Volume XXVIII, Pages 1- 599 (20 August 2017)
The European Proceedings of Social & Behavioural Sciences EpSBS
©2017 Published by the Future Academy
Edited by: Sing Kai LO
Conference: EEIA 2017 - International Conference "Education Environment for the Information Age"
Dates: 07 - 08 June 2017
Location: Institute for Strategy of Education Development of the Russian Academy of Education, Russian Academy of Arts, Moscow, Russia
Conference Chair(s): Prof Dr Ivanova, S.V. Institute for Strategy of Education Development of the Russian Academy of Education, Russian Academy of Arts, Moscow, Russia
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Title: Teachers It Competence Structure And Content In The Field Of Cloud Computing
Author(s): Magomed M. Abdurazakov*, Jean H. Aziyeva, Peter Yu. Romanov,
Albina R. Sadykova
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Cloud technologies are one of the manifestations of smart technologies, a product of Smart society, which many people consider to be the state of modern society.The development of Smart education implies the expansion of the area of cloud technologies use in education. Mobile learning provides the opportunity to introduce the interactive forms of learning in the educational processes to provide easier and faster access to knowledge, on the one hand, and the formation of the competence of proficiency in modern IT-technologies for solving the communication tasks, on the other hand. The article discusses the structure and content of cloud space, its communication with Smart environment and Smart education. Cloud technology can be used both by teachers and students in the classroom and in extracurricular learning activities, in work with the information-educational environment, with media resources. The authors discuss the content and problems of educational work with cloud technologies in teachers and students' cooperation; the content of the required competencies of the modern teacher.
Title: Teaching Informatics Content And Means In The Aspect Of Education Informatization
Author(s): Magomed M. Abdurazakov, Alavudin S. Askerov, Magomedhan M. Nimatulaev, Tatyana N. Suvorova
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The process of education informatization acquires direct and inverse relationships with each of the components of educational process. The relations in the paradigm informatization - informatization of education - educational subjects become reversible, commutative, and cyclic. The knowledge of new informational technologies does not only mean subjects, having informational competence, but the knowledge of their social, juridical, consumptive properties, having the consumption culture and information interaction. New information technologies as resources and products of informatization of education become also a goal and a means of informational training in the sphere of teaching Informatics. The article deals with the interrelation between the Informatics teaching system, its content and means with the informatization of education. Accordingly the authors consider the expression of this relationship in the methodical system of teaching Informatics in its basic components. In their opinion, the methodical system of teaching Informatics can play the role of a meta-language in the field of the instructional system and information and education knowledge application.
Title: Humanitarian Education In Post-Industrial Society: Experience Of Competence-Based Approach Realization In University
Author(s): Galina V. Ahmetzhanova, Ludmila V. Aliyeva, Yuriy A. Livshits, Irina V. Rudenko*
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The objective of this article is to research problems of implementation of the competence-based approach in the process of integration of learning and extracurricular educational activity of the modern higher school. The submitted article shows necessity of development of system of educational establishment work in formation of social and cultural competence of future professionals. The basis of the submitted work is investigational studies made in Togliatti State University. The theoretical approaches to articulate the concept of “social and cultural competence” as well as the results of working approbation in the course of pedagogical experiment are given in the article. The authors consider that social and cultural competence is the conjunction of social and cultural competences of the person. Consequently, they logically identify its essence with professional competences given in the national educational standards. The basis for the content of formation of students’ social and cultural competence was the idea of across evolutionary development of components of social and cultural competence with maximum use of potential opportunities of all disciplines of the high school curriculum and active extracurricular educational activity of the students themselves. In conclusion it is stated that the developed system can be transferred to other parts of lifelong learning system and also to technical and technological professional training programs of the youth. This article is intended for teachers, researchers, executives of educational institutions dealing with educational issues at high school.
Title: Succession And Continuity As Factors In Development Of Innovative Educational Systems
Author(s): Marina А. Aksenova, Tatiana Yu. Lomakina*, Mikhail V. Nikitin
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Cultural and educational background plays an important role in the development of economic, social, cultural and political spheres; competencies and knowledge, which a learner acquires in the process of lifelong learning, allows him/her to adapt efficiently in the society. The authors view the construction and development of system of lifelong learning in two aspects, as a reorganization of the existing educational institutions and as a creation of the new ones, taking into account social and economic changes, as well as a variability of education programmes aimed at the development of personality in accordance with the needs and abilities of the learner. The article discusses the structure of the lifelong education and succession as one of the factors of its development. At the theoretical level, the concept of succession has been explained and the need to model innovative educational systems in modern conditions has been demonstrated. Examples of innovative models of educational systems, which are implemented at different levels of the pilot activities in educational organizations, have been introduced.
Title: Diagnosis Of The Educational Space: The Problem Of Determining Criteria
Author(s): Lubov N. Akulova, Marina V. Dyuzhakova, Marina V. Shakurova*
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The article analyses the problem of determining invariant criteria for the diagnosis of the educational space. A complex of theoretical research methods (ontological and structural analysis, interpretation, concretizing, comparison, modelling) is essential in identifying and characterizing research trends of the space phenomenon in modern socio-humanitarian knowledge, including pedagogy (referred to as a metaphor; physicalist; transition from physicalist to non-physicalist; non-physicalist). This makes it possible to specify essential characteristics of the educational space and single out the invariants, which leads to formulating a set of invariant criteria for the diagnosis of the phenomenon under study. It is found that for the diagnosis of the educational space as a social space subtype the following criteria have to be employed: subject interaction; activity degree of these subjects (in certain cases qualitative orientation of this activity); the nature of the relationship between the interacting subjects (including the measure of referability and membership rating); the correlation between social and cultural components in the relations predominating between the subjects; interaction peculiarities (event evaluation); temporary characteristics of the activity (attitude and its stability measure); the subject’s internalization of spatial influences; certain personal changes and changes of the subjects’ identity.
Title: Language And Literary Literacy As Components Of Learner’s Functional Literacy
Author(s): Olga M. Aleksandrova, Maria A. Aristova, Irina N. Dobrotina*, Yulia N. Gosteva, Irina P. Vasilevyh
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The processes of globalization typical to the post-industrial era challenge a new consideration of literacy that satisfies the expectations of an individual and society. The article discusses various interpretations of the concepts of "language literacy", "literary literacy", and adduces their definitions as the subject-specific components of the functional literacy of schoolchildren. At different times the concept of language literacy meant the ability to read, mastery of spelling and punctuation rules. Such understanding does not fully meet the existing theories of functional literacy and cultural identity. The reading of works of art is the most important indicator of the culture of any national community, and a means of storing and transferring the most significant cultural codes. This kind of activity requires special competences and skills, and a specific type of literacy, which can be defined as literary literacy, the type which the authors consider as an integral part of reading literacy.
Title: The Electronic Forms Of School Textbooks For History And Social Studies
Author(s): Lyudmila N. Aleksashkina*, Natalia I. Vorozheykina, E. S. Korolkova, Elena L. Routkovskaya
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One of the main trends in the comprehensive education today is an effective use of textbooks on electronic media. One of the main goals is a scientific pedagogical projecting of electronic forms of textbooks for the primary, basic and secondary schools in Russia. The problems to be solved are the risk of excessive information, the need for optimal content selection for the additional learning materials, efficient didactic support for these purposes. The electronic forms of textbooks (EFT) on History and Social studies for Russian comprehensive schools are analyzed in the article. The authors characterize educational resources of EFT both for their use in class and its efficiency to use for the independent work of students and their work at home. The paper also presents recommendations on using EFT for motivating pupils’ research activities in studying History and Social studies with their interconnection with the other academic subjects using the opportunity to transit from one textbook to another.
Title: Gamification In Education: Boss Fight
Author(s): Leila O. Algavi, Natalia D. Desyaeva, Evgenia S. Kilpelyaynen, Irina I. Volkova*
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The article substantiated the educational importance of gaming activity in the learning process, systematizes pedagogical functions of gamification in higher school. For students it is important to identify themselves culturally and professionally. Gamification allows them to be engaged in these processes in a conditional form, however, to use system approach to the world, to apply their subcultural traditions, rules and habits. The authors introduce the description of the elements of communicative educational game situation, justify the possibility to extrapolate gamified framework “Hero-Boss” on the media practices of the future journalists and experts in public relations. The authors submit their suggestions for the distinguishing of different generations of teachers and students and describe their archetypes. The publication presents experimentally derived data and analysis on the special features of perception of the educational game by different generations and views the experience for the creation of the textbook for the target audience of students, teachers and experts (professional copywriters).
Title: Training Of Social Educator As Organizer Of Social Activity Of Adolescents
Author(s): Ludmila V. Alieva, Gennady Yu. Belyaev*, Vladimir V. Kruglov
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The authors of the article highlight the theoretical and methodological aspects of training the modern social educator as leader of children’s public association in a rapidly changing society of the first quarter of the 21st century, justify the relevance of the problem of forming social educators – curators and heads of children's public associations for modern pedagogical theory and practice. The authors analyze the content of socio-educational training the organizer of children’s public association on the basis of the achievements of pedagogical science in the field of upbringing, the summaries of data studies of the role of child public association as a collective subject of education, learning from the experience in shaping special position of the head of the children’s public association as an educator of a new type in the conditions of multi-subject socialization of younger generations. The peculiar position of an adult, whom children choose their mentor, is a significant educational characteristic of an educator of a new type. Social and pedagogical position of the head of a children's social association, formed by practice and scientifically proved becomes the basis of his professional training as a social teacher-educator.
Title: Modern Assessment Forms Of Achieving Meta-Subject Outcomes At The Geography Lessons
Author(s): Eleonora M. Ambartsumova*, Svetlana E. Dyukova
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The article discusses the relevance of the designing of task models for the standardized assessment of the formation of universal learning activities and the achievement of meta-subject (cognitive) learning outcomes in school education. The authors examine the possibilities of using modern forms of control for an objective assessment of the achievement of meta-subject results. The researchers compare the learning outcomes of geographic education and the desired meta-subject results. The possible contribution of school geography as a complex of sciences in the formation of cognitive skills and achievement of meta-subject results is analyzed. The paper also considers the models of tasks for controlling the universal learning activities and inter-subject concepts, especially in the context of the formation of skills and abilities in the sphere of functional (reading, informational) literacy. Examples of tasks for verifying universal educational activities on the subject content of school geography, interdisciplinary content (geography, history, social science), on content that goes beyond the boundaries of school subjects are presented by the authors.
Title: The Russian Language Arts Teacher As A Socio-Cultural Phenomenon
Author(s): Alla M. Antipova, Viktor F. Chertov*, Anna A. Manykina
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In this article, we analyse the socio-cultural phenomenon of the Russian language arts teacher using the comparative historical method. The authors define the main formation and development stages of a Russian literature teacher as a unique cultural and historical phenomenon: pre-revolutionary school, the Soviet-era, and the modern stage of literary education. It is established that the first discoveries in Russian teaching methods were largely based on foreign experience, which was taken into account by Buslaev in particular. The special role of a language arts teacher in coping with learning objectives is defined. These, according to national tradition, include tasks connected with personality development and the upbringing a patriotic citizen. A comparison of domestic and foreign schools reveals the lack of a systematic literature course in foreign general education schools. Such schools only devote a few academic hours to reading and discussion or to the study of certain works of literature during senior years (in mother tongue education or elective courses). We look into the question of movement competitions (competitions of professional excellence) as a modern technology of presenting personal teaching experience. We list the requirements for teacher qualifications as reflected in the Occupational Standard for Teachers (2013), which actualizes the issues of teacher training strategies under the conditions of tri-level higher teacher education in Russia. Particular focus is given to the teacher’s development process as a manager of student research activity. We note the peculiarities of the image of the modern teacher of Russian language arts.
Title: Intercultural Dialogue In The Education Space Of The Information Age
Author(s): Maria A. Aristova*, Larisa R. Berdysheva, Zhanna N. Kritarova, Zhanna I. Strizhekurova
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In this study the authors characterize modern post-industrial society and the related global changes in culture, innovation, intellectual creativity. The article analyzes the factors that shape the culture of the information society, puts forward new approaches to understanding culture through intercultural dialogue. The principles of multicultural education that are based on intercultural dialogue are described. The goal of intercultural (multicultural) education is represented, which is the development of intercultural competence of students, which will allow to successfully carry out a dialogue with representatives of other cultures. It is demonstrated that in the formation of competences related to intercultural dialogue, literary education is of particular importance. The object of this research is the problem of studying mythology, classical and contemporary literature in terms of the dialogue between cultures. The article presents the new ways in which learners perceive the text. The particular attention is given to the specific features of reading in present-day world, when literary text is perceived as a source of information and means of mass communication. It is concluded that the dialogue of literatures is one of the ways to create a comprehensive readers' perception with the possibility of eventually establishing personal contacts in the present-day formats of communication.
Title: The Model Of Educational Environment For Helping Specialists’ Jobs
Author(s): Tatiana A. Arakantseva, Irina A. Bobyleva*, Olga V. Zavodilkina
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The model of educational environment introduced in this article is oriented on specialists working with orphans, who graduated from orphanages or from group homes with a family - type structure, and beginning an independent life. At the base of this model lies a unique programme, used in training “Alumni Support of all Forms of Care (Orphanages or Group Homes Education)", developed by the Federal State Scientific Institution "Institute of the Study of Childhood, Family and Education Russian Academy of Education". The simulated educational environment suggests the educational process going in three directions, along three axes, and offers changes in professional position, professional competence, and affiliation to a professional community. Educational environment is built on modern informational and telecommunication technologies and websites which are introduced on public services. Special program of development was worked out by the team of researchers of the Institute; this article describes some educational results of specialists who took part in the approbation of the model.
Title: Self-Education Skills As A Means Of Education For Sustainable Development: Multidisciplinary Studies
Author(s): Tatyana V. Avgusmanova, Elena N. Dzyatkovskaya*
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Self-education is the essential factor of personal, collective and social stability, the means of education during the whole life. General educational skills are the essential for self-education. The article considers the 12 years multidisciplinary studies of results of general educational skills formation. It describes the experience of complex application of psychological, physiological, medical and sociological methods. Multidisciplinary approach helps to show the connection between the inclusion of general educational skills in requirements of the federal state educational standard and solution of educational problem for sustainable development: rise of education availability for everyone, support of information-psychological safety in global world, formation of skills to think connecting different life sides. Increase in level of all-educational results leads to growth of educational motivation, physiological and psychological resistance to information stress. Feedback connection of the general educational skills level with the frequency of psychosomatic complaints expressed vago- and a sympathicotonia, as well as with the "stuck" profiles of cognitive regulation is revealed. Low level of regulatory universal educational skills increases the informational and psychological risks of training. It was revealed that the effectiveness of the formation of general educational skills is enhanced by using "paired" cognitive strategies in teaching ("cognitive swings"), for example, analysis-synthesis and vice versa.
Title: Information Technologies Impact On The Mass Media Activity And Training Of Journalists
Author(s): Viktor V. Barabash, Natalia S. Gegelova, Alexander A. Grabelnikov*, Elizaveta A. Osipovskaya
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The article examines the problems connected with the influence of new computer-based technologies on mass media production process; restructuring of editorial boards and publishing process in connection with convergence and multimediatisation. The paper analyses present forms of mass media consumption and the emergence of the concept of a media platform involving different formats of mass media’ presentation of information that meet the needs of the audience. The article examines the editorial boards restructuring aimed at professional roles devolution, rather than the increase of personnel. The traditional mass media that have moved toward convergence rearrange their work in accordance with multimedia principles. Besides, the article covers multiple examples of multimedia editorial boards that diversify forms of delivering news and create new synthetic media genres. The authors define terms related to multimediatisation. The digital transformation of media industry should involve changes in the professional education and training of journalists. That is why the Russian universities continue to improve teaching methods in the field of convergence journalism by training students as multipurpose journalists who could create content for different media and apply mobile technologies. The journalist department of the philological faculty at the Peoples' Friendship University of Russia offers such educational program.
Title: Modern Journalist Education: Current Issues
Author(s): Viktor V. Barabash*,Roman A. Savastenko, Sergey N. Ilchenko, Lyudmila P. Shestyorkina
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The new standards for the professional journalist work make it necessary to introduce changes into the journalist training. The article is devoted to the current issues of modern journalist education, caused by new challenges in the Information Age, such as moving into the internet space, the evolution of cyberjournalism in general, the growing audio/video component within the journalist field, as well as the demands of consumers and the professional media community. The authors of this article are looking at the data from a survey taken by employers - media specialists, professors and students, a survey that focuses on the contents of education as it relates to the new phenomenon called “a universal journalist”. Such kinds of additional learning as an on-the-job training, intra-institutional practice in all media domains, professional journalists’ involvement in working with students, shifting teaching priorities towards developing practical skills, are all of utmost importance in the organization of the modern journalist education.
Title: Features Of Media Discourse Practices Of Journalists In The Globalizing Information Space
Author(s): Elena N. Baryshnikova, Anastasia G. Gotovtceva, Nina M. Karpukhina*, Igor A. Stroganov
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The article analyses the role and meaning of phraseological units in oral practice of journalists in the aspect of modern education in media. Due to informatization the issue of study process in modern knowledge is stated, especially in language education. Text here becomes a verbal message to public. The article deals with the features of understanding and use of special speech units - phraseological units, objective regularities of the correlation of factors contributing to the emergence of phraseological meanings, SPU classes (somatic phraseological units), reveals a key component in them - a grammatically controlled word that forms a metaphorical meaning and is its semantic centre. The use of phraseological units in the speech of a journalist contributes to the development of a language flair, which is especially necessary for the professional activity of a journalist in the conditions of new challenges of the modern information age. Phraseological units as special speech units occupy a special place in modern media practice, and knowledge of their key supporting structural components allows the journalist to correctly and adequately fulfill his professional duties in transferring, reflecting and covering information contained in the media message. The article proposes a universal way to identify the semantic key in phraseology that will help the journalist to master, correctly perceive a linguistic unit and accurately convey its meaning to a mass audience.
Title: Transformation Of A Media Text Genre Structure In The Modern Media Education
Author(s): Anna E. Bazanova*, Luiza N. Gishkaeva, Galina N. Trofimova, Svetlana L. Urazova
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The article is devoted to one of the most important problems of the modern media education, namely, to the processes of genre structure transformation of a media text caused by the emergence of the informational society, technology-related revolutions, socio-cultural and economic changes in the society. The authors of the article hold to the opinion, that in the digital age the traditional classification of media genres into informational, analytical, literary and art, including their variations, is replaced by the genre structure due to the influence of modern processes. The genre structure is based on a triple-genre group of media texts: journalistic, advertising and PR-texts. At that the preferential basis for the classification remains publicistic or journalistic models of information. Global expansion of communication space due to the development of new informational technologies, Internet in particular, created natural conditions for genres unification. Creation of media text genres in advertising and journalism is subject to the general laws of genre creation as a whole. The study of the causes and consequences of genre system restructuring of mass media represent the integral part of media creation, which should help the audience to master the features of mass media influence on social development.
Title: University Rankings As A Subject And An Object Of Educational Space
Author(s): Ekaterina V. Bebenina,Irina M. Elkina*
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The quality of education attracts great attention in the post-industrial society. The processes of globalization contribute to the expansion of the educational space, ensuring the accessibility of quality education. In this regard, the competition of universities is one of the factors favouring the improvement of the quality of education. However, the ranking of universities is not only a source of statistics; it also acquires the role of an instrument for the development of the university itself. In the postmodern era it is important to take into account the more complex, "mediated" factors of many subjects which influence upon the educational space. The university ranking becomes the subject and object of the educational space; the authors of this article show that stakeholders - the actors of influence for the educational space - ensure the development of not only the educational institution (university), but also of the educational space in the long-term period.
Title: Professional Creativity Competitions As A Motivational Tool In Design Education
Author(s): Tatyana O. Berdnik*, Irina A. Klimenko, Larisa Yu. Sayapina
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The article gives a comprehensive analysis of a role of creativity competitions for thorough training of students in the sphere of art and project activity. In this article the means of cognitive interest stimulation and their effectiveness are analysed. In the given context the competitions are viewed as one of the most successful tools of educational activity stimulation of design students. The authors consider students’ self-actualisation and desire to present the results of their work publicly to be a basis for motivation and self-motivation of a creative individuality in the process of gaining of new knowledge and skills. A great significance is given not only to attracting of students to creativity competitions but also to active organization and promotion of these competitions. There are certain arguments supporting design establishments of higher education in their competition activity as a condition for improvement of quality of educational services, upgrading of pedagogical techniques and mutual integration of the Russian and world design education.
Title: Information And Cognitive Technologies. Modern Educational Trend
Author(s): Sergey A. Beshenkov,Irina I. Trubina*
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Information technologies have become part and parcel of our lives and education. These technologies have conventionally been mastered as part of the general informatics curriculum and used in studying a broad gamut of subjects both in the middle and higher schools. However, the sphere of technology has recently been going through substantial changes affecting the field of education as well. Smart education and e-learning is the most critical focus area for development, with its potential under intensive study globally. The technological platform for this focus area is made up of information-and-cognitive technologies, which are converged cognitive and information technologies. The process of cognition always implies introduction of sign systems and giving those a certain meaning (activities involving signs and symbols, semiosis effect). It is information-and-cognitive technologies and information-and-cognitive tools (such as mental maps) that are turning into the main subject on the general informatics curriculum. The authors suggest a model of cognitive information technologies involved in the learning process as a part of the informatics curriculum.
Title: Classical Antiquity Pedagogical Heritage In Anthologies And Source Books: Education’s Digital Content
Author(s): Vitaliy G. Bezrogov,Victoria K. Pichugina*
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The role of the classical heritage within a history of education component in the higher education teaching is discussed in the article. Various chronological and thematic ways to arrange the material in the anthologies for history of pedagogy and education are analyzed. Classical Greek and Roman languages are not so easy to the Russian students. Even the fragmentary translation of the classical texts gives them a faceted information. In this field of students education one needs various special approaches to minimize the means omissions and lacunas within the reconstruction of history of ancient education. Difficulties and opportunities for compilers and readers to choose between traditional and digital sources upon the antique pedagogical heritage are designated with the examples of editions from 1897 till 2016. Anthologizing the history of classical Greek and Roman education proceeded from the biographical approach (famous persons as an icon of this or that epochs) to the chronological principle of the sources arrangement and through it to the critical and theme-oriented schemes with the analytical applications in the critical anthologies and various kinds of sources collected within the theme-oriented anthologies. In conclusion we speak about the main trends in changing the historical sources on education representation in digital era looking to the recent approaches on the sources arranging for teachers education in higher schools via web resources with the background of the Great Books and printed anthologies as the frames of the knowledge about the great thinkers and past practices in the history of education.
Title: Development Of Russian Universities In The Information Era
Author(s): Mikhail V. Boguslavskiy*, Yegor V. Neborskiy
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The article considers the problem of developing Russian universities in the information era that poses civilization challenges for them, but at the same time provides new incentives for enhancing their functioning. The authors identify certain positions of the strategy for Russian higher education development, which require reconsidering and correction. Due attention should be paid to the strong involvement of public institutions, teachers, students and employers into the decision-making process in the sphere of higher education as well as to creating competitive educational products and their qualitative evaluation. An integrated programme of developing Russian science in the information age should be designed to promote the internationalization of the leading Russian universities in keeping with the principles of the Strategy for mobility development within the European higher education area. The authors suggest the most important steps which are the most conducive to the optimization of universities’ international activities and development of their innovative potential.
Title: Factors Of Higher Education Development In The Information Age
Author(s): Michael V. Boguslavsky, Igor D. Lelchitsky
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The main tendencies of modern higher education development in the information society are characterized in the article. The globalization of education strengthens the competition on the market of educational services. Russian universities will have to find themselves and take their own niche in the world market. Political risks are an important factor affecting universities, but a partnership with the BRIC countries and the Latin American region will allow Russian universities to continue developing educational products and research. The need to find additional resources remains an important problem that enhances greatly by the processes of globalization. Another factor affecting the development of higher education in the information epoch is the imbalance between the center and the periphery. Increasing the share of bureaucratization is the cost of extrapolating the mechanisms of organization and management within the framework of industrial companies to universities. Strategic processes of higher education modernization are considered from the perspective of the comparative approach that enables to carry out comparative and contrastive research of relevant processes in the world system of higher education (especially substantively taking the example of Germany) and the national higher education.
Title: Postmodernism Ideas Influence On The Educational Process In Us Alternative Schools
Author(s): Tatiana N. Bokova*, Lyudmila A. Milovanova, Natalia N. Pluzhnikova
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The paper is devoted to the study of the postmodern ideas influence in the sphere of organization of educational activity on example of alternative schools in the United States. The study considers the basic ideas of postmodernism that affect the processes in the sphere of modern education. Considering such postmodern conceptual notions as deconstruction, rhizome and antibinarity, we studied the organization of alternative schools in the United States. A comparative analysis of normative documents in the sphere of secondary education was carried out. The authors analyzed programmes and standards governing the practice of traditional and alternative schools in the United States. It was found out that conceptual strategies in education are formed under the impact of postmodernist ideas of deconstruction, rhizomorphy and antibinary in the style of organizing the training activities, which are fully implemented, in the first place, in the specifics of the alternative schools’ organization in the United States.
Title: Ecology As Field Of Social Relations
Author(s): Evgeny O. Cherkashin*, Evgeny V. Titov
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During cognition and transformation of the nature and itself, the mankind has passed the way from the protosociety in which the social relations were in embryonic state up to the modern society – difficult organized system of interaction of people which is characterized by multidimensional structure and regulated by various institutes. Already in the ancient time environmental problems had social coloring, defining the economic structure, a tenor of life and destiny of population. Therefore the sphere of ecology is considered by us as the subject domain of activity. Ecology determines the development of society and is an important component of social practice. It covers all spheres of social life and ensures the social development of the younger generation. While acting in various subject areas, including ecology, people participate in social interactions, which turn into social relations and are fixed in the form of statuses, or positions of people in society. Knowledge which in unity with the relations is created and shown in activity and communication, forming the sphere of ecology as cross-disciplinary field of knowledge are not less important component of social practice for existence and development of society. That’s why ecology is the sphere of social relations that are necessary for the existence and development of society and are the complex of statuses and subjective positions.
Title: Modern Humanitarian Approaches To Research On Character Building In The Information Age
Author(s): Svetlana N. Chistyakova, Nataliya L. Selivanova*, Irina A. Tagunova
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The paper discusses a number of approaches (transdisciplinary, interdisciplinary, constructivist and transformational) applied in various liberal arts. Their application is explained in a comparative context. The need to follow paradigm-related dogmas creates the conflict with a many-factor nature of the modern research and the problem-setting related to several scientific fields at a time. In the sphere of pedagogy building moral education on the transdisciplinary and interdisciplinary approaches makes it possible not only to use credible research data but also have a better understanding of the moral education object However, the paper also looks at other approaches which are closely related to pedagogy but have been underestimated in research of character building and its implementation in educational institutions: ambivalent, acmeological, co-evolutionary, event-based and synergetic approaches. The choice of these approaches is explained both by the world and domestic social development challenges (which have a direct influence on Russian school and university students’ character building) and objectives of each particular research as well as the realisation of the character building process. Such challenges are represented in the paper.
Title: Teenagers And Young Adults Socialisation By Means Of Studying Modern Literary Fiction
Author(s): V. P. Chudinova, I.S.Davydova, N.E.Kuteinikova*, E.S.Shibanova
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The reading culture of the society is a sum total of the reading habits of each individual. This article examines the problems of the reading culture of secondary school students in the context of their spiritual and cultural development, as well as their initial socialization. One of the critical challenges implied by those problems is the task of specifying the criteria for assessing the content of modern fiction for children, teenagers and youth. The teaching instructions methods do not refer to to the problems pertaining to the special features of studying modern children’s, teenager and young adult literature in secondary school and the possibility of including such works into the literature curriculum and independent reading lists. The research carried out shows the lack of development of axiological foundations for it. The authors suggest various sets for selection criteria of the literary works and the opinion of the researchers from different fields of science upon the creating of the reading lists.
Title: Forming The Ecological Competence Of Pupils
Author(s): Evgeniy N. Demyankov,Alexander A. Pavlov, Dmitriy V. Smirnov*
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The article considers the questions of forming of the ecological competence and the development of the pupils’ ecological culture. We analyse the results of the research of the developed three-stage system of forming the ecological culture and the safety of pupils, change of motivation, and their competence during the experiment. We consider the questions of training and education of pupils based on the competence-based approach. We show that the process of ecological training and education represents acquiring of integral experience of the solution of problems of vital activity and formation of the key competences due to the development of "fitting" of social and professional roles and performance of various functions in an ecological society of pupils of different ages. We present the process of formation of functional literacy and research activity of pupils at the example of the traditions of ecological society of pupils of Oryol lyceum No. 18. We describe the complex regional ecological research in the forest natural boundary near Oryol by various techniques.
Title: Students Information Culture Development In The Process Of Cognitive Activity
Author(s): Irina N. Dobrotina*, Elena L. Erokhina
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The article discusses two aspects of the development of the students’ information culture in the modern Russian school. The authors consider the theory and practice of the development of communicative and cognitive skills of the text information processing. They also introduce the task of the development of students’ information culture in the course of research training. The authors explain the research training as a special type of the training which forms the need for realisation of the cognitive activity, ability to use the research method of knowledge of life for the decision of practical and theoretical problems. The authors condition the new approach to the phenomenon of «the academic culture» outlined in this article by the fact that this notion is not analysed in the traditional context of the higher (university) education but with the regard to the system of the secondary education. Three levels of the students’ academic culture are considered: value, cognitive and operational. The latter is linked to the phenomenon of the academic culture. The academic report made by a pupil indicates the level of the development of his academic culture; it reflects the process and the results of an educational research. The article presents the analysis and evaluation of the texts of academic reports made by pupils-researchers in terms of the verbalisation of the emotional concept «surprise». The article also provides the overview of basic trends in the study of the cognitive emotion of «surprise» in the Russian and foreign science.
Title: Pedagogical Education In Selected Countries Of The Post-Soviet Space
Author(s): Oksana I. Dolgaya*, Galina L. Kopoteva, Irina M. Logvinova
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The article presents the results of the research of pedagogical education reforming processes from the 1990-s to 2015. Having become an important task alongside with cardinal changes in the sphere of education at the present stage of social world development, this process has also affected the countries in the post-Soviet space which appeared as a result of the collapse of the Soviet Union. The findings of a comparative analysis of the state and trends in the development of pedagogical education in certain countries in the post-Soviet space are considered (Belarus, Ukraine, Russia, Moldova, the Baltic republics, Kyrgyzstan, Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan, Tajikistan). Common and distinctive features characterizing the transformation in this area are identified, such as the desire to join the Bologna process, i.e. transition to multi-level teacher training on the basis of classical universities; provision of all teachers with higher education; functioning of programs to improve the qualifications of teaching staff. At the same time, the transition to new forms and levels of teacher's education depends on the political and economic factors that operate in specific countries. The authors identify the problem points that exist in certain countries: a decline in the prestige of the teacher's profession, the lack of staff of pedagogical workers and insufficient level of their preparation in the educational institutions of specific countries. Along with the existing problems, a general tendency to create a system of training and upgrading the qualifications of pedagogical workers that corresponds to the level of world development has been found.
Title: Methodological And Theoretical Approaches To Educational Research At The Informational Age
Author(s): Svetlana A. Dudko, Irina M. Kurdyumova, Igor G. Sukhin*, Elena I. Sukhina
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The article discloses how modern technology reconstructs latest pedagogical studies and transforms them. An interpenetration and an interaction with other humanities is the leading feature of the modern research, including that in pedagogy. Hence, the main methodological approach to pedagogical studies involves the notions of transdisciplinarity and integration. The authors review the modern pedagogical studies from the viewpoint of transdisciplinarity and integration; in this regard, modern versions of cognitivism, structuralism and connectivism should be referred to as the basic methodological approaches in the realm of the pedagogical research. Neuro-pedagogics is in the process of active development. It aims at determining the ways of increasing teaching effectiveness using the latest knowledge of human brain and mentality. But it is not yet quite clear how the data received can be transferred into the classroom: in what way the latest discoveries can be made useful to education, how to make knowledge in the sphere of neurosciences applicable to teachers, students, and much more to be considered.
Title: Methodological Background To The Natural Science Education Content Integration In Modern School
Author(s): Alevtina A. Fadeyeva*, Natalya N. Petrova
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The paper describes the methodological background to the content integration, the hierarchy of natural systems (as exemplified by physics and chemical systems, bio systems, geo systems). The authors substantiate and develop the methods of integration for the science education content (physics, chemistry, biology, geography) in the primary and secondary school educational programmes. The methodological background to the content integration is identified as having philosophical, methodological ideas; environmental-oriented content and content-integrated relations. The introduction of a propaedeutic course "Natural sciences for 5 – 6 grades" allows exposing the diversity of types of relations in the environment. The natural science course containing information about the methods of nature perception, such as modelling, observation, measurement, experiment, and interrelation of the above allows school students to identify observable phenomena in the environment with scientific concepts, laws, and theories. Further establishing relations helps in explanation of the known natural phenomena and in cognition of the unknown phenomena.
Title: Development Of Financial Literacy Of Schoolchildren Living In Information Society
Author(s): Olga A. Frantsuzova*, Marina Yu. Romanova, Sergey N. Volodin
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This article deals with the important issues of adults and schoolchildren financial literacy development. The authors explore possible ways for development of financial literacy of schoolchildren as well as potential development tendency of financial education in the context of dynamically developing information environment. The introduction describes the importance of developing the financial literacy of people (starting from school age), immediacy of the problem in connection with education modernization in the face of intensively changing information environment. Importance of this topic is associated with the need for students to acquire knowledge and practical skills in financial markets functioning and regulation, financial methods, and economy instruments aimed at ensuring effective interaction of citizens with the economic institutions of society. Some of author's tasks are presented for monitoring the achievements of students and determining their skills to navigate in the economic space, making optimal decisions in life situations to avoid financial risks. The study results allow us to draw conclusions about the effectiveness of methods and tools for implementing special programs to increase financial literacy and financial sustainability of the population. The study may be of interest for graduate students, methodologists, teachers of secondary schools, secondary specialized institutions, and universities in the relevant areas.
Title: Integrative Strategies For Teaching And Learning As A Renewal Of School Education
Author(s): Elena A.Gevurkova,Igor Y. Sinelnikov*, Anna P. Sukhodimtseva
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The article is devoted to the problem of introduction of integrative strategies for a renewal of school education, based upon a meta-subject-integrative approach as an innovation. The authors have substantiated the urgency of introducing technologies for teaching and learning into the educational process that ensure the integration of knowledge from different disciplines and the formation of skills to be acquired in working with meta-knowledge, proposed various interpretations of multi-, inter- and transdisciplinary ideology, presented the Russian and foreign theoretical developments which have appeared to be the most interesting from a practical point of view, analyzed the practice of introducing an integrative- meta-subject approach into the educational system of the Russian Federation. The authors also describe the findings of the research carried out to summarize pedagogical experience and students’ attitude towards integrative skills in studies history, geography, social sciences etc.On the basis of the results received two interconnected tendencies have been revealed.
Title: The Use Of New Media Technologies And Dialogue Education In Doctoral Programs
Author(s): Alexander A. Grabelnikov, Vladislav D. Savenkov
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The paper focuses attention on the study and application of the dialogical model of education within the system of higher education, which has been discussed by specialists for a certain length of time. This concerned, above all, the bachelors’ and masters’ levels of education. Doctoral education, which until recently was listed as a postgraduate stage of education, was not included. However, in practice, with an increase in the level of education, feedback from students and dialogue delivery of educational material becomes more effective and valuable. Young researchers require a different approach than younger students. A mutual evaluation of the educational materials, conducting classes in the form of talks and discussions appeal to them. Therefore, today there is an urgent need to consider new models of education in higher education at the postgraduate level. In the framework of this paper, the possibility of introducing and implementing a dialogue model of education in postgraduate programs for the training of research personnel is being considered. The article outlines the possible ways of its implementation, described in the works of Western researchers. In addition, the very concept of dialogue learning is revealed, and its features are explored. Comparative analysis of approaches to dialogue education in Western and Russian educational institutions for the training of research personnel is given, primarily in the scientific and pedagogical field. Successful implementation of this new approach is facilitated by new media technologies that have been introduced to universities together with the computerization of the educational process.
Title: The Transformation Of Terms Of Modern Education Based On The Continuity Principle
Author(s): Svetlana I. Gudilina, Tatyana Yu. Lomakina*, Margarita B. Yakovleva
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The large-scale processes of renewal of Russian education and a new look of the education system calls for the necessity to addressing conceptual and terminological issues.The article highlights the need to consider the phenomenon of continuity in the formation of a conceptual and terminological system in education. The authors single out the common and specific factors that influence the development of the conceptual and terminological system through the analysis of the Russian and foreign literature on the problems of development of education and glossary of terms for pedagogy. They refer to a completed manuscript of the "Addition to the Encyclopaedia of professional education" (ISRO RAO, 2016). The introduction of the new terms and withdrawal from traditional vocabulary the obsolete ones is connected with controversial processes of globalisation. The authors consider as examples processes of origin and transformation of terms and their definitions which are widely used in the theory and practice of the continuous professional education today: craft education, corporate training, cluster, media education.
Title: Social Centers Cultural And Educational Practices As Cis Countries Cooperation Development Factor
Author(s): Marina R. Ilakavichus, Marina V.Voronina, Marina S. Yakushkina*
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The analysis of the socio-cultural and educational activities of social centres for rendering assistance to the population dominates in the article. In our opinion, these focus areas of the social centres today are extremely important and significant for all countries because these focus areas meet the challenges of the modern strategy of social development, involving the combined efforts of various social institutions. Their objective is to improve social and educational practices. Social centres work with people who find themselves in a difficult life situation, help them in adaptation and socialisation, forming social competence of the adult population of the Commonwealth countries (the Commonwealth of the Independent States or the CIS), which are necessary for successful interaction of a person with a dynamically changing environment. Thus, social centres that implement their activities in cultural and educational practices serve as instruments for solving acute social problems and are a factor in the development of the educational space of post-Soviet countries.
Title: The Educational Services For The Adult Education Development In The Cis
Author(s): Marina R. Ilakavichus, Marina S. Yakushkina*
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The article deals with the new educational policy of the members of the Commonwealth of Independent States (the CIS) in the field of the adult education. The importance of education has been steadily increasing; it has become an important factor in the formation of a new quality of the economy and modern society. The article provides an analysis of the "educational service" concept, its qualitative characteristics, and the problem of educational services creating for the adult population, which is indispensable for the education resources development of the CIS countries. It has been noted that the new challenges of civilisation have a particularly significant impact on the education of the adult population. The learning society has been forming. In this society, education and labour take place in different social institutions in a parallel and interconnected way, i.e. formal and non-formal education are equal, and the outcomes of education, obtained in any form as a set of individual competencies, complement each other. The authors show examples of modern educational services and prospects for their development. Among them, a group of educational services for social learning has been recognised today as the largest one in Eurasia. The distance educational services have been characterised as a current priority form for the professional direction of adult education. The educational functions of the most popular social networking services have been presented. The problem of an adequate evaluation of the services offered to the adult population and youth within the Commonwealth countries has been indicated.
Title: Forming Skills To Make Creative Solutions In Teaching Medium Technologies
Author(s): Oksana S. Issers*, Elena G. Malysheva
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The article studies the formation of professional creativity skills in students of such departments as “Advertising and PR” and “Journalism”. Based on the material of specific naming and journalistic tasks, it shows examples of non-standard solutions in this area. The research offers methods that allow students to set their own creative goals and achieve them without a teacher. The proposed methods turn the creative naming and non-standard journalistic texts into a technique, which can be effectively taught in the higher school.The article demonstrates framing as a basic technique of name generating to determine the consumer's knowledge about a product or a service. A unique algorithm for developing competitive names was created with the help of the frame analysis and gathered material. The analysis of the media texts written in “hybrid” genres allows future journalists to identify both normative and non-standard recourses, and describe the results of one’s creativity distinguishing between its strengths and weaknesses. Thus, it becomes the first step in the development of creative thinking and a personal journalistic style in students. Therefore, a combination of a solid theoretical base in different humanitarian areas and students’ practical creative solutions becomes one of the ways of realisation of a complicated task of the development of creative thinking in future journalists and advertising specialists. The analysis of two teaching methods considers the formation of creative professional skills to be a total of analytical and creative tasks, which can be consistently solved in a cooperative activity of students and a teacher.
Title: Postmodern Ideas’ Influence On Education (Illustrated By The Usa Experience)
Author(s): Svetlana V. Ivanova,Tatiana N. Bokova*
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The present study shows post-modernism as a philosophical movement and its ideas’ influence on education. The research develops in two directions: firstly – in defining and studying specific traits of post-modernism (including its various theoretical concepts) that have the potential to influence the education system and that really influenced the structure, content and organizational forms of educational process; secondly, in demonstrating the real impact in modern conditions (at the end of the 20th – the beginning of the 21st centuries) on the total education in the United States by studying the changes in U.S. schools.The value of this work lies in the fact that, for the first time, it examines the influence of postmodernism ideas in this formulation of problems and their specific solutions. For the first time, the problem of post-modernism influence as a philosophical movement is considered not only through theoretical analysis but also through the study of practice in the following complex: via regulations, norms, reports, research papers, reflective analysis of changes in USA high school. The authors believe (and the study proves it) that in the United States of America the influence of postmodern ideas on education (namely: schools) has appeared the most profound and, to a certain extent, productive. The size of this article and the present state of research does not allow to reflect the results of the survey of the USA schools’ practitioners as evidence of our ideas, which will be presented later.
Title: Education Quality In The Postindustrial Society
Author(s): Svetlana V. Ivanova,Irina M. Elkina*
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Nowadays it is topical to address to the specificity of forming educational space under the conditions generally characterized as postmodern epoch and post-industrial society. The paper deals with the problems of scientific comprehension whether postmodernism has the possibilities for the creation of new approaches to learning in modern education. The authors consider assessment in general and education quality evaluation in particular, from the point of view of the subjective perspectives for the process of education. The questions set forth for the consideration include the problem of search for the tools for assessment and education quality evaluation. Authors suggest using the idea of rhizome for their design. This study also submits that this issue has not been examined properly in Russian scientific literature while the foreign researchers also just designate the problem and try to find its solution. The paper defines the further search directions and the objectives for the scientific comprehension.
Title: On The Issue Of Educational Milieu In The University
Author(s): Irina L. Klimenko*, Tatiana D. Lubimova, Irina A. Presnukhina, Ilona G. Tamrazova
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The most critical questions facing the academic world nowadays are: What does it mean to be an educated person in the 21st century? How not only to equip students with an adequate education in their field of study, but also to arm them with skills and knowledge required to leverage technologies effectively in the workplace? Much of the literature concerning these question dwell on educational milieu and space as two important notions in the context of the modern student-based approach in higher education. The professional experience and analysis of research papers have shown that the successful realization of educational aims greatly depends on the quality of educational milieu and space. Student-based approach, which is becoming more and more popular in educational practice, emphasizes the importance of an individual approach to every student, the necessity to take into account learners’ needs, targets and interests. Now the role of a teacher consists not only in knowledge transfer, but in introducing a variety of information sources and problem solving techniques to students, thus facilitating the process of their becoming independent, creative, motivated and responsible professionals.
Title: Forming Youth’s Sense Of Social Cohesion And Trust By Multicultural Education
Author(s): Tatyana A. Kostyukova, Svetlana M. Marchukova, Tatiana D. Shaposhnikova*, Ravilya I. Zianshina
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The article is devoted to the question of multicultural education and its significance for the formation of youth’s sense of consent, trust and peacefulness. Russia is a multinational and multi-confessional country, and its state policy is oriented toward the harmonisation of interethnic relations and civil unity. In this connection, the task of cultivating youth’s abilities to establish harmonious relationships between the representatives of different social, national, ethnic, confessional communities based on the principles of mutual respect and tolerance to other cultures, ethnos, and religions is significant for Russian education. Multicultural education offers the possibility of positive solution of this problem. The methodology used for the study of the formation of human personality in a multinational and poly-confessional society involves concepts from the philosophy of culture, linguistic conceptions on the relation between language, mentality and culture, and natural-scientific notions about the development of open unstable systems. A central question of multicultural education is the cultivation of youth’ sense of social trust and consent, towards which learning outcomes are designed. The outcomes of the research will enable us to understand better the content of multicultural education, the mechanisms for the formation of consent and trust among young people, its mission in shaping people’s respect and tolerance to cultural diversity. The results of the research can contribute to the reduction of social tensions in society, the formation of students’ receptiveness to intercultural dialogue, the expansion of their opportunities to master a multicultural space, and the creation of conditions for the development of personality.
Title: Interdisciplinary Outcomes As A New Component Of Educational Standards
Author(s): Tatiana V. Koval, Anna Yu. Lazebnikova*
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The new component, such as requirements for interdisciplinary (“meta subjective”) learning outcomes was introduced into the Russian National standards of Education recently. With this regard the article presents the problems of the interdisciplinary approach to learning and discusses the essence of interdisciplinary learning outcomes in the terms of students’ subject experience. It analyses the main approaches to interdisciplinary learning’s understanding and implementation in school education and provides the practical ways for the achievement of these objectives by means of different school subjects. The inclusion in the school curricula of a special interdisciplinary course forming learning skills and ways of knowing is argued. The authors focus on the specially constructed tasks forming learning skills and ways of knowing, evaluates their samples in pedagogical literature and subject guides. Based on the experience of creating mentioned tasks, they give a classification of interdisciplinary tasks for students and propose new criteria to classify them.
Title: Interdisciplinary Researches Of The Process Of Training
Author(s): Lyubov A. Krasnova, Anna A. Mamchenko, Irina M. Osmolovskaya*, Anatoliy N. Zakhlebniyv
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The article considers the understanding of interdisciplinarity in the relation to Didactics, the science of the training process, shows the broadening of its research fields; identifies groups of interdisciplinary studies of learning and gives concrete examples of such studies. The authors show that one of the interdisciplinary forms in the research of training is loans by didactics of concepts, methods, and scientific results of Psychology, Physiology, Philosophy, Sociology, and other sciences. The authors distinguish the group of interdisciplinary studies conducted by a researcher specializing in a particular scientific field, but with an examination of an object from the position of different sciences. This requires a deep penetration of the researcher into areas adjacent to Didactics. A team of specialists can carry out an interdisciplinary research. Each of specialists studies a hybrid object, formed in the process of research, using the methods of his discipline. In such studies, there are difficulties in harmonizing both the conceptual apparatus of representatives of different sciences participating in a research and the scientific language describing the research in general. Another difficulty is the need to correct the interpretation of specific language results of multidisciplinary scientific discipline. Another difficulty is the need for correct interpretation of interdisciplinary results in the language of a concrete scientific discipline. The article shows that interdisciplinary researches of the process of training continue to develop, broadening the problem field of Didactics, doing its borders permeative. This is typical of post-non-classic science.
Title: Forecasting Educational Relations Development Between Cis Countries (The Russian Language Factor)
Author(s): Tigran E. Marinosyan*, Yulia G. Kurovskaya
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The article is devoted to the role of the Russian language as an important factor in forecasting the development of educational, cultural and scientific relations between the countries of the post-Soviet space. The contribution of educational institutions, in particular, Slavonic Universities to the formation of the unified (common) educational space of the Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) is considered in the article. The Slavonic Universities in the CIS, as centres of education and culture, facilitates not only the development and mutual enrichment of the culture of peoples, formation of unified educational space but also the integration in the field of economy and science. These educational establishments also play a specific role in the spread of Russian literature and culture in the countries of the post-Soviet space. This provides the preservation and promotion of the Russian language - the language promoting the development of information and cultural space of the CIS, the language of international communication, traditionally playing an important role in the integration processes.
Title: Assessment Of Schoolchildren’s Reading Literacy: Testing Methods And Results
Author(s): Marina I. Kuznetsova*
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According to the international study of the reading literacy PIRLS, graduates of the Russian primary school are ready to study by means of texts. The PISA test shows a low level of readiness of 15-16 year old students to use texts for a wide range of tasks. In this regard, it is important to understand what happens with reading literacy at the beginning of the general school. In order to study the dynamics of reading literacy, a diagnostic technique was created. The article presents data on the reading literacy of pupils of grades 4 and 5, estimated with the help of this technique. It is shown that the year of study in the general school does not change anything in the ability of schoolchildren to understand information texts. These results show that reading texts does not contribute to the increase in the reading skills of the 5th grade students; therefore, they pose the problem of working on reading literacy in the teaching process in grades 5-6.
Title: The University Identity: Will Universities Survive In The Information Age?
Author(s): Nataliya S. Ladyzhets, Yegor V. Neborskiy*
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The article considers the problems of the university identity, which became the focus of research interest in the period of the transition to the knowledge society, through the prism of the university idea. Modern society can be seen as knowledge and digital in the information epoch, however, as a market-oriented society ruled and controlled by national and international corporations. Therefore, education can be regarded as product, and university as a commercial enterprise. Nevertheless, understanding the university as a civilizational project helps to distinguish multiple interpretations of the main value orientations – education, research and upbringing, which are preserved there. The development of the university idea has undergone several stages, passing from the research-centred or teaching-centred university model to the multifunctional university complex. The crisis of the university identity manifests itself as an imbalance of the three core values and is analysed within the theoretical framework of contemporary social scientists, including Bauman, Boltanski, Chiapello, Liessmann, Luhmann, Ritzier, Teveno.
Title: Students’ Social Well-Being As An Educational Process Effectiveness Indicator At The Universities
Author(s): Nadezhda Melnikova*, Tamara Rostovskaya, Yanina Shimanovskaya, Natalia Smakotina
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The article analyses the connection between students’ social well-being and the efficiency of the educational process at the university. The social well-being integral indicator has been evaluated. As the special data was available it was possible to identify the connection between social well-being and other educational process indicators, for example, the studying process, the material and technical base, the staff. The data was received on the basis of the representative sampling of the Russian students. The results of the analysis help to reduce the lack of understanding of the students’ social well-being in the fields of science focusing on education (philosophical anthropology, education psychology and pedagogics), the theory of total quality management. The authors also focus on the mechanism of students’ evaluation of their teachers’ work viewed as a method employed to study these students’ social well-being and also as an instrument of the human resources management. The results of the analysis make it possible to understand the construction (structure) of the students’ social well-being.
Title: Teacher Professional Growth Resources In The Age Of Education Informatization
Author(s): Natalia Mikhailova,Vladislav V. Serikov*, Marina Scherbakova
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The article discusses new requirements to the teacher’s professionalism in the modern information-educational environment, changes in the content of education in which activity-based, personal and creative components are becoming increasingly important; changes in the psychology of the modern child whose socialization takes place in the context of the global information world. Certain risks are seen both for teachers and learners in various aspects of their collaboration in the learning process. The article presents the results of theoretical modeling and empirical study of effective professional activities of the school teacher. The main skills of the modern teacher incorporated in a comprehensive system of his/her professional activities are described and trends and resources in the training of a modern teacher are identified. The authors also suggest a scale of levels of how students master their pedagogical activities and observe the resources for this activity. The researchers also establish links between the professional mastery and aesthetic resources of teaching; teacher’s subjective position.
Title: Electronic Education: Problems And Prospects Of Implementation
Author(s): Nikolay D. Morozkin,Veronika A. Kovshechnikova, Ilmira Z.Tovysheva , Yulai A. Yanbaev , Oksana N. Yuldasheva*
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The article reveals the content of the conceptual model for the organization and training of the teaching staff of educational institutions in the Republic of Bashkortostan. This model is understood as a technology, which implies training in the form of e-learning in the following roles: tutor, organizer, student, teacher. Such way of professional development takes into account the use of innovative educational technology along with the national and regional trends in education and best practices, in particular, the transition to the principles of the continuity of education and reformatting this sphere as an integral part of the information society. The basis for the research includes the consideration of the problems for design and application of information and educational environment. Practical experience of realization of the represented model is shown as well as the analysis of statistic data, collected in the educational institutions of the Republic, demonstrating positive progress for its application in the Republic of Bashkortostan.
Title: Health-Sustaining Environment Of An Educational Institution
Author(s): Mikhail I. Mukhin*, Maria V. Mishatkina, Ivan S. Samokhin, Natalia L. Sokolova
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The scientific community regards the health-sustaining environment as a cornerstone of modern and future school education. Health is the basic criterion, a sort of “social barometer”, demonstrating the value of a human’s life for the society. Health-sustaining educational technologies, aimed at formation of positive attitude to the education, help to facilitate the learning process. The proposed article examines organisational, methodological and technological foundations underlying the formation of the health-sustaining environment of an educational institution. The key elements are the following: provision of educational process participants with health-sustaining value orientations; health-sustaining activity and health-sustaining educational technologies aimed at study facilitation and academic overloads removal, which will help to preserve schoolchildren’s health, their physical, mental, moral and social well-being. In a modern educational institution, children’s health should be preserved and improved by a special service; the experimental work of one of this is represented by the researchers. In the conclusion, the authors propose an operational definition of health-sustaining environment and a possible variant of its formation.
Title: On The Issue Of Institutional And Methodological Foundations Of Teacher's Training
Author(s): Mikhail I. Mukhin*, Maria V. Mishatkina, Nataliya L. Sokolova
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The paper attempts to outline some approaches to creating an organisational and theoretical and methodological basis of training teachers of the tomorrow world. The foundation of his/her professional training should be not only a subject specialisation. The focus in the teacher’s training is on some essential questions of three fundamental elements in their harmonic unity: intellectual, aesthetic and moral. According to the authors, the school of the 21st century will need a teacher-anthropologist who is willing to work in the conditions when the upbringing has the truly regent function in the conditions of the globalising, rapidly changing world. One ofthe principal requirements for the teacher of the school of the 21st century is to care about the child's progress, about the comprehensive implementation of his/her potencies. A teacher whose good pedagogical training is combined with fundamental education and a skill of accompanying the child in his/her ascension to the apex of his/her personal progress.
Title: Problems Of An Interdisciplinarity In Comparative Education In The Information Age
Author(s): Vladimir Myasnikov, Irina Naydenova, Natalia Naydenova*, Tatyana Shaposhnikova
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The article is devoted to the topical issues for the methodology of modern comparative research in education, which at the moment in the information age should be interdisciplinary in describing and explaining the educational phenomena and practices; build on the results of research in other areas of knowledge and carried out by specialists from different scientific fields. In modern conditions, the interdisciplinary of comparative research requires an expansion of the framework of this approach, their orientations to results of new disciplines taking into account electronic means of the analysis and assessment of data with the prospect of moving from interdisciplinarity to transdisciplinarity. The interdisciplinarity in comparative research is studied in the works of foreign and domestic scientists. The article says that in different states of the post-Soviet space. Various problems of interdisciplinarity are explored in the context of comparative pedagogy. The article explains the concept of the local interdisciplinarity which applied in modern comparative pedagogy; the concepts of comparative and comparativist studies are explored on the basis of the morphemic analysis of the suffix use in Russian and English; the results of the analysis of interdisciplinary indicators in the field of educational institutions, including the digital environment, are presented; reveals some aspects of expertise available in an interdisciplinary perspective.
Title: Issues Related To Religious Education In Modern Secondary Schools
Author(s): Sergey S. Oganesyan*
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The article deals with world-view, mental, ideological and political problems that arise when subjects devoted to the foundations of religious cultures are introduced in the curricula of modern secondary schools. Changes are examined that have taken place in the values of the majority of people who, after an era of monotheism, entered a new mental era of “scientific perception of the world”, and the processes that lead to religious extremism and terrorism are revealed. The author explains why every mental civilization is marked by its own values, picture of the world, norms and rules of behavior both in communities and in people relations with the external world. Specific examples are used involving such concepts as “friend,” “brother,”, “neighbor,” and “enemy” to reveal the fundamental differences between the values of monotheism and the modern scientific perception of the world. The author demonstrates that the texts of the Scriptures belong to a different mental epoch and can only be applied with serious reservations in present-day conditions when people live according to the norms and rules generated by their independent intellectual activities and enshrined in the constitutions of modern states. The subject studied in the country’s secondary and higher education should be the Constitution. Let us not forget that it is not by chance that the Torah is also referred to as The Law (The Law of Moses), the Koran is unthinkable without the Sharia law and the New Testament in the minds of the vast majority of Christians is “the Law.”
Title: Emotional Burnout In Megalopolis Education Environment: Human Destruction Phenomenon
Author(s): Elena Ya. Orekhova*, Nadezhda A. Shaidenko
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The paper represents the results of the investigation of the factors that contribute to the development of emotional burnout syndrome and its manifestation among social service professionals. The sample of the research included 2,235 social educators of the city of Moscow. They were asked to provide demographic and job-specific data and to complete the questionnaires. The formed syndrome was observed in 19% of respondents, the syndrome in the phase of formation – in 66%, 16% of respondents did not show any signs of BOS. The study showed a significant correlation between the level of burnout and locus of control. Social educators with a high level of burnout displayed lower indicators of internality than their colleagues without BOS. The factors contributing to the development of burnout can be divided into two groups: objective factors caused by work conditions and subjective factors caused by professional’s personality traits. The findings of this research can be used for the development of more effective organisational strategies designed to reduce the risk of social educators’ burnout in megalopolis education environment.
Title: Development Of Educational System Of Continuous Education: Theoretical And Methodological Aspects
Author(s): Anna K. Oreshkina*
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Theoretical and methodological foundations of the development of the educational system in the Russian scientific knowledge are developed from a complex position, reflecting the characteristic feature - the convergence of national systems of education based on the multiple modes of interaction in education. The article deals with the actual aspect of the theory and methodology of education, consistent with the deepening of theoretical ideas about the structure of a multi-component system of continuous education from the perspective of improving its social function. The social significance of the development of forms of educational system based on the principles of accessibility, equal opportunities, continuity, consistency, complementarity, flexibility of training programs makes consistent with the formation of the organizational structure of the national education system from the standpoint of increasing the role of its social and institutionalized component. The author suggested the concept of "form" as a semantic and structuring expression of the essence of the educational system, aimed at ensuring the continuity and continuity of personality education.
Title: Creative Naming In The Aspect Of Teaching In The Informational Era
Author(s): Elena N. Remchukova*, Tatiana P. Sokolova, Lyaysan R. Zamaletdinova
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The article considers the field of commercial nomination, one of the modern discursive practices in the aspect of teaching the native language. Commercial names, whose wide spread is due to the market economy peculiarities and the dynamic development of megacities, are the object of the research. Urbanonyms of the largest Russian megacities serve as the research material. Names of commercial objects characterise the onomastic environment of a modern city, as they constitute its significant part. They have the linguistic and the cultural value because they demonstrate the national and cultural identity of a city or a region. The goal of the proposed description is to prove this value and offer concrete forms of work with this new and non-standard linguistic material. The article describes certain methods of using commercial urbanonyms in the practice of teaching Russian in secondary schools, as well as general philological and special speech-related disciplines in higher educational institutions. The work with such material promotes greater involvement of schoolchildren and students in the modern educational process and enables the formation of general cultural competencies in schoolchildren and that of professional competencies of the students, who have chosen naming examination as for their specialisation. The results of the research and the recommendations developed therein can be used by practical teachers in the project activities of schoolchildren, as well as in the development of courses and special courses on semiotics, a language of advertising, copywriting, naming, branding and creativity linguistics.
Title: Learners’ Achievements In Mathematical Information Processing At Primary School
Author(s): Oxana A. Rydze*
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The following article provides an analysis of the skills that enable a primary school learner to process mathematical information. The author studies students’ performance on particular tasks from the mathematics tests developing for primary school learners, presented in the regional research (2014-2016), and from the TIMSS international research test (2011, 2015). The author describes the two categories of information processing skills – subject-related (mathematics specific) and interdisciplinary learning skills – and illustrates them with corresponding quiz items, designed to test one’s ability to handle information. The author also singles out the two groups of challenges: students may lack, on the one hand, subject skills, on the other hand, universal learning skills. The results of the research reveal the difficulties related to mathematical education and show that when the learner has to process mathematical information, he/she demonstrates sufficient awareness of how to apply mathematical information in order to accomplish various tasks. Therefore, the increase of informational literacy should be considered as one of the learning outcomes of the primary education.
Title: Methodology Of Foreign Pedagogical Thoughts’ Understanding In Theory-Oriented Teacher Training
Author(s): Nataliya L. Selivanova*, Irina A. Tagunova
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The article discusses the peculiarities of foreign pedagogical theory-enriched experience competent study. The authors of the article try to reveal the main attributes of the methodological analysis of the theoretical text in a comparative education study on the example of description of the ways of understanding the basic features of foreign learning theories. The authors argue on the importance of an understanding of scientific terms’ meanings in the foreign pedagogical articles, explaining a structure of pedagogical knowledge, highlighting the base that forms the learning theories, determining basic values, main goals and goals of the foreign education systems. They approve the importance of interpreting the theories when somebody wants to use the pedagogical ideas developed by foreign theorists. They write on the importance of understanding the foreign ideas in analysing the possibility of transferring the theories from one country to another. They are sure that correctness of transferring foreign experience can occur because of the differences in thinking styles of students, teachers and researchers. The authors assure that the main principles of foreign theories studying, made in this article, could minimise the distortion of foreign thought and avoid the wrong decisions when the ideas of the foreign theories are transferred to other pedagogical theories. Expressing the thoughts on the methodology of understanding of foreign pedagogical theories the authors of the article rely on the ideas of foreign theorists.
Title: Metasubject Abilities Development In Upper Secondary School Students As A Pedagogical Problem
Author(s): Marina G. Sergeeva, Igor Yu. Sinelnikov*, Anna P. Sukhodimtseva
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Authors make a review of contemporary Russian concepts for implementing metasubject approach to school education. The article looks at one of the ways to solve the problems of developing metasubject skills in the upper secondary school students within the framework of social and humanitarian disciplines that is through the tasks that help to create social practice environment during the educational process. The value of the metasubject approach to implementing metasubject logic is in the means that create an educational environment for the students to reveal “new knowledge”, “meta-knowledge”, reflexive experience, mastering new “technique” for knowledge operation, “meta-means”, “meta-activity” for rational consistent thinking, develop “study tools”. Therefore, it becomes essential to develop not only meta-subject tasks, but methodical guidelines for their use as well. Such tasks are specially developed by the team of the Institute for Strategy of Education Development of the Russian Academy of Education (ISED RAE). The methodical aspect of foreign experience is also considered in the paper.
Title: Educational And Professional Community Role In Youth Upbringing At Modern School
Author(s): Inna Yuryevna Shustova*, Yulia Vladimirovna Svorotova
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The problem of community is less a social than life-related, personally-meaningful one in the development of modern young people. Upbringing and development in educational and professional community should be considered in their interrelationship; community is an integral external condition which sets the standard of cultural norms and values while supporting self-determination and self-realization of young boys and girls who reveal subjective position when interacting with peers and adults. The paper stresses the value of the environment created at an educational institution; educational and professional community is understood as a significant element of the environment in young people’s upbringing and development. Community, including educational and professional community, is manifested in relationship with generally important and interesting activity, open personally valuable fellowship which requires understanding and expression of one’s point of view. Education and professional training are the leading activities for young people. That is why educational and professional community is especially relevant in the environment of an educational institution. The paper looks at characteristics of educational and professional community and its influence on the younger generation through conditions to realize young people’s leading activity and achieve the goals and objectives of the given age period.
Title: School Class: From Organization And Community To A Team
Author(s): Pavel V. Stepanov*, Irina S. Parfyonova, Irina V. Stepanova
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The article considers the question of relationship of the basic concepts used by social sciences to denote different ways of association of people. These concepts are: communities – associations based on informal relationships, feelings of belonging to a common circle and mutual complementarity; organizations – hierarchically structured associations based on the activities aimed at the achievement of the certain goals; and collective teams – the associations combining the characteristics of community as well as organization. Further, the article deals with a school class as a children's association representing potential children's team. A school class may have both positive and negative features, and the teacher should concentrate the efforts to favour the team-building. Synthesis of experience of past and present successful teachers, as well as the analysis of authors’ own experience of professional activity and best teaching practices, allowed determining necessary actions, which a teacher can make for unity of a team of schoolchildren.
Title: Philosophy Of The Dialogic Paradigm In The Educational Space
Author(s): Sulima Evgeniy*
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The reflexive analysis of educational activity as socio-cultural phenomenon is implemented in the article. It is shown that the dominance traditional – scientific-technical, scientistic – paradigm of the education contradicts to co-vital content of globalized information society itself. The author gives arguments that the condition of transformation the national education systems from the traditional paradigm coordinate of the functioning to innovative ones is their transfer into the mode of maximum opened, content saturated and communicative intense dialogueness. The paper discloses a concept of an educational dialogue as a form of business communication that in process emerges at a certain vita-cultural or scientific-disciplinary teaching material, accelerates psychosocial development of the student personality and contributes to the increasing of its intellectual and self-actualizing potential. The basic components of dialogue are singled out, which compose the parity of educational activity at high school: the developmental space of subject interaction, dialogueness of social existence of human as personality, value-semantic parity of educational cooperation of study participants, educational polylogue as a special time-space of the development, improvement, self-cognition and self-realization of the future professional.
Title: Information Age Trends: Logical-Semantic Modelling Data Visualisation In The Educational Space
Author(s): Evgeniy V. Tkhachenko,Natalia N. Manko, Valerii E. Shteinberg*
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The chief trend of Information Age is visualization of information blocks which provides timely control of information, its usage in scientific research, and in supervising complex objects, economy, etc. The main function of visualization is to provide information in the form which is visually and logically convenient for the user. With this purpose it is changed and improved on cognitive principles of presenting knowledge: structures are created, elements are connected and curtailed at marking elements and relationships. In other words it is compressed for better understanding the knowledge and using it. Visualization occupies a deserving place in education. It improves the quality of professional, scientific and training activities. The research is held both in our country and abroad, where due to works, such as “mental maps”, “maps of the mind” and “concept maps” a high level of visual literacy in education and production activity is provided. Remarkably, that a corresponding organizing-information resource is founded: Journal of Visual literacy, International Visual Literacy Association, Artstor Digital Library. Various trends of visualization are worked out within the above mentioned trends; one of them is logical cognitive modeling of knowledge, presented on a natural language. The peculiarity of approach is search of nature comfortable (socio-cultural) basis of graphic coordinating basic foundation for logical-cognitive models which provide their image-notion character. The article deals with peculiarities of structure and didactic functions of logical-cognitive models and their usage in didactic design.
Title: Style In Arts Vs Style In Mathematics: Are There Points Of Convergence?
Author(s): Ioannis M. Vandoulakis*
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The concept of style started to be systematically used in history and philosophy of science in the works of Thomas Kuhn (with his concept of ‘paradigm’) and Alistair Cameron Crombie in his Styles of Scientific Thinking in the European Tradition (1994). Proceeding from our interpretation of proofs as “proof-events” that take place in space and time, we approach anew the question of style in mathematics and the communicative functions of styles of proving. Proof-events are social events that generate proofs presented in different styles that describe specific mathematical practices and characterise different cultures or schools that may differ in their views of rigour.In this paper, we attempt to analyse the communicative functions of mathematical proving styles by appealing to Roman Jakobson’s communication model, modified for the case of proof-events. In the framework of this model, we can discuss such questions as intelligibility of proofs, their elegance, etc. and elucidate their significance in education.
Title: Methodological Guidelines For School Chemical Education Content Update In The Information-Subject Environment
Author(s): Svetlana Aleksandrovna Volkova*, Natalia Alekseevna Tarakanova
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The article deals with didactic aspects of a new strategy for updating the content of school chemical education in the information-subject environment. Basing on the analysis of the didactic-methodical literature and best teaching practices of school education as well as taking into account world tendencies of development of system of science education, the authors identify reserves and resource update for the content of chemistry education and activities based on the principle of minimization. The research substantiates a new approach to updating the content of school chemical education on the basis of wide application of digital educational resources. It can be applied in the process in a special way organized educational activities under the condition for the use of a variety of chemical problems as an important component of learning content. The authors focus on the tasks of a pilot nature, which are considered as a tool of learning and understanding reality.
Title: School Principals: Challenges And Teacher Efficacy Regarding Inclusion Of Learners With Autism
Author(s): Eria Ping-ying Li,Almond Sze-mun Lee, Mingxia Ji, Kenneth Kuen-fung Sin, Sing Kai Lo*
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Over the years, high and growing numbers of students on the autism spectrum have posted tremendous stress to the education sector. This article draws from a qualitative study and we examined practical challenges encountered when including learners with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) in regular classrooms. A purposive sample of 12 primary school principals was interviewed. Content analysis and thematic induction were used to investigate insider-perspectives. The most common or serious practical challenges were reported by the participants: (i) school dilemma about inclusive education; (ii) up-skilling teacher capacity in understanding ASD behavior; (iii) teacher support to enhance peer acceptance; and (iv) expert input to improve home-school collaboration. These findings suggested the need of practical application of ASD knowledge to be provided in teacher training. Also, the provision of school-based expert support is suggested to further enhance teacher efficacy. Findings of this study may offer insight to communities experiencing similar educational changes.