Volume XXVI, Pages 1- 1055(17 July 2017)
The European Proceedings of Social & Behavioural Sciences EpSBS
©2017 Published by the Future Academy
Edited by: Karpova Anna Yurevna – Ph.D., Tomsk Polytechnic University, Russia & Ardashkin Igor Borisovich – Prof., Tomsk Polytechnic University (TPU), Russia & William Martin de Jong – Professor of Public Policy of Delft University of Technology (the Netherlands) & Martyushev Nikita Vladimirovich – Ph.D., Tomsk Polytechnic University, Russia
Conference: RRI 2016 - International Conference «Responsible Research and Innovation»
Dates: 07 - 10 November 2016
Location: Tomsk Polytechnic University, Russia
Conference Chair(s): Prof Dr Dulzon Alfred Andreevich, Tomsk Polytechnic University (TPU), Russia
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Title: Legal Support Of Indigenous Minorities Living In Areas With Special Geographical Conditions
Author(s): Almaz F. Abdulvaliev*, Svetlana V. Danilova
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The fact that indigenous minorities have little contact with the rest of the world has a negative impact on development of local territories of any state. Most countries with the territories of traditional wildlife management face problems of indigenous minorities’ social security and their national and cultural features preservation. In Russia, the USA, Norway, indigenous minorities have the rights to preserve and maintain cultural foundations, to use lands of traditional residing and to receive additional financial aid. But the conducted research has revealed that most legislative initiatives are formal and little adapted to real life. One of the specific features concerning indigenous minorities’ residing in the territories of traditional wildlife management is their geographical location, which is the reason for various economic and legal problems.The current situation has to be drastically changed; we can adopt practices of the developed countries concerning issues of preserving territories of indigenous minorities’ traditional wildlife management and traditional way of life.
Title: Court, Internet Technologies And Their Role In Ensuring The Well-Being Of Society
Author(s): Almaz Abdulvaliev*
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The article deals with the comparative analysis of Internet technologies - the websites of law courts of the Federal Republic of Germany and the Russian Federation. The Russian Federation is presented by the websites of 20 law courts of Khanty-Mansiysk Autonomous region of the Russian Federation and the websites of 24 law courts of the Tyumen region. The purpose of the study is to detect quality, openness and availability of these technologies for the population as one of the criteria to ensure wellbeing of society. The emphasis is placed on the research of those courts’ websites, which are located in remote regions of the specified states. The article presents various graphical data in the form of charts; quantity characteristics of judicial websites content: address and contact information of courts; information for visitors, including their rights, obligations and prohibitions; samples of procedural documents for participants of legal proceedings; courts’ staff; data on the regulatory legal acts, etc. The conclusions are made after the detailed research of the given issues concerning both stated in general and separately.
Title: Economic Inertia and Economic Growth: Is There Any Contradiction?
Author(s): Margarita A. Afonasova*, Marina V. Ryzhkova
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The article is devoted to the phenomenon of inertia in economic development which hinders the modern economic growth. A variety of factors causing the inertia is revealed including instability of world and national economy and unfavorable geopolitical environment. The economic growth and economic inertia are shown in its dialectical unity. We also bring to light factors which exacerbate the reduction in the rate of the Russian economic growth and the risk of recession escalation. On the basis of economic forecasts which are given not only by official government bodies but also by alternative nongovernment institutions we explore the reasons of economic inertia and also show the urgent need of an effective mechanism for overcoming inertia in a recession phase of economic development. The mechanism takes into account modern challenges and threats to Russian economic resilience. The article contains the general description of the mentioned mechanism particularly on both institutional and structural policy level.
Title: Economic sustainability of state-owned enterprises as basis of sustainable economic development
Author(s): Tatyana V. Arkhipova*, Margarita A. Afonasova, Ludmila V. Beskrovnaya
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The main purpose of the paper is to analyze the problems of effectiveness improvement, sustainability and development of Russian state-owned enterprises. Factors that affect economic sustainability of complex social and economic systems are revealed. The authors classify the factors of economic sustainability of state-owned industrial enterprises. The inconsistency of the institution of state-owned corporations is analyzed, its role and specific character are revealed, resources and possible drawbacks of state-owned corporations are shown in the contexts of modernization processes in the Russian Federation. The essence of the concept of sustainability is considered from the perspective of systems theory and system analysis. The necessity to increase the economic sustainability of state-owned enterprises under the conditions of imperfect government control and uncertainty of the external environment is justified. The authors emphasize urgency and reasonability of forming conditions to increase the effectiveness and sustainability of the functioning of state-owned corporations which were established to ensure the strategic interests of the state in the economic sphere.
Title: De-secularization and Traditional Religions in Russia
Author(s): Dari Sh. Tsyrendorzhieva, Kseniya A. Bagaeva*, Oyuna B. Balchindorzhieva
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The beginning of the XXI century was marked by the strengthening of religion in all spheres of human life. We can see the increasing presence of religion in culture, politics, and economy. The Russian society is involved in the process of de-secularization. The authors study the inner mechanisms of the process of de-secularization of the contemporary Russian society. The authors argue that for the modern world including the Russian society, secularization is a passed stage. It is a stage of a socio-cultural cycle that passed through secularization and came to de-secularization. Nowadays, the society is involved into the process of de-secularization that is connected with a rise of the religion. The paper analyses a contradictory nature of the phenomenon of religious revival that complicates the process of the state policy building towards traditional religious confessions. Traditional religions acquire political significance. That is because they played a traditionally important consolidating and integrating function in the society which is relevant to the Russian society today.
Title: Formation of civil competence of students in a multicultural environment
Author(s): Natalia A. Bakholskaya, Larisa V. Orinina, Inessa V. Kashuba, Elena A. Ovsyannikova, Olga A.Vedeneeva*
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The article deals with the formation of the civil competence of students in a multicultural educational environment of the university. The authors describe the concept of "civic competence", the functions and criteria of the civil competence of students. They listed a set of pedagogical conditions conducive to the formation of the civil competence of students of the Technical University. The authors specify the content of research principles for the formation of the civil competence of students: democratization, humanization, relations between education and life, the formation of cooperate personality, cultural policy and efficiency.The novelty of the research consists in the following: development of methods for forming civil competency of engineering students; experimental verification of complex pedagogical conditions that increase the efficiency of the formation of the civil competence of students. Thus, the article is devoted to the analysis of aspects such as the impact of socio-cultural environment in the process of formation of the civil competence of students and the study of the relationship between civil competence and ethnic tolerance.
Title: Providing balance in vertical position after ischemic stroke
Author(s): E. A. Baranova*, Y.P. Bredikhina, Y.A. Gaevaya
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Ischemic changes of the function of balance are characterized by an increase in the projected area of the center and the center of pressure displacement speed. Changes in peripheral blood flow to maintain balance affects mainly the frontal plane. Changing the regulation of vascular tone in the chain of peripheral blood flow affects the performance of dynamic balance, resulting in a reduction of the integral index of the balance function. The brain ischemic death in Russia occupies the third position. As a result, the rehabilitation period after an ischemic stroke can disrupt the social and economic well-being of patients and their close relatives. One of the main consequences of stroke are violations of limb mobility (paresis, paralysis). Their degree can be reduced with the help of rehabilitation measures intended to revive the motor function of paralyzed limbs and to train a patient to remain firm upright. A stabilographic rehabilitation training apparatus with biofeedback represents one of the variants of the posture training. Stabilization rehabilitation simulator with biofeedback is one of the options for training the posture. This exercise in a playful way helps the patient improve balance performance and durability of the vertical position. The method of rehabilitation significantly improved the clinical and stabilographic parameters of the patients' balance and elasticity functions in comparison with patients whose programs did not include this method.
Title: Determination of Provided Reserves Sizes for Opencast Mining
Author(s): Sergei Igorevitch Fomin, Ekaterina Ivanovna Bazarova*
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Formation of the demanded amount of existing reserves of ores during the open cast mining of complex-fields requires taking into account the parameters of the system development and excavation, loading equipment, as well as mining and geological characteristics of complex ore blocks, which improves the accuracy of the forecast ore reserves of different categories. Effective cast mining during production of final products is provided by the establishment of a definite correlation between the amount of exposed and ready-to-excavation reserves in the excavation zone, guaranteeing reliable mining operation. The regularities of the changes reveal ready-to-excavation and long-term reserves of ores in the quarry work area, depending on system parameters. The size of existing reserves of ores including fossils is determined. The discovery of the reserves at any given time leads to their development into ready-to-excavation reserves. Fluctuations in exposed and provided reserves should be within strictly defined limits, without reaching the very minimum values.
Title: Author’s Concept of Theoretical Justification Areas of Counter-terrorism. Economical based Logical-mathematical Models
Author(s): Oleg V. Bazhenov*, Denis V. Baev
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In this article, the authors examine how to use logical and mathematical models (by the example of the balance model and the two-factor Altman’s model), to estimate the potential of a terrorist threat that is determined as a complex concept which reflects the state of terror among the various microenvironment and macroenvironment levels. These levels are obtained by extrapolating the existing economic methods for the purposes of theoretical justification of counter-terrorism areas.The article is recommended for social engineers in order to developcounter-terrorism’s ways. The purpose of this study is to present the author's concept of identifying areas to prevent the terrorist threat based on the extrapolation of existing economic models.
To achieve this purpose, the following tasks were accomplished:
1) present the authors' definition of potential terrorist threats; 2) form balance models of the terrorist threat of the medium micro and macro level; 3) demonstrate the way of using these balance models, where the informational basis is to assess the potential terrorist threat and study areas of counter-terrorism. The following general scientific methods of study were used: analysis, synthesis, comparison, generalization. And also, specific methods of economic analysis: balance generalization, methods of rating evaluation, methods of complex probability assessment of the insolvency of the study subject. The obtained results can be used by the executive authorities and law enforcement agencies for the purpose of increasing the effectiveness of the fight against terrorism.
Title: Ageing Population: Challenge for New Quality of Social Policy
Author(s): Galina A. Barysheva, Olga P. Nedospasova, Sergey V. Berkalov*,Veronika A. Malanina
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As a share of older people in the whole population is continuously growing all over the world, policy makers face new challenges of tailoring social policy to the needs of older generation. To this end, the team of International Scientific-Educational Laboratory for the Improvement of Wellbeing Technologies of Older Adults of Tomsk Polytechnic University has organized two expert seminars with the participation of older people and social workers and officials. The feedback from the expert groups has revealed the importance of the state support of older generation in terms of providing the adequate pension rates, free and timely access to medical help and cultural events. Another crucial problem pronounced by social workers was a lack of informal (family) support or its ambiguity when it comes to older adults’ benefits eligibility assessment. The results of expert seminars allowed making up a set of recommendations for a legislative body of Tomsk region.
Title: Self-regulation of Foreign Language Competency: Conscious Way to Successful Management
Author(s): Marina A. Bogatyreova*
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Increased competition in the field of international business, resulting in the complexity of intercultural relations, raises the issue of diversifying management tasks. This does not only involve the production of a variety of options to address, but also their comparison with the verbal behavior, especially under uncertain conditions of multicultural environment. Essential for University graduates is their knowledge of where they are supposed to apply subject knowledge and which of the possible available strategies to use in social and professional interactions. To this end, theoretical and practical research in the field of professional foreign language (FL) teaching should focus on training students to consciously work out learning strategies of metacognitive regulation in problem-and-conflict based situations. In this study, the author adopts a descriptive method of research to establish that the key role in designing a context-rich didactic environment for monitoring, assimilating FL skills and self-improvement is played by the praxeological approach, which stimulates productive and successful FL performance at a University and its further rational organization in the knowledge-intensive branches of industry and business.
Title: Assessment of Strategic Factors Influencing Development of Pharmaceutical Production
Author(s): N. Borscheva*, A. Polyakova,Y. Fedorova, E. Yurieva
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This article carries out assessment of external factors which influence the entities of pharmaceutical industry. The correlation model is constructed and the actual factors influencing development of pharmaceutical production are revealed. The regression model reflecting the dependence of amounts of release of pharmaceutical products on the change of factors of an external environment in dynamics from 2006 to 2014 is constructed. The realistic scenario of the production scope change for major pharmaceutical groups is constructed.The interrelation between macrofactors of the Russian pharmaceutical industry development and the amounts of its production are confirmed and measured in the research. This research is a reason for discussion and further studying of development of reasonable recommendations in order to change or refine the state industrial policy. The directions of further researches are connected with deeper studying of causes of relationships between production volumes and macrofactors, as well as with the assessment of time distribution of macroeconomic consequences of purposeful impact on a size of the considered factors.
Title: Common trends of global education: educational methods in USA and Russia
Author(s): Irina V. Brylina*, Farida S. Khakimova, Vladimir I. Brylin, Pavel V. Kuznetsov
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This article touches upon the issues of changes in the educational system in the knowledge society.The main purpose of this research is the study of new teaching methods, with due regard to the needs of society and human potential.For this purpose, educational methods of the US and Russia were analyzed and compared, their advantages and disadvantages were estimated, and common trends in the development of education were identified. It is stated that during the formation of innovative methods of education for future generations, it is necessary to take into account ethical standards of each ethnic group, culture and traditions of specific country, as well as psycho-physical standards of students. It is justified that the idea of the creation of unified teaching methods for the entire planet population is impossible due to geographic, ethnic, political, and economic differences of every country.However, according to research results of popular techniques, it is possible to develop a model of the most appropriate educational method for the vast majority of countries with due consideration of constant development of science as the main influence factor on methods of education. Itis concluded that the general trends of global education are individualization and humanization. They lead to the formation of flexible, critical, creative and effective thinking of students in terms of variability and uncertainty of social reality.
Title: Science in Russia: Factors of Modernization and Resources for Development
Author(s): Olga O. Bugaeva*, Yuri Yu. Kryuchkov, Natalia N.Kabanova
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One of the most strategic resources of a country is its science and technology complex. To be productive, scientists need excellent conditions for doing research. Consequently, they choose such place where they can work efficiently, they even leave their motherland for researching under better conditions. The study describes the key indicators of efficient research activity. To characterize the science of a country, we distinguish two groups: indicators of scientific and technological capabilities and indicators for assessing the impact of scientific productivity. We use statistical data of reports published in Russia from 2003 to 2014. We did the comparative analysis of performance indicators of research activity in some European and Asian OECD member countries. That provides an overview of the main trends of development and the state of world science. Using data analysis presented in Science Watch, Web of Science and Scopus databases, OECD STAN database, ANBERD, the data published by National Science Foundation and the RAND Corporation, we identify key indicators of research activity in the world. We point out the negative tendency of emigration of Russian scientists and highlight the main reasons of this process. In conclusion, we outline the main reasons of the crisis in Russian science.
Title: Role of Student Personal Characteristics in Development and Implementation of Innovations
Author(s): Margarita S. Bureeva*, Elena G. Leontyeva, Anna I. Banzemir
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Nowadays innovations define the competitiveness of the country and its economic advance. The efficiency of the development, introduction and practical use of innovation are ensured with the quality of the human capital. The main goal of the research is to determine the principal personality characteristics required of graduates of technical universities for the effective development and implementation of innovations in different areas of activity of the state. The purpose of the research is personal traits of the greatest inventors of the world – Nobel Peace Prize laureates. It was considered the Nobel Peace Prize, because it is awarded for outstanding research in the scientific field, the revolutionary invention, as well as a major contribution to the development of society. The subject of the research is the personality qualities of potential students of technical universities. Monographic method was used for studying literature on this problem; theoretical analysis was used to identify and review the individual signs of the objects of research; synthetic method used for connecting the selected sides of research subjects in a unit; hypothetical method was used to develop recommendations for the study of the subject; comparative analysis was used to compare the common characteristics of these objects. The authors carried out comprehensive analysis of the traits of the national culture, which inherent to most of the greatest inventors of XX-XXI centuries (Nobel Peace Prize laureates), have identified a list of common personality traits. It was suggested that testing procedures to identify the personality qualities of applicants of technical universities.
Title: An Innovative Approach to Education in the Context of Sustainable Development
Author(s): Nataliya A. Burmistrova*, Elena A. Kormiltseva, Alexandra P. Shmakovа, Marina A. Loshchilova
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The article deals with the problem of introduction of the main ideas of sustainable development into the practical training of personnel in the Russian higher education institutions. The theoretical basis of the article is the works of famous American and British psychologists (Guilford, Maslow, Torrance, etc.). The authors also relied on the proceedings of the international summits on sustainable development issues. The principles of education for sustainable development which determine the crucial tasks for higher education system in the light of close links with innovations, economy and social sphere have been clarified. The authors have established the role of the innovative approach as a modern educational paradigm which makes changes in objectives, content, methods and tools, forms of organization of collaborative activities of students and instructors, monitoring system and qualitative assessment of educational progress for the benefit of sustainable development. They have substantiated the necessity of achieving two main objectives in the education system: to provide an algorithm for the application of knowledge and prepare students to function in ever-changing unpredictable environment. The importance of the personal fulfillment within a framework of sustainability concept has been maintained. The importance of the personal fulfillment within a framework of sustainability concept has been maintained.
Title: Competitiveness of small enterprises under conditions of environmental restrictions: regional aspects
Author(s): Vitaliy Y. Burov*
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The article concerns the problem of ensuring of competitiveness of small enterprises in the presence of environmental restrictions. The main negative factors that destabilize the formation and development of small entrepreneurship are shown, including the lack of reliable social security and entrepreneur security, the instability of budget financing of federal and regional programs for supporting small enterprises, the existing environmental restrictions, etc.It is revealed that the shadow economy has a direct impact on the level of competitiveness of small business entities. It is noted that under environmental restrictions, the activity of small enterprises should be focused on the sustainable natural resource management. It is shown that one of the alternative pathways of development of areas under environmental restrictions is a "green economy". It was revealed that increasing the competitiveness of the small entrepreneurship sector should be associated with a more significant role of territorial-administrative entities in the socio-economic development of Russian society, including problems of economic protection of territories with environmental constraints.A new system of effective management of competitiveness of small enterprises at a regional level under environmental restrictions, based on the concept of the state as a regulator, is proposed.
Title: Role of Aestheticization in Experience Society and Urban Space Development
Author(s): Yuliya Chayka*, Lubov Averkieva
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The paper focuses on the role and influence of the aestheticization of everyday life on urban space development and transformation in which the leading role is devoted to such resource as culture. These transformations have great influence on individual’s perception of reality which also has the tendency to undergo changes due to the new emerging reality. As in the last quarter of the XX century, the leisure civilization became the matter of the research; this stage in the development of civilization brings into people's minds the idea of choosing free time that radically changes our understanding of the essence of social time as a whole. Now researchers could see the direct dependence between quality free time of people and health and wellbeing improving. Proactively responding to this agenda provides an opportunity for the urban sector to position itself as a key part of the solution, helping to tackle unhealthy lifestyles, address the social determinants of health, offer cost effective approaches, bring creative solutions and engage communities, families and individuals in managing their wellbeing. The paper’s main concern is the role of urban space development in this matter.
Title: Paradigm of Technoscience and Responsible Research and Innovation Approach
Author(s): Irina V. Chernikova*
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The paper gives comparative analysis of the three priority phenomena of the contemporary science, namely the programme of the research marked by the term “Responsible Research and Innovation” (hereafter RRI), transdisciplinary research marked as Technology Assessment (hereafter TA) and the phenomenon of Technoscience (Science Technology and Society Studies). Philosophic analysis of the contemporary science trends of development allows showing that science is no longer a matter of the armchair scientists, but an action included to social practice. Fundamental research, technoscience and technology assessment convergently interact. As a result, the new is not revealed, but is constructed in the space of interaction between science and society. Since the subject of the technoscience is represented by complex self-developing systems including a human being, scientific activity begins to be regulated by additional compared to traditional science ethical norms. There is a need to carry out additional reflection on scientific knowledge in the form of socio-ethical expertise of models and projects, for example, in order to identify social risks. The paper shows that in technoscience knowledge is produced not only in the context of revelation and fundamental grounding, but in the context of the assessed aftereffect as well(social assessment of technology).
Title: Innovation networks: problems and prospects (Russian case study)
Author(s): Natalia Chistyakova*, Nadezhda Avramchikova, Oleg Firulev
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The topologies of innovation network development in Russia are described in this article. Study was conductedin one of the Russian industrial leader JSC Academician M.F. Reshetnev “Information Satellite Systems”. Theoretical approaches to the network nature and classification are revealed herein. Some characteristics of innovation network as relatedness, centrality, and intensity were discussed in the article.“Information Satellite Systems” has a lot of branch and subsidiaries which form the innovation network of this enterprise. Research methodology consists of head of companies’ survey and interview and analyses of open information of firm functioning. Results of research show the vertical hierarchal-oriented innovation network with a low-degree of relatedness. Also anchor company ISS has a distinct network landscape with a focus on large vertically integrated, with a low degree of network connectivity, with the unexpressed (weak) links, where a key type of partnership is scientific collaboration with the base (dependent) subsidiary companies, universities and research institutes.
Title: Innovative activity development at technical university (Russian characteristic aspects, problems and solution)
Author(s): Alexander Y. Chmykhalo, Nikolay A. Vtorushin, Alena I. Derkach, Alina Y. Shmakova*
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This study focuses on the identification of actual problems in the development of innovative activity in Russian universities and possible solutions to these problems, taking into consideration the potential of regional innovation systems. The efficiency of the applied approach to the functioning of innovative activity is estimated on the basis of results analysis of research and development (R & D) carried out by the staff of Power engineering Institute of Tomsk Polytechnic University (Russia). The approach to the organization of research and development (R & D) employed in this Institute makes it possible to obtain valuable research findings (articles, patents). However, these findings and data are not in demand and can hardly find their application in the form of innovative production. It is stated that this situation is typical for the University as a whole and is associated with the peculiarities of the functioning of the regional innovation system. It is concluded that it is necessary to search for new approaches in the functioning of innovative activity of university staff and students.
Title: Defining Zones of Innovation Attractiveness for Science-Intensive Industrial Enterprise
Author(s): G. P. Chudesova*
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In the period of accelerated innovative development of industry, it is necessary to work out such an organizational structure of the enterprise, which is able to adapt to constantly changing market conditions. A special role in this process is given to the selection of zones of innovation attractiveness (ZIA), a segment of external environment, which the company is already in contact with (or is planning to come in contact). ZIA are defined as a result of strategic segmentation of the enterprise economic activity. The article offers a methodology of analyzing the competitors’ pressure in the sphere of the studied ZIA, which is required for evaluation of profitability of this or that zone. In order to provide for the necessary flexibility of the strategic set of ZIA, marketing experts are offered the methodology of modeling possible events and dynamics of the state of unstable environment, which allows one to evaluate their possible influence upon potentiality and profitability of the selected, approved and balanced ZIA. The work is performed as part of marketing programs aimed at creating a competitive product (technology) and conquering the market of ZIA. The work results in receiving the optimum strategic set of ZIA, which makes the basis for formation of strategic space of the enterprise distribution activity in both short-term and long-term perspectives. The potentiality of ZIA is defined by a set of factors, such as success, profitability and stability (instability) of external environment.
Title: On Management of Innovative Development of Industrial Enterprises In Non-Stationary Regional Environment
Author(s): Sergey Chuprov*
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In the increasing flow of global threats and innovative changes, industrial enterprises are exposed to risk of losing stability which results in analysts focusing their attention on searching and implementing a complex of the adaptive management providing their survivability and progressive development. The present-day theory and practice of management have an increasing need for understanding dynamics of activities of domestic enterprises in the non-stationary regional environment and developing an armory of means designed to protect the prospects of the entity’s functioning from falsities of a vortex environment. And the reason for that is not only high sensitivity of industrial enterprises to business environmental disturbances, but also the disturbance of non-linear phenomena in our entities’ behavior up to irreversible resource depletion and catastrophes. The research results achieved in the non-linear fluctuations theory find their application for analyzing properties of efficiency and stability of the economic systems undergoing innovative development. Therefore, from the perspective of the catastrophism and synergetics, there arise discussions of the dynamic processes of economic evolution and the restructuring involved with it, as well as the operating efficiency of regional industrial enterprises.
Title: Biomechanical control-based locomotor function rehabilitation technology for children with cerebral palsy
Author(s): K.V. Davlet’yarova*, L.V. Kapilevich , S.D. Korshunov, N.A. Ovchinnikova
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Locomotor functions of children with special needs by the example of infantile cerebral palsy have been studied. The interaction with the support of children with special needs has been examined. It has been proved that during the jump of children of the main group there was an increase in pressure on the support relatively the lateral direction during the repulsion phase, they required more time to perform the initial phase of the jump due to the involvement of additional compensatory mechanisms to ensure the stability when landing. Thus, special attention should be given to the improvement of their coordination abilities and removal of muscle hypertonus. During physical exercises, it is recommended to focus on stretching and to enhance power quality of lower extremities. This approach will improve their motor adaptation. Moreover, the regional hemodynamics reaction to locomotor load among children with special needs has been assessed. It has been shown that children of the main group have a specific functional reserve of regional blood flow in proximal lower extremities. After locomotor load in the main group, there was an increase of pulse blood filling and blood flow velocity in hips, whereas the vegetative maintenance of distal extremities was decreased, which caused venous outflow. It enables us to recommend loading of hip muscles and unloading of shin muscles while forming locomotion adaptive stereotypes.
Title: Economic Man under Conditions of World Social-Technogenic Development
Author(s): Е. А. Dergacheva, О.Е. Backsanskij*
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Economic man and his behavior in modern economic psychology and social sciences are considered narrowly from the standpoints of social peculiarities of behavior and motives of receiving a profit in market economy. But the socialization of man takes place under conditions of widening an artificial innovation habitat – technosphere and the destruction of natural environment which affects the peculiarities of human social and natural characteristics, and it is accompanied by their changes. Social and natural processes determined by a technospheric expansion affect directly and indirectly subjects of economic activity. Globalizing technogenic socium (as a result of dangerous actions and their consequences in sufficiently comprehended by philosophy, economy, psychology, sociology, political science and other sciences) transforms nature and man himself forming new regularities of human behavior under technogenic conditions of life. That is why, it is necessary to expand the applied methodology for the comprehension of human manner in social sciences having included the interrelated social-economic and natural changes in man in the field of their consideration under conditions of social-technogenic development of the world.
Title: Global Human Transformation under Conditions of World Technogenic Development
Author(s): E. S. Demidenko, E. А. Dergacheva*
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In modern era, under the influence of systemic universalization, the human being as a biosocial creature experiences interrelated socio-cultural, socio-technological and socio-natural transformations. Socio-cultural transformations of man due to modern globalization are caused by the fact that under the influence of the global culture, a hierarchy of man’s market-oriented qualities and values, combined with the increasingly lost traditional qualities, developed over the millennia of agricultural society existence, is built. Socio-technological transformations are caused by the fact that the vital activity of universal society is connected with the development of new environment – technosphere, technogenic lifestyle, using technologies to solve numerous problems, and even improvement of Homo sapiens. Under the influence of modern globalization, the social and natural aspect of transformations consists in the degradation of man as a natural and biological being, and degradation of his ancient natural characteristics. This is connected with reduced physical activity, and increasing mental, emotional and psychological burden, accompanied by losses in man’s physical and mental health, his genetic transformations. Technosphere elements and processes have a negative influence on the human body, which is typical for cities and other towns. Technosphere, using the achievements of technoscience, initiates global changes of Homo sapiens in conjunction with artificial processes. This will eventually contribute to the formation of technogenic creatures. Interrelated social, technospheric and natural biological changes occur with different intensity in the bio-social nature of people who universalize technological societies. Contemporary globalization serves as a mechanism for changing the direction of human evolution and subordinating it to technosphere.
Title: Man and His Prospects under Conditions of Virtual Reality Development
Author(s): K. V. Dergachev*
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Virtual reality (Engl. virtual reality – possible reality) – a model image of quasi-reality with the aid of definite technologies allowing ensuring partial or complete human immersion in this representation creating an illusion of actual reality. The application of computer technologies is assumed as a basis of its creation which allows realizing in the most complete form the human immersion in an artificial world created by technical means. Virtual reality as the highest creation of the artificial world creates an illusion of man immersion in real events. But such abstracting of man from a social reality of natural life formed by thousands of his evolution years turns into a lot of negative consequences for man himself, destruction of many his natural functions and skills. The reasons, consequences and measures for counteraction to the deterioration psychological, physical and social human health under conditions of information society development and virtual reality enhancement are considered.
Title: Researcher as Subject and Authority of Norm
Author(s): Larisa G. Efanova*, Margarita D. Shamjaunova, Nguyen Xuan Tin
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In this report, we examine the activities of a researcher through the lens of the universal category of a norm, which reflects the idea of the due state of affairs for a class of objects and has a set of properties and functions inherent in any manifestation of the norm. The activity of a present-day scientist is, on the one hand, the object of normalization by the state authorities and social institutions. On the other hand, when acquiring new knowledge, a scientist participates in creating new norms that can affect the lives of many people. Consequently, a scientist in the modern society is simultaneously a source, or authorityof some norms and thesubjectof other norms. The role of a scientist as the subject or authority of a norm becomes apparent when a norm fulfills its main functions, namely informational, forecasting, regulatory and measuring (evaluation) ones. Each of the functions of a norm is implemented because a norm has a set of properties common to the whole category as well as due to the interrelation and interdependence of the functions themselves. A state of affairs compliant with the norm does not usually attract attention; therefore, it is expedient to study the action of a norm using the cases where the norm is not followed. An anomalous situation emerges, if a norm does not fulfill one or several of its functions, because some of the attributes of the situation contradict a certain categorical property of the norm.
Title: Role of social engineering in development of industrial enterprises of Tyumen region (1964 - 1985)
Author(s): Olga Fanenshtyl, Vera Fanenshtyl*
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The article analyzes the mechanisms of social engineering human resources in the region. Attracting qualified specialists was constrained by inertia of the regional party and government organs. Another cause of the problem was the absence of long-term planning of the human resources aspect in the region. The was a program created to consider the pace of the economic development in the region. For the first time, this issue was widely discussed at the meeting of Tyumen Regional Party Committee in 1967. Young professionals left northern areas as there was unsatisfied level of cultural and consumer services, especially medical and educational institutions. Later the lack of professional staff led to serious mistakes in the work of enterprises in the region. The authors of the paper believe that the lack of a systematic approach in addressing the staffing issue caused a number of pathological phenomena in the organization of production and social processes, management system.
Title: Engineering ethics and the future
Author(s): Elena V. Fell*, Natalia A. Lukianova, Aleksandr K. Lukianov
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Responding to the demands of the technology-driven global economy, engineers increase their technical competencies, improve cross-cultural communication skills, and become more innovative, entrepreneurial and flexible (Continental, 2006). As the demands on the engineer are increasing and the role of an engineer evolves and becomes more prominent, the importance of teaching engineering ethics to engineering students is increasing too. This article investigates current trends in the teaching of engineering ethics in the context of diverse approaches to evaluating the responsibility of an engineer. The article reveals the complexity of the issue, which confirms the need for future engineers to be competent in dealing with ethical dilemmas. The engineer must be aware of the fact that his or her invention will initiate a chain of events that will involve the use of this invention and will have various social, environmental and legal ramifications, which should be taken into account. The engineer must also be sufficiently prepared to make ethical decisions without sufficient guidance, as the full range of possible future scenarios cannot be foreseen.
Title: Management System for Metrological Provision of Innovation Technologies
Author(s): V. Firstov*
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The programs of the innovative development in the biggest partially government-owned companies with their special purpose productivity and economic efficiency being determined by the relevance and completeness of the metrological and regulatory provision are analyzed. It is shown that a comprehensive system of metrological provision for the innovative development of a technology-based economy has been designed to solve this problem. Regulatory and metrological provision can be optimized with an information analytical management system with the network-centric system as its basis. It is shown that the global computer network is able to establish the links between the developers, and the consumers, and the information database on the used, produced and designed metrological technologies and their regulatory provision which help to create the network-centric management system by articulating the metrological and regulatory measures of innovative programs and projects. It is expected that the application of this system in implementing the innovative programs and projects will surely contribute into the increase of the economic efficiency and special purpose productivity.
Title: Ethical Issues in Russian Higher Education Institutions
Author(s): Alfred Dulzon, Ekaterina Galanina*, Elena Sakharova
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Today humanity faces a lot of problems due to a huge gap between scientific and technological capabilities of humanity and its ethical maturity. Morality crisis is the base of many economic, social, and political crises. Higher education institutions have a significant influence on the individual’s moral behavior formation. However, even in the higher education system, there are incidents of unethical behavior. Main ethical problems faced by students in higher education institutions are: conflicts between academic personnel, complications with student involvement in scientific research, issues of co-authorship, problems of the research finding and funding. The purpose of this article is to identify and investigate the causes of some ethical problems connected with Russian higher education institutions. Authors conclude that the current system of higher education in Russia provokes unethical behavior of students, teachers and researches which is gradually becoming the norm in the academic community and then leads to the decrease of the morality level of Russian society.
Title: Pre–et–Protohistory as World Outlook Basis of Engineering Ethics
Author(s): Irina A. Gataullina*
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A review of some aspects of the fundamental problem considered in terms of engineering ethics is presented. The study of protohistory in the framework of positivistic paradigm has been restricted by the absence of argumentative attributes of the past. In epistemology of post- and postpostmodernist model, it left the framework of traditional interpretation revealing its heuristic potential. The problem touches upon the hypotheses of existence and ruin of Hyperborea and Atlantis caused by global cataclysm. These are ancient archetypical beliefs that have not been used for prehistory interpretation. It is proved that myth can be relevant, and sometimes the only source of information making up for the deficiency in reliable knowledge about the world. It is stated that the study of history in terms of the consequences of natural disaster changes the attitude to the life environment of man. It is stated that thorough understanding of history causativity teaches people to admit and respect the self-sufficiency of the past. This builds the notion of the changes on the planet that lead to the present day location of continents, seas and oceans, climate, and the civilizational diversity, which followed a hypothetically built reality. The prehistory issue puts its scientific principles to proof. It is considered as an essential culture element of a modern engineer, and it forms the world outlook foundation of Man’s understanding himself in the historical context. He is always open to the search of new knowledge consistently overcoming the restrictions of specialization relying on new ethical attitudes.
Title: Development of small businesses as basis for Russian economic welfare
Author(s): Natalia V. Varlacheva, Natalia N. Gonets*
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This article focuses on the preconditions for the development of small business as the basis for the economic well-being of the Russian Federation. Today, small businesses can be defined as individual entrepreneurs, consumer cooperatives or commercial organizations The authors of this article investigated issues relating to the socio-economic problems faced by the State within the context of the modern concept of strategic planning, which is a model for the development of small forms of businesses. There should be the stimulation of demand for the products of small and medium-sized businesses on the basis of expanding access of such businesses to the procurement of goods, works and services by public sector organizations, natural monopoly organizations The authors are of the opinion that the strategy for effective state support of small businesses should include, apart from direct state support measures for this sector, a set of other measures aimed at improving the macroeconomic situation of the country as a whole.
Title: Architectonics of Human Error at Production Facilities in Mining Industry
Author(s): V. V. Gryzunov*, V. F. Mitreykin, E. R. Dzhemilev, S. I. Chipura
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Vagueness in definition of ‘error’ generates its ambiguous interpreting. That is why, there is a need to study genesis of error predetermined by a chain of events: error →action → accident (in which a human factor plays an important role). When reconstructing a role function of the human factor we should admit that, most often, it is the initial cause of method and a means of making the error including emotional-volitional and intellectual constituents. Though, while specialists are getting knowledge, skills and experience, the correlation between two major constituents of error is gradually changed as well. This enables us to accentuate a phenomenon of ‘errors of inexperienced workers’ in which an emotional-volitional constituent prevails over the intellectual one initiating mechanisms of psychological protection, and a phenomenon of ‘errors of experienced workers’ in which intellectual constituent dominates and, thus, induces a coping strategy in problem solving. A functional constituent of error that includes intellectual and emotional-volitional constituents, interacts with a structural constituent and generates conditions under which personal victimity of ‘inexperienced worker’ phenomenon originates, while the basis for constituting the error in an ‘experienced worker’ phenomenon is made of professional victimity lying in the dimension of risk-reducing behavior in a non-standard situation. It is the functional constituent of error that is a manageable chain link as it allows forming the error management system at hazardous production facilities.
Title: Analysis of Operating Engineered Products
Author(s): S. Petrushin,R. Gubaydulina*
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The work describes the main stages of the life cycle relating to engineering products, including design, manufacture, operation and product disposal. The work proves that the stage during which a product is used is decisive in the market economy, as the customer makes a decision as to the reasonability of the product purchase. A binary formula is proposed for determining the ongoing reduced costs of using a product. The concept of economically optimal product service life is introduced. We propose formulae for calculating economically reasonable service life and ongoing per-unit operating costs. The problem of replacing old products with new ones is analyzed with a focus on minimizing operating costs. The formulae have been derived for determining the point of time for the cost-effective replacement of old products. The limits and ranges are established within which the consumer has the benefit of products replacement. The results can be used as basis data for designing and manufacturing engineering products.
Title: Creating a Development Model of "Green" Economy
Author(s): Larisa Rudneva, Irina Pchelinceva, Maria Gureva*
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The article deals with the concept of sustainable regional development; it describes the main preconditions and factors that determine the formation and development of "green" economy; a model and an algorithm describing its development in the economic space of the region are proposed. The algorithm considers the set of possible constraints for regional development, external and internal factors of development of green economy in the economic space of the region, as well as a choice of an optimum variant of development of the territory and the possibility of adjustment. Any qualitative development requires structural system changes in the resource constraints boundaries accompanied by adapting the economic space in the region, gaining the state of sustainability and leveling the external stimuli. Common goals of sustainable development and global millennium goals play a backbone role and allow one to create a model of "green" economy of the region that has become the latest achievement in implementing the concept of sustainable development in the world and most flexibly taking into account the main factors affecting the development of the region on the way of "greening".
Title: Prospects of Introduction of Excise Tax on Sugar Sweetened Beverages in Russia
Author(s): Elena Iadrennikova*
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Excise taxes are among the most reliable sources of government revenue in any country, especially in times of crises and economic reforms. The refining of excise taxation is an important condition for improving the economic and social situation in the country and boosting public revenue. The introduction of excise tax on unhealthy foods and beverages is an effective way of generating additional budget revenues and improving people's health by reducing the consumption of the abovementioned products. The article looks at the role the excise taxes play in the system of state revenues and substantiates the need to expand the list of excisable goods in Russia by including sweetened alcohol-free beverages in it. The article also proposes a type and a size of the tax rate for the said beverages. The article suggests that excise tax be imposed on sugar sweetened beverages which will result in a significant fiscal effect for the state budget, reduce spending on the beverages in question and help maintain the nation's health.
Title: Personnel Costs as an Element of Investment in Regional Human Capital
Author(s): Larisa V. Iurieva*, Elena R. Sinianskaia, Angelina V. Ilina, Olga V. Savostina
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Remuneration of labor is one of the most complex components of calculating the costs. On the one hand, the costs of labor, in the context of an enterprise, are a part of financial accounting that is governed by the Federal law. On the other hand, the costs of labor are closely connected with such category as human capital that needs to be addressed not just in the context of an enterprise, but at the regional level or even the state as well. Therefore, it is interesting to consider the structure of labor costs at the macro level, in comparison with such indicators as the number of enterprises and the number of the employed in the economy, the volume of sales, the total amount of expenses of the enterprises by sectors of activity, using the methods of time series analysis. The research was conducted in Ural, one of the biggest federal districts of Russian Federation. Urals Federal District includes four ares with highly developed industrial production as well as mineral resources extraction industry. The analyzed tendencies are presented as compared to the primary industrial sectors: agriculture, construction and commerce, all of which took leading positions when forming financial and economic figures of the region. Ural Federal Region is selected for the study, as it combines areas with different dominant types of activity, which allows to consider not only geographical, but also sectoral specificities.
Title: Methodical Toolkit of Business Potential Evaluation of Autonomous Higher Education Institution
Author(s): Elena V. Dolzhenkova, Larisa V. Iurieva*
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The article proves that to increase the competitiveness of the autonomous HEI(Higher Education Institution), it is necessary to fundamentally change the conditions of their activity: to switch to the business model of development, which allows the continuous reforming of production, management, and technological solutions. The study's subject was the economic relations arising during the monitoring and evaluation of the autonomous HEI business potential. The scientific works of domestic and foreign scientists, the data of statistical reports and the results of the autonomous HEI business model testing became the theoretical and methodological basis of the work. The results of the calculations show that the actual value of the business potential integrated index is less than the planned value, i.e. there is a provision to increase this index, and therefore there are prospects for the growth of the business potential of the autonomous HEI. The recommendation presented in the article may be used to ensure the competitiveness of the HEIs in the long term and to improve their business potential.
Title: Application of Biogas Installations as an Alternative Method to Receive Energy
Author(s): Tatyana V. Kalashnikova*, Kirill A. Pinzhin, Natalia V. Frolova
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The article proves that application of biogas installations as an alternative method to receive energy is efficient; it shows that there are certain difficulties in biogas production. The use of biogas installations in Russia is a quite new energy production method. Despite indisputable benefits of their application, there are also problems connected the half-baked process of their application, rather big investments and, as a result, not a short payback period. There are no federal methods of rate calculations for biogas energy. Besides the fact that electric power and heat received from biogas processing are very economical for enterprises, this production is ecologically friendly; it prevents methane emission in the atmosphere, which is an important thing. One more great benefit is the associated products received in the course waste conversion. The article also points out special features of biogas and biogas installations from the point of view of ecology and efficiency. We have described the project how to use a biogas installation, which characteristics considerably exceed its analogs.
Title: Dynamics of Reading Culture in the Global Information Society
Author(s): Elena A. Selyutina, Tatyana V. Kalashnikova*, Natalia V. Frolova
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The article raises the issue of reading culture dynamics in the global information society. The tendency of the development of the modern information society is the change in the axiological status of practices that previously had a marker of elitist, high-status intellectual participants (reading fiction, hearing and understanding classical art, conscious perception of modern art, etc.). Reading is connected with the definition of the status of information as a socio-cultural phenomenon and carriers of information, which are basic for modern man. Fiction acquires the importance of a marker of the relationship of the individual with the extra-utilitarian practices of modern society. Reading is still the practice of elite, despite the declared availability of knowledge in the post-industrial era. A new kind of reading culture is being born, which is presented by "texts about texts" since in the modern world, it is not the phenomenon which is important but its presentation. New network media begin to be experts which define the borders and the orientation of reading. They emphasize novelty and a broad thematic scope of literary texts, which reviews will become basic for the world view of a modern person.
Title: Could RRI Approach Play Key Role in Establishment of Circular Economy?
Author(s): Boris Kalioujny*, Janna Ermushko
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The paper considers a new model of economics - the model of circular economy (CE) that integrates environmental protection and economic efficiency in order to reach goals of sustainable development. The model of circular economy suggests to create virtuous loops into the system of economics and new ways of societal progress and reaching for success that involve radical structural changes in conception, production and consumption of goods and services in the global economy. The present article describes the main problems for integration of circular economy into society. The authors of the paper explore an approach of responsible research and innovation (RRI) to discuss possible solutions convenient for circular economy integration by different actors of society. Responsible research and innovation approach is a new way on how scientists, entrepreneurs, politics and citizens, which exert a strong influence over human development can assemble theirs strengths to reach common objectives for a better future.
Title: Information anomie and “pixilated consciousness” effect
Author(s): Anna Yu. Karpova, Natalia N. Kabanova*, Ali H. Ozdiev
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Fighting units - information bits manipulate mass audience in information society for being in its consciousness. Garbled information, obtained as a result of anomie communication, activates mechanisms of human response and becomes a trigger for making actions. We define the phenomenon of information anomie and describe aberration (misrepresentation) of information that becomes an integral feature of political communication in modern information society. This definition has never been used before by scientists. Norms of information exchange in technical communication is the absence of information aberration that Shannon (1948) called as fight against information entropy. We propose a thesis that aberration at all stages of the communication process makes qualitative changes of information, consequently, changes in behavior and information recipient’s actions that lead to irreversible consequences.That is why, struggle with semantic information aberration is important and becomes the most central task for political communication in contemporary society. We claim that consequences of information anomie are irreversible. We denote such communication as anomic political communication. A person lives in a constant shock caused by various crises and information overloading - “information tsunami”. As a result of anomie communication, a “pixilated consciousness” effect occurs. The recipient of information is being in the state of uncertainty. Individuals cannot rationally estimate current events and make a sensible political choice. Information anomie creates the bound of possible and probable changes in the system of social interactions. The put-forward theses mark contours of a concept of information anomie and allow to designate its key attributes.
Title: Manifest and Latent Risks of Continuous Online-communication
Author(s): Daria N. Karpova*
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The Internet mediated interaction of individuals became a predominate form of communication of society in the beginning of the 21st century. Digital technologies successfully take root into all spheres of activity of society. Recently in sociology there have also appeared a scientific discourse concerning various aspects of influence of the development of Internet technologies on social reality. In particular, both Russian and foreign experts in the field of sociology of risk focus their attention on new specific risks generated by "network" society. In this regard the relevance of social risks of online-communication research caused by its continuous character doesn't raise any doubts. Emergence and superspeed of a new form of communication development, bearing in itself its risky potential, demands scrupulous theoretical and methodological research. The author proposes to separate a new form of mass self-communication from other forms of people’s interactions proving it by its specific nature and call it continuous online-communication. Active users or representatives of this "mobile" category of citizens, in essence, appear in another tempo-world, having an opportunity to keep in contact with each other nearly 24 hours in days. On the one hand, new form of communication gives indisputable freedom of communication and mobility which were not available even 20 years ago. On the other hand, this uncontrolled openness and freedom in the society cause real concern of modern social researchers because it is connected to potential risks. The author suggests two kinds of risks of continuous online-communication which are expressed in manifest and latent forms.
Title: Motivations and needs of older people for work and active lifestyle
Author(s): Irina Kashchuk*, Lubov Ivankina
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The article presents the results of a poll of older people on the example of a particular region (The Tomsk Region) to identify the need for an active lifestyle and penchant for productive work. The system of hypotheses under article issues is tested. The aim of the work is to analyze problems of older people which affect their labor activity. The empirical base for the study was the results of the survey (sample frame 400 pers.). The respondents were older people living in urban and rural areas of the Tomsk Region. To test the generated hypotheses statistical methods (analysis of variance, correlation analysis, etc.) are used. There are three main problems the elderly related to their needs and inclinations to work. It was determined that the formation of a stable demand of older people in productive work and active lifestyle will help to solve a number of problems of socio-psychological and economic nature at the present stage of social development in Russia and abroad.
Title: Entrepreneur`s Trinity and its manifestation under conditions of cognitive capitalism
Author(s): Alexey A. Baryshev, Vitaliy V. Kashpur*
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The major function of an entrepreneur gradually commences to be cooperation of owners of unique mental capabilities and creation of sustainable ensembles of the latter instead of a conventional combination of physical resources. Entrepreneur's mental capabilities are simultaneously an intrinsic part of these ensembles and an external force in relation to them. Ascending of entrepreneurial subjectivity as compared to the entrepreneur's status and role as the other two integrants of the triune image of this actor becomes the most salient feature of cognitive capitalism. This paper is intended to determine the source of activity of entrepreneurial subjectivity in intellect-based enterprises. The study is based on the concept of sense-making by K. Weik and the radical subjectivist Austrian economic theory. The authors identify the source of activity of entrepreneurial subjectivity as an ontological oscillation at the level of an abstract individual and as an “interpretive loop” effect – at the level of interactions within the enterprise. Team entrepreneurship is suggested as a way out of the “interpretive loop”.
Title: Differences between Social Engineering and Socio-Cultural Design
Author(s): Sergey V. Pirogov, Valeriya V. Kashpur*
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This article aims to show the differences between social engineering and socio-cultural design both in their purposes and in their cognitive tools. The differences in the philosophical principles underlying these two forms of design are analysed. It is argued that the differences between social engineering and socio-cultural design can be summarised in 10 theses. The principal differences here are the following: technology is not a simple means to achieve people's goals, but a form of world outlook and a way of organizing life activity; the new is not an improved old, but a fundamentally different socio-cultural project; socio-cultural design uses schemes for analyzing situations, for organizing joint activities, for constructing a new reality, for the use of new ideas rather than the knowledge of the properties and constructive qualities of social objects. The key idea of the theses is that design always takes place in a specific socio-cultural environment, so successful social transformations and new social technologies are impossible without self-consciousness, self-determination and construction of the very subjects of design. The success of the project depends on the common intentions of the designer and the project user developed in the process of communication.
Title: Localization of equipment production for the oil industry in the Russian Arctic
Author(s): Elena G. Katysheva*
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The main economic problems of oil fields development in the Arctic zone of the Russian Federation under the conditions of an economic crisis and an adverse foreign policy situation are characterized in this article. The main way to decrease the influence of sanctions in the sphere of oil extraction is a significant decline in the market share of foreign companies using import substitution. It has to be mentioned that localization of equipment production and development of technologies for sea oil production in the Arctic zone of the Russian Federation can become incentive for import substitution, and attracting foreign investments into the Russian oil and gas sector. The most significant examples of creation of new productions in the Arctic zone are given in this article. The particular attention is given to development prospects of seismic works in the Arctic shelf under sanctions and fall in oil prices. The Russian sea geophysical companies are not equipped with modern specialized ships for holding 3D seismic exploration. As a result, the seismic works which are carried out now on the Russian shelf 3D in technological parameters considerably lag behind the world level. However, the ensurance of import substitution in the sphere of geophysical oilfield service is accompanied by a number of serious economic problems. It is concluded that localization of production capacities and service bases near the Arctic shelf will provide multiplicative economic effect, and also will serve as incentive to qualitatively new industrial and infrastructural development of northern territories.
Title: Social Well-being Research Problems in Modern World
Author(s): Nadezhda N.Surtaeva, Sergei V. Krivykh, Konstantin V. Buvakov, Oxana A. Kazakova*, Anastasia V. Soboleva
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The paper reviews problems of the social well-being phenomenon research. It presents different approaches to interpretation of the term (ethical and philosophical, socio political, economic, psychological, medical, ecological, and social approaches). The authors make a point that term “well-being” is bipolar, its understanding stretches from unwellness sick to such positive feeling as happiness and enthusiasm. We review well-being components obtained during the research held in Gallup Institute (professional well-being, financial well-being, well-being in the living environment). The work also considers reasons for increase in the number of research on social well-being at the contemporary stage. Emphasis is placed upon the worldview component of social well-being. The pedagogical problem for study of the courses “Social Well-being” and “Modern Theories of Social Well-being” is outlined. Social indicators issues are reviewed as major tools for diagnostics of the state of a complex, multidimensional, dynamic society and a variety of social processes and conditions. The issue of a social well-being subjective aspect is addressed. Social indicators are viewed as main tools to diagnose complex, multidimensional, dynamic society, variety of social processes and phenomenon.
Title: Rating of Regional Development Effectiveness under Condition of Limited Financial Resources
Author(s): Vyacheslav Bubnov, Anna Kireenko*
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The article is devoted to the problem of regional development under the condition of financial resources deficit. It is proposed to use the rating to evaluate the effectiveness of funding at the regional level. The analysis showed that existing ratings and evaluations are not enough to determine the actual level of development of the region with the financial position of all the sources. New rating which will show the financial attractiveness of the regions and federal districts has been proposed. Having used the proposed method, the rating of the financing efficiency of federal districts and different regions of the Russian Federation for the period 1990-2013 was formed. The results show that the policy of government financing at the sub-federal level has formed a huge disparity in living conditions and business activity in various regions of Russia; and more than that - the division of the country into federal districts is arbitrary and does not lead to any growth of efficiency in government funding management. The main reason of this situation is not in the amount of allocated funds, but in the wrong approach to the implementation of government funding. Developed rating allows assessing the performance of the federal districts and regions executives on the basis of changes in the level of efficiency during their leadership, as well as defining the most problematic areas and implementing its targeted project government funding.
Title: Psychological indices of social safety of children with disabilities
Author(s): Pavel Kislyakov*, Olga Silaeva, Vasiliy Feofanov
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The aim of this paper is the study of psychological indices of social safety of children with disabilities (by the example of children with intellectual disorders). The paper highlights the following indices of social safety of children: sensitivity to threats and the level of self-evaluation, the level of aggressiveness, trust in the world, psychosocial wellbeing. To conduct the study of psychological indices of social security of children, the following methods were used: a threat sensitivity test-inventory (A. Maralov), Buss-Durkey aggressiveness inventory, the method of “Subjective wellbeing scale” (Perrudet-Badoux, Mendelssohn and Chiche), Dembo-Rubinstein’s method of self-evaluation. Sixty respondents in their early teens (12-13 years old) having F70 or F71 took part in the experiment. The conducted study allowed revealing self-evaluation immaturity of adolescents with intellectual disorders, manifesting itself in the tendency towards overestimation of their own personality traits and abilities. Overestimation of their own capabilities resulted in appearance of self-confidence accompanied by inadequate treatment of threats, inability to understand the expediency of their own actions and to foresee their consequences. Merely 30% of respondents have developed sensitivity to threats at an adequate level. Inadequate self-evaluation affects the sense of satisfaction with one’s life, that is, on the sense of wellbeing (pseudo wellbeing or local wellbeing takes place). The comfortable environment of the educational establishment enabled the formation in adolescents of the local subjective wellbeing and, as a consequence, of low aggressiveness.
Title: Social representations of safety by adolescents having intelligence disorders
Author(s): Pavel Kislyakov*, Olga Silaeva, Aleksey Udodov
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The aim of this paper is the research of social representations of safety by adolescents with intelligence disorders. A child having developmental abnormalities experiences difficulties of penetration into the sense of human relationships, of establishment of cause-and-effect relationships and dependencies in the surrounding world, in connection with which, social representations of the rules of safe behaviour are formed in him/her to the fullest extent. To conduct the research, the authors’ questionnaire “Human safety”, aimed at the study of representations of safety, threats and the degree of protection against them by adolescents having intellectual disorders, was used. Sixty respondents at their early teens (12-13 years old) having diagnosis F70 or F71 took part in the experiment. The conducted research allowed establishing that adolescents with intellectual disorders have incompletely formed representation of dangers, threatening to life, health and wellbeing in the social medium. Adolescents are characterised by increased riskiness, the motivation to avoid dangers and threats is uncharacteristic of them. The surrounding world is perceived by children having intellectual defectiveness through deficiency intellectual, sensor and emotional structures, which leads to distortion of the process of ontogenetic socialization. Adolescents associate safety with, first of all, protection from the outside. Half of the respondents to a greater or lesser extent feel insecure in the crowded places (urban transport, shops, parks, playgrounds), which is evidence of predominance of the attitude of “distrust to the world” and social isolation of adolescents having intellectual disorders.
Title: Base university in regional innovation policy
Author(s): N. A. Knyazev*, R. G. Buyankina, R. A. Zukov
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The paper reveals the content of the innovation policy of the state, at the regional level of which the solution of complex socioeconomic tasks is inseparably linked to the activity of a reference university. A reference university is a new educational component in the system of interaction among the authority, science and entrepreneurship. Scientific researches of basic functional peculiarities of such university pertain to the topical problematique and have not been covered yet in scientific publications. The aim of the paper is to highlight the basic sources of the resource of competence and responsibility in the activity of a reference university representing a new type of innovation interaction of education with authority and entrepreneurship. As a result of the conducted research, we have identified two main sources of the resource of competence and responsibility of a reference university. Theoretical processes in the field of formation of a fundamentally new type of scientific integration – transdisciplinary integration of scientific knowledge, widely represented in the activity of a reference university – pertain to the resource of its competence. The source, in its turn, of the resource of responsibility correlates directly with the performance of its basic functions by a reference university. Therefore, being an educational and engineering centre of innovation development of the region, a reference university represents the most important social component of the region possessing the necessary resource of competence and responsibility in the process of practical realisation of the policy of the innovation development.
Title: Motivating students to learn English for Professional Purposes (non-linguisticuniversity)
Author(s): Nadezda Kobzeva*, Elena Pavlova, Victoria Trofimova
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The study aims to investigate the main motivation factors to learn English for Professional Purposes and how they enable the formation of students’ English foreign language communicative competence (non-linguistic university). The importance of this subject is caused by the need of effective training professionals able to compete in the modern labor market. The paper suggests the survey of one hundred and fourteen Crimean Business Institute and Tomsk Polytechnic University students. The methods used in the research are a questionnaire and the survey that comprises fifteen items developed to achieve the aim of the study. Three types of survey questions are used to collect the data: open-ended, ordinal scale and multiple-choice questions. The findings reveal that instrumental motivation prevails among students who are learning English for Professional Purposes as they focus on personal or professional interests and contacts, as well as ambitions. The study suggests the list of the most important motivation factors to learn English for Professional Purposes.
Title: Health Sector Performance Under Public-Private Partnership
Author(s): Vladimir V. Kolmakov, Aleksandra G. Polyakova*
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The research deals with practical aspects of measuring the integral performance of the Russian health system and the role of public and private funding sources in contributing and facilitating the health growth. We introduce life expectation as an integral indicator of health and derive multiple regression models that quantitate contribution of the public and private sectors to the increase of health. It is determined that the decreasing proportion of the public sector health expenditure and the growth of the private sector share is not a positive outcome of institutional development, because the majority of private sector funding is represented by out-of-pocket expenditure which is proved to be akin to income tax, but with a selective scope of imposition. We provide the methodology for evaluating the healthcare burden on individuals and derive regression models that undermine the concept of the “pay as you go” method that is being widely discussed concerning the future reforms of the Russian healthcare system.
Title: Synergy Aspects of Organic Modernization
Author(s): Alfred I. Kreyk, Evgeniya V. Komf*
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Fundamental basis of society modernization is the modernization of its institutional system. It is obvious that any modernization requires of great resources. In contemporary conditions the gaining of these resources from the outside is a problem. Therefore, the implementation of modernization in Russian Federation can be real, first of all, by using its own internal resources.The success of Russian society modernization is connected with conducting of organic modernization that based on internal resources. The synergy is a unique and an inexhaustible nonmaterial resource of organic modernization.In the article had been conducted the analysis of usage possibilities the synergy’s potential of the society for realization the organic modernization. The organic modernization considers as the most effective and harmonic kind of the society renewal that is founded on the usage of its internal resources. The authors emphasize the importance of self-organization processes during the realization of organic modernization and the role of various subjects-bearers of special social practices in this case.
Title: Special Purpose Products for Mining Industry Enterprises
Author(s): Nataliya K.Kondrasheva*, Olga V. Zyryanova, Elizaveta V. Kireeva
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The issues, related to production of special purpose agents, intended for dust control in pits and on temporary highways, were considered and solved in this work. The agents are developed on the basis of high-aromatic distillate fractions and black oil fuel. In order to achieve qualitative and optimum compositions of finished preventive agents, the physical and chemical properties and hydrocarbon composition of source raw material - gas oils of thermodestructive and thermocatalytic processes and black oil fuel, as well as a depressing ability of the last, were examined in detail in the work. The prepared compositions will allow us to increase a crude oil upgrading index in the oil-processing plant and to increase profit of the enterprise. Along with economic benefit of a manufacturer, an application of preventive agents is also beneficial for a consumer. Application of these products will allow improving the general ecological situation both in pits and on temporary highways.
Title: Social and Cultural Aspects of Modern Urban Space Gentrification
Author(s): Elena Rodionova, Tatiana Konyukhova*, Rodolfo Baggio, PolinaArlyapova, Elena Popko
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Modern cities play a special role in globalization processes. They are like the living reflection of the transformation processes taking place in our society. Such processes find expression in changes of infrastructure space of the city, and social and economic weight of urban areas. This paper deals with the processes of transformation of urban space. We consider gentrification as one of trends of modern city development, and we discuss its role as a social, economic and cultural issue. The work focuses on European and Russian examples of gentrification examining aspects such as culture, squatting, creative clusters, or Disneyfication. Based on the analysis conducted, we draw conclusions on the positive (settlement of vacant buildings; renovation buildings; revitalization of the community, etc.) and negative (increase in the cost of living, uncontrolled change of the architectural appearance of the space, etc.) consequences of gentrification in modern urban spaces. We also suggest the necessity of implementing successful practices of gentrification in urban policy for Europe and other regions of the World.
Title: Criminal Procedure Mechanisms Of Social Well-Being Maintaining In Modern Society: Civil Preferences
Author(s): I. Smirnova, S. Kornakova*
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Social well-being as the highest social value, according to a preamble to the Constitution of the Russian Federation, is the purpose of the Russian society development. The orientation towards achievement of citizens’ social wellbeing was the main task of any democratic state policy at all times and linked with each its member safety. Social safety is considered as an individual’s safety state from any infringement on his\her rights and freedoms. It is obvious that in the social sphere, a source of direct threat of social safety, first of all, is the high level of criminalization of society, crime increasing (latent crime monitoring allows one to state: the actual crime more than eight times exceeds the level of the registered crime (2011, 6). Therefore, the major element of the state policy is maintaining personal social security from criminal infringement, which depends on criminal trial efficiency, stability of application of separate criminal procedure institutes and mechanisms. The structurally functional paradigm allowing estimating all phenomena (including multi ordinal) by their interrelation and interdependence became a methodological basis of a research of criminal procedure mechanisms of maintaining social wellbeing, and the questioning method acted as the prevailing method of a research along with others.
Title: Sound and Socium
Author(s): Dmitry Koshlakov, Anatoly Stepanishchev*
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The theme of sound and socium interconnection is comprehended in the context of problems in social ecology and problems of social security. The concept of audio-sociology is under consideration. The audio-sociological observations presented are structured according to some topics: sound and territorial structure; sound and labor activity, sound and power; sound and transport. In large measure, the authors rely on the concept of power-knowledge in Michel Foucault. Audio-sociology together with visual sociology should be considered as two parts of audio-visual sociology. All these trends of sociology can be of use in the course of the analysis of radio- and television broadcast, cinema, and also backgrounds in different social circumstances.
Audio-sociology together with visual sociology should be considered as two parts of audio-visual sociology. Each of these trends of sociology must be and can be used in the course of the analysis of radio- and television broadcast, cinema, and also backgrounds in different social circumstances.
Title: Innovations Marketing System at Enterprises
Author(s): Diana T. Sabirova, Natalia A. Kovalenko*, Nail R. Davletgareev, Karina V. Izvekova
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The demand for innovations at the enterprises of different industries grows every year. Innovative enterprises exist due to the unique products. The relevance of marketing activities while working with the innovation leaves no doubt. In this paper, we consider the marketing mix in introducing a new product to market. The innovations marketing system is developed on the basis of various Russian and foreign methods of innovative products introduction. A complex of marketing communications was thoroughly revealed by the example of the Russian company. The results of the research are methodological and practical marketing recommendations for company representatives. We used the methods of an experimental and theoretical level: synthesis, analysis and hypothesis. Information for the creation of marketing innovations complex was synthesized. The analysis of the company current situation and a list of new strategies on pricing and the introduction of new products were proposed. Profiles of potential consumers were compiled hypothetically.
Title: Improving Efficiency of Dust Suppression During Underground Coal Mining Using Surfactants
Author(s): S. V. Kovshov*, V. P. Kovshov
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When evaluating the wettability formed in the process of underground mining of coal dust, it is important to take into account not only the brand of coal produced, determined by the output of volatile substances and vitrinite reflectance, but also its physical properties (moisture content, ash content), and petrographic features and chemical formula. The workers of the coal industry are the most susceptible to the influence of harmful factors, including the effects of coal and rock dust. Thus, according to the data for 2013, in Kemerovo region, where the rate of occupational diseases is the highest, and per 10 thousand of the employed population, it equals 14,4 of those found in coal mines. All together, there are 322 occupational diseases found among drifters and stope miners: 95 ― among the drivers of mining excavation machines, 95 ― among the underground electricians, and 51 ― among underground miners. The article presents an analysis of existing technologies to combat dust in the coal mines of the Kemerovo region. The results of a study of the application of a special wetting agent developed at the Mining University, which can be recommended for spraying during mining operations, are presented.
Title: Man as Matter of Engineering: Ethical, Epistemological and Technological Boundaries of Transhumanism
Author(s): Vadim G. Lankin*, Maria N. Kokarevich, Tatiana B.Lysunets
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The article provides a thorough analysis of the problem of human consciousness and artificial intelligence compatibility in the framework of theories and projects of modern transhumanism. There are approaches to the consciousness viewed in the framework of cognitive science theories aimed at the direct correlation between the structures of human reasoning and programmes of digital devices. The study is done from the perspectives of the consciousness being the constructive act of meaning making. The authors suggest distinguishing fundamentally the ways the consciousness is influenced by a semantic discourse or a narrative that are typical for the culture of a classical type, and, on the other hand, by a circum-consciousness influence on a person, which is typical for modern social and humanitarian technologies. Special emphasis is laid on anthropologic beliefs and theories transformations regarding the assumed and planned ways of the influence on a man by means of social and humanitarian technologies. This effect is given in the article through the notion of the anthropological horizon. A thoughtful regard is given to estimate the capability and perspectives of cognitive science and transhumanitarian projects development, and a modern practice of human and electronic information systems interaction.
Title: Regional Aspect of Technological Modernization of Russia: Experience of 1990s
Author(s): Viktor Eduardovich Lebedev*
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The regional dynamics of the Urals had repeated the Russian trends of development. By the 18th century, the Urals had all the prerequisites to become a testing ground for modernization. It had passed through three basic stages. The first stage of modernization – the protoindustrialization covered the period from the 18th century to the first half of the 19th century. The mining sector has become an important factor of the Urals modernization. The second stage - the early-industrial modernization took place in the second half of XIX - beginning of XX centuries. Throughout this period, a lot of factories and plants were built in the mining industry. Continuation of the early-industrial modernization occurred in the 1930s. It was a period of the accelerated industrialization, when the Ural has become a central link of the Ural-Kuznetsk complex. The third stage - the late-industrial modernization began in the second half of the 1950s. The technological revolution was at the heart of the late-industrial modernization. In the second half of the 1980s, there was an objective need to create a high-tech industry. But in the early 1990s, the Liberal Democrats came into power in Russia. They took the concept of transition to a postindustrial society as soon as possible. The loss of half of the industrial potential of the country was the result of this scientific and technical policy in the 1990s.
Title: Future Vision and Possibilities of Russia's Transition to "Green" Economy
Author(s): Natalia Y. Kirsanova, Olga M. Lenkovets*
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The research paper raises a topical problem of maintaining a sustainable growth by responding to environmental and social issues faced by humanity. The paper conducts a comparative analysis of the levels of investment in energy-saving and environment friendly technology, made by countries across the world and by Russia in the process of going over to a "green" economy. To better review the problems related to the environment and climate change, the study addresses the issue of "green" financing and investment in sustainable infrastructure projects and assesses the future of this line of action in Russia. Although the Paris Climate Agreement only outlines certain guidelines, implementing its provisions will have an impact on the Russian economy. There is still much discussion on the role of Russia, and how its economic interests and international position in the world will be affected. The paper substantiates key areas where Russia can implement the concept of the "green economy."
Title: Tendencies in the Transformation of Digital Entrepreneurship in Modern Resource-scarce Economy
Author(s): Olga Levshina*, Ekaterina Lisovskaya, Elena Rozhanskaia
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The article substantiates the growing role of information as a business segment of the Russian economy, highlights trends in the development of information business in Russia. Authors formulate preconditions to the expansion of information business in the information economy and identify prerequisites and requirements to the use of CALS (Continuous Acquisition and Lifecycle Support) as a factor in improving the competitiveness of businesses. Taking into account modern realities of the development of society, economy, information technologies and the constant growth of the volume of information in external environment, authors justify the emergence and institutionalization of such a phenomenon as information business. Being in fact one of the forms of entrepreneurship, information business has ensured the growth of capital, especially of owners engaged primarily in telecommunication sector. There for it is easy to conclude that key players at the level of the national economy are countries in which this sector is most developed: the USA, Singapore, Japan and India. Information business allows us to bring key economic sectors, including the defense industry, to a new level of technological structure implementation. And thus the paper presents the authors' view on the prerequisites and process of formation of automation systems for information generation processes, as well as methods for managing information lifecycle.
Title: Insurers and Insured Individuals Interaction as Basis for Persistent Agricultural Production Process
Author(s): Alexandr Moiseev, Vladislav Lizunkov*, Alexandr Kindaev
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The paper is focused on the issue of determining correct insurance rates, which are a key point in the interaction between insurers and the insured from the authors’ perspective. It should be noted that insurance is one of the tools supporting a continuous and uninterrupted production process, contributing to stability and persistence of achieved living standards. However, insurance rates determined incorrectly can cause either a downfall of insurance companies with insurance even worsening instability or unavailability of insurance services making pointless the instruments of ensuring stability. Insurance rates can be calculated in agricultural insurance on the base of conventional models, but rates might be understated in this case for an insurance company due to correlation of losses according to separate contracts. The authors propose a simulation model involving correlation of losses according to separate contracts to eliminate this shortcoming. Business activity outcomes of insured and non-insured farmers are analyzed. Simulation is carried out assuming the normalcy of crop yield distribution. Simulation relies on the approaches suggesting an insured event occurrence and losses arising according to separate insurance contracts. The final model results from the total probability formula. The developed model makes it possible to improve validity of insurance rates and affordability of insurance services for farmers without gaining in collapse risks of insurance companies.
Title: Use of Ion Exchange Filters in Wastewater Treatment
Author(s): Olga Ergunova, Ronél Ferreira, Alisa Ignatenko, Vladislav Lizunkov*, Elena Malushko
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The authors describe the existing methods of electroplating wastewater treatment in industrial enterprises of the world, particularly in the engineering industry. In this paper, the authors address issues of modernization of the existing system of electroplating wastewater after treatment by the example of the machine-building enterprises through ion-exchange filters. The calculations are carried out on the example of applying cat ion and anion exchange filters. These filters allow one to change the ionic composition of the solution and to carry out its complete demineralization. They have a relatively high filtration rates, the possibility of fully automate systems and the possibility of regenerating ion exchangers, though impurities removed from water do not form a precipitate. The research has shown that the solution of merely technical challenges results in overloading and reducing the efficiency of wastewater treatment plants. Sustainable development could be achieved through the reorientating industrial processes of goods producing and services onto the new models, implementing environmentally friendly technologies for the creation of environmentally friendly production, ensuring a more efficient use of raw materials, replacing the most toxic electrolytes, systematic and irregular changing technological solutions and developing ways to recover waste solutions containing the same type of components.
Title: Phenomenon of Migration and Its Manifestations in the Modern World
Author(s): Niki Davis, Olga Ergunova, Vladislav Lizunkov*, Elena Malushko
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This article gives the theoretical basis and defines the developed approaches to viewing migration as an inevitable social process in national economy. It considers the main trends in developing migration processes in member states of the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development as well as social and economic consequences for developed countries in conditions of common economic and legal space. It shows the specificities of supranational governance practices, cooperation within the framework of the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development which has a particular impact on the migration policy. The governments of the European Union member-states pay great attention to the questions of refugee reception, legalization and adaptation of migrant workers, creating special programmes, organizing free language courses, pursuing the policy of human rights protection with regard to migrants of both legal and illegal status. The authors consider the lack of cultural assimilation as one of the main reasons for the failure of multiculturalism in Europe.
Title: System analysis evaluation of regional development
Author(s): Natalia A. Logunova*, Inna V. Antypenko, Olga V.Babina, Anna Yu. Selivan
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The paper reveals trends in the progressive development of the Republic of Crimea based on the monitoring of progressive activities. They make it possible to outline the prospects of the progressive growth by the relevant directions (power and transport complexes, social sphere, tourism and recreation, agriculture). Presents tables of statistical information. In order to forecast the level of the regional groundbreaking development under the conditions of lacking the statistic data and to validate the key directions for the economic politics in the groundbreaking sphere as well as to find the number factors which changing allows achieving the outlined results, the economic and mathematical simulation was made. Implemented econometric model of dependency of the indicators data. Data analysis was carried out on different groups and helped to identify the dependence of the structural components. It enables us to estimate the degree of influence of essential factors contributing to the increase of the progressive activity of the business entities on the scope of regional development activities.
Title: Corporate Policy Peculiarities of Higher Professional Educational Institutions Necessitating Educational Space Modernization
Author(s): Marina A. Loshchilova*, Elena V. Portnyagina, Mihail S. Vaychuk
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The subject of study in the given paper is the processes of corporate culture formation viewed as a social and cultural phenomenon under the conditions of higher professional education modernization. The objects of study are two higher educational institutions in Siberian Federal district: Tomsk Polytechnic University and Omsk State Pedagogic University. The given universities operate in the same territory, and they are cooperating in some scientific projects. The authors put forward the idea that in the given higher educational institutions, the corporate culture was formed on the intuitive, accidental basis. The local regulatory acts reflecting corporate values are not always based upon purpose-oriented monitoring of internal and external environment of the universities. On the base of analysis of theoretical approaches to determining the basic notions and processes within the studied phenomenon as well as on the base of local regulatory acts analysis, SWOT analysis, the authors distinguish a number of contradictions in the approaches towards corporate culture formation, develop recommendations to eliminate them.
Title: Creating Humans – Ethics of Scientific Progress: Frankenstein and Heart of a Dog
Author(s): Maria Luise Luft*
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Technical progress has often led us to ethical considerations, including the situations when technical development can go too far. Literature has long taken the deepest interest in natural sciences, at some points with reference to recent or future inventions, sometimes by far extending the technical possibilities of their time. One of the most popular technical mind plays has been the creation of the artificial human, the so called homunculus – both in science and literature. This work looks at Mary Shelley’s Frankenstein and Michail Bulgakov’s Heart of a Dog in terms of how each of them, respectively, reflects ethical concerns connected to the process of making a man, questioning motivation and responsibility of the scientist, and consequences for both a creator and a creature. Two literary examples are both mystical and alchemical elements, as well as the inclusion of actual natural science practices. Clear ethical concerns are expressed in both examples, and at different levels. Scientist are individuals who are eager to make scientific progress, transcend their competences and therefore, have to reckon dramatic interventions in the life. The main failure is a lack of responsibility for the creature they create.
Title: Measuring Regional Economic Safety: Evidence from Transbaikal Region of Russia
Author(s): Anastasia A. Maga*
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The article explores the issue of economic safety and the method of measuring it through the gross regional product structure, GRP being the main indicator of economic performance of a region. The GRP structure is being analyzed through rates of return in the regional specialization industry. The regional specialization is assessed through location quotients. Main theoretic concepts are argued and illustrated by the example of Transbaikal region of Russia, a region in extremely unsafe economic conditions. Economic safety of Transbaikal region is declining and correlates with performance of specialization industry, which is mining. The hypothesis of energy costs influence on regional economic safety is explored. Regions with high energy costs in the structure of total production costs are backward in economic performance, which is influenced by the energy-output ratio and access to cheap energy sources. The idea is illustrated by allocation of regions of Russia on a plot chart of energy cost to consumption.
Title: Social Risk as Factor for Developing Society in Context of Citizens’ Welfare
Author(s): Nataliya I. Makarenko*, Svetlana B. Kvesko, Yana I. Chaplinskaya
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The paper addresses the issues of social risks in the context of the creation of well-being. We analyzed the role of social risks in the society-individual system. The process of creation and development of well-being is shown to depend on the nature and social risks and measures taken to prevent these risks. The knowledge about social risks, the patterns of development of society and an individual is equally important. The formation of abilities and skills of optimal interaction with the social environment is of current relevance. Optimal interaction suggests that an individual is able to identify the purpose of his or her activities based on the gained knowledge and in the strict compliance with the laws and conditions of society. The development of the risk-reflection culture is a critical factor in the formation of the modern welfare space. We state that risk prevention must be the result of causal forecasting the variants for process continuation, involving positive factors, and, minimizing the impact of previous stages.
Title: Promising directions of Space-Rocket Enterprises Activities in International High Technology Markets
Author(s): Nastasya O. Makarenko*, Gennadiy P. Belyakov, Liliya V. Erigina
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Nowadays, the global economic development is based on using scientific knowledge and technology. Countries such as the USA, Japan and some EU countries are the leaders of high-tech production. Russia has a huge technological lag from the leading countries due to the strong dependence on the extractive industry. However, the volume of high-tech markets are superior to raw materials ones. The world market of space products and services is one of the most important high-tech segments. The basis of the Russian Space is a space-rocket industry. Space-rocket enterprises have a great innovative potential created in the framework of the state defense order. The increasing development in the world high-tech market and, as a consequence, increasing demand for space activity results justified the need to commercialize the innovative potential of space-rocket enterprises. It will provide the technological modernization and innovative development of the industry and economy in Russia. In the article, the main cost-effective and attractive scientific directions of space-rocket enterprises are considered. Based on the analysis, it was concluded that among the most important directions, there are such important sectors of the economy as Communication & Telecommunications, energy, aviation and mining industry, and medicine.
Title: Assessment of Smart technologies implementation in challenged people life in Tomsk
Author(s): Marina A. Makienko, Igor B. Ardashkin, Alexander Y. Chmykhalo*
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The relevance of this work is caused by the fact that the technology assessment should contribute to sustainable global development, as well as help research and technology to remain socially-oriented. The interaction between science and society is extremely important for both sides: it is essential for scientists to have a motivation for their research, the final goal of emerging technologies application; and for society that consumes these technologies it should be clear how to use them efficiently and safely. Results present the first stage in the formation of social assessment of Smart-technologies, applied to the organization of challenged people life. The subject of the research is represented by challenged people, who should be fully integrated into social life. The authors pay special attention to the topic of the necessity to establish an appropriate environment in the context of realization of Smart-city concept. The main directions of the organization of Smart-city for challenged people are determined. The authors analyzed the possibilities of Smart-city formation in Tomsk (Russia) in order to establish accessible environment for challenged people. The barriers which hamper the creation of Smart-city are determined and classified according to the following criteria: Smart-Economy, Smart-technologies, Smart-management, and SmartGridSystems.
Title: Optimization of Energy Consumption in The Residential Sector, Using Automated Control Systems
Author(s): A.B. Zhdanova*, T.R. Rakhimov, K.A. Bannova, G.S. Khudyakova, Y.O. Krivoshein
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With limited energy resources for sustainable and balanced national development it is becoming more and more important to solve tasks of optimization of energy consumption. This optimization is important not only for major Russian companies (which provide major share of tax inflows for the state budget), but also for homes in order toreduce the energy consumption. This article discusses a complex approach in the field monitoring and energy management of apartment buildings as part of the energy management program using an automated thermal and electrical energy management system developed by NGO VEST in Tomsk. It is shown that the power monitoring data allow to make economically effective decisions in reducing energy consumption costs in residential buildings. The creation of the Analytical Center and the use of an automated energy management system give the opportunity to reduce costs of heat consumption in apartment buildings and, as a consequence, increase the efficiency of use of budgetary funds, used for subsidizing the northern regions of Russia.
Title: Labor Market and Its Features in Modern Condition
Author(s): Veronika Marchuk, Marina Suzdalova, Dmitriy Nesteruk, Darya Kvashnina*
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The priority task of modern Russia becomes its comprehensive modernization, the transition from the existing resource-based economy to a knowledge economy. Structural changes in the economy lead to the formation of the new requirements for the content of the employment relationship as well as for the skills and competencies of employees in the system of vocational education. Innovative economy as a control object causes a search for new approaches to the implementation of the strategy of innovative development of the modern vocational education system. The developing process of diversification of educational institutions leads to the formation of a new hierarchy of the vocational education system. The requirements for the structure and content of higher education are changing for creating an open educational system. The educational process becomes project-oriented. The role of universities is changing. Higher education institutions now should provide training of highly qualified specialists who are able to carry out professional activities under modern conditions and meet the challenges of the modern labor market where the special role belongs to the management of educational innovation and the formation of economic and managerial skills of future specialists.
Title: Engineer Supply of University Research Infrastructure and Ecosystem of Small Innovative Enterprises
Author(s): Petr N. Mashegov, Aleksei G. Zaitsev, Maxim A. Lebedev, Andrei A. Zavodskikh*
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The present article generalizes the actually formed strategies of engineer supply of the university research infrastructure as an element of an ecosystem of small innovative enterprises development. The authors outline the criteria for adequacy of choice of the aforementioned strategies for concrete university complexes, which realize the process of commercialization of intellectual activities with the use of the institution of small innovative enterprises. Descriptive strategies studied in the article may be used by a person responsible for decision-making for comparison between the current situation and that of standard. Unique project. The gist of the strategy is that there is a fact of acquirement of particular and unique specific equipment to conduct researches in several contiguous scientific and technical spheres which lies in the basis of development of an engineer and a research infrastructure. Market position. This strategy of development of an engineer and a research strategy implies a close cooperation with industrial organizations and other entrepreneurial structures of the region. Net structure. This type of the structure is oriented of creating a coordinating entity, which would let the organizations find the ways of the appropriate use of an engineer and a research infrastructure. Tradition development. This strategy is acceptable only for universities, which were historically developed as research centers. The choice of a developmental strategy of an engineer and a research infrastructure for small innovative enterprises and a provision of commercialization of university innovations hence become the elements of formation of a united ecosystem of innovative entrepreneurship.
Title: Science Development in Russian Universities as Main Factor of Human Resources Reproduction
Author(s): Elena E. Mastalygina*, Ksenia V. Sukhareva, Ivetta A. Varyan, Anna K. Zykova, Polina M. Tyubaeva
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The main trends of scientific work in Russian higher education institutions in terms of Plekhanov Russian University of Economics were analyzed. The structure of the university science was investigated according to the main directions of scientific activity of Russian higher education institution: grants and contract research works, publication activity, commercialization of research, scientific personnel training and students’ research work. The main instruments of research policy were studied to develop the most efficient strategy of involvement of students in research and development activities and human resources reproduction. The necessity of systematic work with the considered contingent at all stages of the formation of the scientific path "bachelor – master – Ph.D. student" was established. According to the sociological results, one of the main factors of students' integration into scientific and research work was personal growth that could be realized by means of organization of challenging work with practical results. Further, it is important to develop the system of material incentives for good results of scientific work.
Title: Global Cities – Cities Changed Social-Cultural Space
Author(s): Olga Matveeva*
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In this article, we analyze different approaches to the term global city and reveal the process of formation of this phenomenon in social sciences. We consider the specifics of such concepts as a global city, a world city, town information, a creative city. The global city is seen as a factor of influence on the socio-economic processes of the modern world, which determines the impact depending not only on the size of the city. The modern urban development goal - to become visible on the world map of politics, economy, allowing the city to develop, involving active and creative actors in their own space. This article discusses the methods and mechanisms that contribute to changes in the urban space by different examples. The instability, volatility of urban space, the dependence on a huge number of factors and side effects of decisions are the main problems of the modern management of urban space. For the world city, as a system that defines and forms these processes, the author introduces the concept of a control point, which is a landmark, setting the direction of development and changing the dynamics of socio-cultural space.
Title: Linguistic Competence as One of Aspects of Well-Being in Modern Society
Author(s): Elena P. Melnikova*
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In this paper, the author states that linguistic competence is common and its traditional value appears to be actively involved in the development of common context of modern communicative society. Linguistic competence by virtue of its ideal quality tends to be realized to the full extent, but it will always influence people’s wish to live in comprehensive well-being modern society in the way of practical realization of the linguistic competence theory principles. In the following research, the author made an attempt to grasp one of the specific characters of modern discourse of linguistic competence in some aspects of the modern society well-being. The author draw a conclusion that linguistics influences all aspects of the society and it is like the lens by which people in a specific group view the cultural diversity of the world. Well-being as a study must be able to respond to a kind of linguistic culture of individuals in society they live, in order to build a society of social progress and reach the goals of sustainable human development.
Title: Launching into Future
Author(s): Nataliya Meshcheryakova*, Yuliya Zeremskaya, Nataliya Maksimova
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The paper examines factors needed for science and technology convergence and tries to create new understanding and attitude to innovation with the help of modern educational tools in higher education institutes. The results of original research are described in this paper. The key task of the research was to elucidate students’ technological literacy and to get their ideas about the development of future technologies. Elements of a new education paradigm aimed at forming a single integrated picture of the world are formulated. During the study, two issues have been found out: 1) young people have no ideas about advanced technologies; 2) they do not realize their personal responsibility for the future of technological safety. Thus, educational paradigm can be based on the following principles:1) recognition of the unity of social and natural environments; 2) taking into account characteristics of society development with high natural, technological, social and political risks; 3) admission of personal responsibility for moving to resource-efficient and nature-like technologies; 4) admission of responsibility in forming graduates’ social responsibility competence in their professional activities.
Title: The Future Cost And The Key Factors Of Energy Generation
Author(s): Jan W. Mitchell*, Nataliya G. Maksimova, Daria S. Bay
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This article explores and analyses several factors that are interconnected and affect the cost of alternative sources of energy, such as wind, solar PV, hydro and kinetic energy, and compares them to current fossil fuels such as nuclear, coal and natural gas that provide 85% of the total residential and industrial energy consumption worldwide. In addition, we provide a forecast of the levelized energy cost (LEC) until parity of alternative sources of energy that is directly correlated to the multiple factors seen and analyze such as: government tax breaks and subsidies, weather conditions, market conditions, technological advancements, fuel prices and economic conditions between other with their defining role and their related impact in the price of energy. Moreover, we analyzed the consumers’ role and the possibilities of creating mini-grids and smart home systems that will increase savings in the short and long run and how will they co-exist with currently utility energy providers.
Title: Innovative Mathematical Model of Optimization the Tour Operators Number in Boundary Regions
Author(s): Ivan Monich*
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The article demonstrates the application of a mathematical model in a decision-making process of relevant committees and agencies of the Russian Federation subjects that control the tourist industry. The mathematical apparatus of the queuing theory is applied as an instrument of assessment of the organization level of the Trans-Baikal Territory tourism industry and used for optimizing the number of tour operators. The optimal number of tour operators for minimizing the total cost of the pursuit of activities by the subjects of tourism is defined. The developed model can be used in decision making by those authorities which are responsible for the developing tourism in the region. The efficiency of management of the Trans-Baikal Territory tourism industry with the use of the constructed model is assessed. The peculiarities of innovation activity in the tourism industry are shown as well. The application of the developed activities is shown by the example of the Trans-Baikal territory.
Title: Information overloads effect on social-psychological health of modern man
Author(s): N. Frolova, А. Morozova, V. Branitsky*
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Health is not only an absolute and invariable life value, but also one of the most significant fundamental problems of mankind which acquired at present a wide inter-subject pattern. The societal and socio-cultural factors make an impact upon the state of social-psychological health, that is, upon a stable functioning of psyche ensuring a social-psychological adaptation and a communicative effectiveness of a person. The latter ones include the peculiarities of a present-day information space. The entropy of the information space, a growing number of information sources caused a negative consequence for a human being – information overloads. The purpose of theoretical and empirical researches consists in the analysis of information overloading impact upon the social-psychological health of a contemporary man. Findings of the investigation. The information is used actively by people in professional and private spheres of vital activity; at the same time, the absence or a shortage of essential information in the majority of population causes an anxiety and concern. Information overloads caused an intellectual and emotional bankruptcy, fatigue and communicative stress, result in breaches of immediate contacts among people, make difficulties for the process of a critical comprehension of information, they result in a moral relativism. Conclusions. The decrease of negative effects of information loads is possible by means of the formation in contemporary man of information culture, a capacity to define clearly aims and methods for their achievement, ability to organize labor activity and rest in a correct way.
Title: Resource-effectiveness evaluation in quality metering and competence management of young specialist selection
Author(s): А. Morozova*
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The purpose of this work consists in the presentation of theoretical investigation results with regard to the problem of the management in young specialist selection for filling vacant seats under conditions of modern engineering industry on the basis of a quality metering and competence approach by means of the development of an index system of effectiveness in the realization of this process. Investigation results. The systems of analytical indices of realization efficiency are developed: a) in the process of a purposeful selection of young specialists for filling engineering seats in the system of quality management (SQM) of enterprises; b) in processes of designing and realization of basic educational programs and a process for the university SQM graduates support in the job placement. The systems are grouped into three sub-systems: absolute indices, relative indices and social-professional indices. Conclusions. The introduction of the model of quality metering – competence management in young specialist qualitative selection for filling vacant seats at enterprises allows reducing the non-correspondence level of the professional competences system of young specialists and official requirements to their competence under conditions of production; reducing working time and amount of financing for retraining young specialists in accordance with the requirements to the competence of personnel carrying out work affecting the correspondence to the requirements to products quality of the standard of ISO 9001.
Title: Biodetoxification of Lignocellulosic Hydrolysates by Specially Adapted Activated Sludge
Author(s): Tatyana S. Morozova*, Sergey Y. Semyonov, Anuarbek K. Sibataev
Full Text 89
Realization of an inexpensive and effective detoxification method of lignocellulosic hydrolysates is a prerequisite for reducing the cost of biofuels production. We suggest a cost-effective waste-free method of hydrolysates purification from acetone-butanol inhibitors, which is based on the use of specially adapted activated sludge. We conducted the detoxification of an enzymatic hydrolysate of miscanthus cellulose and an acid hydrolysate of spruce by specially adapted activated sludge of the urban wastewater treatment plants. As a result of purification of the spruce hydrolysate, the concentration of 5-HMF has decreased from 3.06 g/L to 0.0012 g/L, furfural – from 1.3 g/L to 0.0009 g/L. The concentrations of 5-HMF have reduced from 1.03 g/L to 0.0013 g/L and the concentrations of furfural have decreased from 0.71 g/L to 0.0008 g/L. We showed the effectiveness of the method by fermentation of the medium based on treated or untreated hydrolysate by Clostridium acetobutylicum ATCC 824. The obtained results can be valuable not only for the production of biobutanol, but in the technologies for bioethanol production.
Title: Development Of Organizational Methods For Introduction Of Risk Management In It-Projects
Author(s): Valentin S. Nikolaenko, Igor V. Riatshencev*
Full Text 90
The article describes the organizational methods of the process of introduction of risk management in IT-projects. These organizational methods make it possible to eliminate the contradiction that arises among the requirements addressed to the risk management executives of IT-organizations, IT-project managers, practitioners. The essence of the contradiction lies in the fact that risk management should provide maximum convergence of the actual and planned results (a variation of less than 5%), but it should not change the existing model of management in IT-projects (Waterfall, Agile, etc.). We shall note that in 2014, according to The Standish Group International, a variation between actual and planned results in IT-projects was 89%. The article also presents the results of experimental testing of organizational methods of the process of introduction of risk management in an IT-project, according to which the variation between actual and planned results was 4.5%. The results of the study will be of interest to project managers, project team members and also all who are engaged in project activities.
Title: Marketing As Tool of Resource Efficiency
Author(s): Irina Nikulina*, Galina Fangmann, Alexey Blinov
Full Text 91
This paper shows the role of marketing in ensuring resource efficiency. It is found that the marketing is one of the methods of saving resources, making them effective in use. The conclusion about the need to use marketing to increase the efficiency of resource management in the organization is justified. It is suggested to use SWOT-analysis as a marketing technique for choosing a particular strategy, significant for the company in the management of resource efficiency. The forecasting of demand allows receiving evidence-based options in tendencies of change, indicators of quality, expenses and other indicators. Therefore, the system of the resource efficiency at an enterprise has to be guided by forecasting the demand and its task. Improved analysis cost methods (such as the factorial analysis, the functional and cost analysis) help to solve a problem of resource efficiency at the stage of design or production improvement. It is proved that application of the concept of social and ethic marketing promotes development of the resource efficiency program in management.
Title: Financial Source Selection of High-tech Enterprises of Space-rocket Industry
Author(s): D. V. Eremeev, I. N. Novikova*
Full Text 92
Nowadays, in the Russian Federation much attention is paid to a perspective of improving efficient management of the space-rocket industry. The state pays close attention to the high-tech enterprises of the space-rocket industry, demanding from them the accelerated innovative development for overcoming lagging in a space industry behind the advanced countries of the world. The diffusion of innovation aims to increase the international competitiveness of enterprises from related industries A significant role in this process is played by efficiency of innovative potential reproduction. In turn, the development of innovative potential is closely connected with the effective use of resources. The analysis of sources of financing for innovative capacity of the high-tech enterprises of the space-rocket industry is carried out in this research. The model of a source selection of financing for innovative potential, depending on a target orientation of the produced missile and space equipment is provided as the results of the study.
Title: Conducting an Examination in the Analytical Form as a Health-Saving Technology
Author(s): Tatyana F. Orekhova*, Tamara V. Kruzhilina, Tatyana G. Neretina,
Elena A. Ovsyannikova
Full Text 93
The proposed paper describes the analytical productive form of examination conduction in the humanities, which was approved by the authors in the experience of training of prospective teachers and is aimed at saving the health of students and formation of their skills to operate the knowledge, performing the whole variety of possible actions. The authors dwell on the description of stress factors, which accompany the conduction of exams in the period of examinations for the overwhelming majority of students, in more detail. The paper places high emphasis on the problems of requirements for examination arrangement in the analytical productive form enabling saving students’ health, testing the level of their ability to acquire, process and transform the information, and revealing the maturity of students’ skill to structure learning material, to state out it coherently and logically, to reason, and to make conclusions. The described health saving technology of examination conduction allows transferring the relationship of an educator and a trainee to the level of a subject-subjectival interaction.
Title: Commodification of knowledge in system of higher education
Author(s): Natalia Pankova, Marina Khaldeeva*
Full Text 94
This article touches upon the issue of the process of commodification of knowledge in the context of higher education system in Russia. The relevance of the research is first determined by the processes of Russian universities transformation into world-class universities in order to improve their positions in global university rankings, and, secondly, by the need for modification of the translation of scientific paradigm foundations and new knowledge acquisition through the means of commodification. Among various educational practices in the era of globalization, developing countries including Russia are implementing diverse representations of transnational collaboration in the field of education. For this reason, the process of commodification of knowledge may be also considered as one of the direction of the Russian educational system towards integration into global educational environment. The purpose of this research is to define the peculiarities of the concept of commodification of knowledge in the system of higher education and to analyze the main strategies of Russian universities reformation.
Title: Implementation of School Reconciliation Services in Russian Federation
Author(s): Olga Petushkova*, Vitaly Pyatunin, Natalia Kuzmenko
Full Text 95
The paper analyses the issues, which arise when the school reconciliation services start acting in educational institutions in the Russian Federation. The purpose of the article is to find the ways to overcome the existing problems in the system of education. On the basis of the expert review, the authors identify the issues related to implementation of school reconciliation services in the Russian Federation and justify the need for special training of school reconciliation service managers. The authors establish values and principles to be used as guidelines for training of such specialists. Special attention is paid to the need for restoration of relationships in the course of conflict settlement in the school environment. The principal task of experimental work on the training program for school reconciliation service managers is to establish psychological innovations that will help the conflicting subjects to find mutually acceptable solutions and restore their relationships. The article also evaluates the efficiency of the experimental work. The conclusions made in the present paper allow the authors to state that they have found efficient ways to solve the most critical tasks related to implementation of school reconciliation services in the educational institutions.
Title: Harmonization Of Allocation Of Financial Resources In A Federal State
Author(s): Milyaush Pinskaya*, Lyubov Goncharenko, Vladislav Donchenko
Full Text 96
Finding a balance between centralization and decentralization of financial resources allocated between the branches of powers through the budget system is the pressing issue investigated in the current article. It demonstrates the advantages and disadvantages of centralization and decentralization of financial resources in a federal state. It is concluded that a balance of the federal system is important for a stable and equitable development of subordinate entities of a federation. This requires harmonization of interaction between the federal centre and subordinate entities of a federation in the allocation of financial resources. Tax competition and financial equalization are proposed as an instrument of harmonization. Usinga systematic approach to the analysis, the authors conclude that it is necessary to ensure a positive and negative feedback to find the balance of the federal system. The tax competition creates a positive feedback, providing a reinforcing effect on the federal system. Financial equalization creates a negative feedback, having a balancing effect on the federal system. The article proposes principles of harmonization of the interaction of the branches of powers in the allocation of financial resources.
Title: Intellectual Socialization of Personality as Determinant of Social Wellbeing
Author(s): Helen Plotnikova*, Alexander Tsaran, Vladimir Velikanov, SvetlanaVelikanova,Yevgeny Trofimov
Full Text 97
The article deals with the problem of intellectual socialization of a personality which is undertaken to achieve social wellbeing and is measured in a number of the indicators characterizing its culture. The definitions of intellectual socialization of a personality are given and the process of intellectual socialization of students in an educational institution, managers in organizations and enterprises, workers in scientific laboratories, consulting companies and other organizations is described. The comments to the author’s understanding of interaction between intellectual socialization of a personality and development of intellectual formation of its culture in the society are shown which has an influence on the distribution of safe, aesthetically pleasing and accurately represented intellectual products in the society. The social value of intellectual values, the necessity and possibility to control the intellectual activities of the members’ society which provides the increase of attractiveness and safe practical use of intellectual labour or creativity are described. Such qualities of social welfare which reflect particular demand for individual or group intellectual activities are characterized. These are a high level of competence and selectivity in relation to intellectual values, intellectual labour or creativity; the most important products which are the last word in comfort; the preservation and protection of the samples of socially significant intellectual tradition, the ability to recognize intellectual sabotage, to defend against it.
Title: Developing Tourist Attractiveness of Region through Overcoming Restrictions of Branch Infrastructure
Author(s): Helen Plotnikova*, Alexander Tsaran, Svetlana Velikanova, Inna Bobrova, Yevgeny Trofimov
Full Text 98
The article deals with the problem of the development of tourist attractiveness in Chelyabinsk region having certain lacks and restrictions in the existing tourist infrastructure. In the article, the speeches in public of the governor of Chelyabinsk region are used which make the problem very important for the development of the territory. The sources of the problem are revealed, the description of the author's suggestions concerning its decision is given. Among them, there are as follows: integration of the information-communication field of the territory by making the unified tourist portal of Chelyabinsk region; strengthening the idea of target state-private partnership in using the programs of restoration and advertising tourist objects; implementing attracting investment programs oriented towards solving the tourist tasks of the region. The materials of the article are the inquiry answer of the laboratory of history, archeology and tourism of the research institute opened at "Nosov Magnitogorsk State Technical University" (NMSTU).
Title: Medical Care as Factors that Affect Wellbeing of Elderly People
Author(s): Oksana N. Efremova, Svetlana A. Chekarova, Inna V. Plotnikova*
Full Text 99
Нealth care is a high-priority problem to be solved by the society. The paper is focused on social problems of the elderly. Solution of the problems related to the third age people, adaptation of the older generations to new conditions of democratization in Russia, and active involvement in the life of society is one of the main directions of the state policy in the area of social assistance. This implies, according to the authors, the adequate provision of health care for the elderly with due regard to their age, residence, and income level. The statistics on the number of health care visits by elderly patients in different regions of Russian has been provided in terms of morbidity, hospitalization, and clinical supervision. Furthermore, the paper emphasizes that health care involves the provision of a wide spectrum of services for the elderly due to the effective state social policy and respect for old age.
Title: Tax Burden of Russian Oil Companies after Tax Consolidation
Author(s): Natalia V. Pokrovskaia*, Kristina A. Bannova, Valeria S. Kornyushina
Full Text 100
This article takes studying the impact of tax consolidation on oil companies’ tax burden as its focus. Oil companies are crucial for the Russian economy while oil and gas money are as well important for the Russian budget. Besides, a lot of oil companies being major taxpayers have had the opportunity to consolidate corporate profit tax since 2012. The article's goal is to analyze the results of creating consolidated groups of taxpayers for tax burden in terms of corporate profit tax exemplified by oil companies in order to assess the importance of profit tax consolidation as a way of reducing corporate profit tax. Upon analyzing the data provided by the Federal Tax Service of Russia and 2010-2015 oil companies' financial reports, it is possible to conclude that the largest tax burden falls on fossil fuel industry in comparison with other industries what can be explained first of all by the mineral extraction tax. Corporate profit tax burden for most oil companies in 2014 accounted for 5% of revenue. At the same time, profit tax burdens on consolidated groups of taxpayers producing oil vary a lot; in 2012, the general trend was falling, but then it started to grow again. Thus, it is impossible to state that tax obligations and corporate profit tax burden have significantly decreased as a result of creating consolidated groups of taxpayers for oil producers. Quantitative analysis of money spent for paying the profit tax might be interestingfor describing consequences of creating consolidated groups of taxpayers.
Title: Emergy Analysis of Wastewater Treatment Technology
Author(s): O. S. Polyakova*, S.Y. Semenov
Full Text 101
The article presents a brief description and criticism of the current state of the emergy analysis for wastewater treatment plants (WWTP) and a new index for the assessment of environmental facilities. As well as in the analysis of economic systems, the assessment of systems and plants for the protection of the environment, provided in the literature, is based on the calculation of basic emergy indices (the emergy yield ratio (EYR) isthe ratio of the sum of renewable kinds of emergy, non-renewable ones and purchased or free resources to the emergy of purchased resources; the environmental loading ratio (ELR) is defined as the ratio of the sum of nonrenewable and imported (purchased) emergy to renewable emergy; the emergy sustainability index (ESI) equal to the ratio of economy (EYR) to depletion (ELR) determines the degree of viability of the facility), which does not take into consideration a fundamental difference of production facilities and facilities designed to protect the environment from pollution. The environmental performance of the facilities, calculated as the ratio of the difference between the emergy estimates of preventable damage and caused damage to the preventable damage, must serve as the main emergy index for the assessment of treatment facilities.
Title: Philosophy of Technique as World Outlook Framework of Engineer’s Moral Responsibility
Author(s): Natalia Vladimirovna Popkova*
Full Text 102
The paper shows how the introduction of a new subject “Philosophy of Technique” helps to implement ethical training of engineers. The purpose of this objective is to study the manmade factors of cultural and social development, technological determination of human life, evolution of a global social and natural system and artificial environment. Philosophy of technique analyzes technogeneous environment as a system-forming element of socio-natural artificial reality and technogeneous development as a stage in biosphere socialization. Change of the relation of people to the nature becomes the major feature of development of a civilization: the human ability to transform the nature is behind his ability to predict the results of transformation. Philosophy of technique sees a socio-natural sense of technical progress in the material world transformation and man’s personal life. The philosophical analysis of the engineering essence provides the world outlook framework for searching moral solution of modern social and ecological problems.
Title: Development of System Approach to Public Transport Tariff Formation
Author(s): Vladimir Postnikov*
Full Text 103
Nowadays the key problem of suburban passenger railway transport functioning in Russia is unprofitability, that testifies necessity of system revision, organization, management and financing of this transport type. Perfection of tariff formation of passenger traffic is effective instrument of optimization for public passenger transport financing. The existent methods analysis of tariff formation for public transport services is conducted in this paper. Nowadays these methods do not reflect interests of all market participants and also do not take into account all influencing factors. The necessity perfection of tariff formation approach is underlined. The new tariff regulation approach that includes three interfacing models (optimal model, transport model and sociological model) and interests of three market participants (authority, passengers and operators) is presented. The aims of all participants are defined. Interaction between optimal, transport and sociological models is described, and the process of its building is also characterized. On the basis of approach to tariff formation the economic-mathematical model is constructed. Approbation of model for optimization of suburban passenger transport tariff system in Perm Region is carried out. The received conclusions demonstrate that more effective tariff system decrease budgetary subsidies for suburban transport financings and increase railway company profitability.
Title: Transdisciplinary cooperation within realization of idea of “Triple Helix”
Author(s): Tatiana Suslova, Elena Pokrovskaya, Margarita Raitina*
Full Text 104
The article describes the problem of correlation of "man-technique" as multidimensional. The meaning of innovations of the “Triple Helix” (university – business – government) is the production of new knowledge as required. The authors propose the realization model of the concept «Triple Helix» by the example of cooperation of the government institutes, business companies in the sphere of healthcare service or science and education which work with biotechnologies. In these circumstances, there is a problem "denaturalization" of the living body and "psychologizing" of artificial. There is a growing danger posed by uncontrolled exposure of information on individual and mass consciousness. In modern society, the problem of protecting the individual from such influences is one of the most important. The correlation of new technologies and the fundamental human values, problems of techno-science and development of global civilization increase social risks and personal responsibility of scientists. The ideas given in the article are becoming an ideological base for understanding the social perspectives and values in the development of society in the anthropological context. Such knowledge contribute to the formation of the engineering community as a responsible social entity with the new value orientations of consciousness.
Title: Career Construction and Work Inclusion of People with Disabilities: Goal Setting
Author(s): Elena N. Rogotneva*, Tatiana I. Shirko, Natalya N. Meshcheryakova, Tatiana V. Konykhova
Full Text 105
Today, the quality of human capital and active involvement of the disadvantaged people into socioeconomic and political life are the main challenges for the Russian Federation as it is going through another round of modernization. Despite the government allowances, the disadvantaged groups have no motivation to improve their human capital assets and to construct own career. In the paper, we propose the project that aims at impacting the wellbeing of the disadvantaged social groups. We will study the traditional and emerging structural forms of inequality in the context of complicated social reality and an increased rate of social changes, to identify the factors that improve or affect career construction and quality of life of every disadvantaged social group. Referring to career theoretical models and variables, a set of qualitative and quantitative measures will be used to assess strengths and weaknesses of involved people and to better understand relations among variables. These research results allow us to develop and implement career intervention programs aimed at improving people resources and facilitating career and life constructions, as well as social and work participation. These interventions will be devoted both to people with disabilities and their significant others.
Title: Social and labor relations and sustainable safety of single industry towns
Author(s): Irina V. Roshina, N. A. Artyukhova*
Full Text 106
Authors substantiate the analysis of social and labor relations in single industry municipalities and define the characteristic features of such relations in town forming enterprises. We consider the statistics of single industry towns in Russia, as well as comparison of unemployment rates in Russian single industry cities with a similar indicator in the European Union. We introduce the notions of social and economic relations sustainability and the sustainable safety of social and economic relations. The article determines some threats to such safety in a single industry town as based on its substructures. Authors determine the indicators for assess the sustainable safety of social and labor relations of single industry towns and social and labor relations of city-forming enterprises. We present a comparative study of sustainable safety in polyindustrial and monoindustrial economies and propose a method to assess the sustainable safety of social and economic relations at town forming enterprises in single industry towns.We describe the four blocks in the proposed methodology: the methodical block, the analytical block, the forecast block and the target analysis.
Title: Methodological Basis of KPI Motivation
Author(s): E.M. Rozhdestvenskaya*, Z.A. Ermushko, A.V. Zhavoronok, S.A. Polunina
Full Text 107
A well-built system of motivation can become a source of long-term competitiveness of the enterprise development. The article presents an overview of the main stages of the KPI motivation development and its deployment process. The purpose of this research paper is to reveal the fundamental aspects of building a motivation system based on KPI. The general theoretical basis of this study is the concept of methodology «Management by Objectives», method of «Performance management». It is proposed to integrate the KPI's system into the enterprise management system. It has been proven that the KPI system is a tool for specifying and bringing business strategy to each department and employee through the mechanism of motivating each employee to achieve this goal. The article identifies the place of the KPI system in the structure of business processes. A typology of KPI system options is based on the resources required to develop and implement such system. It has been proven that the system of motivation based on the KPI is a tool for achieving long-term and short-term company goals and is not just a monetary and non-monetary incentive system.
Title: Ecological imperative in social responsibility structure of engineers
Author(s): Elena Rubanova, Vitaliy Rubanov*, Yuliya Zeremskaya, Cheng Xinhan, Aleksey Shcherbinin
Full Text 108
Changes in the world social and political situation, functional changes in an engineering activity and its globalization lead to the rise of new questions. There is a necessity to form new approaches and mechanisms for the formation of engineers’ responsibilities. Common sense and social responsibility should be the basis for engineering. The solution of moral problems associated with technology and technological solutions on Nature transformation leads to the formulating “Code of Ethics for engineers”. Professional responsibilities and obligations of future engineers should be given in the system of higher professional education. Various approaches to this issue show that this challenge is complex and unsolved. Social responsibility of engineers should be a continuous learning based on the accumulated experience of previous generations. Actuality of this issue can be explained by the solutions made by technocratic approaches. Thus, the problem of humanization and humanization of engineering is very important. The aim of the study is to determine the importance of ecological imperative in the formation of social responsibility of an engineer. We define the essence of the social responsibility of engineers, to analyze the quality of humanitarian training engineers, to present the dynamics of an ecological component in engineering worldview. Moreover, the results of engineers’ activity should be aimed at the interest of humanity and environment preservation. Ecological knowledge is interpreted as the highest achievements of human culture, a desire to create conditions for co-evolution and harmonization of relation of the “Nature-Society” system and to form an engineer with new ecological thinking.
Title: Bronchial asthma psychological correction in large industrial city
Author(s): E. Ruslyakova*, E. Razumova, O. Kolesnikova, M. Skvortsova
Full Text 109
The psychological assistance to the bronchial asthma patients is an actual problem for the metallurgical plant workers and engineers. Various authors have found a significant prevalence of the disease frequency in industrial areas with a high degree of air pollution compared to the more favorable ecological zones. An adequate mathematical model including the significant regression coefficients, reflecting the influence of Cattall’s test variables and disadaptation coefficients have been allocated. The main variables in this equation will be: C, G, ED, NP; the auxiliary ones: H, I (Cattall), A. The developed model reflects the ways of the targeted impacts required by a medical psychologist for adequate psychological correction. On the basis of the model, the authors have developed and tested a program of psycho correctional influences focused on formation of emotional stability and adequate methods of response in a frustration situation. The program demonstrated its positive influence on psychological adaptation and can be used as a method of prevention and rehabilitation of acute asthma exacerbations.
Title: Model of future engineers’ self-determination during professional training in technical university
Author(s): Nikolai Y. Saigushev, Lyubov I. Savva, Olga V. Gnevak, Alexander A. Tsaran, Olga A. Vedeneeva*
Full Text 110
The article deals with the concept of future engineers’ moral self-determination and the structural-functional model of future engineers’ moral self-determination in the process of professional training in a technical university. The key method is the modeling method. The components of the model are the target; they are functionally normative, organizational-methodical and productive components. The characteristic of each component and model elements is given. The purpose and the social order, methodological approaches and principles, functions, the complex of pedagogical conditions, criteria and indicators are shown. The results of introducing the model into the process of professional training of future engineers in a technical university are presented. The aim of this experimental work was to validate the model and the effectiveness of its complex of pedagogical conditions of future managers’ moral self-determination in the process of professional training at the University. Analysis of the results obtained at the first stage of the experiment suggests that at this stage of the experiment, it is observed the predominance of a low and medium level of future managers’ moral self-determination.
Title: Student’s time-awareness formation: self-organized personality as promoting factor for mental health
Author(s): Lyubov I. Savva, Nikolai Y. Saigushev, Olga A.Vedeneeva, Lуubov V. Pavlova, Ekaterina I. Rabin*
Full Text 111
This paper presents the main results of the research aimed at determining the conditions of formation of a technical university student’s time-aware, self-organized personality to promote one’s mental health. The actuality of the research is caused by engineer education modernization, which main goal is to prepare competitive specialists in the field of engineer task solving, people capable of maintaining their physical and mental health. The paper gives a definition of mental health, which is considered as a state of well-being in which a person can realize his/her potential, cope with life stresses, can work with great productivity and make a contribution to one’s society. The investigation proves that man’s mental health index is his/her ability of self-organization. It is specified that time management, self-organization skills are regarded as a regulated conscious person’s activity, which aims at goal setting, time planning, as well as self-control, self-analysis and self-correction of one’s actions and behaviour. Time management, self-organization skills secure timeliness and succession of student’s life cycles changes. The research results involve working out the structure of a university student’s time-aware, self-organized personality, determining the complex of pedagogical conditions of formation of a technical university student’s time-aware, self-organized personality, maintaining one’s mental health. The self-organized personality’s structural components are as following: motivation-value, cognition and action-reflection components.
Title: Area of comfort: Russian language training for Vietnamese students at technical university
Author(s): Irina V. Salosina*, Maria V. Netesova, Olga S. Lutoshkina, Tran Dinh Tan Xu
Full Text 112
The paper focuses on the psychological and pedagogical peculiarities of teaching Russian to students from Vietnam. The methodology approach taken in this study is motivated by ideas of active Learning articulated by Verbitcky and the Motivation theory developed by Maslow and Yakimanskaya. The methodological basis of the research is a student-centered learning approach. The author provides a theoretical framework based on the communicative competence concept elaborated by Viatiutnev in area of theory and methods Russian as foreign language. Our qualitative methodology included interviews with students, review of documents and analysis of educational results. The authors use Smekal and Kucher’s Questionnaire to identify psychological characteristics of Vietnamese students and offer a solution to the problem of effective teaching with due consideration of the students’ cultural features. The authors present the research findings on the personality orientation of Vietnamese students enrolled in National Research Tomsk Polytechnic University. In general, we systematize suggestions for Russian Language teachers who work with international students from Vietnam.
Title: Organization of physical training at plants (origins, modernity, prospects)
Author(s): Tatiana V. Sarycheva, Rezeda R. Smolyagina*, Vladimir I. Andreev, Antonina A. Soboleva, Olga M. Demidova, Darya U. Nikonova, Liudmila V. Smagliy
Full Text 113
The article researches physical training organization Soviet plants and at those of the present time. Organization of physical activity at Russian plants first appeared in the Soviet period. Also economic efficiency and social significance of sport activities in the Soviet period and nowadays are presented. The article also characterizes the process of formation and implementation of industrial gymnastics and other forms of physical culture at Siberian plants. The data about the most popular sports events and the organization of the working process together with industrial gymnastics at the place of residence are given. The article contains examples of organization of physical activities and sports events in the country nowadays. From this point of view of the experience, all-round implementation of physical-cultural activity is of intense interest. Some international corporations apply physical culture and sports activities as factors improving labour productivity of the staff. In that context, all-round revival of traditions of the bygone epoch is of a great significance for our country.
Title: On Necessity to Introduce Innovative Production Planning at Russian Metallurgical Enterprises
Author(s): Natalya Savchenko*
Full Text 114
In order to improve their own competitiveness in the domestic and foreign markets, Russian metallurgical enterprises need to work on their production planning system. The key indicator is the shipment discipline in the circumstances of constant production effectiveness. The auhors of the paper analyzed the main indicators of Russian metallurgical enterprises business activities for the period from 2012 to 2015. The researchers also thoroughly studied the existing investments in fixed assets of these companies and made a list of basic problems dealt with by Russian metallurgical enterprises (including those in the sphere of production planning). The authors of the paper drew attention to the theoretical aspects of production planning at industrial enterprises and described basic requirements to improving the planning process, including the necessity to use computer and other software. The authors worked out and offered the model of innovative production planning to be used by metallurgical enterprises on the basis of MRP systems and APS. The system of innovative planning is expected to be effective from the point of view of both the short and long term perspectives. The researchers compared traditional production planning system innovations and spoke on the major possible economic outcomes of innovative production planning at a particular metallurgical enterprise. Among them are the discipline of production shipment to the consumers, the optimization of production cycle, the raise of the production effectiveness of the basic equipment, etc.
Title: The Impact Of Human Capital On Economic Growth
Author(s): Vladimir A. Shabashev*, Valentina V. Khaliulina, Svetlana V. Shabasheva, Dmitry A. Govorin
Full Text 115
The article discusses the basic views of Russian and foreign authors on the human capital with the main focus on education and health. We discuss the relationship between the human capital and the concepts such as "workforce", "human potential ", "labor potential" at the organization level. A possible version of the change of the components of labor potential of the organization is proposed in this article. The basic pathways of preservation and strengthening of health as a complete physical, social and mental well-being are also determined in the article. The results of the author's research on the impact of health's capital on the growth of the gross regional product (GRP) in 77 regions of Russia for 11 years (2003-2013) are covered in the article. Considering this issue, we took into account regional differences at the level of economic development and the structure of GRP. With this purpose, all the regions were divided into four groups using the cluster analysis. To assess the level of health of the population, life expectancy was used as the most adequate summarizing mortality characteristic. The inclusion of this indicator in the model and our calculations led us to the conclusion that the level of health of the population in the "extractive" regions has a significant impact on the aggregate productivity. The most significant factor in the growth of "mainly manufacturing" regions is investments in education. It is important to consider the management bodies in the financing of education and health regions and municipalities.
Title: Social And Environmental Responsibility Of The Company
Author(s): L.A. Shangaraeva*, A. S. Saychenko
Full Text 116
This paper presents the process of formation and transformation of professional ethics. Strengthening the role of ethics in the regulation of professional activities in an innovative society is displayed. The article also highlights the modern approach of large corporations to the formation of all the company's business processes, based on the concept of sustainable development, which not only improves the quality of life, increases the volume of business while reducing the environmental impact and increases positive impact on society, but also creates new opportunities to ensure business growth and retain competitive advantage in the market. The attitude of companies on the environment fits into a broader sector such as that of social responsibility. Social responsibility includes topics such as child labor exploitation, safety and quality or environmental impact of companies. They now receive more attention from the media, because they lead to the development of new legislation, causing some of the responses consumers through demand and are considered by investors for setting up the portfolio.
Title: Formation Of Management System Of Social Welfare In Russian Regions
Author(s): Tatiana Shirko*, Polina Arlyapova, Olga Demidova
Full Text 117
The article analyses main tendencies of social welfare management in the subjects of Russian Federation in 1990–2015 via political relations between the centre and regional areas. The authors have determined that the contemporary welfare system formed during modernization of the Russian management system and reauthorization between the centre and the periphery. We made a conclusion that in 1990-2012 the system of social welfare developed on the basis of integration of Soviet and new market relations between institutions. The departmental system of management in regions before 1990 was substituted by the integrated functional - departmental system in 1994. Six factors determined the formation of the social welfare management system: organization of the social welfare management system, the legal organizational form of regional agency, dynamics of structural development of regional authorities and governments, intergovernmental fiscal and federational relations between the Federation and its subjects. During this period of political centralization, there appeared a tendency of decentralization of the powers in the sphere of social welfare. The tendencies of regional development during this period evidence the formation of stable political regimes and centralization of management of welfare systems in regions.
Title: Socio-Cultural Needs Of Young People In Family As Russian Society Values
Author(s): Tatyana S. Strunkina, Elena A. Shmeleva*, Lyudmila F. Luneva, Michael S. Belov, Natalia V. Belyakova
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The article analyzes the socio-cultural needs of students in family values: in creating a family; in preserving the traditions of the society, its institutions and values; in the education of their children; in care by relatives. Social and cultural needs are characterized by a desire to find a human reflection of a society's culture in its being through the direct interaction with society. The urgency of family values is reflected in the education development strategy in the Russian Federation and the state cultural policy framework. Using a layered approach to the socio-cultural needs of family values is differentiated by levels. A quantitative and qualitative interpretation of low, medium and high levels of socio-cultural needs of the family. It is assumed that the formation of the needs of family values in the Russian youth helps specially organized psychological and pedagogical support.
Title: Innovative Activities And Socio-Psychological Security In Professional And Personal Development
Author(s): Elena A.Shmeleva*, Pavel А. Kislyakov, Valery P. Kartashev, Angela V. Romanovа, Alexandr V. Abramov
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The aim of this paper is the study of psychological indices of Innovative activities and socio-psychological security of students, young scientists, and instructors aged over 35.The paper raises the issue of professional and personal development of the subjects of education to the social-psychological security and Innovative activities criterion.The paper highlights the following indices of social safety of the subjects of education: tolerance to ambiguity, viability, propensity to risk, and motivation to failure avoidance.To conduct the study of psychological indices of social security of children, the following methods were used: Ye. Ye.Tunik’s questionnaire “Propensity to risk”; G. A. Soldatova’s questionnaire «Tolerance Ambiguity Scale»; McClane’s questionnaire “Tolerance to ambiguity”, S. Maddy’s questionnaire «Viability», Eller’s questionnaire «The motivation for failure avoidance».The investigation has shown that the level of tolerance to ambiguity and viability, and inclination to risk and motivation for avoiding failures restrain – in a considerable number of students, young scientists and teachers – the development of their innovative potential, in a way providing their personal comfort and security, thus creating a conflict between the societal demand for an innovative personality and its readiness to meet this demand.
Title: Efficient Technologies Of Resource In System Of Metallurgical Equipment Maintenance And Repair
Author(s): Nadezhda Т. Baskakova, Olga L. Nazarova, Dmitry B. Simakov*
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The research results of the development of optimization and systematization activities to carry out maintenance and repair (M&R) of metallurgical units are presented in the article. One of the most important features of the metallurgical enterprises is the necessity for continuous M&R. Companies are forced to suffer great losses for this purpose. That is why even a little cutting down the expenses is a pressing task. The main problem in repairs planning is a mismatch between the requirements for conducting of the works and the limited allocated funds. There is a need in the rankings of all the repair works using a criterion that can solve this problem. The development strategy of any steel plant should provide for a system of optimal planning of repairs at metallurgical enterprises and its integration into the corporate information system. The repair strategies, considered as different approaches to the organization and evaluation of repair and maintenance works efficiency, allow the company to choose the best option.
Title: Comparative Analysis Of Social Welfare In Russia And Foreign Countries
Author(s): E. N. Sochneva*, I.S. Bagdasarian, G.Y. Belyakova, T.N. Yamskikh
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The paper examines the evolution of social welfare models from the point of view of various approaches and classifications. The classification of models the most suitable to modern situation is revealed. Intrinsic characteristics of the known models and indicators of their efficiency taking into account the functioning institutions in different countries are provided. The features of the contemporary model of social welfare in Russia which allow defining its position are explored. It is shown that the contemporary model of social welfare in Russia inclines towards continental model whereas the Swedish one is the most preferable. Contours of the perspective social welfare model within general economicdevelopment of the country are shown. The problems slowing down the transition to an effective model are revealed and the possible ways of their decision are proposed. In particular it is shown that the Russian model of social welfare is developing within neoclassical model of economy that causes creation of social policy with weak state regulation. The citizens’ distrust to government and possibility of receiving social benefits is considered as a problem of transition to the effective Swedish model.
Title: The Subjective Well-being Evaluation of Seniors using Questionnaires
Author(s): Anastasiya Zhavoronok*, Marina Bokhonnaya, Kiseleva Dariya, Ekaterina Palkina
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The authors of the paper analyze how marital status and level of education influence subjective economic well-being of an individual. 118 residents from Tomsk and Tomsk region took part in the research. All respondents were retired citizens. The presence or absence of children was the criterion to determine their marital status. Data processing and analysis were performed using the Excel descriptive statistics method. As a result of the questionnaire, a portrait of the respondents was identified: it is 55-65 years old retired who live in a small village of Tomsk region and have secondary special education. They have children who live separately but help their parents as they can. The main source of their income is a pension, which is spent mainly on food, domestic needs and medicines. They assess their standard of living as average. In general, the retired are satisfied with their life and would like to improve or change living conditions, to travel and be able to help children and grandchildren financially. General and specific features of subjective economic well-being among the seniors have been revealed. It was established that the most important factors in the determination of subjective economic well-being are the presence or absence of children, possibility to communicate with them as well as to render all possible assistance to them. Сlear correlation between subjective assessment of well-being and level of education of the respondents has not been established.
Title: Inefficiency in Organizations and Wellbeing
Author(s): Stéphane Solotareff*
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Can an organization be considered as a living organism? In which terms can external causes change an organization? How can we reinforce the coherence of an organization? What are the side effects of such approach? The aim of this study is to explain the organization’s failures while respecting the different corporate agents (from shareholders to employees). The key point is the way of using the existing methods: tests, counting, financial analysis and so on. The solution we propose is based on a socio-cognitive understanding of the group or sub-groups of people which allows us to explain behaviours. Results from a lot of experiences have completely confirmed our hypothesis that the efficiency of an organization can be drastically increased by suppressing human deadlocks due to a wrong adequation between people, jobs and places. Reinforcing the internal cohesion of an organization leads to an independence regarding external factors, or a better adaptability to the environmental situation. More than that, this kind of analysis provides an increase of wellbeing for every member of an organization. Few studies investigate the impact of human wellbeing in business. It is highly relevant to consider personal socio-cognitive variables as a coping mechanism that may be useful to improve organization’s profits. Our research corroborates significant relationships between human and ecological attitudes, and sustainable profits achieved by the organization.
Title: Model Of Engineering Products Consumption Based On Price Diversification
Author(s): Vladimir A.Trifonov*, Yuryi M. Osipov, Olga T. Loyko, Ekaterina A. Strekovtsova
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Intensification of competitive struggle in the market determines the topicality of the problem of competitive advantages of the social and economic policies of industrial companies via price formation and developing price strategies of the companies. In order to meet the requirements of the time, most modern concepts of competitive advantages related to development of methodology and the model of price differentiation are starting to gradually “grow” out of the limitations of traditional approaches used in perspective and strategy planning. To form the competitive advantages of the social and economic policies of an industrial company, we apply an economic-mathematical model in the given paper. Our choice of this model as the means of research is explained by the fact that this methodological approach based on the estimations of competitiveness levels of manufactured and competing production of innovative companies with application of automated tools is necessary and promising as, for the first time, it allows studying the issues of innovative development on the base of formalized description of consumer and producer behavior combining two large theories of modern economics – the competiveness theory and that of economic equilibrium. A model of engineering products consumption based on the method of price diversification is suggested. The method takes into account an actual price of a product, producer’s profit, usefulness of a product and the like. It serves as an indicator of competitive price reserve of an enterprise.
Title: Humankind and organisation of cultural values and historical knowledge: promising ties search
Author(s): V. A. Surovtsev, V.N. Syrov*, E.V.Agafonova
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This paper discusses the potential of the idea of humankind for structuring historical knowledge and determining the direction of historical studies. The discussion is based on the ideas proposed by Jörn Rüsen. He discusses the role of humankind in connection with the search for ways to make sense of traumatic historical experience and to find techniques to overcome ethnocentrism. Rüsen identifies the concept of humankind as a historical principle and claims that the priority in selecting of this principle depends on its role in the implementation of the epistemological and cultural functions. He believes that the idea of humankind can provide a new mode of universal history and a new culture of recognition. The paper argues that the idea of humankind should be regarded as the determining condition for recovery (or preservation) of historical sense, as the main alternative to it is a certain form of ethnocentrism. The ability of this idea to solve these tasks is connected with determination of its functions in the structure of historical knowledge and identification of the type of plot structures suitable for its implementation. Humankind should play a regulative rather than constitutive function in relation to historical knowledge. It means that the mission of humankind is not to shape the content of our stories, so confirming its status as a cultural value by this content, but to provide forms of presentation and interpretation of all historical plots to ensure their cross-cultural significance.
Title: Technologies for transporting hydrocarbons from offshore Arctic seas
Author(s): Bogdan U. Vasilev*, Vyacheslav V. Zirin
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The largest deposits of hydrocarbons (oil, gas and condensate) are located on the shelf of the Arctic seas, characterized by difficult natural climatic conditions (ice conditions, temperature, wind and currents) that limit access to the deposit during the year. This circumstance brings up-to-date and requires research and development in the search for alternative technical means of exploration of offshore hydrocarbon deposits for existing ones (floating production platforms, tankers, etc.). Year-round exploitation and transport of hydrocarbons from the offshore may be ensured by subsea pumping complexes (SPC). The subject of research in this article is SPC electrical mechanical systems of hydrocarbons transportation from offshore deposits. The main objective is to identify operation issues of existing electrical mechanical systems of pumping complexes of the continental pipelines, make up proposals how to handle them when used as a part of SPC to ensure high reliability and develop prospective structures and components of SPC electrical mechanical systems. Also, the article considers existing SPCs and projects where they are used to explore offshore hydrocarbon deposits.
Title: Effective Management of Financial Sustainability as Factor of Social and Economic Welfare
Author(s): Natal'ya R. Balynskaya, Anastasiya G. Vasil'yeva, Vasilya M. Gafurova, Nina V. Kuznetsova, Liliya M. Rakhimova*
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In modern conditions, when the economic reality has become very multifaceted, changeable and less favorable, the problem of the effectiveness of management of financial stability of the Russian Federation takes on special significance. The high efficiency of management of financial stability of development of some regions at the non-equilibrium state of other territorial units causes problems of non-uniformity of the process of social and economic welfare of the country in general, and may cause series of macroeconomic cyclical fluctuations. In this context, it is important more than ever to expose the effectiveness of management of financial stability of the Russian Federation subjects to the economic and statistical analysis, which allows us to compare the integral index of financial stability, and the possibility of the modern territory to get the most out of their own economic space. The article presents a systematic mathematical algorithm and the results of the development and theoretical foundation of the complex methodological and instrumentality approach to assessing the effectiveness of management of the financial stability of the Russian Federation subjects by comparing the integral index of financial stability and the values of the indicators of socio-economic welfare. The expediency of practical application of the proposed criteria and a presented mathematical algorithm in the evaluation of the efficiency of management of financial stability of the Russian Federation subjects as a part of the Urals Federal District is investigated.
Title: Russian Tax System in the Context of Innovative Technology Development
Author(s): Natalya Viktorova*, Evgeniy Evstigneev
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The transition of the society to a more progressive techno-economic paradigm (technological wave) is impossible without a sound long-term strategy for innovative development of the tax system. From the point of view of the systemic approach, it must be treated as a complex system which is open, dynamic, and non-reflex. Therefore, the authors first used the Networked Readiness Index to discover the pressure points and proposed some measures to address the challenges involved in bridging the gap between the Russian tax system and the global standards and scientific and technological development in this sphere in the situation when the resources are limited. Thereafter, the current state of taxation and tax administration in Russia is analyzed from the point of view of digital economy. The article gives special consideration to the development of creative personnel as the basis for the transition of the Russian economy and its tax system to a new and progressive technological environment. The authors suggest that the core triad for the development is personnel–information–technology, and the tool to be used for the implementation of the concept of lifelong learning is the Personal Learning Environment. In general, the findings of the study lead to the conclusion that in the context of an ever-growing arsenal of Internet applications and social services, a specialist's personal learning environment should evolve together with the specialist’s development, both professional and personal, in order to comply with the realities of the complicated and constantly changing world.
Title: Distant Technologies as Cost Effective Way of Teaching
Author(s): Ludmila V. Vorobjeva*, Eugenia V. Isaeva, Anna N. Serebrenninkova, Oksana V. Sitnikova
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This paper investigates experience relating to the distance education in technology by means of e-learning courses as the most resource-efficient method to provide quality education. Training content of the E-learning course consists of basic and additional theoretic materials, practice tasks etc. and it can be implemented with the help of various tools. This paper is focused on the analysis of different tools in e-learning courses for practical training such as Screen cast (mp4 video), info graphic guidelines, records of webinars. The article evaluates the cost effectiveness of these tools both in costs for training production (content wrapping) and learning by the students. Resource efficiency was evaluated for the following: work input, staff time, value, relevance of the e-learning course’s tools for students, and academic progress of the students. The practice-oriented E-learning courses and LMS Moodle as a special educational environment are the most resource-efficient approaches to provide a distance teaching process.
Title: Socio-cultural integration of North American Koreans as factor of social well-being
Author(s): Olga M. Vorozhishcheva, Elena V. Giniyatova, Elena E. Dementeva*Open Access
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The processes of migration and Korean Diaspora formation in North America as factors affecting the improvement of social sustainability are analyzed by the authors. The ethno-cultural characteristic of Korean Diaspora in the USA and Canada is given in this regard. Common and specific features and factors of socio-cultural adaptation of Koreans in the USA and Canada are defined. This analysis proves that Korean Diaspora in the USA and Canada has specific features of different periods and history of formation in recipient countries. It also provides a migration background. Young Korean Diaspora in Canada has not adapted to local living conditions yet and it will be transformed in the future. American Koreans managed to integrate and occupy a niche in the USA. However, ethnic Koreans in both countries have common characteristics. The first characteristic is close relations with representatives of their motherland (friends and relatives on the Korean Peninsula). Korea towns (where people speak only Korean) play the important role for ethnic self-identification and unification of North American Koreans. Religion is another crucial factor of Korean reunification in the USA and Canada. Protestant and Catholic churches are also significant for North American Koreans. Apart from religious functions, churches provide different social and cultural services for better adaptation and integration of Koreans. All these factors help Koreans to become an essential part in the North American society.
Title: State Regulation Measures Concerning Environmental Auditing In The Russian Federation
Author(s): Ekaterina Yakimova*, Natalia Sirina-Leboine, Valentina Chuksina
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Statistics of environmental legal offenses shows that their number, committed by legal persons, is growing. This dynamics shows that the weight of environmental management systems and environmental impact assessment including environmental audit in Russia should be increased. This is important not only for Russia, but also for the other countries. Nowadays, legal regulation in this field is very poor as soon as there is a lack of a special law devoted to it. In addition, approaches used in Russia differ from the ones used in most foreign countries. Traditional preference for developing and implementing their own legal acts served as a formal obstacle to official support and dissemination of environmental management systems and environmental audit in Russia on the basis of ISO 14001:2015. It is concluded that this situation has extremely negative impact on the state of protection of the environment in Russia. The article provides authors suggestions on Russian environmental legislation improvements.
Title: Pre–et–Protohistory as World Outlook Basis of Engineering
Author(s): Irina A. Gataullina*
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A review of some aspects of the fundamental problem considered in terms of engineering ethics is presented. The study of protohistory in the framework of positivistic paradigm has been restricted by the absence of argumentative attributes of the past. In epistemology of post- and postpostmodernist model, it left the framework of traditional interpretation revealing its heuristic potential. The problem touches upon the hypotheses of existence and ruin of Hyperborea and Atlantis caused by global cataclysm. These are ancient archetypical beliefs that have not been used for prehistory interpretation. It is proved that myth can be relevant, and sometimes the only source of information making up for the deficiency in reliable knowledge about the world. It is stated that the study of history in terms of the consequences of natural disaster changes the attitude to the life environment of man. It is stated that thorough understanding of history causativity teaches people to admit and respect the self-sufficiency of the past. This builds the notion of the changes on the planet that lead to the present day location of continents, seas and oceans, climate, and the civilizational diversity, which followed a hypothetically built reality. The prehistory issue puts its scientific principles to proof. It is considered as an essential culture element of a modern engineer, and it forms the world outlook foundation of Man’s understanding himself in the historical context. He is always open to the search of new knowledge consistently overcoming the restrictions of specialization relying on new ethical attitudes.
Title: Cardiovascular Health and Physical Capacity in Student and Elite Basketball Players
Author(s): Anna Zakharova*, Kamilia Mekhdieva, Vitaly Smirnov
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Taking into account the features of contemporary approach to trainings in team sports, and basketball in particular, issues of cardiovascular health are under consideration. The purpose of the study was to evaluate health issues and physical capacity of amateur high school and professional basketball players in order to prescribe exercise programs to increase their athletic performance without medical risks. The study involved two groups of basketball players of different levels – student team of UrFU (n = 11, age 19,55 ± 1,57 years) and the professional club team of Sverdlovsk region (n = 12, age 24,17 ± 4,76 years). Methods: multifrequency bio-impedance analysis of body composition, 12-lead ECG, the hemodynamic monitoring during the orthostatic and сlinostatic tests), and cycle exercise testing (ET) with heart rate monitoring and gas-exchange measurement, statistical analysis. Findings: despite the observed normal physical status of subjects, disorders of cardiovascular adaptation were found. The research revealed the insufficient hemodynamic indices (SI & EDI) in students, that lead to higher HR at rest and during ET regardless of the level of intensity. Professional basketball players demonstrated higher ET results (AT = 83.5±6.77 %, Pmax = 381.5 ± 41.44 W, VE=141.4±38.14) in comparison to students (73.7±8.93%, = 317.09 ± 49.18 W and 115.8±31.9 accordingly). So the development of the cardiovascular system must be the first priority for healthsaving even in basketball, which is basically not considered as endurance sport.
Title: Criminal legislation improvement of environment protection as eco-protective means of Russian Federation
Author(s): Stanislav Vasilyevich Rozenko, Anastasiya Zharkova*
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The paper is dedicated to Article 246 of the Criminal Code of the Russian Federation which provides for the criminal responsibility of infringement of environment protection rules during work performance. The paper presents both general scientific (empirical data processing technique and system-based structural technique) and private-law (benchmarking analysis and history-based law) research approaches. Based upon comprehensive environmental legislation research as well as current criminal regulation measures in industrial production and other manufacturing activities, the author comes to a conclusion that infringement of environment protection rules during work performance is a failure to comply with requirements, approved techniques, technical regulations in the environment protection field for a specific kind of production along with the failure to comply with different standards in the environment protection field. To recognize a person as a legal entity under Article 246 of the Criminal Code of the Russian Federation, one should pay attention not only to legal confirmation of obligation to enforce environment protection rules during work performance or to monitor compliance, but also an actual execution without being enshrined in law. The author brings a new wording for Article 246 of the Criminal Code of the Russian Federation as well as its supplementary Part 2 and Part 3.
Title: Behavioural Strategies Of Company Town Populations: Development Resource Or Factor Of Stagnation?
Author(s): Irina Karpikova, Elena Nefedyeva, Aleksei Solomein*
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In modern Russia, towns with a single-industry type of economy are characterised by a great number of problems. Amid the downturn of the economic potential of such company towns and dwindling opportunities for the development of the social sphere, human resources, represented by the people living in these towns, becomes the key resource. The key to their solution is the growth of the economic potential, which, under resource constraints, is a difficult task. The authors suggest examining the population of company towns as the most important resource available. Based on the results of the research conducted in one of Russia’s regions, the authors draw conclusions about possibilities and conditions of involving human resources in the processes of overcoming negative social and economic trends in company towns. Authors show that special efforts should go into jobs creation and targeted stimulation of self-employment. This decision based on understanding of what particular kinds of industries can be developed in the company town.