also balance the financial state of the Pension Fund. It is mathematically proved that the wellbeing of retirees can be reached if they participate in the compulsory and voluntary pension insurance programs, which are not necessary governmental.
Title: Culture of Management of Industrial Enterprises of Tyumen Region (1964-1985 Biennium)
Author(s): Zhukotskaya Zinaida, Fanenshtyl Olga*
Full Text 24
The article analyzes the problems of using the principles of scientific organization of labor in industrial enterprises of the Tyumen region in the mid-1960s and early 1980s. Interest in the issue of cultural management and work organization in the Tyumen region enterprises emerged in the mid-1960s. and its decision, according to the party and government officials, was closely linked to the growth of industrial production efficiency. However, the excessive centralization of scientific organization of labor, staff shortages and a weak motivational factor constrained creative and scientific approaches to solving organizational and administrative tasks.The relevance of this article is not in doubt, since on the one hand it allows you to expand the understanding of the methods of work organization at the industrial enterprises of the Tyumen region during the process of modernization which began in the mid-1960s. However, an appeal to historical experience makes it possible to evaluate the effectiveness of existing methods of management culture at the moment.
Title: Against Discrimination: Equality Act 2010 (UK)
Author(s): Elena Fell*, Maria Dyban
Full Text 25
This article offers an overview of the Equality Act 2010, which simplified and systematised previous Acts and Regulations related to anti-discrimination issues in Great Britain (applies to the public sector). In particular, the Equality Act 2010 replacedSex Discrimination Act 1975, Race Relations Act 1976 and Disability Discrimination Act 1995. (However, if someone was subjected to unlawful treatment such as discrimination before 1 October 2010 and wishes to make a complaint, they will be covered by the legislation that was in force at the time, as the Equality Act does not apply.)The Equality Act 2010 has also strengthened the law that protects various categories of vulnerable people at work and in other settings, e.g. by expanding the notion of disability, clarifying the issue of gender reassignment and creating provision for positive action. The authors explain the essence and structure of this Act of Parliament of the United Kingdom, as well as clarifying specific terminology used by legislators such as protected characteristics, positive action, gender reassignment, reasonable adjustment etc. The Equality Act 2010 is regularly updated and updates are published in open access resources.
Title: British National Health Service: Wellbeing of Older Patients
Author(s): Elena Fell*, Natalia Lukianova
Full Text 26
The aim of this paper is to inform the readers of the latest developments in the British National Health Service relevant to the wellbeing of older people. In Britain, the wellbeing of the elderly is addressed from a wide range of perspectives, independence being one of the dominant themes underlying the efforts of medical and social services. Thorough and systematic investigation of older people’s needs is another important theme together with the understanding of the importance of end-of-life care that should be sensitive and responsive to the dying person’s wishes. As the issues of assisted living, day care, long-term care, residential care, home care and hospice care involve many processes and many different professionals, this discussion may be useful for researchers and social workers involved in the development of social/research programs aimed at promoting the wellbeing of older people. The readers will be able to evaluate and reflect on relevant British legislation and practices involved in the care of elderly patients.
Title: Young People in Britain: Alternatives to Higher Education
Author(s): Elena Fell*, Anthony Fell, Natalia Lukianova
Full Text 27
In Britain, the wellbeing of young people is often linked to the education they receive, and going to university in order to obtain an undergraduate degree is seen as a necessary and desirable step in life, which should secure their employability and financial future. However, high university fees and student accommodation and subsistence costs are not normally covered by government grants anymore, so a young graduate is destined to begin his or her professional life with tens of thousands of pounds of student debt, which he or she is expected to pay over three decades of their working life. Although the demand for university places remains as high as ever, it becomes questionable in some situations, whether pursuing a university education at all cost is, in fact, beneficial for a young person and his or her future. This paper explores an alternative path for a young person’s successful career – apprenticeship and traineeship, giving a detailed account of a registered gas engineer training route as an example.
Title: State Educational Insurance as a Basis for Continuous Wellbeing of a Man and Society
Author(s): Zatepyakin Oleg, Filippova Tatyana*, Chesnokova Irina, Buryhin Boris
Full Text 28
At the present stage of development of the Russian state its primary objective is to provide citizens with access to fully-fledged quality education conforming to their interests and abilities regardless of their material wealth, place of residence, nationality and health. The goal can be achieved if to develop state educational insurance. Establishment of the system of state educational insurance is possible if the process of shaping individuals’ knowledge, skills and abilities (competences) is improved. The result of the system operation is the process of capitalization aimed at ensuring continuous well-being of individuals, households, organizations and country in general. Capitalization of knowledge, skills, and abilities (competences) generates individuals’ financial interest associated with their education, i.e. interest in receiving education as a source of their future income. Financial interest, the subject of which is a man’s accomplishment, enables studying opportunities for establishing intercourse on ensuring individuals’ income, resulting from his accomplishment. This process, in its turn, initiates insurance of an individual’s rights and guarantees in the field of education. On the one hand, regular insurance financing of educational system, ensures its stability for future generations of the Russian society. On the other hand, it will establish the basis for sustainable creation of workforce.
Title: Social and Economic Activity of the Elder Generation in Tomsk Region
Author(s): Veronika A. Malanina, Elena A. Frolova*, Hu Lei
Full Text 29
Social and economic activity of the Russian elder generation has a contradictory nature. On the one hand, Russian pensioners often continue working beyond the existing comparatively low retirement age, on the other hand, in terms of involvement in volunteering, political activities, and even in care for children and grandchildren they lag significantly behind the average European level. Explaining it only by the lack of time does not seem plausible, since in many European countries, the employment rates, involvement in unpaid work and caring for other family members are all higher than in Russia. In our study we attempt to identify reasons for lower social and economic activity of older adults in Russia as compared with European countries. We use data of Tomsk regional survey (2015, N=400) for accessing older adults’ social activity. Data analysis on Tomsk region suggests that employment (as an activity) and education (as a prerequisite) contribute to higher involvement in social interactions in later life.
Title: Tomsk “Museum Quarter” Project and Increasing of Well-Being of Older People
Author(s): Natalia A. Kolodii, Viktoria B. Agranovich, Natalia A. Goncharova*, Yulia A. Chayka
Full Text 30
The timeliness of this research is necessity to develop ways of the urban environment designing, based on the interaction of the city with its citizens. According to researches, it is not possible to create a comfortable and proportionate to the citizens' needs city environment, using only the efforts of professionals - designers and government structures. Appropriate research and qualified satisfaction of citizens' needs are key factors for creation of such environment. Particularly this process is able to prevent absence of changes demand for ordinary citizens, as well as to ensure the investment attractiveness of projects aimed at the development of the territory. An effective mechanism for the implementation of an integrated urban policy concept can be public-private partnership. The paper considers the postindustrial paths in the process of regeneration of the city and investigates the possibilities of the project “Museum Quarter” to be the driver of the territory development and the factor of emotional well-being of older people in the city.
Title: Social Well-being as a Criterion of Fiscal Policy Efficiency
Author(s): Anna S. Gromova*, Natalia V. Shaftelskaya
Full Text 31
The article considers the relationship between the objectives of fiscal policy and well-being of the citizens. The state's budget policy has many public goals and allocated funds: military, national economy, national defense and security of the country, culture and sport, public debt service, the Federal target program, the creation of reserves, intergovernmental transfers, administrative expenses and wellbeing. Promoting the wellbeing of nation is fundamental to the work of government and essential for current issues and research. Budget resources should be directed and allocated in order to meet social objectives that are set out by the government. These documents are as follows: the President's annual speech, the main directions of monetary state's policy, the main budget regulations and federal law about its current budget. Efficiency of fiscal policy and, as a result, improvement of the quality of life of citizens and welfare of the nation can depend on fulfillment of commitments and obligations.
Title: The Use of Information and Communication Technologies by Elderly People (Sociological Survey Data)
Author(s): L. I. Ivankina*, T. G. Trubchenko, E. M. Krukovac, A.R. Shaidullina, N. V. Shaftelskaya, V. K. Chernyak
Full Text 32
The article considers how elderly people use different types of Information and Communication Technologies (ICT) and studies their readiness to use ICT in everyday life, based on the data obtained in a sociological survey. We made a hypothesis that age has an effect on older people’s attitudes towards ICT. In this article ICT will include the Internet, mobile devices and on-line banking. We discovered the types of ICT which will be used by older people in their everyday lives. We stipulated four areas of the use of ICT in older people’s lives such as financial, administrative, accessible and entertainment. During our research we concluded that respondents aged 55 to 64 are more active in using IT and demonstrate their interest in different spheres of everyday life. We also concluded that there were no differences in the results between genders. Overall, the sociological survey has indicated that more than 42% of respondents have the skills to use modern Information Technologies. It has been noted that over the past years the government has been encouraging older people to use ICT in their lives. The government in the Tomsk region is also working to achieve this.
Title: Transforming Social Control into Leadership Being the Factor of Providing Modern Society Welfare
Author(s): Lubov Ivankina*, Tatyana Latygovskaya
Full Text 33
The given work studies the interconnection between social management and leadership in the context of welfare and under the conditions of modernity being the intensive present. It justifies that the reflexivity of modernity expressed in a systemized usage of the knowledge of social life peculiarities being a key component of its arrangement and changing is taking more and more enormous significance under the conditions of transformations taking place at local and global levels. Protection against radical doubting implies orderly practices, obligations for the lifestyles, trust in abstract systems, whose functioning is possible due to the subjective trust phenomenon or generalized mindset with regard to these systems, situations and other individuals. The basis for analyzing the interconnection of the categories under consideration is composed of value preferences, which contribute to providing the general direction of social transformation, the preference vector of which is directed mainly by the leader. The objective of this paper is to evidence that the factor of welfare provision under the conditions of social control transformation is represented by leadership, which acts as a way of uniting community members with the purpose of collaboration aimed at providing modern society welfare, and designates making decisions contributing to the creation of equal opportunities for the future mankind’s survival. In this respect leadership acts as the guarantee of welfare contributing to choosing and setting priorities of human social life.
Title: Participatory Urban Projects in the Context of Cultural Pragmatics
Author(s): N.A. Kolodii, E.V. Rodionova, V.V. Kolodii, A.A. Ivchik*, Rodolfo Baggio
Full Text 34
The basic ideology of modernization of urban space should become a strategy for creation of a territory, providing a comfortable environment and human quality of life. Based on this postulate, a study was conducted to identify the specifics of cooperation with the virtual and real urban communities for the construction of foundations of urban policy, based on awareness of collective identity. The study was conducted on the basis of the methodology that allows the synthesis of Smart City concept and the theory of post-industrial city’s development. In this study were identified the discourses about architectonic actors of the urban environment. Results of the study on the basis of real cases in Tomsk showed that today there are real urban communities, but their influence on philosophy and management’s practice of space-communicative development of the city are insufficient due to lack of specific mechanisms and sites of interaction with government and business. The article also contains the main strategies of solving the problems in interaction with various Community.
Title: Massification of the Higher Education as a Way to Individual Subjective Wellbeing
Author(s): Andrey A. Selyutin, Tatyana V. Kalashnikova*, Natalia E. Danilova, Natalia V. Frolova
Full Text 35
The massification of the university education is inevitable process nowadays. On the one hand it allows solving the problem of knowledge generation and dissemination. On the other hand it helps individuals to achieve the subjective wellbeing, which is based on acquisition of knowledge that is necessary for the professional and individual orientation. In this article authors made an attempt to set tendency between individual’s participation in the educational process and the acquisition of wellbeing’s state. Taking into account modern trend of continuous education, authors as well suppose the existence of permanent wellbeing state. This statement is partially proven by social surveys and research’s data, which has been conducted in Russia, Brazil, South Africa and other countries. Attractiveness and accessibility of education for people from different social groups determine the future level of public education. The rapid technological development of society, accessibility and mass character of educational programs, unconscious strivings of the major part of society to wellbeing must inevitably lead to the growth of average citizen’s accomplishment.
Title: Incapacitated Patients’ Wellbeing: Surrogate Decision Making
Author(s): Elizabeth Kaplunov*, Nigel Harvey
Full Text 36
Patients’ wellbeing often depends on making the right decision with regards to their healthcare treatment and other decisions relating to their health care or finances in terms of their end of life. If they are unable to make decisions for themselves, other people have to make those decisions on their behalf. This important task is described in literature as surrogate decision making. We survey and illustrate several important issues that are associated with surrogate decision making and provide an overview of the factors that have been found to affect its accuracy. Selection of a surrogate decision maker has been found to be affected by the beneficiary’s nationality, risk attitudes, and personality and by specific qualities of the surrogate. Decision accuracy (as indexed by matching between choices for self or relative) has been found to be affected by factors such as nationality, surrogate qualities, surrogate person choice, risk attitudes and personality.
Title: Impact of Financial Pyramids on Well-being of the Russian Society
Author(s): Kashapova Elmira*, Filippova Tatyana, Nikitina Svetlana
Full Text 37
The article considers the impact of financial pyramids on a man’s well-being in terms of the key domains: financial situation, social environment, education, employment, and health. The authors determinate the financial pyramid as a scheme of interaction of the organizer and participants. In a financial pyramid participants' contributions are not a source of investments and it is redistributed between them. It is important to understand that the participants of a financial pyramid are able to lose contributions. The major negative effects of financial pyramids on socio-economical and psychological wellbeing of a man and society in Russia were revealed. We detected their effect on: 1) a financial situation, i.e. financial losses of participants of financial pyramids; 2) man’s psycho-emotional state; 3) decision-making of various social groups, i.e. intensification of their cognitive distortions. An instrument of social and economic policies of Russia aimed at mitigating negative effects of financial pyramids was suggested and described. The instrument will enable to enhance confidence of population in financial institutions and their services.
Title: The Concept of Continuous Wellbeing of Older Adults in Contemporary Demographic Shift
Author(s): Kashchuk Irina*, Timofeeva Yana
Full Text 38
The article is devoted to enhancing the wellbeing of older adults in Russia and abroad. The current trend of rapid growth in the number of the elderly worldwide is considered. The social and economic impacts of modern demographic shift changes are analysed: the structures of market demand, savings patterns, labour supply, budgeted resource requirements, flow of financial resources and obligations. It is proposed to revise the existing economic model of modern society based on a new concept of continuous wellbeing of older adults. A new platform of wellbeing of older adults through their active involvement in the economic life of society is suggested. The option of creating a new concept of wellbeing on the basis of the revival of mentoring is considered. In the framework of a study examines the changes in the market of consumer goods and services; labour market; a system of accumulation and savings; transformation of financial resources.
Title: Social Responsibility of the Private Sector in the system of Russian Healthcare
Author(s): Nadezhda Pozdnyakova (Nadezhda Provalova), Galina Kashkan*, Alexey Churin
Full Text 39
This article reviews the issues of social obligations of the private sector as the responsibility of the company for its activities towards the society and the state. The corporate social responsibility is clearly structured and carried out at multiple levels such as compliance with laws, maintenance activities which are attractive for investors and consumers, implementation of measures aimed at removing social tensions. It is shown that the changes in the public sector of the healthcare toward increase in the share of for-profit health care centers improves social climate by increasing accessibility and quality of the medical care. This article demonstrates the place, role and forms of the participation of the non-state multifaceted medical centers in the implementation of socially oriented projects. The authors offer to use the concept of social responsibility of the private sector as an instrument for achieving and securing the sustainable growth of both the business and the society as a whole.
Title: Trust in the Development of Labor Relations and Well-being at Work
Author(s): Kaz Evgeniya*
Full Text 40
The paper studies the interconnection between the concepts of social and labor relations, the quality of working life and well-being at work. We reviewed a wide range of works, the authors of which had come to the understanding of the role of trust in the social and human sciences. It is shown that trust is the basic phenomenon underlying all the concepts mentioned. The method of content analysis was used to analyze the role of trust in formation of social and labor relations and well-being at work at different stages of an organization’s life cycle. The application of content analysis in the theoretical concept of Adizes' life-cycle model allowed us to prove that the «trust» factor plays an important role at every stage of an organization’s life cycle, defining its features. Its presence leads to the development of organization, but the lack of «trust» destroys it. It is shown that the features of current phase of an organization’s life cycle influences the conditions of social and labor relations, the quality of working life and the level of well-being.
Title: Well-being in the Workplace: the Case of Working Pensioners
Author(s): Mikhail Kaz*, Anastasiya Kuchkartaeva
Full Text 41
The factors that affect the well-being of working pensioners are investigated in the article. We have not used as a data source the traditional methods of obtaining information from respondents (survey results or interviews). However, we have used the data presented in the social networks. The type of analyzed data is qualitative, it limited us in the choice of methods of analysis. On the other hand, the using of non-classical source of social information stimulated us to search the ways in order to improve the technology of working with such a data array as an important independent research problem. An adequate method must identify a system of subjective perceptions of a particular individual, but not to impose it from the outside. This encouraged us to use the tools of content analysis’ methods and multidimensional scaling data in the research process. The results of multidimensional scaling allowed us to find the major groups of the problems dominant in the minds of working pensioners. In addition, it was proposed the approach in the article, that could solve the problem of retrieving and analyzing the information that is circulating in the social networks, it also allowed us to expand the opportunities for triangulation of data (the using various types of information sources during the research of one phenomena). This approach will enhance the objectivity of scientific results.
Title: The Interaction of Participants of Inclusive Corporate Ecosystems
Author(s): Nathalia V. Khmelkova*, Konstantin I. Perevozchikov, Elena S. Kiseleva, Sergey V. Berkalov, Yan R. Chemezov
Full Text 42
It is proved that deep shifts in inter-organizational and interpersonal interactions in the sphere of appearance of co-opetition, which is a symbiosis of competition and cooperation, influenced by the dramatic aggravation of the entire spectrum of social problems, occur. It is indicated that it is impossible to achieve overall economic and social well-being without solving these problems. It is proved that the convergence of competition and cooperation rests on a fundamental basis, due to the synergistic nature of these universal social and economic organizations of human lives. It is shown that desire of subjects to take an active part in solving social problems serves as an important impetus to the formation of co-opetitive networks of cooperation, business in particular. These include corporate ecosystems and inclusive business models. It is shown that the latter specifically involve different social groups in the implementation of socially-oriented programs. This paper considers three structures, where the realization of inclusive business processes like individual effort, the alliance and the multilateral platforms may occur. It is noted that in conditions of limited resources, social partnership is more preferable, especially in the form of meaningful alliance of business and non-profit organizations. It is emphasized that the model of a multilateral platform for scaling social projects can be used. As part of the practical implementation, the author's project of the social network, consolidating the efforts of the business, non-profit organizations and individuals to help those in need of the treatment of various diseases, is presented.
Title: The Importance of Customers’ Character Accentuations
Author(s): Elena S. Kiseleva*, Sergey V. Berkalov, Svetlana V. Doroshenko, NathaliaV. Khmelkova, Galina A. Petrova, Elena M. Krukova, Anastasiya A. Karelina
Full Text 43
The article is based on the strategy and prospect development concept of marketing relations. It is noted that the role of personal marketing communication, particularly personal sales, is increased in the field of marketing relations. The necessity of searching for the new effective tools of personal sales has been shown, one of which is the competency model of personal agents. It is considered that in order to demonstrate many competencies that make up the contemporary model, a personal agent has to create a psychological profile of the client. The theories are based upon the methods of creating a psychological portrait of the client that have been listed. It is noted that the fourth facet of psychological portrait of the client should be based on the theory of personal character accentuations. The algorithm of work with clients having different character accentuations has been developed. The traits of clients with different character accentuations are detailed. The following traits of the clients are referred to: communication and behavior features, positive character traits, negative character traits, clothing, facial expressions and gestures, speech. Recommendations for work with clients of hyperthermia, anxious, dysthymic, pedantic, excitable, emotive, sticking, demonstrative, cyclothymiacs and ecstatic types have been suggested. It is noted that the consideration of character accentuations of the clients allows increasing the level of subjective well-being of clients and promotes the growth of the main indicators characterizing the effectiveness of personal sales in the context of relationship marketing.
Title: Corporate Agents of Responsibility as Way of Social and Economic Welfare
Author(s): Anastasya Platonova, Maria Kokarevich*
Full Text 44
The scientific issue of the paper deals with the formation theory of corporate agents of responsibility. As social and economic corporate agents of responsibility must be describing and it is important to recognize the mechanisms attributing and bearing responsibility such agents. Simultaneously, searching different corporate agents of responsibility has sufficient bases today in order to rethink bounders of the individual responsibility, which is restricted in the new conditions of global society. Corporate agents of responsibility need in complex analyses which are fragmented in social studies. The gap between theory and real practice is the main courses for studying «new» responsible agents.
Title: Machinery. Technology. Social Well – being
Author(s): E. A. Kolesnik*
Full Text 45
The article discusses the importance and the impact of the scale of hi – tech innovation in economy on social welfare. The author gives examples of industrial policies in the different countries. The author gives a detailed description of technological structures with chronological and institutional perspectives. The article also gives the definition of chronological order. The author comes to conclusion that the machinery is the basis of technological development. The paper analyzes the technological development of the Russian economy.The author concludes that the technological development of the Russian economy should be gradual, based on engineering production. The author substantiates the social and economic importance of Russian engineering. To this end, statistical data on the number of the working population employed in this industry, their level of qualification and the number of enterprises of mechanical engineering. In conclusion, the author notes the existing relationship between the technological development of the economy and social welfare.
Title: The Determinants Of Human Wellbeing In Professional Activities
Author(s): Konyukhova Tatiana*, Konyukhova Ekaterina, Kashpur Valeriya, Lokotosh Julia
Full Text 46
The article discusses the issue of person’s attitude towards success in his professional activities, which are the value of human labor and his wellbeing in professioanl activity. Personal attitude and substantial components of socio-psychological factors of attitude development provides the field of welfare of the employee. It focuses on the implementation of efficient technologies of formation attitude towards success in the process of training and retraining. The object of the research was the OJSC Evrazruda candidate pool members studying at the Evraz Siberia Regional Staff Training Center, as well as a group of experts (engineer, metallurgists). The techniques of V.K. Gerbachevsky, V.V. Stolin, S.R. Panteleyev, H.J. Eysenck, M. Rokeach, N.M. Peysakhov and J. Rotter were used in the research. The study showed the interconnection of a person’s attitude with the dominant features of the component structure of motivational, volitional and self-consciousness factors. They are the determinants of wellbeing and quality of life in professional activity.
Title: Synergistic effects of Stream Mapping
Author(s): Natality V. Chicherina, Vladimir V. Kazakov, Olga Y. Korneva*, Eugene Titenko
Full Text 47
The concept of lean production is a modern direction of the control system development that provides humanization of the modern society and promotes the idea of people’s well-being in the broadest sense. This study shows how using the lean production tools to ensure a synergistic integration of process optimization in the production of led equipment in the innovative enterprises, to increase its competitiveness, to provide the qualitative products to the consumer and quality of work life of employees and their productivity. The analysis of survey data leads to the conclusion that the main tool for the optimization of the process of production is mapping which allows analyzing the whole process of production, to reveal the problem places, and to bring improvements on the basis of the analysis. It has a direct impact on the company’s performance, ensures welfare of employees of the enterprise, improves the quality of life for all participants in the proceedings. Suggestions for future research are presented.
Title: Adaptation Problems Experienced by International Students in Aspect of Quality Management
Author(s): Alla A. Kornienko*, Daria P. Shamrova, Svetlana B. Kvesko, Anna A. Kornienko, Yulia A. Nikitina, Yana I. Chaplinskaya
Full Text 48
Regulation and problems of adaptation are considered in research in aspect of high-quality management. The object of research is foreign students. Adaptation challenges a person’s sense of well-being. Research defines satisfaction as a global assessment of quality of human life. This assessment is based on criteria of the person. systems; in these conditions the development of effective mechanisms of adaptation in the unstable external environment is possible on the assumption of use of co-evolutionary - innovative processes. The recommendations about the creation on the basis of these processes of effective mechanisms of adaptation of social systems to instability conditions are developed. On the basis of a systematic approach in the article explores innovative models of behavior as a way of effective adaptation of social systems in an unstable environment, based on the principle of co-evolutionary innovation. It is shown that the modern period is characterized by the growth of the dynamics and complexity of the interaction of social systems; in these conditions, the development of effective adaptation mechanisms in an unstable environment can be provided the use of evolutionary processes and innovation. To evaluate the potential use of evolutionary processes and innovation to create effective mechanisms for the adaptation of social systems in an unstable environment.
Title: Ideals and Principles of Common Wellbeing under Social and Humanistic Paradigm
Author(s): Alla A. Kornienko*, Svetlana B. Kvesko, Anna A. Kornienko, Nataliya N. Kabanova, Yulia A. Nikitina
Full Text 49
We attempt to specify ideals and principles of common wellbeing: saving economy, political attendance, full employment, education, equitable distribution. As a part of the study we have formulated the concept of so-called "other" society under the social-humanistic paradigm. As it was mentioned earlier, social systems can be described as open-end ones, which implies their constant interaction with environment expressed via matter, energy, and information exchange. Because of that, the functional and developmental regulations are characterized by the presence of constant alteration as well, which stipulates the high complexity of structuring valid prognoses. Subject vs. object feedback determines special peculiarities of social prognosis, namely, the ones that are capable of either self-fulfillment of self-destruction of prognostic model. In other words, the predicted future influences the actual future. In the conditions of the increasing instability and dynamics of social processes especially urgent is the problem of adequacy of innovative model. The specific feature of modern innovative processes is the fact that any information about the features of their occurrence is extremely fast becoming obsolete that, in turn, leads to the increase the gap between reality and model.
Title: Socio-Economic Development of Russia at the Contemporary Stage
Author(s): Lydia A. Korshunova*, Natalia G. Kuzmina, Anna I. Litovchenko, Fidan G. Babayeva
Full Text 50
The paper considers summary indicators of socio-economic development of Russia and its position in the world in the period of 1990-2014 in accordance with the concept of worldwide human development. The indexes characterizing the demographics and income, life expectancy, power consumption and quality of life are presented. The dynamics of incomes in Russia is presented in the light of poverty and hunger elimination. A comparative analysis of the quality of life in Russia and the countries with the largest economies in the world (USA, China, Japan, Germany) is conducted. It is shown that in its socio-economic development of Russia is greatly inferior to such highly developed countries like the US, Japan, Germany. During the considered period of time (24 years) Russia has failed to achieve significant social and economic growth. More than 16 million people live below the poverty line. More than half of the population have per capita income below the national average. In difficult domestic and international conditions, Russia fulfilled its commitments to reduce poverty level and Russian government puts every effort to sustain the achieved position in the socio-economic life of the population.
Title: Welfare, Housing and Changed Housing Requirements of Old People
Author(s): Wolfgang Krieger*, Anna Zasukhina
Full Text 51
This research is focused on the problem of older people's requirement for a convenient and comfortable accommodation and the opportunities to meet them. It was found out that motive for changes in a flat, moving to a new and more humble dwelling are caused by requirement of an old person due to the financial and physical resources. It is proved that only the social policy of the country, aimed at achieving the well-being of senior citizens will provide opportunities for moving old people into the apartment, smaller in size but comfortable, convenient, with modern conveniences and cheaper. On the basis of the conducted research it was concluded about the necessity to learn the requirement of older people in housing conditions, their desires, possibilities of self-organization and independence by homecare and paying for housing. Only on this documentary field is it possible to form a real social housing program on meeting housing requirements of older people.
Title: Healthcare Efficiency as a Wellbeing Factor in the Siberian Federal District
Author(s): Olga Kudelina*, Sofya Eremina, Nikita Kudelin
Full Text 52
An assessment of the efficiency of healthcare systems in territorial entities of the Russian Federation’s Siberian Federal District was carried out using Minmax method on the basis of data presented in Unified Interdepartmental Statistical Information System. Four groups of components were assessed (presence, usage, availability of resources and medical efficiency), while being decomposed into 14 indicators. The study of selected components and indicators dynamics through 2005-2013 allowed revealing its multidirectional influence on the efficiency of healthcare systems in the Siberian Federal District territorial entities. Low or average level of efficiency was revealed in 9 out of 13 territorial entities, usually determined by the insufficient level of usage or availability of resources. Possible ways of improving the district's healthcare system efficiency were defined. It is proved that the efficiency of The Siberian Federal District healthcare systems is an essential factor in ensuring the wellbeing of the population who live in district which is distinct in uncongenial climatic-ecological conditions affecting health.
Title: Design as Means of Countering Vandalism
Author(s): Sokolov A, Kukhta M*, Kornienko M, Kondratyeva Y, Kukhta A
Full Text 53
In this research the design in hardening of aesthetically valuable objects against vandalism is analyzed. There are two distinguished forms of vandalism: meaningless and meaningful ones. The purpose of this research is to develop design methods that enhance protection of aesthetically valuable objects against vandals. The harmonious development of the society is the main goal of culture. Actions that prevent movement to the harmonious development of society are treated as vandalism in this study, in a broad sense of the word. Meaningful vandalism is aimed at the destruction or desecration of objects with aesthetic or cultural value. The counteraction against the meaningful vandalism cannot be realized through the design. The research of vandalism motivation shows that meaningless vandalism does not have a pronounced goal. The main characteristic of meaningless vandalism is a destruction of the most at the lowest cost. It is shown in the study, how to resist the meaningless vandalism by using the objects of design. The relationship of design and mindless vandalism is not linear. Inharmonious design can provoke this type of vandalism. It is important to avoid stress and attention concentrators, when designing aesthetically valuable objects. Aimless (mindless) production is a kind of meaningless vandalism. Trash is the lower border of mindless vandalism and the upper border is meaningful vandalism. Violation of physical and spiritual ecology is the main source of mindless vandalism.
Title: The Influence Of Ecological Culture On Ornithological Security At The Airport "Tomsk"
Author(s): M. Kukhta* A. Kukhta, N. Bolshakova
Full Text 54
The relation of directional distribution of bird population in winter on the airfield of the airport "Tomsk" with the presence of bird feeders on the territory of the adjoining residential complex were found out. It is shown that the concentration of feeding places of birds emerging near the feeders in the residential complex are kept mostly here as well as contribute birds redistribution from the territory of the airfield on its periphery thus contributing to reduce ornithological stress near the air strip. This distribution is characteristic not for all species but only for those who can use man-made elements of the environment to live in winter. Reporting to minimum of variety of birds at the airport these kinds are the majority. The formation of stable feeding clusters in the residential compound become by means of the high environmental culture of its inhabitants who help birds, providing them food in the unfavorable period of the year.
Title: Constitutional Rationale of International Standards in Local Self-Government
Author(s): Sergey Kvach*, Natalya Frolova, Elena Vasilkova Nelas
Full Text 55
The article deals with the issues concerning constitutional rationale of international standards in local self-government in legal systems of different states. The authors suggest that the issues concerning modernization of public and municipal administration bodies should be considered on international experience base. The research shows that a considerable part of constitutions’ provisions of different states regulating municipal bodies’ activities have similar components. This can be explained by the fact that legal systems of the states are guided by international standards enshrined in international treaties. The authors define six standard elements of constitutions’ provisions about local self-government. recognition of local self-government by the state; administrative and territorial structure of the state; the main powers and functions of municipal government; forms of self-government in communities, administrative control of municipalities and guarantees of local government. The authors offer their classification of constitutions based on their unification extent. The conclusion gives the idea of how local self-government in different countries is secured by their constitutions and laws.
Title: Effectiveness of Webquest Techology Application in the Development Information Educational Environment
Author(s): Kvashnina Daria Aleksandrovna*, Podzorova Elena Anatolevna, Pashkova Liudmila Aleksandrovna, Ignatenko Alisa Yurevna
Full Text 56
The present paper considers the issues of the education system influence on all the life spheres of society, implementation of media-education strategy by means of modern information technologies web2.0 with application of webquest within development of high-tech information educational environment. At present it is evident that the future of the Russian society is connected with development of innovation-based economy which is impossible without modernization of the system of professional education. These issues are relevant nowadays as informatization process influences the society life greatly. This influence rests on primarily the role of “knowledge” factor in all the service sectors and society activity performed by means of mass media. Wide expansion of media in education process has lead to change in the fundamental concept of education – new strategies appeared: media-education, distance education and open education. In this respect there are many questions, and efficient use of mass media technologies within the frameworks of implementing new strategy of media education is one of the main issues among them.
Title: The Problem of Wellbeing Within the Framework of Quality Management
Author(s): Svetlana B. Kvesko*, Alla A. Kornienko, Yana I. Chaplinskaya, Yulia A. Nikitina, E. Chigulina
Full Text 57
The idea of common well-being suggests the dissolution of the state’s monopoly in social welfare for the benefit of a human being. This idea is universal as it is commonly inherent to the ideology of civilisation of all nations participating in the global historical process. The foundation is a civil society where the idea of well-being dominates. Therefore, the purpose of the study is interpretation of well-being in the context of quality management. In the article the challenges of the content and main components of a state of person's wellbeing in society, its characteristic features are considered. Authors pay attention to multidimensionality of the concept of "wellbeing". They offer to solve this problem by the integrated approach considering the problem of person's wellbeing in context of theoretical and empirical constructs. The main aim of the study: to analyze a place of an art discourse in social space. The methods used in the study: methods of the analysis, analogy. They offer to solve this problem by the integrated approach considering the problem of person's wellbeing in context of theoretical and empirical constructs.
Title: Sustainable Tourism as a Way of Elderly Active Life Expectancy
Author(s): Elena G. Leontyeva*, Francesc Romagosa, Margarita A. Bureeva , Anastasia A. Efimova
Full Text 58
The absolute number of people all over the world aged 60 and older is expected to increase during the period from 2000 to 2050 from 605 million to 2 billion people. International organizations and institutions set as the task not only the increase in life expectancy but also active aging. In this paper, the authors try to prove that the development of sustainable tourism is one of the possibilities to help of prolonging the active life of the older generation. The paper analyses the sustainable tourism and successful aging concepts. The study concludes that the sustainable tourism is a way of improve the active life expectancy. The research concludes that tourist activity of the elderly is one of the main factors of the successful aging. Pursuit of activities is uncharacteristic for noninvolved in social activity elderly people. The paper analyses the several tourism products that are currently offered in Spain, in some cases specifically for the elderly, and under a sustainable tourism approach. Conducted analysis indicates that the level of subjective well-being of the elderly is increasing as the result of participation in sustainable tourism products.
Title: Well-being as a Phenomenon: Research Paradigms of the Fifth Age
Author(s): Olga Loiko*, Svetlana Dryga, Maria Aleksandrova, Olga Mashkina, Yuliya Zeremskaya
Full Text 59
It is established that active longevity is connected with the intense intellectual activity at any age. Nowadays a man uses only a part of his/her intellectual capacities and it leads to reducing the storage capacity of mental memory. Globalization processes, medical and public health achievements have a positive effect on human longevity. Due to this, there is a problem of transforming “survival probability” into the active part of the human life activity known as “The Fifth Age”. As the subject of research is complex and multidimensional, it requires multifaceted study. In the study different methods such as analysis of information resources reflecting recent data about seniors’ well-being, analysis of websites providing medical and social support to seniors, study of scientific papers about seniors’ well-being are used. As a result a hypothesis about the conflict between the study of seniors’ wellbeing problem and the lack of study of effective methods creating positive path of active aging based on senior’s personal memories is formed. Summing up the results it can be concluded that seniors’ well-being greatly depends on their participation in cultural memorial practices.
Title: Analysis of social wellbeing parameters in Russia
Author(s): T.G. Maklakova* , T.A. Bulatova, O.G. Berestneva, S.V. Romanchukov, S.O. Shukharev
Full Text 60
This article is devoted to dynamics of the social wellbeing index counted for Siberian region in context of the modernization processes in Russia. The study is based on representative samples from population surveys conducted in 2011 and 2015. It is complemented by the Russian region's modernization map, which was prepared within the data calculated under the procedure developed by Modernization Research Center of China Academy (adapted for Russia). It has been found that the social wellbeing of the population has not significantly changed over the last 5 years despite the current crisis. Also regions are unbalanced in terms of modernization processes, most of them don't even reach the level of capital cities in terms of modernization parameters and social welfare. Tomsk region is a remote Siberian region, but it has the specific "innovative" status and it shows better wellbeing indicators than Russia as a whole. The study was conducted under the RFH sponsorship as project №15-03-00366 "Social and cultural factors of the new modernization in the regions (on research in the Tomsk region)"
Title: Innovative Forms of Partnership in Development and Implementation of University-Business Cooperation
Author(s): Marina A. Suzdalova, Vladislav G. Lizunkov, Elena Yu. Malushko*, Nadezhda A. Sytina, Valentin E. Medvedev
Full Text 61
The article deals with the aspects of public-private partnership (PPP) in modern conditions. Public-private partnership is positioned as an additional mechanism in solving complex problems and tasks of universities. Innovative forms of public-private partnership with universities and businesses are expressed in establishing education scope administration, economic assistance, innovation research and development, scientific and practical expertise and estate administration. Particular attention is paid to the development of business contacts between universities and business organizations at the present stage of economic development. There are also allocated the objectives of developing competitive university environment, the prioritized development of regional universities and dramatical modernization of education based on the interests of the military-industrial complex. The article describes the structure of the functions and forms of educational institutions activity and the mechanisms of PPP implementation. The author represents using mechanisms of public-private partnerships in the territory of the Russian Federation and the modern trends of developing PPP collaboration and education.
Title: Economical and Managerial Competencies of Bachelors in Mechanical Engineering
Author(s): Vladislav Gennadievich Lizunkov, Veronika Ivanovna Marchuk, Elena Yurievna Malushko*, Oksana Andreevna Maletina, Anastasia Vyacheslavovna Zav’yalova
Full Text 62
The paper deals with problems relating to orientation of the market economy with reference to development of economic and managerial competencies by bachelors after graduating from engineering higher schools to meet employers’ requirements, through implementing the Federal State Education Standards (FSES) of the third generation. The case study: training programs for the bachelor’s degree in Mechanical Engineering at Yurga Institute of Technology (Affiliate) of National Research Tomsk Polytechnic University. The list of economic and managerial competencies for bachelors in mechanical engineering is specified according to the third generation FSES, with its enlarging with new competences based on surveys and analyses after questioning employers; criteria and indicators are described to identify maturity levels in terms of economic and managerial competencies for bachelors in socially oriented market environments; a structural and functional model for training mechanical engineering bachelors has been tested in the implementation of the bachelor’s degree courses in "Mechanical engineering" at Yurga Institute of Technology (Affiliate) of National Research Tomsk Polytechnic University, commencing 2011 to 2015.
Title: Basic Trends of Studying Aging in Global Sociology
Author(s): Natalia N. Meshcheryakova*, Galina N. Ilina, Natalia N. Kabanova
Full Text 63
The given paper presents the comparative analysis of 94 reports which were announced at the XVIII World Congress of Sociology held in Yokohama, Japan in July, 2014. All reports considered the questions of aging, subjective well-being of older people, economic aspects of population aging and other questions concerning this area. The aim of the paper is to define the main tendencies in studying aging questions that interest the world sociology under the growth of life expectancy, population aging, i.e. increasing cohort of older people in relation to youth and those in midlife in the structure of population, taking into account the current economic crisis and cutting budgets income basis. The results are grouped according to the following criteria with their detailed characteristics:
1) the level of social and economic development of the societies which have become the objects of research: welfare states, developing countries and undeveloped countries;
2) the cultural peculiarities. Due to the analysis in different countries the close traditional attitude to the perceiving the aging, the intergenerational relations give more common ground to the scope of research, as for Japan and China than for Japan and the European countries in terms of the level of social welfare;
3) the scope of studies.
Title: Multidimensional Statistical Analysis of Life Satisfaction of Older People
Author(s): Lubov Ivankina, Alexander Mihalchuk*, Vladimir Arefiev, Nikolay Filipenko, Darya Novoseltseva
Full Text 64
The paper is devoted to a study of dependences between the life satisfaction and the social conditions of older people presented in their main scopes of life. The life satisfaction is one of the components of subjective welfare that in value judgment is interpreted as a thought-and-sense character. The life satisfaction allows estimating the influence of different life scopes of older people and outlining the priority routes of continuous welfare. It is shown that the life satisfaction of older people is ascertained using the specific questionnaire developed for the sociological inquiry. To make older people prosperous it should be known what factors promote well-being and how to provide these factors. Monitoring performs the function of collecting data about a state of the object being evaluated for further analysis. Estimation of own older person’s life in its various forms, expresses significant levels of subjective well-being, revealing the superordinate connection through the content of emotional and evaluative bases, giving multidirectional nature of the subject’s activity, which may be taken into account only at opinion poll.The paper presents the design of the three-factor space model of the nine parameters for the life satisfaction based on the methods of mathematical statistics. Within this three-factor space model, the qualitative differentiation of older people of the Tomsk region was carried out using the seven-cluster model of 400 respondents.
Title: Qualitative and Quantitative Methods for Estimating the Library and Information Services
Author(s): Natalya M. Natalinova*, Olga V. Galtseva, N. Xiu, Angelina M. Belan
Full Text 65
An analysis of statistical data shows that attendance in the libraries falls every year, the demand of library information as the material carrier (for example books) is greatly reduced, but the information in electronic form is in demand, and every year the figures are growing significantly. This paper presents an estimation method for separate and complex indicators of the efficiency of library and information product and service rendering depending on various factors that determine service quality, timeliness and efficiency. A fuzzy logic system to transform the primary data was designed with the “Fuzzy Logic Toolbox” software using MATLAB. The methods to rank the studied factors by their importance and effect on the criteria of the efficiency of library and information product and service rendering are given. It is shown that the quality of library and information services plays an important role in development of society and influences the global socio-economic development and wellbeing. The research application contributes to the optimization of the library helps to more efficiently organize and plan their work, as well as the right to determine the direction of further investment. In addition, it enables the management of the library to identify factors that contribute to improving the efficiency of their businesses, to study the most urgent and important needs of the market library services, and also to establish the factors that currently are essential as for institutions, and for users and consumers.
Title: The Role of International and States Employment’s Laws in Maintaining of Society Welfare
Author(s): Rustem R. Nazmetdinov*
Full Text 66
Society Welfare including not only fair salary, safety working place for employees, but also favourable environment. As a rule the main role in maintaining of employees welfare is held by International Labour Organization (ILO), which set up base guaranties in sphere of labour and employment relations. ILO Conventions are recommendatory for countries-participants of this organization and doesn’t set up liability for there non-performance. Analysis revealed that, countries ratify only that conventions that is stand with national labour and employment legislation. In some countries there doesn’t set up minimum guaranties on federal level, welfare of employees is depend on employer’s initiative. In our days in lack of organizations which set up enough additional rights. Sustainability business is the main base for improving society welfare. In practice, social responsibility of business generates positive reaction of society, employees and increase profit of an organization. Society also may influence to employer’s business by refusing or vise versa purchasing of goods and using of service of socially responsible companies.
Title: Corporate Investment in Human Capital Accumulation as a Condition for Social Well-Being
Author(s): O.P. Nedospasova*
Full Text 67
The modern idea of human well-being involves the combination of individual and social point of view. Substantially human well-being is a result of investment in different directions of life quality and material condition. However, for sustainability of well-being over time the multi-actors investments (private and social) in different types of capital (natural, economic, social and human) are equally important. Based on critical importance of corporate investments in human capital (in knowledge, competencies and skills) there is a conclusions about their impact on individual and social well-being. The article contains a list of general principles as well as specific methods of assessing and evaluating the impact of corporate investment in human capital on the dynamics of corporate financial indicators (economic value), development of innovative creativity and operative skills and establishment of public-private partnership (PPP) for individual and social well-being. The author suggests the economic evaluation of the effectiveness of corporate investment in human capital accumulation. The results can be down in a format of Balanced Scorecard (BSC). There is a description of goals for each section, recommended operations and implementation. This article represents the applications for financial indicators, which recommended for the analysis of economic efficiency and recoupment period of corporate investment in the human capital accumulation (taking into account the factor of time).
Title: Continuous Well-Being: The Role of Staff Training for Innovative Companies
Author(s): German Mariy, Nekhoda Evgeniya*, Rakovskaya Vera
Full Text 68
Qualified employees are a key resource in innovative development. At the same time workers and specialists with technical college of education play an important role in economy. The article explains the role of training for innovative companies in connection with the changing social system associated with the assessment of socio-economic progress and well-being. There are training model for innovative companies, and criteria and indicators for evaluating interaction of professional educational institutions and innovative companies in this article. Training of personnel is revealed through the relationship and the characteristics of the main components of the training model: market research of staff needs, interaction mechanisms of professional educational institutions with innovative companies, evaluation of the results of interaction of professional educational institutions with innovative companies. It is concluded about professional education system which provides sustainability and continuous well-being of society and the individual at the expense of quality of advanced human resource development.
Title: Tax Incentives for Renewable Energy: the European experience
Author(s): Ayodele O. Ogunlana*, Nataliya N. Goryunova
Full Text 69
Most countries in Europe have started using renewable energy source for electricity over decades now even though it’s not investment friendly. That is why most countries have introduced different types of measures or mechanism to support investors and household consumer who are interested in using these polluted free renewable energy source. Recently, Russia was among the countries that signed the Paris Agreement contract and are hoping to execute their part in reducing the emissions greenhouse gas in the country even though Russians are oil producing country and most of the energy come from this. The article analyzes the mechanisms of tax incentives for renewable energy and energy efficiency currently used in European countries. Also the possibilities of investing in in research studies pertaining to energy. The article also analyse the reason for stimulating demand for electricity companies for energy-efficient equipment. Conclusions were made about disseminating their experience for effectiveness and ability for adaption in Russia.
Title: Developing the Russian Index of Elderly Population Well-Being: Principles and Conceptual Framework
Author(s): I. A. Pavlova*, E. A. Monastyrny, I. V. Gumennikov
Full Text 70
As a multi-faceted process population aging generates various socio-economic and psycho-physiological challenges and significantly influences the government socio-economic policy. It requires the development and practical application of new assessment tools based on the economic and sociological data statistics to describe the current state of the society specifying variables and indicators relevant to the measurement and management of the main aspects of older people well-being. The article presents a comparative analysis of methods to assess such complex socio-economic and psycho-physiological phenomena as the elderly population’s well-being. The study focuses on the research trends in the development of the elderly population well-being evaluation tools and composite indices as well-being of older people assessment techniques. The paper addresses the evolution of the concept “well-being of the elderly population” together with the evolution of the term “well-being” itself with the latter one closely connected to the concept of human development. The authors draw on the causes of interest for comparative assessment methodologies of the well-being of elderly generation against the backdrop of the global trends of demographic aging of the world population. As assessment tools joining a set of objective and subjective indicators in one evaluation scale, composite indices are researched as comparative methods for the purpose of well-being analysis. They are described in terms of their decomposition into domains and indicators. Finally, the paper formulates the principles of development of the Russian Elderly Well-being Index and analyses the possible domains for the elderly population well-being assessment.
Title: The Problem of Non-Return of Cultural Valuables to the Russian Federation
Author(s): A.N. Pershikov*, E.A. Royzen, V.U.Kondrushin
Full Text 71
Respect for human dignity and respect for people of his culture equivalent. Deliberate attacks on objects of cultural value - is a manifestation of contempt, and contempt is often invoked as a justification or excuse for more serious violations, the forerunner of which it often is. Destruction of cultural property can not be perceived as a simple destruction of objects. This is an attempt to destroy the cultural identity of a society. Thus, efforts to protect the cultural values of the population and, consequently, its merits are an important component of humanitarian action to provide protection to this population. This paper overviews the crimes associated with the customs aspect of illegal actions against the cultural valuables, namely with smuggling and non-return of the same according to the legislation of the Russian Federation. It justifies the need to facilitate cooperation between the global companies fighting against illegal turnover of cultural valuables.
Title: The Problems of Social Well-being of the West Siberian in the 1950s
Author(s): M. Petrenko*
Full Text 72
This article analyses the material provision and well-being of Russian urban population in the 1950s. The key issues for that time were identified. The overall level of income of the population remained relatively low. People couldn't meet their growing requirements. Lack of housing made this issue paramount. The article refers to the undeveloped infrastructure of Soviet cities, low income and lack of sufficient personal belongings. Special attention in the article is paid to the analysis of subjective experience on the evaluation of well-being. Debunking of Stalin's personality cult stimulated the growth of utilitarianism and pragmatism. The interest of the population to the problems of material well-being was one hundred percent. The changes under the influence of the Twentieth Party Congress, contributed to the transformation of the social consciousness and the whole complex of cultural formation in general. The emergence of new social attitudes, which require different approaches to their implementation, resulted in rethinking of the negative facts of social life, which were previously perceived as neutral but now, under conditions of growth of critical sentiments, began to seem unacceptable. It intensified discontent. The bulk of the population continued to look to the future, being content with little.
Title: Wellbeing of foreign students enrolled in Russian universities: trends in development
Author(s): Inna V. Plotnikova*, Oksana N. Efremova, D. M.Chechet, Olga N Tchaikovskaya, Josefa Bastida
Full Text 73
The transformation of international relations, economics, scientific views, and technologies of production and communication implies the processes of involvement and social and academic integration. Introduction of new international standards for Russian higher education and establishment of the federal project 5/100/2020 to boost the global competitiveness of Russian universities in order to break into the top 100 in the World University Rankings (THE, QS and ARWU) affect the reputation of universities. The paper reports on the place of Russia in the global market for education services, primarily of tertiary level, and on changes in the training of foreigners over the last twenty years. The key indicators of training of foreign students in Russia affecting the position of Russian universities in global rankings have been considered. The paper presents statistical data on the number of quotas for admission of foreigners to study in Russian universities at the expense of the Russian budget and satisfaction of foreign students with living conditions.
Title: SWOT-Analysis as a Tool to Achieve a State of Personal Well-Being
Author(s): Pluchevskaya Emiliya*, Varlacheva Natalia, Andrienko Oleg
Full Text 74
Well-being is the condition of achieving happiness and harmony in personal development. We think that a person achieves well-being when he realizes his life goals, which is self-realization. When determining the range of personal goals, we use financial, social, physiological and psychological classification criteria. In our study, we propose a method of SWOT-analysis for individuals in order to form a matrix of activities for achieving the objectives of the individual within the context of the classification of goals. The method that we developed, which allows the determination of strengths and weaknesses of individuals, will help us to evaluate the external opportunities and threats in connection with the stated goals, as well as to develop a strategy of individual efforts for achieving these goals while taking into account the data before the analysis. Our proposed method can be used by management to assess compliance with the objectives of employee personal goals of the company. Parents of students, graduates can use the SWOT-analysis to assist in the selection of the future direction of a child's education.
Title: Assessment of Students’ Well-Being Condition in Higher Educational Institutions
Author(s): K. O.Latysheva, E. V. Pluchevskaya*, V. O. Borovikova, Andrienko Oleg
Full Text 75
The article presents the parameters of the welfare of students during their education in a higher school. It is dealt with features of higher education in Russia. Data are given about the surveys regarding students vision of their future well-being. It is formulated the problem of economic security of the University during the work with students. The article deals with conditions for securing economic well-being of the student. We believe that the state of well-being of the student is one of the basic conditions for excellence. Upon reaching the state of personal well-being of the student more conscious approach to the development of the educational process, respectively increase the percentage of mastering the curriculum. Correspondingly, according to the results of such training the student is the most competitive in the labor market. We highlight several factors that determine the state of well-being of the person that may affect the student's study: financial, social, physiological, psychological, emotional.
Title: Education as a Condition for Social Well-being of Human
Author(s): Natalia M. Pankova, Nataliya V. Pogukaeva*,Mikhail V. Korovkin, Daria L. Bolgova
Full Text 76
This article touches upon the idea of new educational models which are a guarantee of social well-being. We argue that a classical model of university should necessarily go through a series of changes due to many objective reasons. Contemporary epistemology is symbolizing renaissance. Nowadays knowledge is transformed into information. Hence, information may be interpreted as that, what changes us or as past experience. We bring to the attention differenteducationalmodelssuchas: a model of world-class university, an elitist model, a mass model, a two-level model, a networking model, a university of the third age. University is more and more involved in solution of many problems of modern world such as, training of specialists, social elite education, and provision of universal level of education. We also argue that the key task of educational process now is pragmatic values formation instead of the development of inner world of a person through educational process. There are new criteria for understanding the level of developing society. We put particular emphasis and consider the educational model of lifelong learning as one that gives the opportunity to students of different ages to study in various fields of science. This is unlimited research process the sense of which is to find truth, discover new form of knowledge during whole life-time.
Title: Continuous Well-being in the Modern World and Ecovilages as Means of Achieving it
Author(s): Larisa G. Poleshchuk*, Nataliya V. Ivushkina, Mariya A. Gaidamak, Vyacheslav V. Filipenko
Full Text 77
Human welfare depends upon our ability to satisfy the vital needs, i.e. provide everything necessary for supporting the human life. At the same time, human needs implied by the necessity of close interaction between man and natures (need for natural resources) are dictated by aesthetic and other contacts with nature. These needs may be called ecological. The problems of environmental protection are the most important among the first-priority problems of the society. At the present moment they are becoming more and more global. Industrial development results in increasing of ecological problems which, in their turn, result in deterioration of the human living environment. On the other hand the society has reached the stage of development which allows setting new economic and political tasks. The constantly growing part of population count on improvement of their welfare and is ready to pay for preservation of the environment, for improvement of the aesthetic standards of living. In the paper the authors determine some conception aspects of estimation of subjective well-being of a person and indicate their connection to the phenomenon of ecological well-being.
Title: Population as the object of socio – economic reality (by example of Tomsk region)
Author(s): Barysheva Galina, Baryshev Aleksey, Potiagailov Sergey*
Full Text 78
The analysis of quantity and composition of population in terms of measuring labor potential, income and other socio-economic parameters starts to have a special economic significance only when population acts as an independent social object of research that reflects specific social links. The purpose of this research is to ground features of process of becoming an independent social object of research, to ground changes of modern discourse of population research, taking into account use of potential of older people in the process of economic development. Results of study show that the forming new discourse of population can be concentrated on economic qualities of older generation. It displays its social inactivity and labour ability that have a significant impact on economy in general. It is considered that the phenomenon of population aging is a new opportunity for the development of society.
Title: The Analysis of Human Well-being Environmental Factors in the Context of Migration Processes
Author(s): E. M.Pokrovskaya, М. Yu. Raitina*
Full Text 79
The article gives an overview of human well-being environmental factors of “being protected”: “productivity of labor”, “workforce” and “education level”. Authors introduce an additional factor related to spiritual values, psychological and emotional components – “openness to the world”. The aim of this study is the identification of migration possible effects on the economy of the host region of the country. Authors emphasize on the factor “openness to the world”. It is through this factor it is possible to eliminate the contradiction of duplex link between, on the one hand, the influence of globalization processes on society and, on the other hand, maintaining the state of “being protected”. The factor of “openness to the world” can be assessed according to such criteria as: orientation in time; the value; nature; need for knowledge. Through the factors outlined above the article presents that there is an evaluation of the spiritual-axiological, psychological and emotional spheres, which allows modeling the image of well-being environment that are relevant to the given socio-cultural conditions. Authors conclude the interdependence nature of migration processes generated and supported by the globalization. The article points that the identified factor “openness to the world” in the context of well-being environment contributes to the optimization of the resource base of the country. Also it defines the profit of education, oriented to self-realization, allow for a new round of economic growth, not only within the region, but whole country as well, due to the multiplier effect.
Title: Wellbeing of Rural Areas and Family Farming in the Agro-Industrial Economy
Author(s): Natalia Veretennikova, Irina Petinenko, Natalia Redchikova*, Stepan Levin
Full Text 80
The present paper discusses pacing institutional factors for ensuring the sustainable rural development as a cornerstone of socioeconomic wellbeing. Systematic problems rural population continually faces in the present-day living environment are identified: thesustained reduction in the number of manpower employed in the agricultural industry, the decline in living standards of the rural population, the environmental deterioration. It has been ascertained that the crucial institution of the agro-industrial production is a family-based production; therefore, the wellbeing of rural areas strongly depends on the degree of family farming development in Russia. The paper specifies institutional peculiarities of the Russian family farming. Among them we can mention: the integral institutional system governing the functioning of family farms is still being established, the family farming functions on the foundation of specific human capital assets, the family farming basically relies on the labor of its owners, the family farming heads so far exhibit insufficient experience and differences of their social status, the structure of land resources used by family farms is notably heterogeneous and varying, the prevailing strategy of the family faming lies in enhancing economic efficiency through withdrawal of investments, family farms face problems of selling their products as they continually come in conflict with distributing trade networks. In conclusion, the necessity for institutional changes in the business environment of family farms is substantiated.
Title: Developing a Medical Institution Management System through Promoting Social Accountability
Author(s): Inna V. Plotnikova, Kurmanbek kyzy Nurzat, Ludmila A. Red’ko*, Olga A. Shadrina, Marina N. Yanushevskaya
Full Text 81
The paper regards the implementation of social accountability principles into the system of medical institution management as the target of research. The process of personnel management is viewed as its research subject. The paper aims to develop the system of incentives for medical institution personnel based on the principles of social accountability. The research methods and tools applied in the study are analysis of content and internal enterprise documentation, staff member interviews and statistical methods of data processing. The expected research outcome is the implementation phase of the social accountability management system resulted in the development of the Code of corporate conduct. The article advocates the view, that the Code of Conduct should be based on the diagnosis of the state of corporate culture and motivate employees of the organization. The management team of medical institution can set their own social and reasonable quality management system, which will enable it to promote and involve staff in the process of improvement.
Title: Cognitive Capital and its Profitability
Author(s): Rozhdestvenskaya Elena*
Full Text 82
Transformation of competition in cognitive capitalism makes the creation and increment values on the basis of intangible assets - knowledge, developments and ideas. The knowledge economy is becoming a significant resource of scientific and technical knowledge, which is made on the basis of a new form of capital - cognitive capital. Due to lack of development of a new type of economic system, formalization remains low. The concept of cognitive capitalism recognizes the predominant form of accumulation by misappropriation and exploitation of knowledge. The article analyzes the current economic processes in terms of the transition to a knowledge-based economy. At the article is been made the attempt of the scientific definition of cognitive capital. Have done an example of return on cognitive capital. The cognitive component of the national capital identifies monopolistic competition, that is competition for new ideas it promotes the search for new combinations, new applications, new knowledge, which reduces the overall price level. Of course, initially these new developments costs are included in the price structure, and initial development can be costly enough, but as the general price level is reduced scale. That is, this new application is possible more resource-saving, it allows you to receive the overall economy and thus contribute to lower prices.
Title: The Leading Universities’ Social Responsibility and Regional Development
Author(s): Andrei G. Shelomentsev*, Olga A. Kozlova, Svetlana V. Doroshenko, Elena S. Kiseleva
Full Text 83
The paper deals with processes of development of a university’s social responsibility in the regional community. The content of ten web-sites of Russia’s federal universities and of official sites of regional authorities of their respective locations was taken as the initial empiric material. Theoretical analysis of basic viewpoints on the nature of buildup of universities’ social responsibility was conducted. Basing on the socio-cultural approach to analysis of the mission and lines of the universities’ activities, the authors generalized modern practices of social responsibility realization and gave insight into prospective lines of the universities’ activity in the context of socio-economic development of Russian regions. As a working hypothesis, it has been assumed that it is human and professional experience of regional leaders that has considerable influence on formation of universities’ and regions’ mutual social responsibility for realization of socio-economic objectives of the regional development. Finally, conclusions about horizons and ways of enhancement of the role of social responsibility within the system of interrelations between universities and regions were formulated.
Title: Assessment of Economic Development Level as the Basis to Analyze Society Welfare
Author(s): Ekaterina Silifonova*, Sergei Dukart, Olga Korneva, Artem Baev, Olga N Tchaikovskaya, Josefa Bastida
Full Text 84
Big amount of welfare aggregates used in worldwide practice to assess the degree of material and spiritual public needs satisfaction do not reflect enough both objective and subjective constituents of the concept when making intertemporal comparison of the society welfare. This article presents the methodology to study a transformational economic system. The authors consider the systems approach to be the base of the issue study. According to this approach, the economic system development influences the society welfare. An integrated approach is fundamentally important during the transformative change at the analysis of economic system development direction and at the assessment society welfare. Regarding the society welfare analysis the author assumed that the majority of modern aggregates (such as Business cycle indexes, GDP, CIPI, KEI, Secondary Modernization Index, Innovation index, Secondary Modernization Index and Sector analysis) being applied to assess the satisfaction of material and spiritual public needs are lagging or coinciding.
Title: The Killing Fields of Social Inequality: Experience of Understanding Modern Urban Development
Author(s): Natalia A. Kolodii, Lyudmila V. Karlova, Denis V. Chaykovskiy, Marina A. Sinyaeva*
Full Text 85
The article providesan overview of the discussions of foreign and domestic authors about the prospects and models of urban development, ongoing in the context of the new urbanism, cultural sociology of space. The conclusion is that the city as a place of mobility, as a variety of intensive social interaction networks, produces fields of social inequality. A comparative analysis of the empirical data relating to the study of the spatial, social and economic development of Tomsk city and the identification of citizens' loyalty to its development strategies is conducted. Adequate management strategies of spatial development of the city, including the global and local challenges, are revealed. Global experience shows that the quality of the urban environment is the balance among state control, commercial initiatives and involvement of citizens. Only in this case the "spatial inequality" won’t develop exponentially. The article also analyzes the management decisions related to the tasks of smoothing inequality, overcome stereotypes, removing communication barriers, the construction of new types of social interactions, the institutionalization of new urban citizenship codes. In line with the concept of inclusive design is considered production of spatial justice city, convenient for people's lives with a different set of options.
Title: Developing Databank as an Instrument for the Elder People Wellbeing Analysis
Author(s): Natalia Shabaldina, Vladislav Spitsin, Lubov Spitsina*, Evgeny Monastyrny, Irina Pavlova, Ilya Gumennikov, Anastasia Shashkova
Full Text 86
Recent researchers succeed in well-being measuring of elder people life.Russian scientists have to run after the leaders investigating the official statistics data and analyzing the trends of indices. Within the project in Evaluation and enhancement of social, economic and emotional wellbeing of older adults we designed the model of older generation well-being measuring and the database to calculate objective and subjective indices according to this model. This paper is focused on the database created to elder people well-being research. The information system’ structure is subscribed. It is consisted of database and web-interface. Either the results of its application for elder people well-being assessing are presented. Using the information system we defined some trends in indices dynamics for Tomsk region at 2000 - 2013. We found the next results: the employed pensioners’ number increases significantly, the rural pensioners number is declining. The elder people’s availability for using IT grew from 5.56 per cent to 78 per cent of the respondents during 2007-2013. There is a positive dynamics in all analyzed social objects visiting availabilities for elder people. More than 80 per cent of respondents can visit medical clinic, department store, pharmacy and the bank office on foot. The social care and Pension Fund nearness is less.
Title: Income and Wealth Status of Russian and Tomsk Region’s Pensioners
Author(s): Vladislav Spitsin, Alexandr Mikhalchuk, Lubov Spitsina*, Marina Ryzhkova, Mikhail Shinkeev, Alexandra Shukina, Natalia Shabaldina
Full Text 87
In the article the results of a study of income and material well-being of old generation of Russia and Tomsk Region are presented. Data of Russian federal and regional statistics shows that income of pensioners is growing fast and their wealth status in 2014 can be estimated as acceptable. Analysis of the data of an opinion survey of older people of the Tomsk region does not support this conclusion. According to the regression model in order to achieve a satisfactory standard of living pensioner’s income should be at least 13-18 thousand rubles per month, while in 2014 the average pension was lower (about 11-12 thousand rubles). In our opinion state regulation requires further increase in the average pensions, as well as the revision of the minimum consumption basket and minimum needs of subsistence for this group.
Title: “The Care of the Self” Practice in a Contemporary Culture
Author(s): Galina I. Petrova, Anton K. Gural, Irina V. Brylina, Alla A. Kornienko, Olga B. Stupnikova*
Full Text 88
The current reference to the ancient practice of “the care of the self” is caused by its methodological saturation that makes it possible and necessary to use this practice nowadays. The specificity of the contemporary culture is determined primarily by its loss of limiting and general principles in the area of various cultural forms - in morality, aesthetics, law and etc. Stating this cultural condition, the authors have high hopes for the pedagogical culture, which in its new orientation is able to perceive those methodological approaches to human formations that were discovered by ancient Greek philosophers. As a research method it was decided to take sociocultural and historical comparativism that gives an opportunity to compare authentic state of “the care of the self” (as it was in the antiquity) and demonstration of this practice nowadays. The philosophical approach to the research of the problem allowed us to see in the style of philosophical thinking (different at different history stages) the fundamental cause of changes of ancient “the care of the self”. The style of philosophical thinking creates the type of rationality that at different historical stages varies and thus determines the different character and content of all cultural practices including the practice of “the care of the self”.
Title: Pension Benefits of Rural People as a Condition for Improving Their Welfare
Author(s): Eremina S.L., Sun Fu*
Full Text 89
The aging of the population due to the economic, political and cultural spheres. The number of older people in the total population in some countries has increased significantly. Some of them can be attributed to countries with an aging population. Building a harmonious society - one of the important goals of the country, it is intrinsically linked with the improvement and quality of life of older people and their welfare. In China, the rapid economic development; restructuring of family, the weakening of its functions; as well as a sustainable, rapid population aging are reflected in the pension system and national economy. Three groups of indicators are formed on the analysis of deviations from the results of survey of older and young people from China villages Da Gao Kan and Lian Shan. It was proved that the pension benefits of rural people are one of the basic conditions for increasing their welfare, so it is necessary to improve it.
Title: Cultural Memory as a Basis of the Social Wellbeing
Author(s): Natalia V. Chicherina, Valentina A. Tolkacheva*
Full Text 90
In the article the author considers cultural memory as a basis of the social wellbeing. Two concepts "cultural memory" and "social wellbeing", features of their interrelation, and also influence of the person on the cultural memory formation are investigated. Modern conditions offer modern solutions. We should remember on the one hand to be proud and to have wish for further development, on the other hand to draw some conclusions also for further development. In this case we could actively use the Internet possibilities and other modern technologies. By means of modern technology we have a big range of opportunities to help people not only in the financial sphere but also in the cultural one. It can give the chance to people not to feel alone in this world. So it means they can feel comfortable within their country, within the instability world. It is the aim of the most wellbeing programs.
Title: Formation of Clusters in Mono Towns Located in Areas of Priority Socioeconomic Development
Author(s): Antonov G.D., Ivanova O.P., Utrobin К.А*
Full Text 91
In the article the author considers cultural memory as a basis of the social wellbeing. Two concepts "cultural memory" and "social wellbeing", features of their interrelation, and also influence of the person on the cultural memory formation are investigated. Modern conditions offer modern solutions. We should remember on the one hand to be proud and to have wish for further development, on the other hand to draw some conclusions also for further development. In this case we could actively use the Internet possibilities and other modern technologies. By means of modern technology we have a big range of opportunities to help people not only in the financial sphere but also in the cultural one. It can give the chance to people not to feel alone in this world. So it means they can feel comfortable within their country, within the instability world. It is the aim of the most wellbeing programs.
Title: Public-Private Partnership as Means of State & Business Cooperation
Author(s): Natalya Frolova, Svetlana Danilova, Elena Vasilkova*
Full Text 92
The state has to guarantee to the population, especially with low income level, a certain minimum set of social services. As a result, social infrastructure has no opportunity to be self-sufficient. The ways to resolve this problem are social partnership agreements, public-private partnership and inter-municipal cooperation. The article deals with the forms of mutually beneficial cooperation applied by the authorities of the constituent subjects of the Russian Federation; the Khanty-Mansi Autonomous District-Yugra is taken as an example. There are three main areas of cooperation: social partnership agreements, public-private partnership and inter-municipal cooperation. Public-private partnership is considered to be a form of mutually beneficial cooperation; its problems are revealed and its future is defined. Inter-municipal cooeration plays a significant role in development of social infrastructure of resource-extraction territories. It allows local self-governments to organize and carry out socially important projects, to develop their social infrastructure, to solve social problems of territories. One more way to attract investments into regional sector of economy is concession agreements.
Title: Public Social Welfare System
Author(s): Irina P. Vorobyeva*, Tran Thi Hong Phuong
Full Text 93
The relevance of this study is determined by the fact that the economic welfare of the society depends not only on commercial but also public budget activities. Citizens with different income levels are interested in the stable public social safety net. It is important to understand the nature and efficiency of the public welfare system aimed at protecting social and economic welfare for different categories of citizens. The study uses the benchmark method to understand the key trends. The analytical method of research is used to understand the common problems of the public welfare system. In Russia, the public social safety net has been established in order to protect social and economic welfare of those citizens who are unable to do it themselves. This system includes legal, financial, and organizational components. The laws specify the categories of people who are eligible to receive aid from public authorities. The system provides for welfare payments in cash and social services to citizens. Payments in cash are sourced from budgets of different levels. Social institutions are divided into several groups depending on sources of funding. The pension and health care systems in Vietnam have in common with those in Russia. However, citizens in Vietnam are more involved in funding these systems. The accounting and public contracting system allows social organizations to use public funds in an efficient and targeted manner. There are some problems of funding the social sector in remote areas. These problems can be solved through differential funding.
Title: Market Research of Education’s Quality in the University as indicator of Human Well-being
Author(s): Larisa M. Kapustina, Evgeniya A. Jadko, Natalia B.Izakova, Elena V. Yakimenko*
Full Text 94
The article deals with social problems of higher education sector’s significance as a factor for long-term economic development and human well-being from the position of its ability to compete in the labor market after graduating from university. With the increasing availability of higher education in the Russian Federation due to the emergence of paid training, quality of education had deteriorated and resulted in necessity to toughen requirements to universities and introduce criteria for effectiveness of their activities. Under these circumstances it became urgent to conduct self-study of universities for compliance with new criteria. The paper presents results of marketing research of education’s quality in the Ural state economic university using SERVQUAL method and graphical method of analysis “importance- execution”. According to the survey, it was revealed that all indicators of students' expectations have not been met fully. Most successfully the university fulfills a social role in the development of personality, volunteerism and patriotic education. The study revealed that professional development: competences of teachers, employment for graduates and cooperation with employers became a priority for the university.
Title: Well-being of Russian citizens in terms of socio-economic balance
Author(s): T. Yakimova*, Т. Arkhipova
Full Text 95
The article addresses problems of the content of and the key components to the well-being of citizens. The concept of a socio-economic balance has been explained, the analysis of which makes it possible to research the conditions of the growth in the well-being of citizens in more detail. The features of a socio-economic balance and the problems which must be solved to achieve it have been researched. The current situation in the economic and social sphere of Russia is analyzed using such indicators of economic well-being of citizens as real household income, their structure, size of regional discrepancy in living standards of the population, and the level of poverty. In the context of a socio-economic balance, the issues of the achievement of well-being by Russian nationals have been considered. Attention is given to the fact that as an economic category, well-being can become one of the main criteria of evaluating the socio-economic balance in a country.
Title: Formation of Social Competencies and Socially Responsible Thinking of Students
Author(s): Artyom M. Belousov, Ludmila A. Redko, Evgeniya V. Tichonova, Marina N.Yanushevskaya*
Full Text 96
The research is focused on the preparation of undergraduate students enrolled in the quality management program in Tomsk Polytechnic University. The subject of the research is organizational and pedagogical conditions necessary for the formation of social competencies and socially responsible thinking in future undergraduate students enrolled in the quality management program. The research aims to identify and present the theoretical basis for organizational and pedagogical conditions to form social competencies in students enrolled in the quality management program. The methods and means utilized in the present research are as follows: analysis of information sources, peer review, interviewing of students and teachers, a passive experiment, and statistical methods of data processing. The organizational and pedagogical conditions for the development of social competencies in undergraduate students enrolled in the quality management program are to be identified, and the model of the social competency development in students with due regard to the principles of social responsibility of an individual is to be developed. This research contributes to the scientific evidence base and confirms that the formation of social competencies of students is an important psychological and pedagogical problem.
Title: Methods of Automatic Face Angle Recognition for Life Support and Safety Systems
Author(s): S.G. Nebaba, A. A. Zakharova*,T.V. Sidorenko, V.R. Viitman
Full Text 97
The vision of the surrounding and people that are within eyeshot influences the human well-being and safety. The rationale of system development that allows recognizing faces from difficult perspectives online and informing timely about approaching people is undisputed. The manuscript describes the methods of automatic detection of equilibrium face points in the bitmap image and methods of forming 3D face model. The optimal search algorithm for equilibrium points has been chosen. The method of forming 3D face model basing on a single bitmap image and building up the face image rotated to the preset angle has been proposed. The algorithm for estimating the angle and algorithm of the face image rotation have been implemented. The manuscript also reviews the existing methods of forming 3D face model. The algorithm for the formation of 3D face model from a single bitmap image and a set of individual 3D models have been proposed as well as the algorithm for forming different face angles with the calculated 3D face model aimed to create biometric vectors cluster. Operation results of the algorithm for face images formation from different angles have been presented.
Title: Identification of Institutional Traps of Wellbeing in De-industrializing and Structural De-socializing Conditions
Author(s): M. Gasanov, S. Zhironkin*, M. Hellmer
Full Text 98
The key role of social wellbeing in the development of modern economy is determined by the requirements that modern society brings to the government. These requirements regard to the constitutive institutions and form the basis of state-and-society contract. They include: the creation of conditions for human development, self-realization in profession, business or art, a lifetime social security guarantee, the right for benefit from investments, etc. In order to meet these requirements at the level of the 21st century society the national economy should be based on the latest technologies which form its structure so that high-tech industries producing a product with high added value dominate in it. This is the only way to maximize social wellbeing for all citizens. However, in Russia the innovative development of economy is constrained by a complex of resistant negative rules which do not allow initiating the industrial sector’s recovery on a new technological basis. These rules form the “institutional traps” which are able to reproduce themselves even in changing environment conditions, giving place to de-industrialization and structural de-socialization of economy. Overcoming these institutional traps requires the state to create the institutional foundations of economic policy, in which the technological modernization and innovative development of the industry will be linked to the imperative of social wellbeing growth.
Title: Neo-Industrial Technological Convergence and Social Wellbeing
Author(s): S. Zhironkin*, M. Gasanov, O. Zhironkina
Full Text 99
The article reveals the relationship between industrial development and the level of social wellbeing of the population. It is noted that the market transformation of Russian economy caused technological degradation and industry stagnation, which resulted in the drop of the social wellbeing of citizens who retired. The authors determined that technological industrial degradation is having a particularly negative impact on the life quality. This makes the social wellbeing of the population in the country, passing through the painful market reforms, not life-time, with marginalization of the majority of senior citizens. For the formation of a truly life-time social wellbeing in countries with transitive economy such as Russia, it is necessary to restore its industry on a new technological basis - neo-industrialization. Its implementation in Russian economy requires a number of phases during which natural resources should to be used to restore the competitive manufacturing industry, form the basis of an innovative economy and modern high-tech industries. Long time required for neo-industrialization of transitive economies, allows to create a social group with the life-time wellbeing, which will be determined not by the high social state benefits, but by the possibility of long-term usage of gained professional experience. Convergent technologies are being formed in innovative clusters of network type, and help to establish the life-time wellbeing for specialists who used them for their whole life. Primarily forming of life-time wellbeing in the segment of convergent technologies requires the integration of social and innovation governmental policy, support of the developing network information clusters.
Title: Social Wellbeing as an Imperative of Import Substituting Neo-Industrialization in Vilfredo Pareto Methodology
Author(s): S. Zhironkin*, M. Gasanov, K. Kolotov
Full Text 100
Social wellbeing plays a target role in the development of modern economy. For countries that have passed through a period of market reforms and industrial decline, the prospects for growth of wellbeing are connected with neo-industrialization of economy, which allows to enhance domestic production and the growth of medium- and high-tech employment. At present in Russia and the other raw material-producing countries the rental model of the economy makes impossible to increase the wellbeing without causing conflicts of interest of various social groups, including the elite one. Therefore, in Russia it is highly important to restore the domination of the industrial complex, which will lead to a decrease of pre-industrial economy share and will contribute to the formation of post-industrial way of life. Its main feature is continuous wellbeing. The transition from material production to high-tech services should be the consequence of the growth of the level of industry’s technological development.
Title: Law as a Method for Defining Social Life in the Successful Society
Author(s): S. V. Zhuravlev*
Full Text 101
In the successful society, a citizen of the social law-bound state acts as an independent subject. The form and degree of freedom is a right that should expand the limiting boundaries for an individual in different spheres of life: in manufacturing, in economic activity, etc. Man, his rights and freedoms are the supreme value, and fundamental human rights and freedoms shall be enjoyed by everyone from birth. These are the two components of the constitutional legal understanding (value-oriented law and natural law). Human rights are a reflection of the fact that the comprehensive perfection of humankind is impossible without exercising human rights. The article defines the role of international institutions and organizations in cooperation with regard to the issue of rights and of international law, presented a set of legislative acts and documents of different levels that make up the system of determining the social life of a successful society.