Volume XXIX, Pages 1- 960 (31 August 2017)
The European Proceedings of Social & Behavioural Sciences EpSBS
©2017 Published by the Future Academy
Edited by: Roza Valeeva
Conference: IFTE 2017 - 3rd International Forum on Teacher Education
Dates: 23-25 May 2017
Location: Kazan Federal University, Russia
Conference Chair(s): Rector Prof Dr Ilshat Gafurov, Kazan Federal University
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Title: Participating In The Project On The Modernization Of Russian Pedagogical Education
Author(s): Ludmila A. Abramova*
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In 2014, the Government of the Russian Federation approved the ‘Comprehensive program of professional development for the teaching staff of general education entities’. In particular, it is aimed at addressing the problem of pedagogical education modernization in accordance with the educator’s professional standard and Federal State Educational Standards for general education. With the purpose of addressing this problem within the framework of this program and the Federal target programme for education development, several projects were implemented, the department of pedagogy and education development of the Chuvash State University participated in one of them. In accordance with the subprogramme of pedagogical education modernization the ChuvSU department of pedagogy and education development, one of three new modules to the project developed by the Institute of psychology and education of Kazan Federal (Volga) University was evaluated. The Project Manager was Rosa Alekseevna Valeeva (Valeeva, 2015), Deputy Director for international activities of the Institute of psychology and education of Kazan Federal (Volga) University. The content included in the disciplines module greatly increases the psychological component of educators’ training, and increases their willingness to implement new features and labour skills provided by the Professional standard of an educator. The results can be used for retraining graduate students who are not educators as well as for carrying out work on professional enhancement of educators in accordance with the requirements of the professional standard «Educator (teaching activities in pre-school, primary general, basic general, secondary education) (nursery school teacher, teacher)».
Title: Personality-Based Approach To Teachers’ Training College Bachelor Training For Professionally- Related Practice
Author(s): E.A. Afonina*, E.L. Pupysheva, N.P. Vlasova
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The paper focuses chiefly on modeling personality-oriented (learner-centered) situations of problem and moral character in educational process which require from students to adopt individual conscious attitude towards the problems and reflexive behavior towards nature and society. The aim of the paper is to study the possibilities of using learner-centered education in training Bachelors of Biology for professionally-related practice in school education system. The findings of this study revealed that using learner-centered situations based on the interdisciplinary relations of Natural science disciplines and the Humanities in the teachers’ training college contributes to qualitative growth of the activity-creative and personality-related components, and hence to forming undergraduate teachers’ professional competence. The current study results show that the students’ learning process that is based on the learner-centered education will be more effective if the following conditions are implemented in its course: modeling learner-centered situations of problem and moral character of various types and different levels of complexity; the teacher and student’s collaboration in the teaching and learning process; verbalization of the sense of their collaboration and the analysis of its effectiveness. This paper material presents practical value for university teachers who are involved in professional practice in the area of “Teacher Education”.
Title: Pedagogical Value Formation Of Students Future Teachers In New Socio-Cultural Conditions
Author(s): Rimma M. Akhmadullina, Nelly R. Valiakhmetova*
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In this article the problem of formation of professional pedagogical valuesof students – future teachers is considered. The reassessment of the system of social valuesin modern Russia, the change in the nature of the content and functions of pedagogical activity, and other socio-cultural and socioeconomic conditions have actualized the search for new approaches to the formation of professional pedagogical valuesat the stage of higher education. Methods of research used in this work are: analysis of theoretical sources, classification, systematization, content analysis, a method of modelling. The authors of the article analysed modern socio-cultural and socioeconomic conditions, under the influence of which the external factors influencing the selection of pedagogical valuesand their hierarchy in the structure of the teacher's personality become more active. With the help of content analysis, students' views on pedagogical valuesand their hierarchy are studied. The main result of the research was the author's model for the formation of professional pedagogical values. The model provides for the organization of the educational space by integrating the academic, extracurricular, independent, practical, scientific, research, cultural and public activities of students. According to the authors, its implementation will help to systematically form the professional valuesof future teachers, solving one of the most urgent problems of modern education.
Title: Early Professionalization Of Gifted Schoolchildren In The Context Of Extended Education
Author(s): Linar G. Akhmetov*, Elena E. Merzon, Galina N. Nekrasova
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Extended education as a component of the Russian education system today serves the mission of ensuring the human right for free choice of various types of activities in which the personal development and professional self-determination of adolescents takes place (Federal Law FZ 273, 2012). In order to address the tasks set in the Concept for the Development of Extended Education for Children, extended education institutions need to work on updating the content and methodologies of extended education since the old programs were aimed primarily at organizing schoolchildren’s leisure time, organizing their creative and recreational activities, however now the system of extended education offers opportunities for the implementation of programs aimed at their socio-professional self-determination. The aim of this research is to develop the system of gifted schoolchildren’s professionalization by introducing professional tests into the process of teaching costume design and creating artworks in the context of extended education. The study is based on the data obtained from experimental work; theoretical and practical materials are also analyzed and discussed. The study lays the foundation for the development of a new model for the early professionalization of schoolchildren. During the pilot experiment, it is proved that the pedagogical model can be implemented in the context of integration of higher and extended education. When the system of professional testing is available, it is possible for younger schoolchildren to master professional activities and tasks that encourage enthusiastic schoolchildren to make conscious choice to pursue a specific career.
Title: Interethnic Communication Culture Formation Among Future Teachers-Inophones In A Multi-Ethnic Educational Environment
Author(s): Raziya Ahtarieva, Elmira Ibragimova, Rozaliya Minnullina, Ayziryak Tarasova*
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Changes in the Russian society, globalization and integration, and growing migration flows lead to a clear understanding of the fact that further development of the society is possible only in conditions of cross-cultural dialogue between the representatives of different nationalities capable of tolerating the host culture. In these conditions, international communication culture serves as a means of harmonious existence in the society. The aim of the study consists in identifying and analyzing the innovative methods of formation of international communication culture among students of a pedagogical institute and introduction of new content into the system of higher pedagogical education with consideration of the regional specificity. The study uses various diagnostic methods: interdisciplinary, comparative, and semantic analysis of literature on psychology, pedagogy, philosophy, sociology; theoretical generalization and systematization of scientific, theoretical and empirical data, modelling; poll; questionnaire; analysis of activity products; direct/indirect, long term/short term observation; experiments; mathematical statistics. The results of the study show that interethnic communication culture is considered as the main personal and professional characteristics of an undergraduate student. Pedagogical activity is a means of placing the values of native and host culture. The paper results allow to state that the process of education and training of undergraduate foreign students must be implemented with consideration of cultural and national peculiarities, and changes in the society. Innovative methods, such as inclusion of students into creative national associations, their engagement into various University events enhance the process of formation of international communication culture and interaction in a pedagogical institute.
Title: Psychological Counselling In Deviant Behavior: Articulation Of Issue
Author(s): Anna Ivanovna Akhmetzyanova*
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The purpose of this study is to conduct a theoretical analysis of domestic and foreign concepts and approaches to the prevention and further correction of deviant behavior. The study reveals the main directions of psychological and social assistance to adolescents. Much attention is paid to prevention and intervention ( rehabilitation) in work with adolescents, of the institutions for the correction of deviant behavior of teenagers. We demonstrate the use of different strategies of working with adolescents: social support, neobhodimogo medical care, legal sanctions, the provision of effective psychological care. Prevention of behavioral disorders in adolescents requires coordinated work of the social and psychological institutions. Conducting effective psychological prevention and correction of deviant behavior chelovekam effectively when the conscious choice and goal setting person. A person must be an opportunity to make a choice,to contemplate the consequences of their decisions, i.e. to organize their own livelihoods within generally accepted norms which ultimately helps reduce existing personality problems as well as help its active socialization.
Title: Communicative Characteristics Of Prognostic Competence In Primary Schoolchildren With Dysontogenesis Deficiency
Author(s): Anna Ivanovna Ahmetzyanova*, IrinaAleksandrovnaNigmatullina
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The relevance of the problem of studying the formation of the communicative aspect of prognostic competence in primary schoolchildren with deficiency development is determined by the need to identify and explain the content of communicative difficulties they have. This reduces the possibility for the successful adaptation of children in various types of activities in the context of general education as one of the institutions of child socialization in society and predetermines the risks of various forms of deviant behavior emergence. The aim of the research is to study communicative features of the prognostic competence in younger schoolchildren with deficiency dysontogenesis in standard development and learning situations, through the process of comparative analysis of speech behavior and speech activity. The basic method of the research is an experiment based on the results of a constructive and comparative analysis of psychological and pedagogical studies, on the diagnostics of the specific features of communicative aspects and prognostic competence of junior schoolchildren with a deficiency and standard development. The data obtained in the study prove that the problem of studying the communicative abilities of junior schoolchildren with a deficiency type of mental dysontogenesis in the structure of prognostic competence is not sufficiently detailed. The essence of the communicative aspect of the prognostic competence of primary school children with deficiency dysontogenesis is not fully revealed. The method for diagnosing communicative abilities formed in socially significant spheres of relations as an instrument for identifying the risks of the deviations emergence in interpersonal relationships is not formulated.
Title: Satisfaction With Life Of Students With A High Sense Of Humor
Author(s): Tatiana Vasilyevna Artemyeva*, Inna Vladimirovna Krotova
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The phenomenon of humor is aimed at the exposing personal and professional abilities of a person, to adapt and interact with the world and himself, but this phenomenon does not always appear as the solution to the actual life problems of human. The psychological nature, structure and the formation of the “self-concepts” remain unknown. In early adulthood it becomes important , becouse the system of abilities and self-worth forms. Humor is a component of optimism. The study involved methods such as “Purpose-in-Life” test, “Personal differences”, questionnaire of J.Rotter’s “Locus of Control Scale”, “Situational Humor Response Questionnaire” “The coping humor scale” by R. Martin. It was discovered that optimistic students estimate their emotionally rich (r = 0.684, p = 0.01), process of life to be interesting and meaningful (r = 0.435, p = 0.001), purposeful behavior (r = 0.885, p = 0.001); they have sufficient freedom of choice; adequate self-esteem (r = 0.669, p = 0.01);socially desirable characteristics (r = 0.768, p = 0.01) and have a high level of self-control (r = 0.576, p = 0.01). The study that the use of humor is determined by self-concepts of students , life orientation, and complements based on the data determined by foreign scientists. Results of the work can be used in practical work with students, in development of technology for student learning.
Title: Subject-Personality Correlates Of Mental States As Possible Determinants Of Deviant Behavior
Author(s): Lira Vladimirovna Artishcheva
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Deviant behavior does not always imply clear deviation from norms towards social disadaptation, criminal or addictive behavior. Deviance may be situational or have a latent nature. Deviations in behavior can be caused by a number of reasons: temperament and character, intrapersonal features and social conditions. In theoretical review of the article, various approaches are considered in studying the problems and causes of deviation. Psychological approach reveals the problems of personality associated with self-worth, with internal inhibitions and desires that lead to a conflict of personality with oneself. Within the phenomenological approach, an individual holistic psychic experience underlying deviation is being described. The study is aimed at exploring the linkages of personal characteristics of students with the states they experience. The aim of the study is to identify subject-personal correlates of states that can determine certain deviations in behavior. The methods used are: McCrae-Costa "Big Five" five-factor personality questionnaire, the methodology of self-assessment (Budassi), Eysenck EPI personality questionnaire, J. Streliau method for diagnosis of temperament, Prokhorov "Mental State Relief" questionnaire. Correlation relations of subject-personal characteristics with mental states were revealed. It was shown that the characteristics of the actual state depend on the strength of excitation, the degree of fatigue, the operability and switchability of the nervous processes, as well as on the ability to regulate the behavior volitionally. These correlations, which determine the specificity of experiences and behavioral responses depending on a person’s subject-personal qualities, can determine certain deviations in behavior if a certain quality has a negative orientation.
Title: Competence Approach To Teachers’ Training - «Interaction Of Participants In Educational Relations »
Author(s): Elena Asafova*, Inna Golovanova
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The relevance of this research is brought about by the urgent need for the quality improvement of teachers’ education in conditions of level-based training under the higher educational system. In this regard, this work is directed to disclosing opportunities for new educational programs in teachers’ education. It is carried out based on modular structure and increasing practical orientations. An integrative approach to the module development permitting to unite theoretical, practical and research components was used. The integrating component of the module is educational and production practices at schools in conditions of network interacting educational organizations. The theoretical literature analysis and standard documentation allowed to conclude that educational results of new programs are increased competences. The authors describe the module "Interaction of Participants in Educational Relations" (Master’s Program in Teacher Education), because it is designed on an integrative basis and present results of its approbation. In this paper, the structure of quantitative and qualitative module characteristics are presented, and competence development as educational result of the module is considered. The matrix of educational results comparisons, assessment tools, and indicators of competences are offered. Materials of this paper are of practical value because it is possible for this module to be realized in other educational programs of teacher education, in conditions of network interacting, and through increasing students’ mobility.
Title: Developing Children Of Migrants In Motivating Environments Of Preschool Educational Institutions
Author(s): Svetlana N. Bashinova*, Valentina A. Samsonova
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The relevance of the problem stated in the article stems from the fact that there is a substantial demand for preschool teachers capable of accommodating the needs of migrant children. The study of the organization of a motivating educational environment for the development of children's resilience which is aimed at solving the problem of providing a new format of the subject environment to the competence assigned by the Federal state educational standard (FSES) has been carried out. The aim of the article is to present the results of the research project carried out in preschools in the Republic of Tatarstan focused on developing creating environment that develops resilience. The main methods of studying this problem were observations and the application of ECERS rating scales. The main research question was: how a good educational environment of a preschool educational institution creates conditions for the development of resilience of migrant children. The research made it possible to identify the changes that should occur in kindergartens for developing resilience in migrant-children. To develop a migrant-child and create a motivating developing subject-spatial environment in a preschool educational institution, it is necessary to create a positive warm atmosphere. Educators should use the results of children's activities more in the educational environment and in the design children's works, as it promotes the formation of identity, adequate self-esteem, the mastering knowledge, and the development of resilience.
Title: Educational Environment As The Factor Of Development Of Children's Subjectivity
Author(s): Larisa Bayanova, Evgeniya Shishova*
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In this article, the issues related to the interactions between an individual and the social environment are analysed. The educational environment is seen as a factor for the development of the personality of its subjects. Various approaches to understanding the educational environment as a system of opportunities for developing the subjectivity of preschool children are considered. The main components of the educational environment of early childhood in the conditions of transition to FSES PE (Federal State Education Standards of Preschool Education) are in the focus of the research. The article contains a description of the results of a study on the influence of the educational environment on the child's mastery of a subjective position. It is proved that the child's subjective position in the activity can be successfully developed already at the preschool age, determining the integrity of his/her development, and the involvement of the preschool child into the surrounding reality and the opportunity to create in it. Analysis of the results of the empirical study has demonstrated that studying the environment affects each subject of the educational process. Its quality affects the personal development of children, including its intellectual, social, and personal components. The educational environment of early childhood enhances the development of subjectivity in preschool children, being a systemic quality of personality and integrating such attributive characteristics as liberty, independence, creativity, constructive interaction with the environment, desire to acquire self-regulation through mastering the motivating, and activating and directing functions of subjectivity.
Title: Teacher’s Beliefs As A Factor Of Individual Progress Of Pupil
Author(s): Kseniya A. Bazhenova*, Oksana V. Znamenskaya
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The purpose of this research is to identify elemental composition of educational practice analysis scheme. This scheme allows to keep a coherent system of "teacher – pupil – subject matter" relationships during design of conditions for individual progress. The paper justifies teacher’s beliefs to be an essential element of the analysis scheme. The theoretical basis of the paper are two positions. The first one is that the measure of individual progress of a pupil is degree of acquisition of the cultural ways of acting and thinking with accordance to the conception of Vygotsky (1983). The second one is the study by Kardanova et al. (2014), that shows that such construct as beliefs of teachers defines the specifics of their educational activities. We used the diagnostic tool «Delta» to identify the dynamic characteristics of individual progress of pupils during the four years of study (from 6th to 9th grade). We have developed a questionnaire to reveal constructivist and traditionalist beliefs of teachers. The authors found that the teacher with the constructive beliefs ensures a larger-scale progress of pupils. This result proves the expediency to implement this construct into the analysis scheme of teacher’s activities. The research results are applicable for both theoretical studies and for improving teachers’ training system.
Title: The Role Of A Teacher In Encouraging Secondary School Children To Read
Author(s): Galiina Bozhkova*, Nadezhda Shabalina, Olga Fayzullina
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The attitude to the reading is one of the most important issues that particularly worries the general public. The lack of a reading interest is the main problem of the younger generation. This fact underlines the importance of making reading a key element in the overall development of a personality of a child at every stage of his/her life. No one and nothing but a teacher can have such a profound and systematic impact on students’ intellectual and moral interests. To raise a passionate reader is possible only if you explain to him/her the technique of complex analysis because this particular activity method makes the schoolchild a co-author. However the reading interest in our country is rapidly diminishing since there are some philological and pedagogical problems: the lack of modern innovative models of professional teacher training; the philologist considers the textbook as a subject not as a learning tool; the number of pieces of fiction for study in the 5th – 8th grades exceeds manifold the capacity of the person’s perception of fiction; the amount of educational material must be defined by the number of hours for the study of literature and by the number of pages of text that the pupil is able to read. These criteria of educational material selection in the course of “Literature” are underestimated.
Title: Diversification Of An Educationalist: Redesigning Postgraduate Programmes In Response To Public Needs
Author(s): Anna O. Budarina*, Olesya V. Parakhina
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The Russian education system is undergoing dramatic changes at the moment. The article addresses the issue of the implementation of integrated PhD and MA programmes in the field of Teacher Training and Education at Immanuel Kant Baltic Federal University with the aim of promoting integration of the university into the European higher educational space and international educational research. Such programmes contribute to the establishment of the Kaliningrad region as a platform in the intercultural dialogue between the Russian Federation and the EU countries. The integrative approach with a special focus on the multifunctional skills and diversification of educationalists encompasses theory and research within a paradigm that allows for the analysis of contemporary educational standards, the socio-cultural reality, policy and planning while addressing labour market studies, enrolment, testing and assessment issues, international projects on cross-cultural competence enhancement in the Baltic region, and thorough consideration of the existing experience of multifunctional implementation and cooperation practices.
Title: Methodological Approaches To Study Professional And Personal Well-Being Of Teachers: Professional Competencies
Author(s): Olga M. Chorosova, Galina S. Solomonova*, Rozaliya E. Gerasimova
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This work presents the results of our sociological study aimed at evaluating the professional and personal well-being of teachers of Yakutia, as well as the issues of a methodological nature that stem from the topic. The purpose of this research is to study the professional and personal well-being of teachers, including their satisfaction with their work, factors leading to professional ‘burnout’, means for overcoming professional crises, formation of basic professional competencies, evaluation of teachers’ quality of life, as well as the level of satisfaction with additional professional education. Additionally, the paper looks at the issue of development and self-development of professional competencies of teachers. The paper presents the results of our sociological survey of teachers that was held in 2015-2016, covering various aspects. The conducted research confirms the necessity for scientific rethinking of the values of the system of forming professional competencies in the current changing conditions. The results of the research are used in the work of North-Eastern Federal University Institute of Continuing Professional Education to develop additional professional programmes of further education and retraining, organize workshops and training sessions. This article has practical value for education managers and teachers who are interested in personal growth.
Title: Developing The Competence In Health Protection Of Pedagogical Bachelor Students
Author(s): Natalia Demina, Galina Popova, Maria Sazanova
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The incompetence of a teacher in the area of health protection can be viewed as a risk factor that can potentially jeopardise schoolchildren's health. The increase in the valeological competence of students and formation of the system of values and motivations for self-preserving behaviour can be achieved through pedagogical disciplines. The aim of this research was to study the ways and methods of forming the health-preservation competence of bachelor pedagogical students through a range of pedagogical disciplines, as well as to assess the physical health of students as the method to increase their health consciousness. To achieve this goal normative documents have been analysed, the systematization and generalization of the experience of the Department of Biomedical Disciplines has been carried out; class-based and other types of work related to the formation of health-preservation competence of bachelor pedagogical students has been organized at Vyatka State University by means of educational disciplines using passive, active and interactive teaching methods; the somatic health of first year and fourth year students has been assessed. As a result of the research, it was revealed that the insufficient level of valeological knowledge leads to inadequate assessment of an individual’s health and low motivation for health preservation. It is shown that the physical health of most students has deteriorated during their university studies. Thus, engaging in health-orientated disciplines forms the valeological and health-preservation competences of students along with the system of values and motivations for a healthy lifestyle. It creates a need for regular check-ups of health.
Title: The Prevention Of Bad Habits Among Students
Author(s): Svetlana Dobrotvorskaya*, Olga Kashina
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We consider the problem of preventing bad habits among adolescences. On the basis of existing theoretical approaches and the results of survey conducted by us at Kazan Federal University we identifies the factors which contribute to the formation of harmful habits among students. Adhering to the principle that it is always better to prevent a disease than to treat it, we pay careful attention to the prevention of harmful habits and to the promotion of a healthy lifestyle among young people. In this article we present a pedagogical approach which enabled us to develop a system of practical measures for effective prevention and treatment of harmful habits among students. These measures can be practically applied both in humanitarian and technical universities. The important point in this article is that it is necessary to create an integrated system which includes various university structural units for the purpose of coordinating all kinds of activities aimed at preventing bad habits among students, encouraging them to pursue a healthy lifestyle and preserve their health. Based on the realization of axiological foundations of a healthy lifestyle, these activities should be performed systematically, providing a certain impact on students' structure of needs and their self-improvement processes. As a value health should be a priority in students' value system while self-improvement should be based on their spiritual-moral qualities. Students must be taught the skills of adherence to a healthy lifestyle, and we believe that our concept can be helpful in this respect.
Title: Forming Self-Control Mental Conditions Of Secondary Professional Institution Students To Ensure Non-Violent
Author(s): S. A. Elantseva*, M.Y. Sharova
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The paper presents experimental data which demonstrates the need for forming the capacity of students of secondary professional institutions to self-regulate their mental states as a condition to ensure their non-violent attitude to the world and to themselves. The aim of this research was to study (1) the ability of students of secondary professional institutions to self-regulate their mental states and (2) the organization of learner-centered classes aimed at developing the ability of students to self-regulate their emotional, volitional, cognitive mental states and mental states experienced during communication processes. The contents of learner-centered activities are designed in accordance with the typology of mental states (emotional, cognitive, volitional, social) and with the structure of the mental self-regulation process (reflecting on one’s actual state and visualizing the desired state, keeping in check motivation levels, using psycho-regulative techniques and reflecting on any changes in one’s state). The results were collected before and after the organized student-centered educational process. Assessment was carried out with the use of appropriate and interrelated methods. Over the course of our experimental work we were able to improve the ability of students for mental self-regulation. The materials of the article are of practical value to educational psychologists, teachers working in secondary professional institutions.
Title: Self-Evaluation Of Professional Ethics Formation Level In "Physical Culture And Sport"
Author(s): Guzaliya Zh. Fahrutdinova*, Adelya R. Bikmullina, Inna I. Sokolova, Robert K. Bikmukhametov
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The modern system of professional education is characterized by a contradiction between the requirements imposed on the personality and activities of the specialist in the sphere of "physical culture and sport" and the actual level of readiness of graduates of higher educational institutions to perform their professional duties. This contradiction makes it necessary to form professional and pedagogical qualities of specialists in the sphere of "physical culture and sport", such as professional ethics. Vocational training of students faces difficulties that arise from an objectively existing contradiction: between the need for specialists who possess not only a high level of knowledge and skills, but also ethical potential for professional work in constantly changing conditions, and the established practice of their training in an educational institution that is not oriented on the formation of professional ethics of future specialists in the sphere of "physical culture and sports." This article is aimed at studying the cognitive-motivational and activity-based grounds for the formation of professional ethics of future specialists in the sphere of "physical culture and sport". The article presents a subjective assessment of various aspects of the personality that determine the quality of professional activity of future specialists in the sphere of "physical culture and sports". The article reveals specific pedagogical conditions for the formation of professional ethics of future teachers - specialists in the sphere of "physical culture and sport". The materials of the article are of practical value for specialists realizing their professional activity in the field of pedagogical education.
Title: Parent-Child Relationship In Families With A Child Sick With Blood Cancer
Author(s): Marina V. Fedorenko*
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The article presents the results of experimental studies of the psycho-diagnostic parent-child relationship in 25 families with preschool children (5-6 years), who are patients of acute lymphoblastic leukaemia. The study was conducted using the following methods: PARI, (Schaefer and Bell); "The analysis of family relationships," (Eidemiller and Yustitskis); Rene Gilles, aimed to study the sphere of interpersonal relations of the child and his perception of family relations - "Kinetic family picture," as modified by Burns and Kaufman. The results of our study have shown that 'psychologically affluent’ families were ones where affected children (boys) were in a relationship with their families and siblings. The families of the girls indicated "phobia of losing a child" and "conflict between the parents." In families with only one child predominantly, there were "conflict between parents", "emergency intervention in the child's life," and "projection on the child's own undesirable qualities." The threat of the loss of an only child, of course, is a very painful experience for parents, causing a lot of negative emotions and conditions. Analysis of the relationship between the studied parameters in single-parent families has shown that the more a mother takes care of her seriously ill child, the less the child needs to communicate and the more negative the child relates to siblings. Parental conflicts lead to the fact that the child has become an indicator of dominance within the family relation.
Title: Influence Of Prior Academic Performance On The Adaptation Of Students To University
Author(s): Rashida Gabdelbakievna Gabdrakhmanova, Guzel Ildarovna Garnaeva*, Leonid Anatolievich Nefediev
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One of the issues that are particularly interesting to many researches is the adaptation period of first-year students. Often, the transition from childhood to maturity and independence takes place at higher educational institutions. First-year students find themselves entering the process of adaptation. All in all, student adaptation might take two or even three semesters. According to the existing body of research, prior school performance is one of the most influential factors on student adaptation. Using correlational and structural analysis, the relations between secondary school examination results and performance over the first semester (during the adaptation period) of the physics students at Kazan Federal University have been studied. By the end of the first stage of our analysis, we established that there was an insignificant difference between secondary school examination results and the results demonstrated over the first semester which confirms that these two performance indicators are related. In this article, we also present the algorithm of working with correlational matrix. These materials can be used by teachers, tutors and researches who are interested in related topics.
Title: Strategies Of Continuing Psycho-Pedagogical Education
Author(s): Gabdulkhakov Valerian Faritovich, Bashinova Svetlana Nikolaevna, Yashina Olga Vladimirovna*
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The research demonstrates that both in Russia and foreign countries, higher education professors use traditional (about 35%), distance (about 30%), interactive (15%), none (20%) strategy. When polling professors of several Kazan universities about the strategy used in their academic activity (traditional, distance, interactive, none) we discovered that 43% chose distance strategy, 39% - none, 10% - traditional, 8% - interactive one. Most of the professors chose either distance strategy or teaching without any strategy. These are only the poll results. Teachers’ work observation shows that most of them prefer working not distantly, but traditionally and they note that the increasing requirements and reports on digital (computer) education tasks don’t let them specify the strategic meaning of their T&E activity. In the experiment carried out at Kazan federal university in 2014-2016, four levels of educational results were determined according to scoring-and-rating system: the first is high level; the second is middle; the third is low level; the fourth is unacceptable. The experiment verified three strategies: traditional, distance and interactive. These strategies predominate in professors’ activity. The undertaken research proved that only interactive strategy has positive effect on educational results. Still curriculum should include real communication between students and teachers, it should propose using information resources in the mode of algorithmic distance tasks, supporting a student by coaching, that is professional (psychological and pedagogical) situations simulation, coordinated problems solving; a student should become a subject of interaction, take an active part in the course of studying, follow his/her individual route.
Title: Innovative Teaching Methods In Formation Of Professional Competencies Of Future Mathematics Teachers
Author(s): Tatiana Y. Gainutdinova*, Marina Y. Denisova, Olga A. Shirokova
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At this time, the Federal State Educational Standard of Higher Education, approved by the order of the Ministry of Education and Science of Russia, demand new requirements on results of education related to mastering the use of mathematical algorithms, including using modern computer systems. Therefore, the modern educational trend is aimed at introducing various types of information resources into the educational process of universities. The problem of this study is to find effective methods for using computer technology as a means of implementing the principle of visualization in the study of higher mathematics by future mathematics teachers. Software products are widely used for the teaching of various disciplines for professional and educational purposes. It is important to use mathematical software in universities to study mathematical disciplines. The study proposes a technique associated with the systematic use of mathematical software in the process of teaching higher mathematics. The article presents solutions to problems on the topic «Definite integral» using the graphic capabilities of mathematical software. The application of the proposed methodology during the sessions showed that the computer algebra system (CAS) Maple and GeoGebra are excellent tools for performing geometric constructions of the objects under study, the visualization of which facilitates solving the tasks for calculating the areas of plane figures and body volumes.
Title: Didactic Potential Of Discussion Technique In Teaching Foreign Language For Pedagogics Students
Author(s): Elena M. Galishnikova, Tatiana A. Baklashova, Liliya V. Khafizova*
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The relevance of studying this problem is due to the demand for professionals with foreign language fluency in both national and foreign labour markets. Second-language skills for professional interaction are essential for building up competitive specialist’s professiogram. Thus, the role of Foreign Language as a course at the teacher training departments of universities has been increasing constantly. Language proficiency enables students of Pedagogics to understand and work effectively with the authentic sources of professional information, to express their own thoughts and ideas, demonstrate terminology proficiency in interpersonal and professional communication. In this context, this article aims to identify the didactic potential of discussion technique in teaching English to students of Pedagogics. The leading research method was the survey, conducted among 17 English language teachers of the university, and it highlighted a certain relationship between the frequency of discussion technique used and improving cognitive abilities of the student body, increasing their motivation, stimulating their speed of thought and open-mindedness. The paper sets out the strategies for organizing and conducting effective discussions such as active listening (listening comprehension), analytical thinking, priority of public speaking skills, constant collaboration and mutual criticism, and the complexity of the problems and topics discussed during the course. The authors identified the conditions under which discussion techniques are most effective and also established the aspects of discussion technique in teaching English to students of Pedagogics such as content-related, procedural and monitoring.
Title: The Development Of Student’s Tolerance In Multicultural Educational Environment (Kazan Federal University
Author(s): L.M. Garaeva*, L.R. Safina
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Currently the study of student’s tolerance plays a vital role in multicultural educational environment. We must bear in mind that tolerance is not something we wish to have, but rather something that needs to be present. As teachers, it is our role to demonstrate kindness, fairness and patience whenever we find ourselves dealing with students to show what is expected of them. So far, the importance of the study of tolerance in multicultural educational environment is high. The problem in our investigation is that first-year students are not adequately socialized into the system of higher education. They are not adapted enough to studying at the university level. They have a different level of both education and training, and as a consequence, deviant behaviour is observed. The purpose of our study is to develop and expand student’s tolerance in multicultural educational environment and our main objectives are to implement theoretical analysis of the concept of student’s tolerance and verbal aggression; to identify the form of verbal aggression used by students in the process of learning a foreign language, and to develop recommendations in order to increase student’s tolerance. The study was carried out among teachers and students (first and second courses). We started by investigating the use of direct and indirect verbal aggression to compare it with the level of tolerance. Correlation has been found.
Title: Multi-Culturaltraining Of Future Preschool Teachers (Case- Study: Kazan Federal University)
Author(s): Garifullina Almira Maratovna*, Bashinova Svetlana Nicolaevna
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The topicality of the problem under study is conditioned by the fact that the multi-culturaltraining of future preschool teachers is an important stage in laying the foundations of cross-cultural communication, tolerance, professionally significant cross-cultural competence, and respect for ethnic minorities. In this regard, the article is aimed at developing the multi-culturaltraining of future preschool teachers. The article reveals the importance of the multi-culturaltraining of future preschool teachers through the prism of university education. Multi-culturaltraining is an integral part of modern life. As a result, with the help of the pedagogical technology of multi-culturaltraining of future preschool teachers, a positive perception of the environment is formed. Accordingly, critical thinking develops, which plays an important role in the formation of the student as an independently developing preschool teacher. The work on the development of cross-cultural competencies contributes to the development of alternative thinking in society as opposed to conventional judgments. With such work, the student's civil position is consolidated, the need to learn foreign languages is formed, the foundations of a "new" teacher are laid, considering the needs of the society. As a result of experimental research, the levels of development of cross-cultural competencies of future preschool teachers are given. The materials of the article can be useful for preschool educational organizations staff, children psychologists, teachers of preschool pedagogics and psychology, as well as for a wide range of readers.
Title: Innovative Teacher Training: Pedagogical Conditions Of Training Technologies For Early Professional Self-Determination
Author(s): S.I. Gilmanshina*, G.F. Melnikova, G.R. Eremeeva
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At the present stage of transformation of education, the role of an innovative teacher possessing modern teaching methodology and capable to prepare schoolchildren for an informed choice of future profession, is growing. In this regard, it is necessary to teach future teachers the technologies of early professional self-determination of schoolchildren at universities. The aim of the research is to develop pedagogical conditions for teaching students of pedagogical departments the technologies of early professional self-determination of schoolchildren in the university system of a new type of teacher training. The leading approach of the research is the system-activity approach, which assumes that the development of the student's personality takes place on the basis of systemic learning activity. The article presents the developed methodological component of the distributed model of training new subject teachers in specialized institutes of the federal university. The emphasis is laid on career-oriented project activity of future teachers of natural science disciplines in the methodical system of a new type of teacher training. Pedagogical conditions of teaching students the technologies of early professional self-determination of schoolchildren are revealed in the system of university of novel of teacher training.
Title: Innovations In Advanced Professional Development System For Teachers Working With Gifted Teenagers
Author(s): S.I. Gilmanshina*, Y.N. Shtreter, I.R. Gilmanshin
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The relevance of the chosen topic is due to the increasing gap between the content of subjects and Olympiad tasks (tasks given at academic competitions). We need to provide scientific and methodological assistance to teachers who are mentors of gifted pupils – the participants of Olympiads (academic competitions) at a high level. Reputable universities play an important role in this process. The study presents the developed and tested system of professional development of chemistry teachers who work with gifted teenagers. The purpose of the study is to explore scientific and pedagogical support for the professional development of teachers in their work with gifted adolescents and its innovation component (on an example of chemistry teachers). It was revealed that scientific and pedagogical support integrates the five implemented in practice independent modules. It was found that innovation component is best reflected in the conditions of the first module. It is associated with the use of new chemical equipment, modern information and communication technologies, and combined work experience on the basis of lyceum for talented children, unique pedagogical chemistry workshops; it is characterized by strong interactivity and performance by the students of creative project-oriented final reports. The materials of the article have the practical value for students – the future school teachers and university professors, for participants of the refresher courses and educationalists.
Title: Forms And Methods Of Drug Education Of Students
Author(s): Gizyatova Landysh Afraimovna*
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It’s quite obvious that in modern society with its trend for the normalization of drug use is nearly impossible to completely isolate young people from them. The major expected goal of preventive education is to provide young people with the skills to make informed and healthy choices that will enable them to live successful and problem-free life. Drug education is more likely to attain its goals when it is regarded as a planned and systematic process with clearly defined and achievable goals, properly selected forms and methods of prevention. The paper aims to determine the most effective techniques and methods when educating students about drugs and substance abuse. Due to the complexity of the topic under investigation the study draws on the systematic approach within which prevention is considered as a complicated multicomponent process including students, teachers, peers, parents. Method of analysis of theoretical and empirical evidence of preventive science was used in research as well as common scientific methods of classification and comparison. Preventive education is effective when it is student-oriented and interactive. Experiential methods enable students to contribute to the discussion, to "live" the situation, to analyse, to empathize and thus are presumably the most productive ones. Several ways of how drug education methods could be classified are distinguished. The results of the study may be of special interest to teachers and social workers when planning and implementing prevention activities among students.
Title: New Teacher For A New School: Educational Process Participants On The Problem
Author(s): Olga Donetskaya, Inna Golovanova*, Aliya Singatullova
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The research question considers a gap between modern requirements to education under the conditions of implementation of federal state educational standards of new generation and introduction of a new professional standard of the teacher and quality of pedagogical education. The article is devoted to one of the stages of a complex research, the main objective of which is creation of complete multilevel model of training of the teacher for the new school focused on implementation of modern requirements into the system of general education. The purpose of this stage is to detect the deficiencies of teacher’s training at the current stage from the point of view of various participants of the educational process, as well as to define the key ways to their elimination. For these purposes to be met the following was used: theoretical methods (analysis and synthesis of standard documentation and pedagogical literature), empirical (measurement, comparison), and also methods of statistical processing of results of a research. At this stage of the investigation, the result of this research is to define weaknesses in the existing system of teacher’s training from points of view of heads of educational institutions, practicing teachers and pupils and also to develop a system of measures aimed at the improvement of pedagogical education for the purpose of increasing quality.
Title: Modern Techniques Of Teaching Elementary School Children With Migrant Backgrounds
Author(s): Chulpan Gromova*
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Educational institutions take the leading place in psychological, pedagogical, sociocultural, and language adaptation of children with migrational backgrounds. The success of teaching mainly depends on the teacher. For effective work with children with migrational backgrounds, a teacher should have multicultural competences which are expressed in personal qualities and professional skills. An important component of teachers’ multicultural attributes is the understanding of forms, approaches, and working methods in a multicultural class - in other words technologies of teaching and assisting pupils. The research objective is to systematize the technologies of teaching described in foreign and Russian scientific literature, to reveal the techniques of teaching children with migrational backgrounds applied in teaching practice. We used questionnaires with open questions in this study. The feedback from respondents were subjected to content analysis. Casual selection from sixty-three elementary school teachers were used in this research. Russian elementary school teachers working with children with migrational backgrounds were mostly considered in this study and we used ethnocultural, group, interactive, game technologies, technologies of individualization of teaching processes, and technologies of differentiated teaching. 21% of the interviewed teachers gave additional Russian lessons for children with migrational backgrounds, but did not use the technique of teaching Russian as foreign language. Also, several limitations in application of questioning methods in this research have come to light. These limitations have been related to the impossibility of obtaining specified, straightforward, and concretized answers from the respondents.
Title: Professional Orientation Features Of Schoolchildren In Muslim Migrants Families
Author(s): Olga A. Guryanova*
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The relevance of the researched issue is determined by the fact that a professional identity is an important factor of social and psychological adaptation of teenagers and young men. Schoolchildren in Muslim migrants families may not be quite ready for professional self-determination, which can have a negative impact on their adaptation in general. In this regard, this article is aimed at studying the peculiarities of professional orientation of schoolchildren from families of Muslim migrants. The leading research method of the issue is testing, which allows to consider the process of the schoolchildren’s professional orientation forming. The article presents the results of the professional orientation study of schoolchildren from Muslim migrants families, which can be used for further research and professional self-determination development. The article can be useful for teachers and psychologists working on issues of social and psychological adaptation and professional orientation of migrants’ children.
Title: The Knowledge And Skills Of The 21st Century Teachers
Author(s): Viara Gyurova, Vera Zeleeva
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This paper examines current aspects regarding the competences of the 21st century teachers in the context of the needs for specific knowledge and skills of the 21st century students. Two internationally recognized contemporary American models for education and learning in the 21st century are presented – the P21 Framework for 21st Century Learning and the Three compasses of the 21st century education, which outline the parameters and the required knowledge and skills of the 21st century students and, correspondingly, of the 21st century teachers.In view of the fact that today's teachers have no experience of studying in the 21st century schools, the foundations of their competences have to be laid at the university – within the basic training and the upgrading qualification courses. This is a serious challenge for the pedagogical faculties, institutes, departments and specialties – they themselves must step into the 21st century in order to prepare the 21st century teachers.
Title: Comparing Literature Used For The Formation Of The National Identity Of Students
Author(s): Marcel I. Ibragimov*, Alfiya F. Galimullina, & Oksana V. Shemshurenko
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A method of literary comparison during the process of the formation of students’ national identity in teaching literature in school is considered. Theoretical and practical bases of the creation of modern educational technologies for the formation of national identity are determined. It is established that the comparison of literatures actualizes interdisciplinary bonds and makes it possible to use integrational approach in the process of national identity formation during literature lessons. The potential of literary comparison is distinguished while realizing the cognitive educational tasks (the formation of the students’ knowledge on the national features of literatures, on the multiplicity of literatures (cultures), differences between them, and, at the same time, similarities, due to the common values of the Russian culture) and value-oriented educational tasks (the formation of the awareness of the concern for the national cultural values). It was revealed that the method of literary comparison used in the practice of teaching literature is oriented to establish typological similarities between them. The article substantiates the need to introduce new concepts into the practice of teaching literature at school (national topos, national character, national concept, cultural archetype) aimed at establishing literary differences determined by the national identity of cultures. The possibilities of these concepts are demonstrated in a comparative study of the works of Russian and Tatar literatures in the process of teaching literature at schools.
Title: Faith-Related Aspects Of Teacher Education In Kazan Over The Xix-Xx Centuries
Author(s): R. R. Iskhakova*, A. K. Sadykova, S. S. Saifulmalikova
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The present study presents the results of the examination of the main factors that defined the development of public education in the mid-19th century, in general, and teacher training, in particular in the Kazan County. One of the most important roles in the process of education development was played by religious organizations (Orthodox Christian and Muslim). Most theological academies and seminaries were pedagogical in their nature; some of the graduates decided to become teachers and work in secular educational institutions. The educational reforms taken over the period of 1864-67 concerned religious educational institutions and the quality of education in them was comparable with the quality in non-religious institutions. Based on the extensive studies and archival arrangement of the published and archive materials on the history of teacher education in the Kazan County the author identified the main trends in the development of teacher education in the period including the faith-related component.
Title: Novice Teachers Competency Through Scientific Research
Author(s): Liliya R. Ismagilova*, Irina M. Solodkova, Elena V. Grigorieva
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The transformation of a teacher’s portrait is postulated by the changes happening in society, thus a contemporary teacher is a person equipped with techniques of scientific oeuvre and having flexible mind to adapt to requirements of a professional environment. The graduate of teacher training programs is supposed to apply theoretical knowledge and experience; to use research design; to conduct qualitative, quantitative and practitioner research. To shape competent teacher stakeholders have to create the motivating environment that provokes novice teachers’ loyalty to scientific work, strive to initiate individual research as a factor to boost professional development. The paper aims to give a comprehensive account of Science immersion environment (SIE) in providing appropriate conditions and benefits for novice teachers to enhance their scientific involvement. The basic advantage of SIE is to create fertile ground for profound scientific investigation. The study which lasted 18 months was conducted within the foreign languages department involving 32 novice teachers of KFU. Our two-stage survey provided data for the analysis. The survey demonstrated no strong motive of novice teachers to write scientific papers. However, SIE caused gradual increase in the number of published papers produced by novice teachers. They admitted that all measures taken had a great impact on establishing their way in the scientific community and SEI was said to be an effective tool. The authors observed positive approach to broadening scientific potential and professional lifework of novice teachers. The study proved that novice teachers competency could be achieved through scientific research by forming well-functioning SIE.
Title: Primary School Boys And Girls` Attitude Towards Their Health
Author(s): Natalya N. Kalatskaya*, Albina R. Drozdikova-Zaripova
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The relevance of the studied problem is substantiated by the fact that issues related to bringing up new generations to be healthy have been attracting more and more attention in recent years. Today multiple factors contribute to health deterioration. For example, children spend a lot of time in front of computers and TVs; their lifestyle is sedentary. The objective of this research is to study the ways boys and girls view their health, whether they lead a healthy lifestyle.In compliance with this objective the following methods were employed: theoretical (analysis of psychological, pedagogical and teaching literature, comparison, generalization), empirical (experiments, testing). The results were statistically processed with Fisher’s φ* -criteria. The experiment was carried out on the basis of two schools of the city of Kazan: 96 primary school children (their age between 9-10 years) were interviewed. The following factors that prevent people from leading healthy lives have been revealed: “the current state of my health", "climatic conditions", "lack of free time", "bad company at school", " bad company in one’s neighborhood", "family problems". It has also been identified that girls (in contrast to boys) are able to effectively deal with issues related to a healthy lifestyle on their own. Boys (on average) need correctional help (operational help of schoolmates, friends, and adults (parents, teachers)) in order to be able to solve health-related problems.
Title: Interactive Technologies Of Training Migrant Children In Russian Language Lessons
Author(s): L.A.Kamalova*, V.G. Zakirova, E. G. Sabirova
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The relevance of this study is due to migrant children entering Russian schools. School practice shows that teaching the Russian language to migrant children has its own specifics related to the problems of bilingualism and speaking three languages. Psychologists and educators believe that the more the analyzers are included into the work, the more effective the assimilation of the studied material for younger students- migrants. In order to teach the Russian language effectively to migrant children, it is necessary to use all channels of perception of verbal and audiovisual information, i.e. to use interactive learning technologies. The purpose of this article is to study and develop a science-based system of interactive teaching of the Russian language to migrant children of classes 1-4 which could contribute to formation and further development of adequate communication skills in Russian. The leading method of the study of this problem is pedagogical experiment (ascertaining, forming and control stages of experiment), and the method of expert estimations, statistical processing of quantitative results of the study. The developed methodical system on interactive teaching of Russian to migrant children of classes 1-4 contributes to the development of "sense of language", the formation of linguistic, speech and communicative competence, which contributes to the rapid socialization of foreign children in the foreign culture and the foreign environment.
Title: Linguistic Adaptation Of Muslim Migrant Children In Modern Schools
Author(s): L. A. Kamalova*, V. G. Zakirova
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The issue of the language adaptation of migrant children in the Russian Federation entails the problem of effective inclusion of migrants into the social life of Russia and is highly relevant in today’s context. The complexity of the problem lies in the fact that the process of cultural and language adaptation is very difficult in view of the fact that for the vast majority of migrant children coming to the country the Russian language is not native because it lost its status of being an international communication tool. Nowadays teachers face the necessity of creating conditions for language adaptation of migrant children and the use of modern practices and methods for effective teaching of the Russian language to migrant children from various ethnical groups. The purpose of this study is to create the conditions necessary for effective language adaptation of migrant primary school children, to develop integrative methods of teaching Russian to migrant children. The main method in this study is a pedagogical experiment (ascertaining, forming and control stages of experiment). Moreover the method of expert estimations and the methods of statistical processing of quantitative data have been used. The study was held in several schools of Zelenodolsk (a town in the Republic of Tatarstan, Russia) where the Tatar cultural component of the syllabus is taught in Tatar language.
Title: Subject-Oriented Approach To Improve The Professional Competencies Of Music Teache
Author(s): Svetlana Karkina*
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The development of the system of life-long education is an important and rapidly developing direction in modern research. Under the conditions of the modern reality it is necessary to study the directions for further development in the area of life-long education, their theoretical foundation and the practical implementation. The ability to solve the problem appears through the introduction of subject-oriented approach, providing free trajectory of thinking and instructor activity, determination of goals and objectives of training, self-development and professional self-improvement. The aim of the study is to examine the possibilities of modernization training music teachers in the implementation of the guiding principles of modern concepts of life-long education. The methodological basis of the study was the subject-oriented approach. The study used the theoretical (analysis, synthesis, generalization) and empirical (observation, interview, test) methods. As a result of the implementation on the basis of the Institute of Philology and Intercultural Communication KFU additional vocational training program for music teachers by subject-oriented approach allowed to realize a number of important principles of modern concepts of life-long education, such as its integrity, coordination, openness, problem-based orientation. The study concluded the feasibility of improving the system of training of music teachers in the aspect of ideas for continuing education and with the help of subject-oriented approach. Further perspectives of this pedagogical task assume the realization of methodological support of the educational process in the distance format, as well as post-course support.
Title: Multicultural Education Of Schoolchildren During Russian Language Learning
Author(s): Irina V. Khairova*
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In the modern world the importance of multicultural education is growing. This education is intended to form ability and readiness of young schoolchildren to live in multicultural, poly-ethnic environment. Research in the sphere of multicultural education is conducted by both foreign and Russian scientists. However, questions of multicultural education in primary schools within the process of different disciplines are still not well-developed. In this article, peculiarities of multicultural education in modern Russia and specific character of it in primary school are defined; results of poly-ethnic cultural diagnostics of primary schoolchildren in the Republic of Tatarstan are presented; methodological recommendations on efficient realization of multicultural education of primary schoolchildren within the process of Russian language learning are developed. Realization of multicultural education in primary school within the process of Russian language learning is possible on the basis of dialogue between cultures as a way to culturize aspects of Russian language learning. This method provides students with an opportunity to learn Russian language and culture in the system of dialogue with other cultures. In this article, we reveal the contents of “Russian language” as a subject which allows for the formation of cultural context and simulation of the process of meeting cultures in Russian language lessons; and we also demonstrate a developed didactic and methodological material. This research may be useful for primary school teachers who work in poly-ethnic classes and academics who study the problems of multicultural education of primary schoolchildren.
Title: Ethno-Pedagogical Training As A Tool Of Patriotic Education Of Pre-Service Teachers
Author(s): Ildar T. Khairullin*, Talant D. Bimakhanov, Meyrambek K. Murzabekov
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The relevance of the research problem is topical due to the necessity of forming national-oriented educational systems based on the material and spiritual culture of people, in other words on ethnic pedagogy. According to linguists, in the context of cultural globalization of one single language becomes extinct every week in the world. In most cases together, with the disappearance of language, people speaking it go down the history as well. Currently, one of the most important goals for education is the preservation and development of the values of ethnic culture in younger generations. The reviving and developing of national educational systems need teachers with ethno-pedagogical preparation. The aim of the research is to develop the content, forms and methods of using traditions of physical human development in Kazakh folk pedagogy in the patriotic education of pre-service teachers. The following methods were used: theoretical; that implies analysis and synthesis of philosophical, psychological and pedagogical literature on the research problem, pedagogical modeling; empirical methods of measurement and comparison. Methods of processing of results of research were: qualitative and quantitative analysis using methods of mathematical statistics. The article presents the results of the research on the essence and content of patriotism and methodological basis of education among the youth. It discloses patriotic traditions of Kazakh folk pedagogy and their potential in the patriotic education of students. It identifies and justifies methods and forms of traditions usage in the physical human development in Kazakh folk pedagogy.
Title: Ethno-Confessional Attitudes Of Russian Teachers: Results Of The Experimental Research
Author(s): Rezeda Khairutdinova*
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The review of the empirical research results of the social attitudes of teachers conducted in 2016-2017 in Russia is presented in this article. We concentrated on this group of respondents, considering a special role of the teacher in multicultural conditions of modern society. The research objective is to define the prevailing teachers’ attitudes to ethno-confessional distinctions in Russia. Age grades and spheres of professional activities were chosen as the differentiating signs of the social attitudes of respondents. Using the adapted form of Emory Bogardus’ scale of social distance, the relation of 355 teachers to main affiliations and ethnic groups (including migrants) was gaged in poly-cultural regions of the country: Moscow and Moscow region, Kazan and the Republic of Tatarstan. The received results in general show a tolerant attitude of teachers towards cultural diversity. The minimum social distance is established in relation to innates of the region. The level of cultural penetration is slightly lower to representatives of the Caucasus and Central Asia. The analysis of perception of confessional groups confirms the positive relation and readiness of teachers to interact with representatives of other religion. Besides, it is noted that attitudes of teachers to ethnocultural distinctions significantly don't depend on their age or their spheres of professional activity. Results of this research can be used when studying attitudes of teachers to migrant pupils in educational conditions.
Title: The Characteristic Of The Life Values Of Female Migrants Living In Tatarstan
Author(s): R.M. Khusainova*, E.V. Sinyakina
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The purpose of the study is to determine whether there are any specific features in the structure of life values for girls from families of migrants from the CIS countries and girls from of the Republic of Tatarstan. Investigation of the structure identity value orientations is carried out using Rokich’s "Value orientation", Shwartz’s "Value questionnaire", and Soldatova-Ryzhova’s "Types of ethnic identity" techniques. Migrant-girls and indigenous Tatar girls have a positive ethnic identity that is manifested through a combination of a positive attitude towards their own people and a positive attitude towards other people. Tatar girls and migrant girls, being representatives of the Islamic society, take the traditional values of Muslim people as their life values, and rate these values in the first positions in their lives. As for terminal values, we have - "a happy family life", "having good and faithful friends", "health". At the level of instrumental values - "upbringing," "cheerfulness," and "education." In normative ideals, values coincide in terms of "goodness", "independence". At the same time, as differences, it can be pointed out that personal success and achievements are important for Tatar girls. For migrant girls, security in society is important. At the level of individual priorities, the first positions’ rating of values coincides only with the "stimulation" indicator. In both groups "norm (positive ethnic identity)", "ethno isolationism", "ethno nihilism" indicators are the backbone.
Title: Developing Value-Oriented Attitude Of Youths Towards Their Homeland Through Traditional Crafts
Author(s): Anvar N. Khuziakhmetov, Ramis R. Nasibullov, Rasykh F. Salakhov, Rada I. Salakhova*
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The relevance of this research is explained in terms of necessity to form a value-oriented attitude in the perception of the main national values and respect for national culture. The study is also caused by an increased need of cultural and leisure activity in the use of the pedagogical potentials of historical and modern aspects of traditional arts and crafts, as well as by the insufficient theoretical and practical development of contents, forms, methods and mechanisms of the organization of this process. A value-oriented attitude to one’s Homeland is considered as an integrative quality of the personality connected with the formation of social and high-value abilities, directed to the development of social values of the society, respect and love for Homeland, its traditions and social norms, and the manifestations of patriotic feelings and civic virtues. The research objective is to develop and pilot the efficiency of pedagogical conditions in development of a value-oriented attitude to Homeland by means of traditional arts and crafts.The main method of the research is modeling; it allows to consider this problem as a process of purposeful and conscious mastering of abilities in using the pedagogical potential of traditional arts and crafts.The organizational and pedagogical model of development of a youth value-oriented attitude to Homeland consisting of interconnected blocks is presented in the article. These are value and target-oriented blocks, theoretical and methodological, activity-based and diagnostics, and productivity blocks.
Title: The Ratio Of Theory, Technology And Practices In Pedagogical Education
Author(s): G.I. Kirilova*, M.L. Grunis, S. Azimi
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The urgency of the investigated issue is determined due to the fact that pedagogical education should the teacher with knowledge in the ways and means of efficient transferring of theoretical knowledge, techniques and practical experience gained by the previous generations to the younger generations. This article seeks to determine to what extent the mentioned ways and means were represented in specific pedagogical activities of a teacher who must master the pedagogical science and must know the fundamentals of specific subject knowledge areas including mathematical, physical or informational ones. The leading research methods consisted in considering the peculiarities of scientific areas which are differentiated by the operating logic of their development, as well as the specific differences in the logic of the development of theories, technologies and practices, that can also be seen in the history of certain countries. As a result, the difference in the activities of a special subject teacher shows the difference in the dynamics and logical development of physical, mathematical and informational knowledge of different authors. In this article, the authors traced logical system of abovementioned fields of knowledge and their reflection in pedagogical education in Russian Federation and Iran. Materials of this article can be useful, firstly, in noting the dynamics of development of mathematical and physical knowledge, and in considering the content of information-oriented disciplines.
Title: Organizational And Pedagogical Conditions For Teaching Children With Disabilities In Comprehensive Environment
Author(s): Ekaterina Aleksandrovna Kirillova*
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Currently, all over the world there is an increase in the number of children who have various developmental abnormalities related to visual, hearing, intellectual, locomotor and speech impairments; and those with disorders of the emotional-volitional sphere and somatic diseases. The numbers of children with disabilities are growing every year, which indicates the need to create effective measures for their social adaptation to society. The main goal of this research is to develop the organizational and pedagogical conditions for teaching children with health limitations in the general educational environment. As a hypothesis of the study, the assumption is made that the education of children with health limitations in the general educational environment will be effective if: firstly, pedagogical materials for working with children with special educational needs are prepared; secondly, individual trajectories of education for children with health limitations on the basis of a general education institution are selected, taking into account the age and structure of the defect; thirdly, we organize systematic methodological work with parents of pupils; fourthly, developed organizational and pedagogical conditions for the education of children with health limitations in the general educational environment are effectively organized. The research stages included the study of inclusive competences in teachers of preschool educational institutions, the level of inclusive literacy and culture of parents, and inspection of the level of cognitive and speech development of children with limited health opportunities. The experiment included the implementation of the developed organizational and pedagogical conditions.
Title: Modern Technologies Of Professional Training Of Students In The Conditions Of Multiculturalism
Author(s): Natal’ya D. Koletvinova*, Seimbika U. Bichurina
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Relevance of the studied problem is urged by the requirement of society for the multicultural development prospect of modern education and insufficient degree of development of its theoretical and scientific methodological bases, and also by strengthening of influence of migrants’ transnational and regional adaptation on a modern society, that dictates new requirements to professional training of future teachers. The purpose of the article is to work out multifunctional pedagogical model of development of students’ professional multicultural competence in the context of cultural and historical, system and communicative-activity approaches and to approbate it. The leading technologies of a research are: technology of modeling, multicultural activity, communicative differentiation, self-activation, etc. Theoretically proved and practice-oriented multifunctional pedagogical model, including backbone competence components of multicultural contents, a perspective and adequacy of speech, is presented in the article. Their features and the substantial-procedural means focused on mastering of professional multicultural competence are presented there. The complex of multicultural problems of different level is defined, and orientational requirements to development of students’ professional training in the conditions of transnational and regional adaptation of migrant children, developed. The presented model is designed for teachers to master the main components of professional multicultural activity and its improvement in the context of creative use of various educational technologies.
Title: Prevention Of Adolescents’ Risky Behavior In The Global Network
Author(s): N.Y.Kostyunina*, I.G. Korneva
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The problem of risk and prevention of adolescents’ risky behavior is one of the central issues in social pedagogy and psychology of personal health. Risk in these areas is understood as the probability of occurrence of negative consequences for health as a result of use of the Internet. The Internet actively fills the information space in all countries and is the basic means of creating the information society. The wide implementation of information technology in the life of adolescents has both positive and negative consequences. The negative aftereffects of the long-term use of information technology are narrowing the range of interests, escaping from reality in the virtual world and developing cyber dependence. At the biological level, adolescents are characterized by reactions of emancipation, association with peers and various hobbies that determine the search character of behavior and "tests of adult life." The mission of parents and social educators is to develop adequate forms of behavior, since ignorance and lack of social experience, the pressure of peers and friends can lead to risky (cyber-dependent) behavior. The paper deals with the essence, types, and characteristics of risky (cyber-dependent) behavior. Methods and forms of prevention of teenagers' risky behavior in the Global Network are analyzed as well.
Title: Multilingual Education Programs At Ksu Through The Eyes Of Students And Teachers
Author(s): Bozhidara Iskreva Kriviradeva*
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Multilingual education has been a part of Kazakhstan state educational policy for over a decade. Special grants for developing and implementing university multilingual programs have been put in place. The article presents a study made at Kokshetau State University about the way such multilingual programs have been operating so far according to students and teachers participating in them. The study searched for answers to the following two research questions: what is the current state of multilingual programs at the university and how students and teachers evaluate such programs. Students in second and third year of study and teachers in multilingual programs participated in the study. The main research findings indicate that the multilingual programs at Kokshetau State University are viewed positively by both students and teachers and that they provide sufficient support which ensures the development of multilingual skills in different professional fields. These programs employ a variety of interactive teaching methods and provide stimulus for students to interact with the literature in foreign languages in different academic fields which allows students learn and interact using three languages of study. Student-teachers relationships are positive and create an open and motivating environment for learning through open communication in a multilingual educational setting. Both students and teachers recognize the importance of language skills and the opportunities such programs provide for their future personal and professional development.
Title: Features Of Anticipation Consistency Of Deviant School Students With Limited Health Opportunities
Author(s): Ajslu T.Kurbanova*, Alla A. Tvardovskaya
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Adolescence is characterized by poor resistance to difficulties of growth processes that quite often provokes development of deviations. This paper provides the analysis of references on the problem of deviant behaviour and anticipation abilities in teenagers with deficiency dysontogenesis.Teenagers with sensory disorders (hearing and visual impaired) possess the ability to predict that reaches the level of common anticipation consistency. It combines a high personal-situational anticipation consistency and space-time anticipation inconsistency. The common ability to anticipation is not formed in teenagers with speech and locomotor disorders. Consideration of obtained data in psychology-pedagogical support of school students with limited health opportunities will allow to establish a personal focused strategy to prevent deviations. The main research objective is to assess the ability to predict future situations and consequences of personal actions and the actions of others, by teenagers with visual impairment, hearing and speech disabilities, and disorders of locomotor system. As a result, the study of anticipation specificity in teenagers with deficiency development inclined and disinclined to deviant behavior was conducted.
Title: Methods Of Organization Education Area With Working International Students At University
Author(s): Endzhe Latypova*
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The urgency of the problem under study is determined by the need to examine the methods of forming the common education space, which provides knowledge of the educator’s competences needed when working with international students, as well as by an insufficient degree of development of theoretical and methodological approach in conducting of the educational process with multicultural background. The purpose of the article is to present ways of solving this problem, examine and improve methods of forming and establishment of the common education space when working with international students in higher educational institutions. The given purpose is relevant to teachers as well. One of the leading research methods is an in-depth interview with teachers, who work with international students, which allows to examine various issues and to uncover certain difficulties arising in the course of working with international students. The analysis of the state of knowledge of the concept of cultural sensitivity, in particularly, among teachers, the analysis of cultural characteristics of educational environment, results of the survey conducted among teachers, who work with international students, in the form of interview are presented in the article. International students are “people’s diplomats” and represent their countries in our university. After graduation they go back to their native country and share their learning experience with people of their Motherland. This is the reason why establishment of effective work with international students is an essential component in forming Russia’s image abroad.
Title: Continuous Development: Being A Reflective Esl Teacher
Author(s): Liliya A. Latypova*, Oksana V. Polyakova, Niyaz R. Latypov
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The importance of language teachers’ lifelong professional development is undeniable. Reflective teaching has recently become an epitome in ESL teacher education. It indicates self-observation and self-evaluation and implies a systematic process of collecting, recording and analysing teachers’ thoughts and observations, as well as those of a student. One of the ways to provoke self-analysis and reflection that leads to powerful insights is peer observation. The paper describes the results of the experiment to establish a peer feedback pattern on a regular basis that aimed to create a climate where both givers and receivers of feedback enhance their understanding of best teaching practices which encourage effective learning. The experiment took three years and involved 30 ESL teachers of Kazan Federal University. The participants observed two peer-teachers every semester (four in total over one academic year). It was crucial for the authors to ensure a constructive and productive feedback process. To provide feedback there was established a set of criteria to analyse peer-observation manuals, guidelines for selecting peer observers, a questionnaire targeted to discover the level of self-content with peer-reviewing practice and the depth of reflection. The results of the experiment showed significant improvements in learning from others and better teaching. Findings of the study suggest that peer observation can be fully recommended to ESL teachers to guarantee their continuous development and to conduct the so-called self-audit, or reflection.
Title: Problems Of Multicultural Education Of Students In Russia: Ways Of Its Solving
Author(s): Olga Vladimirovna Lebedeva*, Elena Anatolyevna Khodyreva
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The timeliness of the problem is based on the process of integration occurring in socio-economic, politico-military and cultural spheres demanding international cooperation. This gives significance to multicultural education. Pedagogical theory and practice of Russian education pays attention to the development of universal human values and culture of international relationships in the younger generation, their ability to live in harmony with other people who might have different views, habits and convictions as well as their respect for the cultural heritage of all peoples inhabiting our planet. It is stated in the Concept of Multicultural Education Development in RF that the Russian Federation, which is composed of many ethnic groups with various languages, cultures and religions, lives under the conditions of multiethnicity and multiculturalism believing in the ideal of cultural diversity of humanity. The Russian educational system, growing from cultural and historical traditions and simultaneously looking far ahead, is now developing in a three-dimensional space of regional, national and global culture. In view of this it becomes a strategic task to form citizenly identity which would harmoniously unite ethnic and regional, pan-Russian and universal identities. The aim of the article is to study the genesis of multicultural education in Russia and to bring to light the problems of the development of senior high school students’ multicultural identity. Literature analysis shows that researchers of the problem of citizenly identity formation have not reached a unanimous opinion concerning the definition and structure of this phenomenon.
Title: Correction Of Parent-Child Relationship Through Equine Assisted Learning «Control And Trust»
Author(s): Olga G. Lopukhova*
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This paper presents the content of the equine assisted growth / learning (EAG/L) program "Control and trust" designed for the exploration and correction of parent-child relationships. The goal of this program is to give parents the opportunity to explore the balance of trust and control in the relationship with their children, based on experience gained of interactions with horses. This program refers to the "Hippovention" technique - personal development, psychotherapy and correction of relations in horse-assisted interactions, accompanied by a psychologist. Mutual communication with a horse in specially organized conditions offers great opportunities for the development of partnership and reflection and for self-discovery. The testing of this program was conducted at the Kazan International Equestrian complex for a period of five weeks. Eight families (parents with children), two psychologists (one of whom is an expert on horses) and five horses participated in the program. The program includes conversation techniques, expressive art therapy techniques, exercises in contact with horses (feeding, tactile and kinesthetic contact, riding the horse, etc.) which allow to gain experience of warm and trusting relationships with horses, and their immediate feedback, allows us to identify the unwitting attitudes in relationships with others (fears and clamps, negative patterns). The horse gives a person a unique experience of immediate feedback in a non-verbal contact. As a result of participating in this program, parents get a unique experience of awareness of themselves, their feelings and relationships with the environment based on experience with horses and art therapy techniques.
Title: Suicidal Personality Of Adolescents In The Virtual Space
Author(s): Angelica I. Luchinkina*
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This article presents the analysis of the social and psychological characteristics of the identity of a teenager who joins various online “death groups”. The author notes a high correlation between an aggressive victimity and suicidal tendencies and identifies the factors of suicidal behavior: А - victim behavior, В - unrecognized, С - glorification of death, D - negativity towards the world. In the process of cluster analysis, four types of personality of adolescents are identified who participate in online death groups – imitators, suicidal individuals, artists, spectators. The description of these types is given in the article. The prevalence of certain factors of suicide behavior for each of them is noted. In our research, the sociometric status of a teenager became a categorical criterion. It was revealed that persons with suicidal tendencies generally belong to the category of low-status teenagers and have the status an outcast. The correlation with the selected typology is presented as follows: Imitators (A, C), Persons with suicidal tendencies (A, D), Artists (A, B), and Audience (specified factors for this group are not expressed).
Title: Conceptual Ideas Of Complex Safety Of The Personality In The Educational Organizations
Author(s): V. Sh. Maslennikova,G. A. Shaykhutdinova*, O.O. Yavorskiy
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The article reveals the main ideas of the concept of ensuring complex safety of the personality in the educational organizations reveal; the main methodological approaches and the principles of ensuring complex safety are offered. Authors consider necessary to consider complex safety of the personality in the educational organizations at three levels: social, infrastructure and personal. In the article are allocated three main components of complex safety of the educational organization: safety of the external environment of the educational organization (protection of educational objects; implementation of requirements of access control; measures for ensuring protection of the state secret; information security; anti-terrorist safety); safety of the internal environment of the educational organization (development and realization of complete educational and educational system, ensuring energy and fire security, reliable functioning of power supply, the prevention of emergencies at electro-, water - and gas supply); personal security of participants of educational process (scheduled maintenance on the prevention of offenses; prevention of the asocial phenomena, extremism and terrorism, corruption; system of measures for ensuring psychological safety). Complex safety is considered as a set of the measures and actions of educational institution which are carried out in interaction with local governments, law-enforcement structures, other auxiliary services and public organizations for ensuring safe functioning, and also readiness of employees and pupils to rational actions in emergency situations. As the expected result of implementation of the concept the model of the socially oriented safe identity of the graduate of the educational organization is offered.
Title: The Problem Of Innovative Development Of The Modern Professional Education In Russia
Author(s): Valeriya Sh. Maslennikova*, Tatiana M. Tregubova, Anvar N. Khuziakhmetov,Ramis R. Nasibullov
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This article actualizes some problems and challenges concerning innovative development of the modern professional education in Russia. It dwells upon the peculiarities of the modern professional education development as a key factor of economic growth, and spiritual and moral renaissance of the Russian nation. The determining factor in the system of such development should become an innovative education as the New Pedagogics, and new educational technologies, focused on the development of a personality’s creativity in the educational process. The main challenge of an innovative development of education is the creation of conditions for competences formation of a citizen for innovative activities; in other words - competences of "an innovative personality" as a subject of all innovative transformations and changes. The scientific and methodical support of innovative development of professional education system is the result of scientific and methodical activity, oriented towards providing the professional education system with the methodological, didactic and methodical development, meeting the modern requirements of international pedagogical sciences and practice.
Title: Federal University: Synchronising Trends Of Sustainable Development Of A University And Region
Author(s): Evgenia I. Mikhailova, Olga M. Chorosova*
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Transformation processes are taking place under the pressure of national and global social and economic changes. It has become obvious that entire education systems have been affected throughout the world by recent trends in globalization. The purpose of this research is to conduct an integrated evaluation of the present state of the system of additional professional education in the Sakha Republic (Yakutia) and to identify the trends and patterns of its development. A model of a regional integrated system of additional professional education has been developed in the Ammosov North-Eastern Federal University based on the integrated evaluation of the existing system of additional professional education in the Sakha Republic (Yakutia) and the study of people’s opinions in the republic concerning lifelong education (their views were obtained with the use a sociological survey). The survey of over 3 thousand people showed that additional professional education has a lifelong character only in certain cases and is mostly fragmental in nature (once every three or five years). The working population, especially in remote areas, prefers distant and digital means of education. The article is intended for those undertaking studies in the fields of lifelong learning, adult education and all forms of post-compulsory education. It seeks to combine practice with theory and identify the directions for further research. It recognizes that practice precedes theory, although field practices are based on theoretical foundations.
Title: Copying Strategies Of Adolescent Behaviour In Cases Of Internet-Spam (Cyberbullying)
Author(s): A.F. Minullina, K.V. Pyrkova, G.V. Valiullina
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Cyberbullying is a relatively new but very relevant research topic in psychology abroad as well as in Russia. The problem of cyberbullying has arisen as a result of online communications (social media, emails and instant messages, online gaming, blogs, online diaries, video channels, etc.) that are extremely prevalent amongst today’s youth. The purpose of the article is to study the coping strategies of young people suffering from cyberbullying. The main methods of our research were theoretical analysis of psychological research literature and also empirical research methods with the use of psychodiagnostic methods (psychosocial questionnaire, developed by the Fund for the Internet Development; Kulakov’s test for assessing children’s internet addiction; Buss-Durkee Hostility Inventory; Lazarus’s questionnaire for assessing coping strategies), and methods of statistics data analysis. In this article we demonstrate that the intensity of cyberbullying is not determined by the amount of time spent by adolescents online and it does not depend on whether or not adolescents are addicted to the Internet. We found that adolescents affected by cyberbullying cannot effectively use appropriate copying strategies in order to overcome their online difficulties. Adolescents choosing non-adaptive coping strategies leads to the rise of their aggression levels. If adolescents seek help it can decrease the level of their physical and indirect aggression. The materials of this article represent practical value for specialists working with young people and interested in organising thematic sessions aimed at preventing cyberbullying among adolescents.
Title: The Connection Between Parenting Relationships And Suicide Activity Of Adolescents
Author(s): A.F. Minullina, E. I. Murtazina*
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The relevance of the researched issue is determined by the fact that adolescents are one of the most vulnerable groups of society. This is confirmed by suicide statistics (suicide numbers are the highest among teenagers). The article’s objective is to study the connection between parenting relationships and suicidal tendencies among adolescents. Leading methods of the study are the theoretical analysis of scientific psychological literature and empirical research (testing), with the use of techniques that allow to detect suicide behavior and ways to overcome difficult situations in various areas (coping mechanisms, coping strategies), as well as mind-sets and parents’ education. The article reveals that adolescents with high suicidal risk are more likely to actualize all types of suicidal intent in their behavior than adolescents with low suicidal risks. A group of adolescents with high suicidal risk uses non-adaptive coping strategies, while those with a low suicidal risk have a wider repertoire of coping strategies. The risk of teenagers’ suicide behavior is more often caused by inharmonious relationship with their mother rather than their father. The materials of the article are of practical value for the psychological and pedagogical support in students’ education, as well as to the advisory work on parenting relationships issues.
Title: Coming Together: Folk Songs Translation In Teaching Cross-Cultural Communication In Multinational Audience
Author(s): A.R. Mordvinova, N.I. Gololobova*
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The article describes the project conducted with the students of the faculty of economics of the Kazan Federal University, during the English classes. The aim of the project was the activation of translation skills and the practice of translating folk songs from national languages to English, as well as acquaintance with the cultures of various nations, represented in the Kazan Federal University. The role of Kazan State University was emphasized, since approximately over 3,000 students from 80 countries study in the university at the moment. Within the frameworks of the project, we stressed the importance of multinational dialogue and the role of the English language being the language of multinational communication. With the aim of projects evaluation, students filled in special questionnaires at the beginning of the project and after its completion. The results were assessed with the help of methods of math statistics, which proved the statistical value of the conducted research. The results of the projects, gained after the project implementation, may arouse the interests of foreign languages teachers, sociologists, as well as the general public with interests in the sphere of international communication. In the future, it is planned to extend the project in the form of festival of nations with wide participation of student from different faculties.
Title: Content And Technology Modernization Of Professional Life Safety Training For Future Teachers
Author(s): Мarina А. Morozova*, Аlexandr G. Kapustin
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This work presents the analysis of efficiency of the measures aimed at the modernization of academic and applied bachelor degrees along with the results of active training and organization of network interaction of students in the course of training with the specializations 44.03.01 "Pedagogical education" and 44.03.05 "Pedagogical education. Extended education". The objective of this research is to substantiate the necessity for the modernization of the contents of educational programs, for planning and implementing educational processes for future teachers in a specific way and with the use of effective methods and technologies in the course of educating in the field of life safety. The article offers the analysis of the efficiency of educational programs, of the outcomes of active training methods and technologies and the organization of network interaction of students based on the principle of social partnership. The materials of this article have a lot of practical value for high school teachers, higher and vocational education staff and for the specialists in the sphere of educational management.
Title: Subject Characteristics Of Teachers’ Personality And Work Efficiency
Author(s): Flera G. Mukhametzyanova*, Elena Y. Korjova, Elena K. Veselova
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Increased attention to the subject characteristics of teachers at the present time is based on the need to identify meaningful patterns of activity in teaching and in life. The subject characteristics are identified through the number of original techniques. It is shown that teachers of secondary educational institutions with subject and object orientations have different approaches to their work and life associated with the productivity of their activities. Highly effective teachers demonstrate predominantly subject characteristics (wide understanding of life, efficient choice of professionally and personally significant behavioral strategies) while ineffective teachers – object characteristics (low life reflection, professionally inefficient strategies, low personal involvement in teaching). Highly effective teachers noted a wide range of meaningful experiences (high "weight" life events), the most meaningful to them are gnostic, design, organizational aspects of pedagogical activity; personal, emotional response to the significant pedagogical situations. Ineffective teachers differ in a narrow range of meaningful experiences, low "weight" of life events. The choice of behavior strategies is characterized by the significance of communicative situations of educational activities; impersonal response to significant pedagogical situations. The results are obtained accordingly to the situational approaches.
Title: International Experience As Resource For Improvement Of Multicultural Teacher Education In Russia
Author(s): F. Sh. Mukhametzyanova, T. M. Tregubova*,A.R.Kamaleeva
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The aim of the article is to identify issues that would enhance the experts’ discourse in the adaptation and educational potential of the international experience in the area of multicultural education and the formation of a tolerant identity of future teachers which can serve as a reference point and a resource for innovations in improvement the domestic system of multicultural education of students in the pedagogical higher education institutions of Russia. The methodology covers the desk research including the analysis of the available reliable Russian and international sources of information on a problem, comparative and analytical method, system method, dialectic method, elements of social design, as well as a method of rationalization of meanings. The authors made an attempt to show a value of the international activity of the Russian pedagogical educational institutions in the field of implementation of joint projects on multicultural education of future teachers and detection of the importance of a tolerant personality formation in the conditions of the international educational integration that can form a knowledge basis for the subsequent scientific researches in this field.
Title: Capacity Of Youths In The Republic Of Tatarstan To Develop Technical Creativity
Author(s): Elena Muraveva, Evgeniya Knyazkina, Svetlana Dobrotvorskaya*
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The relevance of this researched problem is connected with the development of technical creativity and recruitment of talented youth into technical colleges of the Republic of Tatarstan (RT). The research purpose is to identify a child’s interest in engineering, which plays an important role in determining competencies and further development of creativity in engineering in RT. Main research methods used in this work are practical experiments conducted among youths in order to determine their levels of regional attractiveness factors; the results gained by using this method prove that RT is an innovative and active region with a great number of enterprises working in the field of science and technology. This article provides summary results of the survey carried out among children interested in engineering in RT. Practical experiments conducted among youths to determine regional attractiveness factors are included in this research work. The experiment results have allowed us to identify the main factors and the level of attractiveness of the Republic of Tatarstan in the area of science and technology in comparison with other regions.
Title: Dynamics Of Familistic Competence Changes Of Future Educational Psychologists
Author(s): E.I.Murtazina*, G.F. Biktagirova
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A university should become an important factor in the process of forming a new value system, that is why in university's educational process it is necessary to update the value of a family within such courses as "Psychology of Family and Family Relationships", "Family Pedagogy". The family component of professional psychological and pedagogical competence determines the direction of future educational psychologists' training based on a family values priority, priority of children upbringing and family-oriented lifestyle. To actualize the value of these disciplines means that a teacher transfers significant valuable knowledge, which helps the formation of student's value consciousness, value attitude, value behavior. This approach helps to ensure personal choice and appropriation of values and leading ideological ideas by students. The purpose of this study is to investigate the dynamics of changes of future educational psychologists' family-orientated competence development. The article presents the results of the research conducted in 2004-2005 and in 2015-2017 at Kazan Federal University (KFU). The article presents a substantial characteristics of future educational psychologists' family-orientated competence; reveals components and levels of family-orientated competence; represents the development of intellectual and psychological components of future educational psychologists' family-orientated competence.
Title: Enactivism And Embodied Cognition In Education Of Music Teachers
Author(s): Damilya Nadyrova*
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The relevance of this work is related to the need to modernize the content of professional training of future music teachers in accordance with the current level of development of pedagogical science. The research problem is to consider the possibility of introducing some new aspects grounded on modern scientific approach to cognition and learning into the theoretical and practical training of teachers. These include the theory of enactivism and embodied cognition, based on the interactivity between an organism and its environment. These theoretical premises open up new prospects for improving the professional training of a music teacher of the 21st century. It has been found that several methods of musical training, which are inherently enactive and embodied, were found in the past practice in an intuitive way. The study of these methods from the point of view of modern scientific achievements gives them a new meaning and evaluation and should enter into the content of training of future music teachers. More effectively the students' acquisition of new knowledge was realized on a complex basis, in the interrelation of theoretical and practical educational activities. A greater role in this process is played by the experience of students' own musical performance, because it allows to feel the effectiveness of these methods through their own body.
Title: Migrant Children’s Social And Cultural Adaptation Within The Framework Of Kazakh Culture
Author(s): T.A. Nesterova*
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The process of soci- cultural adaptation of migrant children takes place in the condition of cross-border migration from Kazakhstan to the Tyumen region. The preservation of Kazakh culture is provided by the regional public organization - "National and cultural autonomy of the Kazakhs in the Tyumen region" and educational institutions. The model of optional classes presented in the article helps to form cultural and ethno-cultural competence of migrant children based on Kazakh heritage. Cross-border migration from Kazakhstan to the Tyumen region raises a very serious and important problem of socio cultural adaptation of migrant children to a new cultural atmosphere, organized by the socio-cultural and educational institutions. The article presents a case of successful adaptation of migrant children from Kazakh Diaspora with a help of educational institutions of Tyumen.
Title: The Educational Program For Transition From Training To Professional Work
Author(s): Alexey Panfilov*, Valentina Panfilova, Gallia Ljdokova, Lidiya Kozinets
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The relevance of the problem presented in this article stems from the long period of professional adaptation of graduates from pedagogical programmes. New teachers often find that their teaching skills do not meet the requirements of the Federal State Educational Standard of Basic General Education and the professional standard of a teacher. This calls for the modernization of the structure and contents of pedagogical educational programmes (PEP) – they need to become more practice-orientated. The practical preparation of future teachers requires ensuring the transition from one type of activity (educational) to another (professional) with the corresponding change of needs, motives, goals, actions, means and results. The dynamics of students’ transition from educational activities to teaching can be described in the context-learning technology at the level of constructing and implementing individual academic disciplines of PEPs. The dynamics of transition from educational to professional activities will be more effective if PEPs are specifically designed. The desired outcome of PEPs is the ability of teachers to build their professional activities in accordance with the professional teaching standard which ensures the possibility of organizing a full-fledged educational activity of students. Achieving this goal implies that PEPs will adopt practice-oriented and evidenced-based approaches. The educational module is defined as the basic unit of an educational program. It allows the future teacher to effectively transition from academic activities to professional ones (it is a small transition cycle).
Title: College Students’ Tolerance: Case-Study In Kazan Teacher Training College
Author(s): Gulfiia G. Parfilova*, Ramilya Sh. Kasimova
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Tolerance is a personal or social characteristic that implies the realization of the fact that the world and the social environment are multidimensional, it means that the views of this world can be different and they cannot and should not be reduced to uniformity or taken advantage of (Tishkov). Tolerance education is the first, initial and very important level of students’ development. The review of the available scientific literature showed that the study of the problem of tolerance and its development in educational environment has become a question of a vital importance recently. However, this topic has been studied in a fragmented and non-systematic way so far. The existing research results reveal that tolerance is not considered to be a goal of students upbringing in a college unfortunately. The purpose of this research was to study and assess college students’ tolerance maturity and to give a scientific credence to a special psychological and pedagogical work on students’ tolerance improving. The obtained results became a recommendations basis for organizing special psychological and pedagogical work for students’ tolerance improving. 96 GAOUSPO Kazan College Small Business and Entrepreneurship students aged 16-17 took part in the experimental part of our research. Diagnostics was carried out using an express questionnaire "Index of Tolerance" (Soldatov, Kravtsova, Khukhlaev, Shaigerova). The study materials are of practical value for educational psychologists, teachers, deputy directors of education and curators.
Title: Relationship Between Religiosity, Ethnic Identity And The Educational Activities Of Kindergarten Teachers
Author(s): Valentina Fedorovna Petrova*, Natalia Nicolaevna Novik
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The relevance of the problem under study depends on the necessity to investigate the process of religious identity of different ethnic groups, traditionally resident in Tatarstan, Russian Federation. The study of religiosity and ethnic identity in connection with the work of kindergarten teachers is becoming more significant in modern conditions, but neither in science nor in preschool teachers’ practice, has this problem has been studied. This article aims to identify the differences and trends of religiosity and ethnic identity manifestations among teachers of Russian and Tatar ethnic groups in kindergartens in the city of Kazan, the capital of the Republic of Tatarstan. Socio-cultural approach was the leading research approach in our study, because it reveals the features of manifestation and development of ethno-confessional interactions in the professional group of kindergarten teachers. The study revealed trends in the development of religious consciousness and world view, in conjunction with the ethnic identity of teachers, educating young children in kindergartens. The obtained results are the basis for working out a complex of disciplines aimed at developing religious and ethnic tolerance, preventing latent ethnic and religious aggression among pre-school teaching staff, as well as designing technologies to form ethnic and conventional competences essential for future teachers of preschool education in teachers training colleges and universities. The materials in this article can be useful for specialists in pre-school education, for college and university teachers, and as career development courses.
Title: Critical Review Of Teacher Education In Russia: The Route To Perfection
Author(s): Oksana V. Polyakova*, Liliya A. Latypova, Dilyana D. Sungatullina
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Russia’s integration into the Bologna process has led to the transition to two-level higher education, which eventually had an adverse impact on the quality of teachers’ preparation. Academic programs requiring five years of studies at the specialist degree have undergone considerable changes to fulfil the requirements of four-year education. It in turn led to discrepancy between theory and reality and resulted in the lack of essential teaching practice. Subsequently, newly-qualified teachers were incapable of embarking on their careers and left the profession within their first year at school. The diversity of critical skills identified by various organizations in Russia and abroad signifies the emphasis on a teacher as a lifelong learner. Thus, education policy-makers need to consider those skills and design an appropriate teacher education framework to assist a novice teacher in coping with challenges and demands of the teaching profession. The paper demonstrates the evaluation of existing curricula both for Bachelor and Master Degree on the basis of the credit units per competence with special emphasis paid to credit unit number for teaching practice. The analysis made by the authors will facilitate 4T strategy to be incorporated into educational process smoothly and will assist educational authorities to form the new framework for teacher preparation.
Title: Psychology Of Knowledge Constructing In The Framework Of “Problem Interpretation Study” Technology
Author(s): Leonid Popov, Pavel Ustin*, Ralina Valeeva
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The urgency of the presented research problem is determined by the need to use innovative educational technologies to maximize the use of cognitive and creative resources of students as active participants of the educational process and the current lack of such technologies in the modern educational space. The purpose of the article is to describe the content of the educational technology of problem interpretations by the example of the formation of the ethical competencies of students. The article describes the educational technology, which is based on the idea of knowledge constructing by students independently during learning processes. Theoretical base of technology consists of three main approaches: about the zones of nearest development, about the student as an initiator of development and self-development during educational activities, about constructivism in education. Also it combines the key ideas about constructing and self-constructing, problem-based learning and creativity. The leading method of research was forming experiment, which allowed to explore and to test all the main aspects of the proposed technology. The article presents the results of the approbation of technology which ensured the growth of ethical development among students. The algorithm of technology can be used by teachers and graduate students of higher educational institutions for various disciplines with an ethical focus and ethical content.
Title: Influence Of Reflection On Students’ Cognitive States In The Educational Activity
Author(s): A.O. Prokhorov, A.V. Chernov*
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The article presents the results of studying the influence of reflection on students’ cognitive states in educational activities. Students of both genders trained in different specialties (humanities and natural-science) took part in the research: 143 students aged between 18 and 22. The impact of reflection on students’ mental states was researched during learning activities (at a lecture and seminar): the intensity of mental states was measured. The diagnostics of reflection and personality regulatory abilities was then carried out in form of extra class activity.SPSS 16.0 program was applied to process the results. Typical states with different levels of reflection in everyday and intense situations of learning activity are revealed. The greatest differences in the experience of states between students with different levels of reflection were found in situations related to exams: in a tense situation, high reflexive students often experience low-intensity cognitive states, while low reflexive often experience high and low intensity states. It is established that the influence of reflection on cognitive states is mediated by the level of the subject's regulatory abilities: students with the same level of regulatory ability and reflection, experience the most intense cognitive states.
Title: Emotional And Ethical Intelligence Development To Prevent Burnout Syndrome In Pedagogical Activity
Author(s): Irina Puchkova,Ruslan Khakimzyanov*
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The urgency of the problem under investigation is due to the fact that emotional burnout is a manifestation of the destructive trends in professional activities and affects the solving of professional problems. Currently, teachers, psychologists, physicians actively study emotional burnout among representatives of socio-economic professions. Professional work of teachers in various studies should be given special attention. This article deals with the problem of uncovering the factors which facilitate the prevention of burnout syndrome of a person in educational activity. It is aimed at detecting the components of emotional intelligence which contribute towards prevention of burnout syndrome. Empirical study was conducted on a representative sample of teachers of secondary schools. The study results were justified methodologically and theoretically. The leading method to the problem of burnout is the method of empirical research that compares the psychological characteristics of teachers with different levels of severity of burnout and identify the factors that contribute to its prevention. There is a necessity in the studying of the psychological factors of burnout in professional work of teachers. The components of emotional intelligence that help to prevent the development of burnout were empirically examined. The results can be used by social psychologists, school psychologists and educational psychologists for the prevention and correction of emotional burnout of teachers.
Title: Russian Scientists’ Contribution In Early 20th Century Towards Inclusive Education Development
Author(s): Faina L. Ratner, Alexandra Yu. Yusupova*, Natalia G. Sigal
Full Text 78
The value and actuality of thisresearchis due to the contradiction between the typical situation in the traditional educational institutions and the demand of the changing social environment in the case of inclusion. The aim of this research is to analyze the pedagogical ideas of Russian scientists of early 20th century, such as Troshin, Kashchenko, and Vygotsky,from the view of the problem of inclusive education. The comparative-historical methodof the research hasallowedusto track the continuity of their views and to provethe relevance of the conclusionthatthe social environmentis the main reasonof violations indevelopment. Theresearch summarizes the principles of integrationprocessandthestructural elements of inclusive institutions proposed and approved in the schools headed by the Russian scientists.It should be noted that Russian scientists played a great role in the dissemination of the concept of “exceptional children” not onlyin case ofchildren with disabilities and difficult children, but alsowhen speaking ofhighly gifted children whose interests and concerns were the focus of pedagogical science for the first time. The presented results ofthescientific,theoretical and practical development of the problems of inclusive educationcouldbe used inany sphere of methodology, research andadministration of educational process.
Title: Innovations In Foreign Pedagogical Education At The Modern Stage
Author(s): Faina L. Ratner*, Galina V. Matushevskaya, Marina S. Lukina
Full Text 79
This article contains the analysis of experience gathered from foreign countries and their innovative processes in pedagogical education systems implementation. The article clarifies the primary conditions for innovation and improvement of teaching, i.e. the continuity of basic and additional education, the interrelation of different forms of education and self-education, the optimum answer to the real teachers’ needs on the basis of differentiation, individualization, problematization and education forms and content variability, the combination of the humanitarian preparation and professional pedagogy, the reliance on the modern achievements of the psychological and pedagogical science.This article gives the examples of the coursers for future teachers, notices the tendency to the creation of special innovative organizational structures such as; the Office of Innovation and Improvement at the US Department of Education or special educational committees at the regional levels.The preparation of teacher-researcher implies the realization of the fact, “the teacher is not only a knowledge user, but also a knowledge producer for himself/herself”. The primary condition for an effective teacher preparation is teaching practice at schools which is considered as one of the main components of teaching preparation process. The innovative forms of pedagogical education appears and functions as a flexible structure which responds to the situation requirements both in the education and market systems. Such ability of a flexible response to the changing society is a creative and developing factor for the appearance of new innovative forms of the pedagogical education.
Title: Role Of Motivation In Learning A Second Language For Intercultural Competence Development
Author(s): S. Reeves, M. Panteleeva*
Full Text 80
Motivation has undoubtedly been accepted by researchers and teachers as a powerful tool in the mastery of the learning of second languages (L2). A variety of psychological and sociological theories propose sources for motivational needs, including both internal factors (growth and personal development) and external factors (operant conditioning and rewards). For simplification, motivation is separated into four types: intrinsic, integrative, extrinsic, and instrumental. Intrinsic and extrinsic motivation refer to the internal/external reasons and impetus for doing something. Intrinsic motivation, for example, gives no reward for doing an action except for the sole personal satisfaction of doing said action at all. Conversely, integrative and instrumental motivation types refer to practical reasons for doing something, for example, learning a language in order to get a promotion at work or in order to integrate into a new culture. The present research sought to examine motivation type in students from Kazan National Research Technological University in Kazan, Russia. Results found that most students were instrumentally-motivated, followed by intrinsic, integrative, and lastly extrinsic. Other results demonstrated that L2 proficient students operated under intrinsic and integrative motivation styles. The research inspired a number of activities with native speakers in the classroom, including the development of a seminar series program, aimed at providing real practical techniques and applying language skills to professional activities. Both the research and seminar series promote intercultural competence, through enlarging language abilities of the students as well as building skills in intercultural communication, self-examination, understanding cultural peculiarities and developing certain behavioral styles.
Title: Residential Areas Risk Analysis
Author(s): Vladimir L. Romanovsky,Oxana A. Gorbunova, Svetlana G. Dobrotvorskaya*
Full Text 81
A city is a complex, dynamic and nonlinear system, full of different hazards. These hazards affect all elements of the system, and it is necessary to reveal and monitor the activities that promote growing the hazards into real dangers, i.e. it is necessary to conduct research on “urban hazards” and learn to manage them. Systems characteristics, becoming more and more complicated, often do not match human capabilities. Quite often human factors, though playing the key role in systems operation, are taken into consideration only during the use of systems, but over the design stage often the simplest human characteristics are not taken into account. The underestimation of human factors considerably reduces operational safety of residential areas. It has been arisen the situation when one of the most important sections stands aside the developers attention, which negatively affects forecast of residential areas operation. The authors argue that it is necessary to carry out interagency and system risk analysis for efficient functioning of the technogenic threats management at the municipal level taking into account their interrelation.
Title: Models Of Educational Routes In Elementary School For Migrants’ Children
Author(s): Elvira Gilfanovna Sabirova*
Full Text 82
The actuality of this research is determined by the fact of increased migration to the Russian territory and beyond its borders. Nowadays, in pedagogics the issues of effectiveness in teaching migrant children became very important. Demands of society initiate making of such educational model that would support the development of every person to the maximum of his/her intellectual and psychological potential. In modern Russian elementary school, in general, there are used educational technologies intended for children who belong to single cultural environment. Since this point there are needed adaptive technologies in teaching migrant children. This problem determines elaboration and realization of special education routes in elementary school for effective teaching of migrant children. Purpose of research: elaboration of educational routes in elementary school for migrant children. Teachers and learners of Kazan schools (Tatarstan, Russia) participated in this research. The materials of this study can be useful for elementary school teachers and migrant parents of elementary school children.
Title: The Technology Of Development Of Intercultural Competence At Russian And Foreign Universities
Author(s): Rimma A. Safina*, Oksana A. Amurskaya
Full Text 83
The necessity to develop intercultural competence is recognised on both national and international levels. The European council includes intercultural competence in the list of key competences for experts in different professions. The main aim of this research is to compare the most important methods for the development of intercultural competence used with students at Russian and foreign universities: based on the study of the experience of the researchers and teachers who are the speakers of foreign languages and based on the level of intercultural competence in universities the main tendencies were revealed. During the research project: various approaches to the interpretation of the term “intercultural competence” were found, as well as how the term is used in the Russian and foreign literature; it became necessary to introduce the measures for the purposeful didactic influence on the professional intercultural competence with students at universities; different criteria for the choice of exercises were described and the organisation of didactical material procedures concerning the language.
Title: Modelling Of Foreign Language Business Communication Concentrated Training To Master Degree Students
Author(s): Liliya Radikovna Sakaeva, Natalya Albertovna Sigacheva*, Alfiya Rafailovna Baranova
Full Text 84
The relevance of the investigated problem is triggered by the need of further improvement of the efficiency of foreign language business communication training to Master degree students. This article is focused on the development of a pedagogical model of foreign language business communication concentrated teaching to Masters students at universities. The leading approaches to the research of this problem are logical and gnosiological analysis, method of actualization, selection, systematization and generalization of foreign language teaching methods and original sources. The article reveals, that negative effects of the traditional system of education are associated with inefficient organization of the educational process, which makes it necessary to identify and create the organizational and pedagogical conditions that increase the efficiency of foreign language business communication concentrated training to Master degree students. The main result of the research is the developed model of foreign language business communication concentrated training to Masters students, which characterizes activity of all subjects of the educational process and its organization, conditions for the effective implementation of this model. Also, the developed model includes monitoring the effectiveness of the educational process, aimed at diagnosing the levels of formation of students’ activity motivation, speaking levels, and the criteria of their evaluation in the process of training. Materials of this article can be useful for enriching foreign language teaching methodology and pedagogy.
Title: Implementing Reading And Speaking Activities For Esp Student Teachers
Author(s): L.R. Sakaeva*, E.Kh. Shamsutdinova (b), E.V. Martynova
Full Text 85
Changes in the Russian Federal State Educational Standard for the specialisation 44.03.05 Pedagogical education (with double majors: Mathematics + English) have placed new demands on bachelor graduates. Recently, state final examination involves not only passing final state exams in English, but the ability to explain Mathematics in English (including at thedefence of a thesis). It means that teaching a foreign language as a part of mentioned major should be professionally oriented and therefore, teaching it in isolation from the majors is not ineffective. Consequently, complex tasks are put to both students and teachers. Students, besides mastering General English, must study English for specific purposes. Although in the curriculum there are the following disciplines: "English language in professional communication", "Professionally oriented English", "Translation of professional literature", but they are definitely insufficient for forming foreign language competence in professional activities. As for teachers, they must not only speak a foreign language and be familiar with teaching approaches, but also understand the essence and specifics of their major subject. This article discusses teaching approaches of the practical course of the English language with a gradual, phased introduction of professional English language for mathematicians through the examples of exercises for developing reading and speaking skills. It is worth noting that innovations imply the modification of all system components of learning. In addition, long-term practice shows that training using traditional technologies allows us to develop the key core competencies for the specialty training, which suggests the need for change.
Title: The Value-Meaning Correlatives Of Coping Behavior: Comparative Research Of Master’s Students
Author(s): Nailia R.Salikhova*, Ayan S. Akhmetova, Albina B. Salikhova
Full Text 86
The topic of this article is important in view of increasing academic mobility which requires the understanding of both general and culture specific resources of stress-coping for engaging in a master’s degree program. The main goal of the article is to identify and compare value-meaning correlatives between master’s students from Kazakhstan and Tatarstan (Russia). With the use of the experimental method the parameters of the personal value-meaning sphere were identified (meaningfulness of life, hierarchy of values, acting on one’s values) along with the coping strategies of master’s students. The findings show that the meaningfulness of life directly relates to task-orientated coping and inversely relates to emotion-orientated in both student groups however in case with students from Kazakhstan it directly relates to the strategy of social diversion. For all master’s students avoidance-orientated coping was most related to values. The degree of attaining and acting in accordance with one’s values relates more to coping in comparison to the parameters of importance and this is even more common for Kazakhs. The findings demonstrate the difference in how values relate to coping strategies in the sample groups. The results also show both universal and culture specific value resources for coping which need to be taken into account by university services offering psychological support to master’s students who study in a multicultural environment.
Title: Language Preferences Of Children-Bilinguals In The Conditions Of Disperse Accommodation Of Ethnos
Author(s): D.A. Salimova*, E.L. Koudrjavtseva
Full Text 87
In article which is based on the compressed scientific and bibliographic analysis of a problem and data of testing poll of 200 children-bilinguals German-Russian-speaking and Russian-German-speaking, living in Russia and Germany, the attempt to reveal conditions and parameters of language preferences, the choice of the main language is given. The conducted research began with the analysis of the existing ways of the linguocultural development of bilinguals existing at the moment: a raster analysis of a profile, tests, sheets of observation and questionnaires for parents and teachers. In our research sample there were about 200 children whom (the informed concents of the parents were obtained) with complex work on identification of level of their communicative competence has been carried out (I-, socio-, cross-cultural, media and lingvo-making), with a dominant of their ethnocultural and language preferences. The balance level two-/multilingualism defines "quality" of the self-presentation and depth of self-identification of bi- and polilinguals in each language and in accordance with each etnolingvoculture they represent. At the same time, language is only a peculiar "thermometer" indicating the formation level of the communicative competence of the carrier of a communication situation. Taking into account that communicative competence includes 5 key components (content: I-competence, socio-competence (including professional society), ethno - and cross-cultural competence; tool: lingvo-competence and media competence), it is possible to assume that a communication language is selected based on the possibility /impossibility and quality/level of realization of each of these competences on each of available languages of bi- and a polilinguals.
Title: Pre-Service Teachers’ Educational Competency In Working With Gifted Children
Author(s): Alsu F. Sharafeeva*, Olga A. Nikolaeva, Alexander Yu. Morozov
Full Text 88
The relevance of identifying and supporting gifted children is determined by the priority requirements both at the level of national strategy and educational system, designed to provide favourable conditions for the development of talented youths. Quite recently, considerable attention has been paid to gifted children in Russia, as it is strongly believed that they will define the economic and intellectual potential of the country. It is possible to speak about certain achievements concerning support and cooperation of schools and universities in different regions of Russia to aiding gifted children. A special mention should be made to new forms of activities such as, children's universities within university campus or pupils’ scientific summer schools. However, it could be argued whether all tasks concerning identification and support of talented youth are adequately solved. In particular, it concerns the deficiency of competence-based availability of pre-service teachers. Thus, the article emphasizes special educational projects and creative partnerships of university scientific communities and basic experimental schools can promote the necessary education and support of gifted children. Experimentally, the article introduces the “Step to Science” project that has been tried and tested for a rather long period, and according to the monitoring of its efficiency, it shows significantly positive results. In the course of experimental work, the following research methods - questioning, testing, modelling, designing, case study, and analysing of normative documents are used. The ideas and recommendations suggested in the article could be potentially useful in further investigations of some core aspects of the considered problem.
Title: The Study Of Teachers’ Personal Resources In Multicultural Educational Environment
Author(s): Tatyana P. Sharay*
Full Text 89
In this work, the results of theoretical study of the necessary teachers’ personal resources in multicultural educational environment are reported. The relevance of the topic of the project «Multicultural preparation of teacher» is not in doubt. The development and support of teacher’s personal resources is one of the main problems in the project. Teachers’ lack of internal and external resources in the process of working with migrant children not only prevents the integration of pupils but increases the risk of the professional burnout syndrome. The identity of teachers who work with migrant children were used the object of the study. The aim of the given study is to determine psycho-pedagogical factors that promote the development of personal resources in multicultural educational environment. In the result of this theoretical study we revealed:
1- Internal and external factors as problematic areas for teachers who work with migrant children.
2- Personal and professionally significant characteristics, knowledge, skills and competencies required for teachers working with migrant children.
3- Psycho-pedagogical factors that promote the development of personal and professionally significant characteristics, knowledge, skills and competencies required for working with migrant children.
Title: Role Of Mentoring In Novice Teachers Adaptation
Author(s): Irina M. Solodkova*, Lilia R. Ismagilova, Oksana V. Polyakova
Full Text 90
Teacher education has gained crucial importance in today's multicultural environment. It is no longer connected only with the methodology of teaching subjects and basics of upbringing, it is about young teachers' ability to quickly join the process of disseminate knowledge. Young teachers' readiness to accommodate both the academic and psychological needs of learners is connected to the timeframe of their own adaptation period. Taking into consideration the importance of novice teachers' adaptation, the authors of the article developed and implemented a mentoring program. The program involved 32 novice teachers of ESP and 20 mentors providing professional help and consultations on the basis of their own experience. The main objective of the program was to assist novice teachers to overcome difficulties associated with the early stages of a teaching career and thus minimizes the possible damage to the educational process. The study is concerned with the comparison and interpretation of the results obtained from the two stage survey of young teachers, who have started their teaching career at Kazan Federal University, as Business English teachers. The data obtained demonstrated the effectiveness of the developed mentoring program. On the basis of the performed work the authors have come to the conclusion that the mentoring program fulfills its objective to assist young teachers in adaptation, gaining confidence, establishing positive rapport with colleagues and students, overcoming first-year career challenges.
Title: Gender-Role Identity Disorder As A Factor Of Women’s Unreadiness For Motherhood
Author(s): Valeriya Aleksandrovna Stepashkina*, Alla Vladimirovna Frolova
Full Text 91
Psychological readiness for motherhood is a personal system of comprising of, and relating to female gender-role attributes and acceptance of feminine qualities. Gender-role identity is an important psychological factor of female readiness for motherhood. However, this problem has not been sufficiently investigated. The aim of this research is purposed at revealing characteristic aspects of female gender-role identity and unreadiness for motherhood. Due to the aim of this research the leading method of this problem study is the comparative analysis method. The analysis explores how the level of gender-role identity correlates with readiness for motherhood and parental role. The indicators of readiness and unreadiness for motherhood in 150 women with different types of gender-role identity were defined. It can be assumed that the structure of gender-role identity in women with low-preparedness for motherhood and infertility problems has a fragmented content: women have demonstrated confusion in sexual preference and rejection of female gender role. Conversely, pregnant women and mothers have formed ideas about their gender-role identity and strong willingness to become mothers.
Title: Time For A Change: Defining The Academic Teacher’s Brand Pillars
Author(s): Dilyana D. Sungatullina, Ekaterina O. Murtazina, Yuliya N. Gorelova*
Full Text 92
Tertiary education worldwide has undergone profound changes recently stemming from internationalization, significant academic migration and transformed students community. Transforming environment sets new requirements not only for the curriculum, but for the people, delivering the contents of academic disciplines. The idea of the research, conducted among teachers and students of the Institute of Management, Economics and Finance (IMEF), Kazan Federal University (KFU), is to explore the teacher's perception of their classroom performance as well as the students' attitude to teachers with the view to develop the pillars for a competent tertiary teacher’s brand. The results of the undertaken research prove that the corner stone of the problem is the teaching competences of the academics or pillars as we describe them. The challenge here is that most of the tertiary teachers who work in Russian higher educational institutions (HEIs) lack a degree in education, which predetermines pedagogic content knowledge along with subject matter knowledge. However, most of respondents participating in the survey highlight the importance of the former for a successful teaching career. Therefore, the students of the IMEF as well as the teachers feel the necessity to transform the teaching process at the university and to define the pillars of teacher's brand that would contribute to the global recognition of the whole university.
Title: E-Education: Organizational And Pedagogical Conditions Of Its Efficiency
Author(s): Elvira G. Galimova, Tatiana V. Sibgatullina, Nadezhda V. Telegina*
Full Text 93
The relevance of this problem is due to the high dependence of the usage of electronic educational resources in educational processes on the level of a teacher’s competence on information technologies awareness. Underdeveloped skills of a teacher leads to low efficiency in using electronic educational resources in the process of disciplinary study. Analysis of the electronic educational resources peculiarities in educational process allows us to conclude that its usage contributes to obtaining high results, to improving the quality of the educational process, to expanding the boundaries of possibilities for individual and distance e-learning. However, the introduction of electronic educational resources into educational process does not guarantee their optimal implementation as a means of improving the quality of education. In this regard, this article is aimed at investigating the reasons of low effectiveness of electronic educational resources usage in educational processes. The following leading methods were chosen to be used for analyzing the experience of electronic educational resources (EERs) usage and determining its effectiveness: comparative analysis, enquiry, interviewing conducted among 20 teachers and 50 students. The data presented in the article shows that at this stage of introduction of EERs into the university’s educational process, the expected growth in educational results quality has not occurred, and the level of individualization has not increased. Perhaps, this is determined by inadequacy of participants of educational process to use EERs.
Title: Formation Of A Civic Stand For Future Innovative Teachers
Author(s): Irina Vasilyevna Terentyeva*, Natalya BorisovnaPugacheva
Full Text 94
Relevance of this research is instigated by the change in the relationship between the state and civil society regarding the consolidation of efforts of many countries and communities in the fight against terrorism. The purpose of this article is to find out features of forming a civic stand for the innovative teacher. The system approach allowing to consider the formation of a civic stand as a purposeful process is the leading approach of this research. Features of formation of a civic stand of future innovative teachers is the main results. The importance of the received results consists that the essence of a civic stand as an integrated quality of the personality aware of his/her civil rights, freedoms and duties is reflected and revealed; understanding of civil liability before society; and a steady orientation on civil activity within the precepts of law. It is established that an established knowledge of the civil society, the rights, freedoms, and duties of the citizen, allows the student to design his own line of civil behavior, to build adequate relations with the civil society and the state, to form a culture of civil thinking, to protect his civic stand in a civilized way, without violating the rights and the interests of other people. The course "Civil Society in Modern Russia" and an algorithm for the assessment of the discussions held on occupations are developed. 87 teachers and 305 students participated in this approbation.
Title: Migrant Childrens` Social And Pedagogical Localization. Experience Of Educational Institutions Of France
Author(s): Nataliya V. Tikhonova, Gulnara M. Ilduganova*, Yulia A. Nigmetzyanova-Bour
Full Text 95
Due to the steady growth of immigration flow to Russia in the last few years, the problem of social and pedagogical integration of migrant children becomes increasingly important for our country. Research and implementation of this experience is not only practical, but a question of necessity. An immense experience in the sphere of social localization is accumulated in France, as this country hosts the largest number of immigrants in the whole history of immigration to Europe. Under the term ‘localization of migrants’, we mean their preparedness to accept the official language, local culture, and behavioural rules, and full integration of migrants into the society including being demanded by the labour market. The aim of this research is to study the experience of France in solving the problem of localization of migrant children in the secondary educational institution ‘Cité scolaire Jean Moulin, Académie de Nancy-Metz’ (Forbach, France). Special pedagogical structures for migrant children were founded in secondary educational institutions. The main line of their activity is teaching French to the ‘newcomers’ for a faster integration into normal classes. As a result, after concluding educational institutions and after the localization period, migrant children speak the national language, know the particular cultural features of the host country, its traditions and ethics. Thus, a well-targeted social and pedagogical system of working with migrant children in secondary educational institutions and learning the national language as a top priority, lead to the gradual assimilation and localization of migrant children.
Title: Self-Esteem And Evaluation Of Future Math Teachers For Professional Development
Author(s): N.V. Timerbayeva*, E.I. Fazleeva, K.B. Shakirova
Full Text 96
The relevance of the problem stated in the article is determined by the fact that success in professional teaching activities depend on skills to analyze and evaluate pedagogical activity and based on this to plan, and organize further actions. The purpose of the article is to identify ways to improve professional development of future mathematics teachers at the Institute of Mathematics and Mechanics of KFU, based on a comparative analysis of students' self-esteem and expert evaluation of professional skills necessary to organize teaching activities. The development of meaningful comprehension of his pedagogical capabilities and qualities plays a significant role in the formation of professional self-awareness in future teachers. Adequate self-evaluation of professional training becomes the basis for successful future teaching activities. The leading methods of research of this problem are questionnaires, written interviews, conversations, testing, and studying of 4-5th year students’ teaching practice documents from 2012 to 2017. The study has showed that students’ self-esteem and evaluation differ before and after teaching practice, they depend on the level of their subject and methodological training. If 4th year students are optimistic about their opportunities in organizing pupils’ educational and cognitive activities since they have not faced a real teaching situation yet, then 5thyear students' self-esteem becomes more adequate, real. The main results of the research consist in revealing the unambiguity of the conformity of future mathematics teachers’ self-esteem, and evaluating the professional preparation and constructing of individual plans for their further development.
Title: Dialectical Analysis And Synthesis In Multicultural Education
Author(s): MarinaV. Vedishenkova*, Ekaterina V. Ryabova
Full Text 97
In this article, «multicultural education» means education in a multicultural world and acquaintance of pupils with different ways of world exploration and information processing; that is natural and necessary in the multinational and multi-religious groups. The authors have analyzed the textbooks for grades 1- 4 of one of the most common in the Russian educational systems in order to identify the possibilities different school subjects have to develop the mental operations of analysis and synthesis. The authors pay special attention to literature, which promotes the development of elements of dialectical thought, namely, the ability to determine the subject matter in opposite directions and find their common ground. This is even more important since the literature helps pupils to discover the laws of man's inner world, the world of the soul. Literature, studied dialectically, allows pupils, firstly, to complete the process of their own civilian self-determination successfully and, secondly, to acquire practical experience in resolving interpersonal conflicts gradually.
Title: Career Support And Employment Of Pedagogical Higher Education Graduates In Education Modernization
Author(s): Galina Vinokurova*, Diana Zhuina
Full Text 98
In this article, the problem of employment of higher educational institution graduates is examined. The purpose of this research is to analyze the problem of employment of pedagogical higher education institution graduates’ and development of the model of psychological-acmeological support of the process of students’ professional self-determination and career building. Resulting from this research, the main problems of pedagogical higher education institution graduates’ employment and career building were characterized. The carried-out analysis caused the need for developing the model of psychological- acmeological support of the process of professional self-determination and career building in students. The model is developed within the work of the scientific and practical center "Acmeological Center". In the article, the model of psychological and pedagogical support of career building in students is presented, basic structural components of the support are revealed, and the directions and the content of psychological-acmeological support of the activity optimizing the process of professional self-determination in modern youth are described. Within the approbation of the model, a package of diagnostic techniques is presented which is directed to identify the level of formation of a person’s career orientation by means of diagnostic techniques. The results of the research showed that realization of the model of psychological-acmeological support of career building works towards full understanding of higher education institution students’ career building support; it optimizes formation of students’ steady motivation to be a professional, readiness for professional engagement, the productiveness of employment, and in general successful career building.
Title: Folklore As An Integral Part Of The Human Safety Culture Education
Author(s): Nadezhda P. Yachina*, Anvar N. Khuziakhmetov
Full Text 99
The aim of this paper is to define how folklore peculiarities affect the formation of human safety behavior culture. The relevance of the problem under study stems from the fact that human safety behavior culture has always been in the focus of any ethnic group’s attention, which was reflected in their mythology, fairy-tales, proverbs and sayings. The people, the genius creators of the language and teachers all in one, brought into being the greatest works of artistic expression that are intended to lead children forward at all stages of their emotional and moral development. Folklore contains the richest material for the development of moral qualities. Folklore is diverse and rich in various types and genres. The aim of the article is thus to determine the characteristics of folklore essential for the formation of human safety behavior culture. The main approach in studying the present problem is the following: sociometric method which allows to define the competence level of second year students from different faculties in the sphere of ethno-pedagogics and security culture. This method made it possible to study how students perceive psychological difficulties they are faced with. As a result of the study the students found the use of oral folklore (like fairy tales, proverbs, sayings, epics and games) pedagogically practical for developing pupils’ security culture.The future teachers noted that the task of adults is to teach children to choose the right ways of psychological defence, depending on life circumstances, rather than to protect children from adverse surroundings.
Title:English For Specific Academic Purposes As Need And Tool Of EFL Pre-Service Teachers’ Communicative Competency Formatıon
Author(s): Iskander E. Yarmakeev,Tatiana S. Pimenova*, Albina R. Abdrafikova
Full Text 100
If we put compulsory education aside, people have always learned a language for a special purpose. This could be the need to communicate with someone who does not speak a shared language about something ‘specific’ (Kern, 2013). English for Specific Purposes (ESP) has a long history and has become increasingly popular since the 1960s. No investigations devoted to the problem of teaching English for Specific Academic Purposes (ESAP) as a need and a tool of EFL pre-service teachers’ communicative competency formation have been made so far. The authors of this paper pioneered to meet this challenge. For the solution of the goal of the research - compilation of the glossary and development of training and test exercises which were aimed at facilitating specific academic vocabulary in ESAP class for the formation of EFL pre-service teachers’ communicative competency - a multi-staged experiment was conducted. At the initial stage, 42 EFL pre-service teachers who are Master’s Degree students were interviewed. The research revealed that what EFL pre-service teachers need is to learn to use specific academic vocabulary and communicate proficiently. The practical output of the research consists in the possibility of using approbated materials of ESAP glossary in EFL pre-service teachers’ training. The findings of the research can serve as general recommendations for university faculties and can be widely used in ESAP class and language training courses.
Title: The Cognitive Activity Development Of Middle-Class Students
Author(s): Ilnar F. Yarullin*, Anvar N. Khuziakhmetov, Guzel R. Nasibullova
Full Text 101
The topic of the problem under study is justified by the dynamic development of the modern Russian economy, fast equipment and technologies change, growth of competitions, and the reduction of unskilled and low-skilled work. Under these conditions, the society is in need of a personality with an active cognitive stand, capable of studying and retraining, in order to be able to meet the requirements of the society of the 21st century. The purpose of this article is to identify, give scientific credence, and carry out an experimental analysis of the cognitive development of middle class students. The methodological and theoretical basis of this research consists of the basic provisions of the theory of knowledge in dialectical materialism, relational dialectics, inter-conditionality and integrity of the phenomena. Under the influence of the object-oriented pedagogical management in this course of the cognitive learning process, the opportunities for the formation of socially valuable qualities and cognitive activity of the students are actively created. In the long term, it will lead to the formation of personalities with a proactive approach to life. The presented and approved results of the research can be used in comprehensive schools: to diagnose the level of formation of cognitive interests of the students; to organize a developing environment in the educational institution; and last but not the least, to organize the students' activity during curricular and non-curricular activities.
Title: Foreign Students` Tolerance Formation As Condition Of Safe Integration Into Russian Reality
Author(s): Oksana Vyacheslavovna Zakirova*, Almaz Rafisovich Gapsalamov (b),
Zemfira Vilenovna Gallyamova
Full Text 102
Currently, the world continues to increase the tendency to open borders between the countries, so that more and more people can freely transect national borders in order to find a suitable job, get a good education, find a place to stay away from military conflicts, etc. Unfortunately, modern society is increasingly facing the problem of the impossibility to integrate migrants and receive their cultural environment, this is caused by the reluctance to understand and respect the traditions, laws, rules of conduct of the host side and the aggressive planting of their cultural landmarks. Education to insinuate toleration and respect for citizens of other cultures - the most important task of the modern society, in the decision which, in our opinion, is a specific role for secondary and higher education institutions, which educate future workers. The purpose of this study is to identify the level of toleration of foreign students of Elabuga Institute of Kazan Federal University and develop methods and techniques of formation of educational toleration of migrants and respect to citizens of other cultures through social and humanities disciplines. The study convincingly demonstrated that, in the formation of tolerance of foreign students the discipline of social and humanities play an important role, as well as the educational environment of high school.
Title: Motivating And Demotivating Factors Portrayed By An Individual In The Teaching Process
Author(s): Leysan Mudarisovna Zakirova, Nafisa Tagirovna Burganova*, Landysh Mudarisovna Khamitova
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The relevance of this study is due to the fact that at the present time in teaching languages, positive changes have taken place, but this area faces a number of challenges: psychological, didactic, staffing, etc. The purpose of this article is to identify the hierarchy of motivating and demotivating factors in language teaching processes. Leading methods to the study of this issue are: review of literature; experimental methods (including conversation, interviews, and questionnaires); and statistical methods of data processing. The results of the study showed that in assessing the situation, language learning was highly dependent on factors such as: teaching methods, achievement in education, and teachers work with the students. The obtained results will help to identify problems in the process of teaching and learning. The study is of a research character, and its results are intended for the most part, to develop recommendations regarding language learning. Under that reccomendations foreign language teachers improve students` competence, motivation and proficiency, as well as communication skills.
Title: Multicultural Education In Preventing Extremism Among English Students In A Multicultural University
Author(s): Anna V. Zorina*, Natalya N. Vygodchikova
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The relevance of the problems stated in the article is determined by the fact that today’s modern society is increasingly threatened by the spread of extreme ideology amongst the young of the world. The expansion of extremist ideas in schools and universities, leads to the implementation of extremists’ plans in the future. In this respect, the authors of the article are focused on finding effective ways of reducing the aggression among university students, particularly towards the representatives of other cultures, nations, and nationalities. It is pointed out in the article that the idea of designing university English classes devoted to the problems of extremism and terrorism is considered to be of great value. This article presents the experience of English teachers in Elabuga Institute of Kazan (Volga Region) Federal University (Russia, Republic of Tatarstan), who aim to assist young people live and communicate in the multicultural world by encouraging non-association with extreme groups. The article includes the literature review on extremism and multicultural education; the aims, methods, and the results of the research conducted among the multicultural student society. The materials of the article are intended for college and university foreign language teachers, methodologists of teaching foreign languages, and foreign language student book’s writers.
Title: Risks In Educational Setting: The Issue Of Identification
Author(s): L. R. Kayumova*, V. K. Vlasova
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The problem presented in this paper is highly relevant in view of the fact that educational settings have a complex multifaceted nature which manifests itself through the system of professional and interpersonal relations among the subjects of educational processes. The contents of such relations determine the quality and nature of risks that teachers and their students face. The concept of risk is examined in this paper along with the issues concerning the identification and classification of educational risks; the description of the developed diagnostic complex aimed at identifying risk zones in educational environment is presented. The main methods employed in our research were as follows: comparative analysis, diagnostic surveys (surveys, tests and discussions), and the method of pedagogical design. Part-time students and teachers of the Republic of Tatarstan took part in this study. These materials can be used by teachers and instructors of higher education institutions involved in the process of preparing future teachers.
Title: The Study Of Child-Parent Relations In Disharmonious Families
Author(s): Gulnara F. Biktagirova*,Roza A. Valeeva
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Disharmonious relations in the family create the unfavorable background for the emotional development of the child. They often lead to violations of child-parent relations in the family. This study is aimed at identifying the main problems of the disharmonious relations in the family influence on the occurrence of violations in the child’s behavior of the child. Children experience the most acute feelings in the situation of сontact disruption with parents, lack of their warmth and care, divorce, intra-family conflicts affecting the nature of child-parent relations. Our study of child-parent relations is reduced to solving two main tasks, according to which the choice of methods is carried out. The article reveals the characteristics of child-parent relations in disharmonious families. Theoretical analysis and empirical research showed that the parents’ psychological and personal problems, which they solve at the expense of their children, are at the basis of disharmonious relationships in the family. This kind of parents’ problems is revealed in the article. These are conflicts between mother and father, lack of the parental feelings development, projection of their own interests and desires on a child, bringing conflict between spouses into the sphere of upbringing. It is these problems that directly affect the behavior of children. The study confirmed our hypothesis. A purposeful work is needed to identify and prevent disharmonious relations in the family.
Title: Civil Disputes On International Child Abduction From The Position Of Russian Law
Author(s): Kamil Arslanov*,Zamira Akhmetyanova, Olga Nizamieva, Elena Opykhtina
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The article is devoted to the analysis of disputes about the international abduction of children from the position of Russian law and to the identification of factors that reduce the effectiveness of legal mechanisms for protecting the rights of illegally displaced or detained children. As a result of the research, the circumstances preventing the effective application of the Convention on the International Child Abduction in Russia were revealed. 1) The problem of understanding certain terms that have different meanings in Russian law and in the Convention. 2) The existing mechanism for the recognition of new parties to the Convention allows the Russian courts to refuse to meet the demands for the return of the child. 3) Different directions of vectors laid down in the Convention. The main objective of the Convention is to ensure the prompt return of the child to his or her country of usual residence. The use of conditions, in the presence of which a refusal to return a child is possible, causes significant difficulties. 4) The problem of approval by the court of a settlement agreement. The court cannot approve an agreement, which includes issues that are not the subject of a dispute. The authors concluded that it is necessary to develop and adopt an appropriate resolution of the Plenum of the Supreme Court of the Russian Federation with a view to uniform interpretation and application of the provisions of the Convention, taking into account the existing practice of the ECtHR.
Title: Educational Game As A Technology Of Professional Activity Modelling
Author(s): Valeriya A. Stepashkina
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The current stage of education development is characterized by the formation of new terms of training and its quality requirements. Effectiveness and impact on professional education is associated with the level of training in practice. Therefore, education is focused on the development of activity, initiative and independence of the student’s individuality. Educational game allows students to be included in practical implementation through the professional activity modelling. Game training gives an opportunity to demonstrate personal individuality and personal resources in the context of professional development. The problem of this study aims to determine the characteristics of educational game’s impact on the assimilation of educational material that is required for professional activity modelling. The aim of this study was experimental testing of the educational game technology in the modelling of students’ professional activity. The results of this study showed the effectiveness of using educational games in professional activity modelling and professional pedagogical realization of students. Qualitative analysis of the obtained data allowed to assert that students formed a positive attitude towards their future profession and commitment to the practical application of pedagogical skills. Consequently, the learning technology in the process of games’ activity is given as an integrated method of professional activity modelling of modern pedagogical specialists and personality's professional development.
Title: Training Pedagogial Therapists In Poland
Author(s): Ewa M. Kulesza*, Danuta Al-Khamisy
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The Maria Grzegorzewska University is a leading Polish university for teachers and special pedagogues training, offering dozens of different educational specialisations, and among them is pedagogical therapy. Pedagogical therapy is a new subdiscipline that has been emerging in Poland since the 1990s and that has been creating its identity drawing on the theory, methodology, and conceptual framework of general education, special education, psychology, and psychotherapy. The developing status of pedagogical therapy as an "in-between" subdiscipline is both its strength and its weakness. Pedagogical therapy is facing numerous challenges, among which defining the scope of its interventions is particularly important. Specifying the subject of pedagogical therapy is a starting point for the development of curricula for university training. This article is aimed at presenting the development of pedagogical therapy as a subdiscipline in The Maria Grzegorzewska University that has several master degree program with majors in pedagogical therapy. As a result, a specific definition of pedagogical therapy was proposed.
Title: The Study Of Ancient Chronicles Within The Professional Philologist Educator’s Training System
Author(s): Irina V. Erofeeva*, Guzel M. Nurullina
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The article deals with the problems, connected with teacher training within the system of humanitarian education. In the modern world, education is focused not only on obtaining professional skills in a certain area of scientific knowledge, but on acquisition of universal knowledge, which allows to form a complete understanding of the world and a man’s place in it, which in their turn, foster personal development and personal progress. Knowledge and skills are implemented through the process of subject mastery, aimed at in-depth study of Russian language’s history formation and development. Subject matter retention places high premium on Old Russian texts, which constitute historical source, giving objective overview of the language system of past centuries. The research is targeted at analyzing the importance and the role of Old Russian literary works, ancient chronicles, in particular, within the professional philologist educator training system. Reading and analysis of Old Russian works plays a significant role in the study of philological subjects of historical cycle. Ancient chronicles occupy a special place here, because reference to them makes the study process illustrative and gives the opportunity of observing through specific examples, the language rule’s results and historic transformations in various language subsystems.