Volume XII, Pages 1- 451 (July 2016)
The European Proceedings of Social & Behavioural Sciences EpSBS
©2016 Published by the Future Academy
Edited by: Prof. Dr. Roza Valeeva, Kazan Federal University, Russia
Conference: IFTE 2016 - 2nd International Forum on Teacher Education
Dates: 19-21 May 2016
Location: Kazan Federal University, Russia
Conference Chair(s): Rector Prof Dr Ilshat Gafurov, Kazan Federal University
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Title: The Audit of the Axiological Component of an Undergraduate Teacher’s Personality as the Basis of Preparedness for the Formation of the Axiological Component of Schoolchildren’s Personality
Author(s): Raziya F. Akhtarieva, Alfiya G. Gubaidullina, R.R. Shapirova*
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Modern Russian society in recent years has undergone a number of significant socio-economic and political changes that led to the creation of qualitatively new economic conditions and the formation of new social relations. Consequently, there appeared changes in people’s consciousness and behavior, changes in life priorities and values that could not but affect the system of education, teacher education in particular. It is necessary to know the undergraduate teachers’ attitude towards the reality and current events, their life goals and orientations, the disturbing problems and ways of resolving them. The audit of the axiological component of undergraduate teachers’ personalities was carried out in 2010 and 2016. Significance indexes for each value category of Elabuga and Kazan high school students were obtained with the help of factor analysis technique based on the criteria of adequacy, selectivity, stability, dynamism, domination. Having compared the findings of our research, we came to the conclusion that the major values of undergraduate teachers greatly changed. In our opinion, changes in the choice of values by the undergraduate teachers are associated with the economic and political changes in the country and in the world, and in the ongoing changes in education as well. The article discusses the results of the research of the axiological component of undergraduate teachers’ personalities as the basis of their preparedness for the formation of the axiological component of schoolchildren’s personalities.
Title: The Interliterary Dialogues’ Heuristic Potential on the Lessons of the Russian literaturein the Mulyiethnic Environment
Author(s): Venera R. Amineva, Gulfia R. Gainullina, Oksana V. Shemshurenko*
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In order to solve the main task of learning on the lessons of Russian and Tatar literatures, associated with the formation of the reader’s culture as a creative thinking person, it is necessary to revise the conceptual strategies of the literary education. This meets the urgent needs of studying the works of one national literature in the context of comparison with the other one. The main aim of the article is to identify epistemological potential of the interliterary dialogue as a concept of literary comparative study and consider its projection into the teaching of the Russian literature in schools with non-Russian language of teaching, based on “The Evenings on a Farm near Dikanka” of N.V. Gogol and poems “Shurale” and “The Water maid” of G. Tukay. The study of works of one literature in the context of comparison with the other one expands the space of the reader’s perception. The meaning of a literary work makes the context of the national literature a real problem. The educational activity is aimed at understanding principles and methods of artistic forms of understanding reality: time and space images, plot schemes and motifs, national and universal in the characters, etc. Finding these meanings helps the reader to interpret the resulting aesthetic information adequately. “Alien” culture is perceived as “the other”. Student’s consciousness captures the diversity of artistic principles and the world and human image’s forms. Thus, the study of different types of dialogical relations arising between the works of Russian and native (Tatar) literatures, fundamentally changes the nature of the students’ cognitive activity.
Title: Enhancing Students’ Learning Motivation through Reflective Journal Writing
Author(s): Karina M. Amirkhanova*, Anastasia V. Ageeva, Rustam M. Fakhretdinov
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The issue under study is topical and significant in modern pedagogics because it is related not only to the great role that motivation plays in the process of students’ learning a foreign language, but also a shortage of efficient motivational techniques enhancing this process used in class. Researchers state that among other factors influencing acquisition of knowledge the one of motivation is the most significant. The technique of keeping a Reflective Journal (RJ) has been worldwide used in teaching practice; however, in Russia it hasn’t been applied so widely. The article aims at studying the impact the use of RJ Writing has on enhancing students’ learning motivation. The study was conducted in Kazan State University where 30 upper-intermediate students learning English took part in the experiment. The methods used to explore the problem were literature review, experiment conducted in Kazan Federal University, questionnaires administered to students and their analysis. Results of the post-study questionnaire administered at the end of the course demonstrated a high level of students’ learning motivation. The findings showed that the RJ Writing, alongside with improving learning and increasing self-confidence, enhanced students’ motivation. The article’s materials could be useful for university teachers interested in ways of enhancement of their students’ motivation, thus promoting their progress in studies.
Title: The Components of Leadership Competences of Technical University Students
Author(s): Nafisa T. Burganova*
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In this article, an attempt to investigate the components of leadership competences of a technical university student is made, as the question of development of managerial resources of specialist in engineering become more topical, by virtue of the growing level of society’s request and expansion of social experience.
Popularity of the notion of competence over the last years is conditional upon the emphasis on the efficiency of employee’s activity, its correspondence to certain standards of behavior, so, the presence of certain knowledge, abilities, skills of employee leads to achieving the target.
The topicality of the paper is caused by the circumstance that leadership competences as professionally required qualities of a student - the future engineer - are the main components of his professional adequacy.
The purpose of the given paper is to prove theoretically and to test with experiment the complex of pedagogical conditions providing the effective development of leadership competences of a technical university student in the process of studying a humanitarian discipline “Psychological studies and education”.
The practical relevance consists in the growing significance of engineer’s leadership and leadership abilities securing smart and effective management of working group, collective, team in conditions of growing business competitiveness and increasing demands on specialists’ quality of work. Dynamic character of life and professional activity acquires from an engineer such qualities as managerial abilities, capability to join the work collective quickly, and readiness to adapt to new work conditions and to normalize the relationships between people in the process of synergy. If a student is able to master these qualities, he will achieve good results in working environment easier.
Title: A New Model of Pedagogical Magistracy in the Direction of "Linguistic Education" at Kazan Federal University
Author(s): Nailya N Fattakhova, Zulfiya F. Yusupova, Naila I. Fedorova*
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This article is devoted to problems and prospects of pedagogical educational development in Kazan Federal University in the framework of the Strategic academic unit (SAU) "Teacher of the XXI century". The authors consider the implementation of a new model of pedagogical Master`s degree programme ''Philology of education in conditions of modern higher education''. Teachers’ training is an important component of the educational policy of any state and has a high degree of flexibility and availability. The basis of finding effective ways to improve the preparation of teachers is based on the idea that high-quality professional preparation of teachers is a most valuable contribution to the future of any country. The educational reforms that are carried out periodically in countries like Europe, Asia, and also in Russia serve to prove this fact. The aim of the article is to analyze the new direction of the Master`s degree programme on philological education in Kazan Federal University from the onset of modern requirements to the preparation of future teachers of Russian language and literature. Analysis, description, and synthesis are the main methods of this study. The authors made the following conclusions: the modernization of Russian pedagogical education focuses on the organic unity of the new curriculum, the new forms of organization of educational processes, the new learning technologies and forms of education quality assessment. The new model of pedagogical Master`s degree programme on philological education consists of the following blocks: "Psychology and pedagogics", "Russian language", and "Literature", which will be studied jointly. This will help to prepare competency-based ability to think creatively, and to solve actual problems of modern school education in the field of Russian language and literature. The implementation of the new Master's program will help to solve the problem of training modern teachers of Russian language and literature, it will aid in finding solutions to psycho-pedagogical problems in educational, and the substantive issues arising in the practice of Philological forms of education.
Title: Features of Professional Teachers Training of Informatics in a Programming Course
Author(s): Tatjana U. Gainutdinova, Olga A. Shirokova*
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When selecting learning tasks, the development of object-oriented techniques in programming needs to be considered, demonstrating different approaches in solving the same problem. Students should be taught how to use knowledge in real situations, to expand the scope of possible applications of object-oriented programming. The approach to the sum propositioned in this article gives an opportunity to talk about real chance of the process’ automation of difficult mathematical structures designing on the ground of the following stages: establishment, formalization and modeling of objects of structure, allocation of abstractions of the object’s class and the methods; establishment of the communications between objects based on interaction and inheritance of classes; object-oriented design – distribution of classes on modules; creation of models for development of visual projects; - creation of effective algorithms of the sum making methods of the classes entering the project; implementation of the project in one of the chosen object-oriented programming languages; carrying out analysis of results of implementation of the object-oriented project.
Title: Formation of Student’s Tolerance in Multicultural Environment When Teaching a Foreign Language (KFU Experience, Kazan, Republic of Tatarstan, Russia)
Author(s): Elena M. Galishnikova, Tatiana A. Baklashova, Liliya V. Khafizova*
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Formation of tolerance through a multicultural environment in higher educational institutions is of particular relevance because the number of international students increases, migrants from non-CIS countries flow into the territory of the Russian Federation, and many nations and confessions live both in the Republic of Tatarstan and the Russian Federation. The aim of our study is to identify and systematize the essential characteristics of the algorithm in the formation of students’ tolerance in a multicultural environment, its approbation and implementation in the process of foreign language teaching at the university. An analysis of the literature, teaching experience, and empirical studies enabled to identify the criteria and levels of students’ tolerance formation as well as to create special pedagogical conditions to provide students' stability under stressful, difficult situations in the learning activities. As a result of research, we defined the following pedagogical conditions: the development of students’ emotional stability in teaching and learning activities through the parallel algorithm as a precise prescription of a phased fulfillment of actions, intensive introduction of interactive forms of teaching, and the use of extracurricular forms of work. Actualization of these pedagogical conditions for tolerance formation in foreign language environment contributes to encouraging fluency in foreign language by international students and further development of foreign language skills; development of skills for self-analysis and self-criticism; promoting social citizenship, proactivity, adaptability and optimism.
Title: Educational Technology "List" as a Resource for the Organization of Children's Literature Reading
Author(s): Elena O. Galitskikh*
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The article reveals the pedagogical potential and educational resources of the technology of compilation and systematization of knowledge. The basis of organization activity of students is the compilation of lists in a specific sequence, lists activate the subject position of a student, integrate his knowledge with personal experience. Modern educational technologies give wide opportunities to solve the problem of reading. The technology of compilation and systematization of knowledge called “list” is one of them. The “list” technology activates the associative thinking, and, thus, updates the knowledge by including the pre-science, guesses, the reader`s outlook, and intuition. The technology creates the conditions under which the information is starting to work on personal development, organically enters the learning experience, and enriches the creative potential of the individual. The experience of the inclusion of this technology in the training of future Russian and Russian literature teachers showed that it is characterized by clarity, accessibility, practicality, dynamism.
Title: Teaching Gifted Adolescents in Terms of the Transforming Natural Sciences Education
Author(s): Suriya I. Gilmanshinaa, Fidaliya D. Khalikova*
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There has been a study of intellectual and academic types of gifted adolescents. The types of gifts were considered based on the following criteria: the type of activity and spheres of mentality, the degree of formation, the forms of manifestation, the levels of manifestation of various activities and its features in age development. Principles of integration, interdisciplinary studies, problem and research based training are used for developing effective workability with gifted adolescents within the «school – university» system, in terms of transforming natural sciences education at Kazan (Volga region) Federal University. Long-term productive work has allowed for the allocation of various methods of teaching chemistry to gifted students. These include; IT-lyceum for gifted children, «Small Chemical Institute», the educational-methodical contest «Festival of Chemistry», practice-oriented training at the University Department of Chemical Education.
Title: Innovative Components for Preparing Graduates and Master's Degree Holders of Natural Sciences, for Education at the University Level
Author(s): Suriya I. Gilmanshina, Rimma N. Sagitova, Iskander R. Gilmanshin*
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Professional and pedagogical activities in the new socio-economic conditions, based on accepted science view of expert activities, and professional development of individuals have been investigated. The distribution model of graduates and teachers of natural science in the conditions of a Federal University has been shown. The main content of this paper is the preparation of future teachers in the elegant institutes of the university. The advantages of this model are indicated in the example of the preparation of future teachers of chemistry (bachelor). Innovative components for preparing graduates and master's degree holders in natural science education is linked with the following possibilities: modern laboratory facilities (Innovative Chemical Corps); the construction of the educational process through the integration of new information (computer, internet technology, electronic portfolio and etc.) and traditional technologies of natural sciences; implementation of a continuous pedagogical practice in the lyceums of Universities; and the intensification of practice-oriented training of students and their theses, taking into account the educational needs of the Republic of Tatarstan and Volga region of Russia as a whole.
Title: Esl Teacher Professional Self-development Within Lifelong Educational Environment
Author(s): Oxana V. Khasanova, Anna A. Karimova*
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Ever changing socio-economic conditions impose specific requirements to the system of education, starting from general stage and up to the post-professional education. The article discusses the role and place of a diversified, multi-level system of professional ESL teacher training, which provides a variety of characteristics of educational and self-educational programs that actualizes the problem of improving the system of lifelong general and professional educational environment. ESL teachers being eager to develop themselves and their practice will be a great asset to both, their students and themselves. Successful ESL teachers enhance their professional lives by in-service training programs and postgraduate course, studying for higher ESL teaching qualifications and international certifications. Apart from formal training, however, there is a great deal ESL teachers could do to form their own individual professional educational route within lifelong professional educational environment. The introduced ESL Teacher Development Model provides the effective strategy of combining the forms of formal education, professional socialization and individual self-development within lifelong professional educational environment.
Title: The Formation of Students’ Subjective Position in Foreign Language Classes
Author(s): Lucia M. Ibatulinaa, Rashida F. Vafinab , Agzam A. Valeev*
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Training of highly qualified specialists today implies not only the organization of the systematic and qualitative development of their fundamental knowledge, the formation of their relevant practical skills, but also the development of their personal sphere and the capacity for self-expression in any form of activity. This is particularly due to the problem of students’ subject position formation in foreign language classes. The study showed the importance of the issues of improving the mechanisms to enhance the cognitive activity of students, where a particular factor is the activity of the students in their own education. The article describes the relevant aspects of the structural organization of the objective manifestations of the students’ attitude to develop their subjectivity; the essence and the basic characteristics of a subjective position of students in the study of foreign languages; psychological criteria that lead to the formation of the subjective position. The study describes the dynamics of the students’ subjective position in the framework of self-learning activities in foreign language classes; factors affecting the student’s subjective position development; methodology of teaching a foreign language which is subject to the general requirements of higher education where the subject-oriented situation becomes a part of a training system development. The results of the experimental work show the effectiveness of the formation of the student’s subjective position in the course of educational activities based on such learning situations as problem-oriented, reflexive-oriented, creative-oriented, communication-oriented situation; the situation of free choice and self-organization of the cognitive activity.
Title: Russian Classical Literature in Multi-ethnic Environment: The Issues of Reception and Methodology of Teaching
Author(s): Alsu Z. Khabibullina, Elvira F. Nagumanova, Oksana Y. Amurskaya*
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The problem of the existence of Russian classical literature in the foreign readers’ minds is regarded as one of the most fundamental problems in the current period of global changes in the field of inter-correlation of foreign literatures and languages. The article presents an experimental study of the aesthetic interference in the poems “The Prayer” (1839), “I want to live, I crave for sadness” (1832) by M. Lermontov and "When Your So Young and Fairy Years…" (1829) by A. Pushkin. These works have become a part of modern Tatar readers’ perception. Based on the key concepts of the theory of aesthetic reception (aesthetic distance, the boundaries of readers’ expectations of a literary work, aesthetic experience), the new implications are revealed. These senses are actualized by modern readers, who study national literatures, the traditions of national poetry, its forms and images. The article regards the special pattern of Tatar readers’ perception of Russian classical literature, particularly of lyrical poetry by Pushkin and Lermontov. The methodological aspect of this problem is seen as “another” interpretation of Russian literature as a positive side of interference, which reveals global concepts of fiction and the features of national and cultural identity of modern readers.
Title: The Development of Academic Mobility of Students of Pedagogical Departments in Universities
Author(s): Guzel Z. Khabibullina, Elvera D. Shigapova, Inna A. Rusanova*
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The problem stated in this article is stipulated by the fact that academic mobility of students to a large extent facilitates the solution of the main educational goals, which include the development of modern areas of study, promoting the improvement of the availability, quality and usefulness of education. The main goals of mobility are to offer the student the opportunity to obtain a broad education in the chosen field of training, and provide access to the established centers of knowledge. The purpose of this article is the elaboration of recommendations for expanding academic mobility pertaining to the pedagogical department of students in universities. The theoretical analysis of pedagogical literature is the leading method for the given problem of study, and this analysis makes it possible to formulate the definition of students’ academic mobility, alongside with the method of modeling which creates a project of new modules for the bachelor program.
The main results of the research consist in developing new undergraduate programme modules for enlarged group of disciplines such as; "Education and Pedagogy" (consisting of Physical and Mathematical Sciences, Physics), were appropriately integrated into the educational programme "Pedagogical education", (with profiles such as "Physics", or "Pedagogical education" - where the main profile is "Physics" with the aim to develop academic mobility in terms of networking). The significance of the results obtained is dictated by the fact that the above modules can be offered not only for students involved in "Pedagogical education" (profile "Physics"), but also for those who want to change the track of training after two or three years, or for the trainees of refresher courses with a certain level of required competence, as well as for the specialists from state and private educational institutions, for education management, and for training and retraining of teachers.
Title: New Technological Approaches to the Analysis of Art Work in Literature Lessons
Author(s): Svetlana Kolosova*
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This study raises the problems of teaching literature in modern school and reveals the content of teaching one of the core competencies which testifies to the development of literature as a school subject - the analysis of art work which should be understood as a creative interpretation, aimed at understanding the author's worldview, expressed in a particular text. Such goal-setting leads to an increase in the quality of work, which is transformed into a creative learning process, identity of the author's outlook, and with it, the process of student's personality development as well as increased motivation to study literature in general. The article suggests guidelines for dealing with the art work during literature lessons and the excerpt from the lexical-semantic analysis which is a key component in the process of opening the research content of the art work is given as an example. Consistent work with words in the process of creative discovery of the art work should be a conceptual approach to the development of literature as a discipline.
Title: Innovative Tools for the Prevention of Psycho-Pedagogical Problems, for Bilinguals Aged 0 – 14 in the "Triangle of Mutual Safety Integration"
Author(s): Ekaterina L. Koudrjavtseva, Daniya A. Salimova*, Anastasiia Martínková
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Experts in different fields (linguists, psychologists, economists, etc.) are unanimous to the fact that the new philosophy to the study of man in science is bilingualism, multilingualism, and language. The ideas of A.V. Humboldt is one of the popular stands in this area, it says that "studying of language opens an analogy between the person and the world in general, and between each nation which is definitely expressing itself in the language".
There is already a large body of literature related to the peculiarities of working with bilingual students; in this article we have limited ourselves merely to some technologies and tools involved in this work. Consideration of the specific of a bilingual child’s mentality – a person belonging to two different cultural worlds – is undoubtedly the corner stone of this study.
We present a series of innovative developments in our laboratory aimed at psycho-pedagogical support of natural bilinguals, the development of linguistic and extra-linguistic components of inter-cultural communicative competence, and the creation and updating of individual educational routine of bilinguals from preschool age to the age of 14. The practical value of these materials is that the possibility of its usage, lies not only in teachers‘ and methodologists‘ practice, but also in other research activities.
Title: Studying the Role of the Degree of Acceptance of Other Cultures in a Multicultural Educational Environment
Author(s): Endzhe Latypova*
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The present article deals with the problem of adaptation of foreign students and their integration into multicultural educational environment through acceptance of another culture. The role of local international university students is considered and their attitude and role in the process of adaptation. The results of research on the basis of author’s questionnaire “Acceptance of another Culture” are presented. The major factors of “Acceptance of another Culture” were studied. The comparative analysis has been done which include the factors of constructive adaptation processes among Russian students and those who immigrated to England.
Title: Development of a Common Russian Identity as the Basis for a Single Civil Nation, Given the Multicultural Academic Environment in North-Caucasus
Author(s): Alina А. Levitskaya*
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The task of shaping a civil nation, requires the support of the University pedagogic community, to develop innovative technologies that would allow for an educational effect on young people’s personalities, taking into account the specificity of the three sides of their identity – Russian (civil and civilizational), ethnic (ethnic-confessional), and regional. In the traditional North Caucasian societies where the family network and the religion make up for the personality basics that will be maintained through life, the ethnic (ethnic-confessional) identity presents a crucial factor for socialization.
The level of the regional identity – a second part of the civil identity – reveals different degrees of development in different parts of Russia. In the North Caucasus many Russians, including ethnic Russians, as well members of Diasporas identify themselves as North Caucasians regardless of their specific ethnic and confessional group. From here we could state that, the regional factor of the civil identity, along with the ethnic-confessional “profile” is an important condition for shaping a common Russian identity.
A contemporary variant of the Russian identity does not act as a fully valid integrating origin for developing a common Russian identity. The multicultural Russian society needs a deeper level of integration involving not just supra-ethnic and supra-confessional nature of the respective identity, but also socio-cultural unity based on common values. Such unity may only be due to civilizational identity that implies a deep penetration into the area of national cultures, into the system of vitally important values that lie within the “responsibility zone” of the ethnic and the confessional identities.
Title: E-learning Model for Bachelors, Specializing in Mathematics and IT
Author(s): Sergey V. Makletsov, Guzel Z. Khabibullina*
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Today’s world comes with the necessity of training highly qualified specialists in mathematics and information technologies. It requires creating a special model, based on applying a number of particular pedagogical approaches. A version of this model has been designed in this work. The model of five modules is based on applying complex integrative, differentiated, learner-centered, competent, and vocationally oriented approaches. A pool of e-learning resources allows to compile a professional thesaurus of bachelors, thus creating a unified system of e-learning. Our model lays emphasis on the individual peculiarities of learners: enhancing their cognitive processes, computer-assisted self-efficiency, and individual style of studying. All the above gears toward accumulating the necessary experience of project activities of bachelors, and team work. Monitoring the results is implicated in accordance with the established system of assessment of assignments of different level of complexity. The monitoring methods, used in the model, allows to evaluate the level of development of information competence of bachelors specializing in mathematics, and computer science. The pedagogical experiment was conducted in order to check the effectiveness of the developed model. The results demonstrate a significant increase in the number of students of experimental groups with a high level of formed information competence. It also confirmed the statistical data analysis using χ2 hypothesis test and Student's t-test, thus proving the effectiveness of the created model.
Title: Multicultural Education Direction of the Modern Historical Museum
Author(s): Inga V. Maslova, Irina E. Krapotkina, Nadezhda V. Pospelova*
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Historical Museums of Elabuga Institute of Kazan Federal University implemented educational and cultural activities. When implementing the latter the museum staff resorted to innovations, which allowed for an expansion in the range of visitors, and a profound interest in the historical past of the university, city and region. The museum employees developed a conceptual model of a museum-pedagogic programmes, called “Museum-Clio” for school children.
The introduced model “Museum-Clio” includes the following museum pedagogy programmes: a role-playing game “Russian and Tatar merchants at the Spasskaya Fair”, a research project “Letter from the Front”, and a creative work “History all around me”.
In its practical implementation the model “Museum Clio” provides excursion arrangements, so as to promote and intensify the mental powers of secondary school students, in the conditions of learning about divers cultures. Excursions are conducted in the form of games; active forms of cognition, free exchange of ideas, role and creative tasks are widely practiced. Studies through games for secondary school students organized in the Museum of Elabuga merchants as part of an innovative project, play an important role in education and upbringing. On the basis of household items, secondary school students get acquainted with the daily lives of the inhabitants of Elabuga.
The study draws a conclusion that furthers the development of historical museums, through expanding their video-didactic and interactive areas of work, and the use of techniques for organizing individual creativity of school children.
Title: Young Teachers’ Adaptation to Professional Activity in France
Author(s): Galina V. Matushevskaya , Faina L. Ratner*
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The article contains the results and analysis of the researches carried out in France and devoted to the social and psychological adaptation of young teachers during their first working years. The investigations of Russian and foreign authors on psychological, social and pedagogical aspects of young teachers’ adaptation process serve as a theoretical and methodological base of this study.
The core of the social-psychological adaptation subject lays in the formation of special way of teacher’s interaction with social environment, the establishment of close relations between the adaptive and the ambiance, and in active participation of the individual in the psychological atmosphere of the collective. The gradual pedagogical preparation in France is promoted by integrative nature of approaches to the organization and content of professional and pedagogical training of future teachers of France. French scientists consider that the quality of adaptation is measured by three main categories: academic institution, colleagues and students. The article gives detailed information about different kinds of young teachers’ assistance and their difficulties. The article lights up the factors explaining the reasons of young teachers’difficulties. The great value in France is attached to the first weeks of teachers’work at school, to methodological engineering and pedagogical tools. The analysis suggests that the success of young teachers’ consolidation in academic institution depends on a favorable psychological climate in the team, young specialists’ positive attitude to their pedagogical activity, availability of adequate working conditions, and satisfaction of the assistance provided by the teaching staff. Besides, an integrative approach to the practice-oriented training of future specialists contributes to the improvement of teachers’adaptation. Various forms of estimation taken in France are of special interest (summative, forming, standard and criteria). The submitted results and information could contribute to improve the quality of pedagogical education in Russia.
Title: Children’s Literature and Strategies of Modern Education
Author(s): Irina G. Mineralova*
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On the one hand, modern education focuses in a large part on distance learning with a wide use of Information and Communication technologies and, on the other hand, it has to meet the requirements for the use of health saving technologies. Therefore, how should the process of learning be organized to observe the proposed conditions? The objective of the study is to determine educational basis (dominant principles) of developing diverse models of learning and organization of life, which are specified in the works of great pedagogues such as Y.A. Komenskiy, F.I. Buslaev, K.D. Ushinskiy, L.N. Tolstoy, A.S. Makarenko and V.A. Sukhomlinskiy.
The article has “children’s literature” in its title for a good reason. This term makes us think about the conditions of mastering the Word and literature as a key factor for successful learning. It is folklore, oral tradition which forms cultural and speech framework of a person from the first days of life.
Comparative-historical, historical-functional, system-activity methods determine the means to motivate for independent creative reading activity.
Self-dependence and freedom of a child in education are established by the real life communication with the world that is crucial for him or her, the arts, physical labor, intellectual, creative and craft activities comply with the amplification principle. Therefore, colloquial speech and literary speech acts, communicative rhetoric help to elaborate solid socially important and morally founded principles to develop a personality that will be in full concordance with the frame of reference of its creative evolution.
Title: The Techniques of Pilgrimage Literature in the Works of Russian Writers for Children
Author(s): Irina V. Mokletsova
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Modern education of children and adolescents is of great importance for the studying of national traditions in the family and society. In the context of globalization are particularly important issues of cultural identity that allow a person to find himself in a difficult rapidly changing world. Appeal to axiological foundations of culture, which is native to the individual, it requires reference to the experience of previous generations, which is reflected in the monuments of art and literature. The first generation of Russian immigrants of the twentieth century is constantly reproduced in the image of his works leave the country, making a mental pilgrimage to his native land. This allowed them to not only testify to past events, but also to maintain a holistic perception of the Russian world. Russian literature intended for children's reading, refers to the pilgrimage theme with a XIX century. Russian writers began to use the pilgrimage images and stories for a more complete disclosure of the inner world of the child, for the transmission of profound psychological experiences and attitudes. Writers of the Russian emigration Ivan Shmelev, Konstantin Zaitsev, Vasilij Nikiforov-Volgin used the techniques of pilgrimage descriptions, together with the reader to go through the roads of the lost homeland, to touch its history, feel the love and care of loved ones.
Title: Challenges to Teachers’ Education in the Context of Globalization and Integration: Experience of Multicultural Tatarstan Republic
Author(s): Farida Sh. Mukhametzyanova & Tatjana M. Tregubova*
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This challenging research paper is an effort to trace the changes and the role of the tolerance and multiculturalism in the varied, endlessly complex teachers’ training education in a modern Russian university; and to present the challenges that it faces in the context of globalization and international integration in the name of tolerance and multiculturalism.
The purpose of our paper is to present the Tatarstan Republic’s experience in this sphere, and to create a body of knowledge for follow-on research. Indeed the process of world globalization means the formation of unified multicultural educational and research area. That’s why it’s necessary to develop both the teaching and learning strategies, and to include authentic materials in the teachers’ university curriculum.
The authors stress the importance of the international educational experience research in the sphere of the organization of teachers’ education, and to investigate the opportunities of its use at the Russian universities.
The paper also deals with the issues of diversity and multiculturalism in the teachers’ training process that is very important and valuable for multicultural societies, such as the Tatarstan Republic with the population, consisting of more than 65 nationalities, and having 2 state languages: Russian and Tatar. The population of Russia, in general, comprises more than 100 nationalities, ethnic and cultural groups. Special attention is paid to the role of joint international educational projects in teachers’ education.
Title: Ideas and Notations of Family Structures, and Gender Roles of Youth
Author(s): Rosa G. Mustafina*
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This paper studies the notations of students on their family and gender roles. Feminine stereotypes are prevailingly established, and the masculinity of young men is less expressed. Ideas on the roles of the women and men in the viewpoint of girls and young men were respectively collected. For girls, priority of career and family were ascertained, as well as the main motive of creation of a family.
Important qualities based on the ideas on roles and responsibilities of a life-partner or future husband:
For girls, the important criteria in the choice of life partners were; the thought system, diligence, maturity, ability to provide for, and protect the family, confidence, maintaining a healthy lifestyle, and lack of addictions.
Some students also noted the need for emotional contact between their spouses and their future children, as well as the consciousness of the importance of the husband as head of the family.
From our research, were able to obtain data indicating immaturity of ideas on family structures, and gender roles. Some students entertained the possibility of combination of domestic duties, child rearing, and career growth. Some others preferred career to family.
In students, the tendency to dominate, dictate, dish out orders, and others were shown, coupled with instability of character. In difficult situations, some of them preferred to rely on opinion and the decision of their spouse.
The study subjects (youths) displayed low indicators of readiness to marriage. They understood marriage as an emotional journey, they overestimated romanticism, and most of the subjects lacked the major psychological and household skills needed in marriage. Majority of students were interested in marriage, they had plans to get married in the nearest future.
Title: Embodied Simulation in the Art of Teaching Piano
Author(s): Damilya S. Nadyrova*
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Recent studies show a close interrelation of emotions and movements in the music performance art, while the understanding of music is related to the modeling processes (embodied simulation), or the bodily transmission of music. It is clear that this approach is particularly promising for music pedagogy, and first of all for pedagogy of music performance. This view will help the beginning performer to find the most efficient way for a better understanding of musical emotion within the content of the musical piece, and, moreover, will contribute to the development of expressive technical skills. In this article we will study the embodied perspective in piano teaching. It is possible to speak about two main forms of motor simulation in music: a) when the melodic movement expression is reflected in gestures, and b) when the musical rhythm is reproduced in movements. We will consider the second form, which is the use of motor simulation in the course of work on the rhythm of performance.
Title: The Historical Preconditions of the Formation of Etiquette in Turkic and English Speaking People
Author(s): Leila A. Nurgalieva, Zuhra A. Motygullina*
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There is an urgent need to learn foreign languages in the era of globalization and intercultural days. However, as we know, only a command of the language is not enough to provide a complete picture of the interlocutors and the people in general. Before entering into a business relationship with the representatives of other cultures, a modern man should learn more about the culture of his interlocutor to avoid cross-cultural misunderstanding. Sometimes the most minor cultural differences can lead to unpleasant consequences, because the mentality is an integral part of our lives. It is formed for centuries, and despite the severe changes in our way of life, mentality continues to exert a strong influence on our actions. In this paper we would like to consider the historical background of the formation of speech etiquette of the Turkic and the British as well as its impact on modern humans. This choice is not random, because it is with the birth of a nation, with the first written sources our mentality begins to form, which is transmitted from generation to generation by word of mouth. Only considered and researched in detail the origins of etiquette in the country studied, it is possible to get at least some idea about the target language and its people.
Title: The Use of Moderation Technology at Lessons of Russian Language as the Development of Pupils’ Cognitive Activity
Author(s): Guzel M. Nurullina, Liliya A. Usmanova & Dinara I. Rakhimova*
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The paper is devoted to the study of the moderation technology as one of the modern and productive educational technologies aimed at the development of informative activity of pupils at the lessons of Russian language. The article reveals the essence of "moderation technology," describes in detail each of the stages defined within this technology. The author describes various active teaching methods as the argument for the stated ideas and as the examples for a full disclosure of the content of each of the stages of moderation technology. It is the use of new teaching methods that allow students to generate interest in studied subject, to improve the ability to work independently, to develop communication skills and abilities. The article describes the positive aspects of learning based on moderation technology: the increase in motivation of students, the stimulation of their cognitive activity and creativity. The model of formation of cognitive activity of pupils under the conditions of using moderation techniques at the lessons of Russian language is formulated in this research and the educational competences that the student must master are defined.
Title: The Role of On-line Laboratory in the Development of Lexicographic and Translational Skills
Author(s): Gulshat Safiullina, Gulnara Aleeva*
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The Project of Laboratory on Bilingual Lexicography is based on the German Philology Department, Institute of Philology and Communication, Kazan Volga Federal University, and meets all the requirements of the modern innovative pedagogics. Educational aspect of the Laboratory lies within the experiment of teaching languages through practical aspects of lexicography. The academic contribution of the Laboratory is; the lexicographical description of the multilingual environment of the Republic of Tatarstan, the creation of bilingual dictionaries in studied foreign and native languages, writing research papers and articles, working at monographs, as well as the collection, storage, organization and analysis of the research results. The first project of the Laboratory was an English-Tatar Dictionary of Slang Expressions that contributed to the enhancement of lexicographic and translational skills of students.
Title: Integration of the Quality Assessments of Vocational Teachers' Training
Author(s): Sergey A. Sedov*
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The basis for this study is the integration of quality assessments of vocational education teachers' training, the essence of which is revealed through the interdependence of the major spheres of public life, interpreted by us as the integration of education, science, and industry, aimed at the sustainable development of society and economic knowledge. Integration itself, is a relationship with a higher-order system - society, as well as sub-systems (education, science, and industry), which will also be subjects of study. Consistency in this study can be ensured by the consistency with the logic of the general systematic theory. This article attempts to resolve the educational problem of comprehensive assessments of the quality of vocational teachers' training, including industrial and public assessment. The study aims at mainstreaming the accessibility of quality vocational teachers' training, in the context of the satisfaction of all participants, by the result of professional and pedagogical education. Methods, used in the study, are the following: theoretical methods such as; comparison, explanation, induction and deduction, and empirical methods such as; observation, and measurement.
Title: Teaching Russian language: the Role of Word Formation
Author(s): Tatiana J. Shchuklina, Lyailya А. Mardieva, Tatiana A. Alyokhina*
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The article is devoted to the problem of increasing the level of the subject of competency in philology majors. By identifying the main areas where the word-formation principle is actualized, we have established that derivation has a special methodological significance for implementing inter-level linguistic relations in Russian language teaching. From the point of view of methodology, those effective word-building units which provide the objectification of word-formation principle are derivatives, derivational types (models), and word formation families. Our research has shown that exercises on derivation are also very effective in forming language skills based on the ability to effectuate the structural and semantic features of the word. The research revealed that it is necessary to make maximum use of word formation potential in assimilating lexical data, in teaching morphology, spelling and stylistics of the Russian language. Moreover, we should take into account the fact that studying word formation helps to develop logical thinking, as well as the ability to analyze and synthesize.
Title: The Secular in the Religious and the Religious in the Secular: Humanities School Education in Pre-Revolutionary Russia and Nowadays
Author(s): Anton V. Yermoshin, Nataliya G. Nikolaeva*
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The key research problem lies in the substantiation of the interdisciplinary method necessity in religion teaching in secular school as well as in religious higher education. The problem bases in the fact that the religion as a subject came back in secular educational system, and that causes a lot of questions because of the loss of tradition and leak of professional educated staff. These questions are of great importance in the general context of relationship between the state and the Orthodox Church of which intense formation we are evidenced right now. In this connection, we find it important to research the experience of religion teaching in the pre-revolutionary period in Russia and to compare it with modern experiences. As a purpose of this research, we consider the analysis of facts of the past of Russian school secular education and of the present of religious higher education nowadays directed to enunciate some recommendations for the modern school in the matter of religion teaching. The conclusions made are following. The interdisciplinary approach concerning humanities may show itself as very useful also in secular school education. Under the circumstances of coming back of religion component in the secular education, it seems to be reasonable to teach the essentials of orthodoxy on examples from Russian literature, which is very rich on this point. It can also be harmonized with the actual discussion on the school literature canon.
Title: Dialogue of Cultures of Teaching of Russian as a foreign Language in the Chinese Audience: Approaches and Solutions
Author(s): Zulfiya F. Yusupova*
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The article is devoted to the development of scientific and methodological approaches to the implementation of one of the most important principles in teaching Russian as a foreign language in the Chinese audience - the principle of dialogue of languages and cultures. The purpose of the article - to analyze the educational and methodical literature, as well as experience in teaching Russian as a foreign language in the Chinese audience with standpoint of ways of implementing the principle of dialogue of languages and cultures and on the basis of the analysis to develop a scientific and methodical recommendations for teachers of Russian as a foreign language. The leading methods in the study of the problem used include: analysis, description, generalization. In the course of research the author concludes that in modern linguistics there are two directions in the implementation of the principle of dialogue of languages and cultures: 1) instruction in the Russian language in the context of Russian culture; 2) learning the Russian language through knowledge of Russian Culture in cooperation with the language and culture of other nations. The second approach is most suitable for teaching Russian as a foreign language in the Chinese audience. Dialogue of languages and cultures is realized in textbooks and manuals on Russian as a foreign language through the lexical and phraseological fund, as well as through texts of culturological information. The necessity of the interconnected training to Russian language and Russian culture with the involvement of various works of arts include: literature, painting, music, theater, cinema and various cultural institutions such as museums, etc. This study is of interest to trainers, teachers and practitioners who teach Russian as a foreign language.
Title: Development and Implementation of a Multi-level System of Training Teachers of Mathematics-computer Science Based on Mathematical and Didactic Modeling Methods, as Well as Interdisciplinary Relations
Author(s): Farchat Sh. Zaripov*
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This article deals with the model of mathematics and computer science teachers' training based on the use of mathematical and didactic modeling methods of teaching. As a result of this, prospective teachers should show competence in interdisciplinary studies. This methodology is a special case of the concept of "problem-based learning" (PBL) in mathematics and computer science studies, as well as disciplines where mathematics is applied. The result of the study is that the implementation of interdisciplinary links creates a mental setting which is an effective tool for the development of informative interest of students in the learning process. This setting is based on the problems associated with activities in developing the model. The process of thinking is continuously accompanied by subjective emotions. Imposition of various "sensual" can lead to a change in the MS as a whole and give a boost (inspiration) to mental activity. In the study of educational process by means of MDM, we are required to consider the student and the teacher as constituent parts of the generated model.
Title: Agon Approach in Foreign Language Learning and Cultural Values Assimilation in Technical College
Author(s): Pavel A. Baklanov, Irina V. Arkhipova, Dmitriy O.Zhdanov*
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The paper deals with the problems of the language education in a higher technical school and investigates the effective ways of foreign language and the world culture values learning in the aspect of technical education humanization on agon. The universal values concept, the relationship of national and universal; education humanization theoretical principles; psychological and pedagogical basis for using games in higher school education; the theory and methodology of foreign languages teaching in polysensor environment; humanistic pedagogical competitiveness concept comprised theoretic-methodological basis of the work. Competition in foreign language learning contributes to the principle methodological objectives: students’ psychological willingness to communication; a need for language frequent repetition; constant training in the correct speech choice; cultural knowledge efficient assimilation. Foreign language learning on the agon principle in this case suggests the involvement of an extra cultural unit with humanistic orientation containing materials based on universal values. Learning on the agon principle is a combination of active game forms with class traditional ones. The result of the active game interaction lies not only in the foreign language and cultural values assimilation efficiency, but also in other cultures positive perception motivation.
Title: Preparation of Teachers to Work with Immigrant Children on the Examples of Belgium and Canada
Author(s): Svetlana Bodnar, Galina Yatsenko*
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The development of many countries in the context of expanding process of immigration actualizes issues of finding science-based ways of integration immigrants into new socio-cultural conditions that are primarily concerned with their education. This background places critical demands on teachers to work with cultural and linguistic diversity.
The objective of this paper is to explore the preparatory experience of teachers in Belgium and Canada, countries that welcome a lot of new immigrants each year, to work with immigrant children. The authors characterize the content of the courses of professional and psychological and pedagogical cycles of specific universities of these countries and reveal the value orientations in teacher training.
Results: The study showed that preparation of teachers to work with immigrant children in Belgium and Canada is carried out mainly in the Departments of Education of the universities and is realized through the learning content. The pedagogical cycle is constantly updated with courses, which expand the teachers knowledge of the representatives of different cultures, promote the formation of ethnic and cultural tolerance in a multicultural landscape of the countries.
Conclusions: The key issue of multicultural education in Belgium and Canada is the challenge of improving conditions to provide high quality education at all levels, to all students, regardless of their ethnic, social, cultural, religious identity and the deepening of principles of equity and social justice across teacher education programs.
Title: Blogging in English as a Tool for Enhancing Students’ Motivation, Professional Development and Succeeding in the Labour Market
Author(s): Andrey Gareyev*, Prof. Dr. Olga Shikhova, Prof. Dr. Yuri Shikhov, Yulia Krasavina
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As there’s an increasing demand for specialists that are both professionally competent and are able to communicate their ideas in English language, more and more attention is drawn to innovative methods and technologies for enhancing professional language competence. This article reviews the main advantages of blogs as instruments for this competence acquisition due to its universal nature. The hypothesis of the ongoing study is that students’ blogs will become a product of their achievement and can be used as a demonstration of their professional language competence.
This paper also includes the results of the survey conducted at M.T. Kalashnikov Izhevsk State Technical University that explores the students’ need for a longer language training.
The development of new model that combines independent students’ blogging with competence-based, personal and thesaurus approaches is proposed. This model supposedly will become a successful motivational factor that provides a continuous professional language learning process for the students who finished the curricular course of English language.
Title: Model of Professional Activity of a Modern Teacher, Working with Children with Special Educational Needs
Author(s): Leysan M. Zakirova, Lubov Y. Komarova, Nafisa T. Burganova*
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The relevance of this article is due to the fact that the use of modern technologies (hardware correction methods) in the teaching and psychological practice require specialists not only with a high level of psychological and pedagogical education, but also with other professional competencies for effective work with children with special educational needs. The purpose of the article is to develop a structural-functional model of preparation of specialists of psychological-pedagogical profile to implement multi-level activities in the modern education environment with children with special educational needs. The leading method is a modeling method that allows the consideration of the problem as a purposeful and organized process for improving professional, cultural, educational and special competencies of teachers necessary for the effective implementation of psycho-pedagogical activities. The developed model of training specialists of psychological-pedagogical profile, to be implemented in educational activities in the conditions of modern education includes specific, methodological, substantive, organizational, procedural and effective components. The model aims to integrate professional and psycho-pedagogical training of teachers, which will improve their professional and inter-professional competencies with children with special educational needs.
Title: Modeling Teacher’s Multicultural Identity through Studying a Foreign Language
Author(s): Irina G. Kondrateva, Anastasia V. Fakhrutdinova*
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The concept of modeling teacher’s personality, which concerns inclusive identity, refers to the formation of individual’s social maturity and spiritual affluence and readiness to evaluate multicultural and language situations that take place in modern society. This research aimed to make up a model of formation of a personality of a teacher. It covers the conditions and principals of pedagogical process that create the opportunity to form a teacher of a new type. Theoretical and empirical methods were used in the process of research. Results: the model of formation of multicultural competence of teachers in the course of studying a foreign language in university was developed.
Title: The Relationship of Risk-Recognizing Competency of the Teacher and the Efficiency of Innovative Educational Activities
Author(s): Elena E. Merzon, Nailya N. Askhadullina*
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One of the trends in the development of modern education is the focus on its individualization. Focus on student’s personality reveals the contradiction between construction of algorithms that ensure the quality of teacher’s performance, and the increase of the creative component that allows the teacher to go beyond the prescribed work. Under these circumstances, the creative teacher is confronted with numerous risks. Modern trends in the development of teacher education do not disregard the professional readiness of the teacher to innovative activity, but due to different reasons, transformation can not always be successful.
This determines the object of our research – the strategy of innovations in teacher training. The study considers the main approaches to innovative scenarios of teacher education. The subject of the research is the teacher’s ability to recognize risks in innovative educational activity (risk-recognizing competency). The aim is to introduce this competency as a tool in enhancing the effectiveness of the teaching performance. The methodology of the research was grounded by the dialectical theory of knowledge and its principles.
School teachers admit their incompetency in projecting the innovative process, identifying risks, summing up the results of their activity, minimizing the negative effects of innovations.
To sum up, risk-recognizing competency is the "competence of the future". It is aimed at improving the efficiency of innovative educational activities. We consider it as an imperative of educational creativity and of finding non-standard solutions.
Title: The Writer and His Universe in Classical Literature for Children: Challenges of the process (“Wealth of the Sun” by M.M. Prishvin)
Author(s): Borovskaya Elena Raymondovna*
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Peculiarities of mastering awareness in culture and linguistics by means of reading classical literature for children are investigated. The ideas by A.A. Potebny, A.F. Losev, Y.I.Mineralov, I.G. Mineralova are the foundation of the research.
Basic philological concepts of the work are the internal structure of words, toponyms, and linguistic analysis. The investigation is based on Programs of multicultural education, the Concept of multicultural education development in Russian Federation, the Concept of personality spiritual and moral development in education, the Concept of a citizen of Russia training, the multicultural component of the Program on spiritual and moral development at primary school, etc.
Searching approaches to "Wealth of the Sun" by M. M. Prishvin (1945).
Respect for the traditions of Russian culture, folk customs are achieved by means of fabulous pieces in literature with an ambivalent subtitle “a true fairy tale” and the key to understanding the different layers of the text is the analysis of the inner structure.
It is convenient to talk about the folklore origins of many images, the title "Wealth of the Sun" allows talking about human values and correlate them with the values of ethnic, religious (Christian), social groups. The names of the heroes of the "Wealth of the Sun" reveal the essence.
Toponyms in the text allow us to perceive the characters’ path as a way of a Man in General. The inner structure of the words is very important. For example, Bludov swamp depicts another correlation layer – of the plot with the Parable on the Prodigal Son.
Title: The Concept of Higher Philological and Pedagogical Education in the Tatarstan Republic
Author(s): M. Sidorova*
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The Concept of higher education in the field of Russian Philology in the Tatarstan Republic is the scientific-methodical document that defines the fundamental aspects of teaching Russian language and literature in teacher training at the University. The authors of the concept are the professors of Kazan Federal University. The Concept contains a description of the history of higher philological education in the region, indicates the main problems of its development at present, and proposes a strategy for its development in modern conditions. The need for such a document is determined by the fact that the situation in higher philological education, despite obvious problems in its implementation, not attracted such wide public attention, as the teaching of Russian language and literature at secondary school. Along with the reform of the higher education system in the field of Russian Philology across the Russian Federation, it is necessary to implement this process in Tatarstan region. It should be based on a number of concepts and principles, named in the article. These objectives of higher education in the field of Russian Philology in the Tatarstan Republic are: 1. To format scientists in the field of Philology. 2. To prepare teachers for secondary and high school. 3. To prepare persons high level of education for state activities. 4. To prepare persons high level of education for the formation the cultural level of society. Only a clear awareness of the goals, not abstract "philological education" can lead to success.
Title: Working with Literary Text Outside the Classroom the Role of Multi-Aspect Synthesis in Personality Development
Author(s): Olga N. Chelyukanova*
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The multi-aspect synthesis is an important stylistic feature of the 50-80s of the ХХ century, specifically reflected in children’s literature, and in the individual style of each writer. The author identifies the main trend in the fulfillment of the multi-aspect synthesis potential in Russian children’s literature of the 1950–1980s, and its role in the moral, spiritual, and intellectual education of children and adolescents. Besides, the author shows how children’s and juvenile literature of the period is influenced by the respective art forms, new features imparted to the verbal art by others, and the capability of the literature itself to influence a growing and developing personality increase. Chelyukanova О.N. notes that making school-children familiar with literary works based on the multi-aspect synthesis, produces a many-sided emotional impact appealing to children’s feelings. Fantasy, fairytale, anti-utopia, humour — are all vectors of children and juvenile literature, and appear in various planes to instill the values empowering the reader to think and feel freely, demonstrating the true and the false, and giving a real and an imaginary freedom.
The research methods include the principles of the comparative-historical, comparative-typological, content and structural, and historic-functional methods, allowing the author to efficiently solve the research problems set. The research material contains prose for children and adolescents: stories, tales, fairytales, and fantastic cycles, andthe works of the authors recognized as “exemplary” children’s writers:Kir Bulychev, S. Georgievskaya, Yu. Koval, V. Krapivin, V. Medvedev, R. Pogodin, B. Rakhmanin, Yu. Tomin, Yu. Yakovlev.
Title: Historical and Pedagogical Aspects of the Development of Higher Geographical Education in the Republic of Tatarstan
Author(s): R. I. Gaisin, I. T. Gaisin, A. I. Miftahov, I. R. Gilemhanov*
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The Article is devoted to the formation and development of higher pedagogical education in the field of geography in the Republic of Tatarstan. It traced the various historic stages of the preparation of geography teachers for secondary educational institutions. Given a brief description and analysis of the contributions of individual scientists - methodologists, geographers, it has left the most appreciable trace in the history of the development of higher geography and pedagogical education in the Republic of Tatarstan. The main tendencies of formation and development of geographical education in higher educational institutions of the Republic of Tatarstan includes: differentiation and integration; humanitarization and humanization; greening; regionalization; the use of competency-based approach reflecting the historical-pedagogical and socio-economic processes occurring in the country. The authors analyze the modern problems of pedagogical education in the field of geographical knowledge and justifies main ways of its improvement. The study showed the necessity of using in the educational process of the universities innovative forms and teaching methods: the use of modern and innovative telecommunications technologies; role-playing and business games, simulation; modular technology; use methods of projects, technology, student-centered learning, etc.
Title: Reducing Verbal Aggression Level among Students by Implementation of Pedagogical Cooperation in the Process of Teaching a Foreign Language (Kazan Federal University case study)
Author(s): Leila M. Garaeva*, Nailya G. Bagautdinova, Vilena R. Gagarina
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Discursive practices among students aim at strengthening hostility and becoming more aggressive. Aggressiveness in all its diversity is used as an instrument of the negative impact and for the weakening the partner in communication. The phenomenon of verbal aggression is implemented in a wide range of linguistic resources and discursive practices. The problem of this study is that the first-year students are poorly adapted to studying at the university level, have a different level of both the education and training and as a consequence, their deviant behavior is noticed. The aim of this study is to reduce the level of verbal aggression among students. The study is based on ascertaining method. The study was conducted among teachers and students, Institute of Management, Economics and Finance, Kazan (Volga region) Federal University. The results showed that, depending on the situation and objectives of the sender, students used active (direct/indirect) or passive (direct/indirect) verbal aggression. Recommendations: we consider that The obtained data allow the drawing of a conclusion that in order to neutralize verbal aggression we should base on the principles of pedagogical cooperation, strengthen individual approach to students, strengthen the training of linguistic and cultural studies component, which allows the acquaintance of the students with the best customs and traditions of the target language countries, introduce a regional component of training (Tatarstan, Kazan), involve students to extracurricular work in a foreign language, such as roundtables, presentations and discussions in English and participation in various contests, quizzes, and holidays, such as Christmas Carols.
Title: Formation of the Polycultural - Historical Environment of Mathematics Teaching at School
Author(s): Mansur F. Gilmullin*, Liliya R. Khaliullina
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The relevance of this research is caused by the fact that the transition to new standards of mathematical education raised a new problem – the development of a methodological system of teaching in “the cultural and historic environment”. This problem is connected with training of pre-service mathematics teachers that would meet the modern requirements.
The aim of the research is to point out the basic principles and components of cultural and historical methods of teaching mathematics, as well as to develop the technologies that would provide for the corresponding teaching environment.
The leading method of investigation of this problem is the methodology of modeling the process of learning mathematics. It allows considering the problem as a product of a targeted and organized process for the formation of special, cultural and historical, teaching environment.
This article represents developed by the authors a model of methodological system of the teaching mathematics cultural-historical environment forming. Its structural-functional model has a target, methodological, informative, productive, subject-culture bridge, technological components.
The materials of the article are of practical value to actual teachers of mathematics, before which the problem of learning in cultural-historical environment is appeared. It also targets those professionals who train future mathematics teachers in accordance with the new standards.
Title: Teachers’ Training Experience as a Critical Determinant of the Quality of Drug Education among Students
Author(s): Landysh A. Gizyatova*
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Educational system plays a significant role in drug prevention nowadays. Preventive work requires an interaction of all the links in the anti-drug preventive measures system due to the responsibility and complexity of work with young people. Therefore, the appropriate training of teachers, that will enable them to integrate some components of preventive education programs into the learning process, as well as to use suitable teaching methods is of great importance. The purpose of the paper is to identify key obstacles for teachers in implementation of preventive anti-drug activities among students and to reveal some ways of increasing its effectiveness. According to the results, the key constraints for teachers in delivering drug prevention activities to students are lack of knowledge on the topic; inactive civic standpoint; lack of personal commitment to carry out this type of work; teachers’ belief that drug abuse prevention is a responsibility of specialized trained experts, but not all teaching staff; low level of social recognition of a teacher’s profession in contemporary society.
The article suggests the following possible ways of enhancing the effectiveness of prevention in educational institutions: the development of positive motivation of teachers to implement elements of prevention; qualified pre-service training with the focus on effective prevention techniques; continual education and retraining of both the teachers and the training of staff by means of training courses, workshops; active cooperation of all agencies involved in prevention activities.
Title: Interdisciplinary Concept of “Image” in the Cross-Cultural Pedagogical Technology of “ART+”
Author(s): Irina.A. Kashekova*
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This article presents the principles and mechanisms of Cross-cultural pedagogical “Art+” technology work, which implements an idea of integration of sciences and arts into the learning process. The technology is based on the universal concept of “image”, which adds valuation and subjective connotation in relation to the new knowledge and helps to lean on associative connections during the actualization of the student’s experience. Education designing happens according to principles of intersection and complementarity of two cultures: natural-science and humane. The power of the image in its interdisciplinarity can be perceived by feelings and consciousness. The mental image of the object there are integrated the real and abstract things, or concretized the details and properties, developed new, imaginary patterns that can be expressed as a semiotic, linguistic, and painting resourses. The urgency of the universal concept of "image" in education is confirmed by its wide use in art (artistic image), and science (symbolic imagery, semiotic models).
Title: Tatar Education from 1920-1930
Author(s): Zoya N. Kirillova*
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This work considers the history of the formation and functioning of the Tatar language as official in the Tatar republic of 1920-1930s. To this end, we analyzed the first documents of the young Soviet state concerning language policy. The activity of the Central Commission for the implementation of the Tatar language and Academic Center was studied; we reviewed the work of Central courses for training Tatar professionals and clubs for teaching the Tatar language to Russians, and the main goals and objectives to use the Tatar language as the official one were determined. We also considered the use of official languages in various educational institutions of Tatarstan, and also pointed to major challenges which arose in this case. As a result of the Tatar language implementation as the state language, Tatar began to be used in many areas of public life, including in the national education of the Tatar Republic. On the one hand, language policy of 1920-1930 was aimed at the maximum growth of the national languages, and, on the other hand, it boosted the progress of the Russian language for international communication and led to a reduction in the use of the Tatar language in 1940-1980s.
Title: On the Problem of Learning the Difficult Questions of Linguistics at Russian Lessons
Author(s): Tatyana A. Korneyeva*
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The article is devoted to the problem of improving the linguistic competence of teachers and students. It can be achieved by the introduction in the educational process of discussion issues of national linguistics and their consideration in view of the current state of the science of language. The significance of the research topic is mainly concerned with the new requirements for the content and organization of educational process in modern school, and with the relentless attention of linguists to the topical issues of word formation, grammar and pragmatics as well as having a place the contradictions between the school and the scientific grammar.
Methods: method of linguistic description, word-formation and grammatical analysis, a theoretical analysis of literature and compilation of best practices, empirical methods: observation, ascertaining experiment, conversation. It was revealed that learning of Russian students the difficult and controversial issues of Russian Linguistics at the Russian language lessons, as well as informative reading books about the Russian language and in-depth learning the vocabulary and cultural background of the studied novels and poems arouse students interest in the history of the Russian language and its contemporary state, increase their motivation to learn, contribute to the intellectual development of children.
Formation of cognitive universal educational actions in the Russian language is not possible without the support of fundamental research, implementation of the principle of scientific character in the educational activity of the teacher and the students, the expansion and deepening of the linguistic competence of the subjects of the educational process.
Title: Self-Development of the Future Teacher of Chemistry, through Bilingual Education, in Accordance with New Requirements of Professional Standards
Author(s): Svetlana S. Kosmodemyanskaya*
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The article defines the goals, objectives and readiness of students and future teachers of chemistry, to bilingual teaching in accordance with the requirements of the educational standard. Currently, a growing number of experts reveal the expansion of bilingual linguistic borders and citizens, and sometimes their multilingualism. A competitive specialist is considered as a person who not only meets the needs of the labor market in their professional, psychological, moral, and other qualities, but also possesses a quick adaptability to the changing conditions of life, and is able to make decisions and take responsibility for them. The local schools are increasingly trying to implement a system of bilingual education, in order to use more effective methods of learning, contributing to the further development of the cognitive competence of students. The problem of the study is the lack of methodical preparation of teachers of chemistry, as well as students, and future teachers of chemistry, in the use of bilingualism in teaching chemistry in modern educational institutions in the framework of self-development and self-improvement. Of particular importance is the domestic personnel policy - the release of young professionals. The relevance of the study is due to an increasing necessity of chemistry teachers to learn foreign languages, the problem of the organization working with migrant children, as well as the new requirements of the professional standard for teachers.
The applied nature of the significance of this brief article is enhanced with practical recommendations on the formation of the trend towards self-development and self-improvement of students, and future teachers of chemistry, through bilingual education.
Title: Books for Children in the Russian Classics` Range of Reading: Methodological, Psycho-Pedagogical and Philosophical Potential of Russian Autobiographical Prose
Author(s): Aleksandra Ar. Kudryashova*, Olga Yu. Salenko
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The article is dedicated to the existential experience gained while reading books for children which is fixed by authors in Russian autobiographical prose. The event of reading is taken as catharsis and becomes an inner personal experience, thus it initializes person’s creative feedback, such as telling stories, stylizing manner of a tale-teller (Aksakov’s Sergei Bagrov), improvising in producing stories (the narrator in Samuil Marshak’s autobiographical novel). This process correlates with pedagogical approach. We can observe a transformation of a reading person to a creative (writing) person, i.e. “homo legens” to “homo scribens”. This creativity later becomes the basis of forming a professional writer. Images and impressions of childhood are considered both as the initial point of artists' (writers') creativity and their individual creative styles. In the present research the subject was approached with a specific methodology: comparative-historical, historico-functional and structural typological methods. The research is performed on a wide variety of Russian autobiographical prose works of XIX-XX centuries: Sergey Aksakov, Maxim Gorky, Ivan Bunin, boris zaitsev, Ivan Shmelev, Korney Chukovsky and Samuil Marshak.
Title: Developing and Improving Professional Skills and Personality Traits as Indicators of Foreign Language Teachers Ability for Applying Personal Approach to the Teaching of Students
Author(s): Tatyana I. Kuznetsova*, Igor A. Kuznetsov, Radif R. Zamaletdinov
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The subject matter of the article involved is the problem of forming and developing professional skills and personality traits of foreign language teachers for applying personal approaches to the teaching of students.
It has been demonstrated that skills of carrying out training goal-setting should be seen as the indicator of the development of foreign language teacher organizational abilities. Components of the indicator have been pointed out, they being necessary to be fixed in defining it.
The personality traits characterizing the level of foreign language teacher communicative skills have been defined in terms of the need for developing teacher training abilities.
The foreign language teacher’s methodological preparedness has been shown to be defined most exactly when classified into three levels such as inefficient or locally modeling level, efficient or system-modeling level and highly efficient or globally modeling level. Indicators of foreign language teacher methodological preparedness have been pointed out for personality-centered university education.
It has been shown that personal, professional and reflexive kinds of preparedness should be seen as interrelated in estimating the foreign language teacher ability for carrying out personality-centered training, factors necessary for assessing it having been presented.
Results of the experimental research carried out at the Mendeleev University of Chemical Technology of Russia (MUCTR) and Russian Academy College of Higher Education have shown that personality-centered training can only be carried out by the teachers of efficient or system-modeling methodological preparedness level and highly efficient or globally modeling level.
Title: Using the Moral and Aesthetic Resource of Miniature in the Speech Development of High School Students
Author(s): Minakova Anna*
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Reading and writing of miniatures by students are the kinds of philological activities, which are able to strengthen the emphasis of moral and aesthetic development within the philological analysis of prosaic miniatures. The work with miniatures aims at developing in students a special relation to a word as to the whole imaginative world. In a miniature (due to the unique "tightness" of its verbal line, repetitions, etc.), the word is zoomed in, it is enriched with associability, allowing a student to recognize the difference between the lexical meaning of the word, the concept that the word expresses, and its image. Using miniatures at the lessons of Russian language and Literature, generally will lead to the success on the way to form the students' image thinking.
Miniatures due to their small size allow not only seeing and comprehending the depth and versatility of a word-image, but also subject to the reasonably organized work system in the classroom and during after-school hours they encourage and motivate a student to the written and oral speech reflection, developing the aesthetic sense and sense of style, which are extremely necessary as in the everyday life, since they create the identity, as in the conditions of the final certification.
Title: Phenomena “Beauty” and “Intellect” as an Ideal in the History of World Literature for Children and Youth
Author(s): Georgiy Y. Mineralov*
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The article explains the urgent necessity in usage of children literature, foreign and Russian classic literature to determine spiritual and moral, aesthetic and common cultural priorities in socialization. The problem posed in the title concerns not only the child or teenager's circle of reading, but also the dynamics of psychological and social personal adaptation. This circle of reading may become a perfect psychological exercise and crucial point of consecutive and systematic development of questions that allow child or teenager to be self-aware in a number of real-life situations and culture, its synchronic and diachronic aspects.
Firstly, the result of studying this problem might be the development of recommendations for parents, primary school teachers, literature and foreign language teachers, who address literary works of different genres and encourage the elaboration of reflecting child's necessity in shaping moral standards and freely determining the priorities, the nature of these seemingly antithetical phenomena. The methodology of this study is determined by the material that is an object of the analysis - literary works, therefore comparative and historical, historical and functional and systematical approaches are used due to their ability to direct the thought of a teacher and student in the direction, developing the visual thinking, speech and creativity.
Title: Personality Characteristics and Their Contribution to the Development of Professional Skills of Future Fine Arts Teachers
Author(s): Irina V. Morozikova*
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The article describes the personality features of future fine arts teachers. The author analyzes the contribution of personality traits in the development of professional skills. It describes the relationship of components of artistic and pedagogical abilities of the future fine arts teachers with personal qualities that contribute to the success of professional work. The author distinguishes the professional types that appear during the training in high school: the expressive-active and judicious-passive types, artistic and creative, creative and teaching types, teacher-artist and teacher-intellectual, artistic and pedagogical types, and the type, updating to various degrees artistic and pedagogical abilities, depending on the task activity. It justifies the need to take them into account during the training of future fine arts teachers in the current conditions. The study was conducted in all groups of personal characteristics, socio-psychological qualities, artistic and pedagogical abilities with the help of psycho-diagnostic methods. The empirical findings of the study showed the relationship of artistic and pedagogical skills with personal characteristics.
Title: The Experience of Teaching Philology in the Context of New Educational Technologies: the Value Approaches to the Study of Literary Texts
Author(s): Maya M. Polekhina*
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In this article, an innovative approach to teaching the history of literature is examined, when the use of interactive forms, methods and technologies increases effectiveness of educational process, positively influences on learning the material by students, and orients students to resolve problem situations independently. It activates the self-development of students and encourages them to develop their innovation culture. A teacher, instead of fulfilling an information provider function, becomes a partner of creative activity. Students shift from an object of teaching to a subject of interaction. Each stage of work suggests summarizing, giving feedback, co-evaluation and conclusiveness of arguments. A teacher not only raises a problem, but also coordinates its discussion, and organizes interactions between opponents. Analytical work, aimed at studying of writers’ texts to define stylistic dominance of their work, memoirs of their contemporaries, brief analyses of genre forms in their work, helps students to understand the creative individuality of artists, define the features of their artistic world, and conceptualize their own position. The teacher leads students to a conclusion, decision-making under uncertainty, and a problem situation, when there is no direct information and the truth is disclosed in discussion. The success is determined by the awareness, competence, scientific correctness, and value systems of the participants of discussion. In turn, a teacher is required to be competent in conducting discussion procedures. At the end of the lesson students write creative works, which will be published on the web site for further discussion and assessment.
Title: “Open Quest Study” Technology: Content and Interpretation
Author(s): Leonid M. Popov, Pavel N. Ustin*, Ralina A. Valeeva
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The relevance of the investigated problem is caused by the need to improve the effectiveness of training students in higher education institutions through the development of educational technologies based on active learning methods. The purpose of the article is to reveal the mechanisms and content of the technology «Open quest study», which is directed to active assimilation of various competences by students through stimulation of their creative and cognitive abilities. The paper describes the technology of training, which is based on the idea of transition of student’s cognitive activity, from reproductive to productive processes through the activation of their creative abilities. Theoretical base of the proposed technology consists of a synthesis of three ideas: the zones of proximal development, the student as a subject of educational activity, and constructivism in education. The given description of the technology, reveals the possibility of student’s training through the stimulation of their cognitive and creative activity, describes the main stages and procedural elements of the use of the presented technology, shows the results of its testing, and describes the evaluation of its effectiveness. The practical significance of the work is determined by the developed and ready to use educational technology «Open quest study», including innovative means of teaching students in higher educational institutions.
Title: Designing of Individual Educational Routes of University Students in the Process Self-Directed Language Learning
Author(s): Rimma R. Sagitova* Almira K. Garaeva
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In terms of integration of Russian education into the world educational space the problem of development of self-educational activity of university students has become especially relevant nowadays. Designing of individual educational route promotes students to use appropriate techniques and forms of self-educational activity in the process of foreign language learning. The purpose of our research is to study the effectiveness of designing of individual educational routes of university students in the process of self-directed language learning. The author defines the nature and content of individual educational route, proves the competence-based approach in designing of individual educational route and presents four stages of its designing (diagnostic, design, technological and productive). To make the process of students’ self-directed language learning more effective the author developed special guidelines on self-education activities. Materials of this article can be useful for tutors and lecturers of higher educational institutions, teachers of foreign languages and also for a wide range of scientific and pedagogical community, interested in the problems of foreign language teaching and designing of individual educational routes of university students.
Title: The Adventures of “Alice” and Lewis Carroll in Russia
Author(s): Irina Shishkova*
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This article deals with Lewis Carroll’s phenomenon in Russia, and the immortal adventures of his famous book “Alice in Wonderland.” In this country, these phenomenons began in 1879 when the book was translated by an unknown author as “Sonya in the country of Divo” (divo means wonder or miracle).
The main aim of this article is to highlight and analyze the reasons for the popularity of the three well-respected Russian translations of Lewis Carroll’s “Alice’s Adventures in Wonderland” and their main features. I would be focusing on sophisticated Vladimir Nabokov’s (1923), anglicized Nina Demurova’s (1965) and retold Boris Zakhoder’s (1972) versions. Each of them is unique in its own peculiar way.
If the two translations (Demurova’s and Zakhoder’s) enjoyed tremendous popularity in the Soviet Union and later in Russia with both children and adults readers, the Russian readership came to know Nabokov’s work only after reconstruction, and for this reason it is perceived in an ambivalent way by numerous admirers of “Alice in Wonderland.” On the one hand, it is greatly praised, and on the other hand , criticized.
The three translators generated their own models while portraying the main heroine. It is common knowledge that Nabokov made her a Russian girl under the name of Anya. N. M. Demurova preserved her “Englishness”, conveying a young Victorian’s mentality. Boris Zakhoder portrayed a brave, inquisitive and ratiocinating heroine.
Title: Integration of Russian and Foreign Practice in the Model of In-Service Teacher Training Center
Author(s): Irina I. Sokolova*, Aleksandra Y. Sergienko, Leonid S. Ilyushin
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The article discusses the results of research aimed to reveal successful in-service teacher’s training models basing on Russian and international experience. The authors make an attempt to identify the nature and specific features of the phenomenon of in-service teacher’s training, as well as levels of communication and cooperation of teachers at the in-service teaching training center. The main research objective is to develop the concept of in-service teacher’s training based on complex approach, shaping a multilevel model of such a training, and its’ procedural guidelines. Also the terms and factors contributing to the effective practice-oriented in-service teacher’s training are revealed. The authors suggest that the objectives of the in-service teacher’s training model allow evaluating how the teachers are satisfied after the training. Such evaluation is worth being structured by teachers’ key demands for their professional development i.e. relevance (pragmatic meaning); interest (emotional engagement); comfort (ergonomics and friendliness of environment); аvailability (financial aspect and logistics) and communication potential (connections, contacts).
Title: Acquisition of Socio-Cultural Competence via Dynamic Learning Environment
Author(s): Irina M. Solodkova*, Liliya R. Ismagilova
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The global, political, and business processes raised the problem of socio-cultural competence and the formation of tolerance in cross-cultural communication. The issue gets its importance due to technological development and the necessity for specialists to be involved in constant relations. Foreign language skill is an integral component of the attractiveness of vocational specialist and the tool that helps one to move ahead quickly in today's business world. It is also a method to build professional culture, to develop a broad, holistic and encyclopedic viewpoint. The introduction of socio-cultural competence in teaching Business English will help students to have the idea about socio-cultural peculiarities in overseas business activities, thereby, providing opportunity to be fitted in the international business community. This paper aims to give a comprehensive account of dynamic learning environment (DLE) in teaching socio-cultural capabilities and its benefits to knowledge durability. DLE enables students to be immersed in the study material, and observe the situations of real business communication practices. The experiment was conducted with undergraduates (aged 18-19) of KFU within English language classes. The groups were taught with and without DLE involvement. Real groups observation, questionnaires, comparative analysis of Moodle and common classroom practices provided data for the research. The experiment proved that acquisition of socio-cultural capabilities is organized more efficiently via DLE. The authors also combine the results with the peculiarities of subjects who represent the new generation of computer and gadget literate community. Exploiting the specificity of new generation perception, the authors recommend to use the findings for the construction of syllabuses.
Title: Teaching Career-Oriented Majors in the English Language: Challenges and Opportunities (Kazan Federal University case study)
Author(s): Dilyana D. Sungatullina*, Ekaterina O.Zalyaeva, Yuliya N. Gorelova
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Global education environment changes the function of the English language. Nowadays it acts not only as a means of learning but as a medium of instruction (EMI). As part of a study in Kazan Federal University, Institute of Management, Economics and Finance, we identified the gap between the requirements of a current global educational setting and the level of academics’ linguistic competence. This paper presents the results of academics’ current social portrait survey. During the survey we detected two major issues preventing the academics from teaching majors in English. The first concern is the lack of qualified English speaking academics capable of delivering courses in English (2%). The second considers the percentage of elderly teaching staff educated in the times of Soviet Union, when educational system concentrated upon communism construction and written translation was a dominating practice. The study applies qualitative methodology using a questionnaire designed with closed and open questions. We implemented Pearson correlation coefficient, Spearman's rank correlation coefficient and association index to identify the correlation between age, positions and language proficiency of academics and their desire to teach career-oriented majors in English. Though the teachers’ answers varied, they outlined the fact that the younger generation considers career-oriented major teaching using EMI to be an essential part in self-development and career progress. The older generation showed low interest in using EMI at their lectures and seminars. The findings also show that job position doesn’t affect the academics’ desire to be enrolled in EMI, while the level of their English proficiency influences the desire to teach the subject in English.
Title: Foreign Students’ Adaptation to the Social and Educational Environment of a Small City as a Condition of Undergraduate Teachers’Cultural and Professional Competency Formation
Author(s): Almaz R. Gapsalamov a, Zemfira V. Gallyamova b, Oksana V. Zakirovaс, Elmira R. Ibragimova, Ayziryak N. Tarasova*, Rashida Kh. Tirigulova
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The modern global trend in education is determined by globalization of scientific knowledge and pedagogical technologies. As a consequence, a huge number of people who seek to get a good education flow from the countries with a less developed level of science and technology into those where qualitative indicators of social advancement are higher. A similar situation is observed in Russia, where young people from Central Asia come to get a University education.
In quite a different socio-cultural and educational environment, foreign students are experiencing serious ethnic, cultural, household, etc. difficulties. In a megalopolis, these problems are hardly noticeable, aided by a tolerant environment. Foreign students are in a more difficult situation trying to adapt to the social and educational environment of a small city (Elabuga).
It is possible to resolve the ensuing problem through a set of measures that enable foreign students to get accustomed to the state education system by means of establishing joint education. In this regard, our research aims to study the ways of foreign students’ adaptation to the social and educational environment of a small city, formation of undergraduate teachers’ professional competencies, to analyze the tasks set for them, the university and the city, and find ways to solve the ensuing problems.
The results of the study show the importance of working out a strategy of effective integration of foreign students into the educational and socio-cultural environment of the Institute with the aim of forming their social, personal, and professional competencies and tolerant attitude to them.
Title: The Development of Education Clusters as a Tool to Enhance Economic Safety
Author(s): Vladimir L. Vasilev*, Olga N. Ustyuzhina, Elvir M. Akhmetshin
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The article deals with the research results of education clusters. At present time the subject is especially actual. A cluster is an integration of several homogeneous elements which can be considered as an independent unit with certain properties. The education cluster has the properties of the mutual competition of its members, cooperation of its members, formation of unique competences of the region, concentration of the enterprises and organizations in a certain territory. Thereafter the research results of relationship between educational institutions and manufacturing firms on the example of the Republic of Tatarstan are presented in the article. The research is based on the works of such scholars as M. Porter, M. Enrayt, S. Rosenfeld, V. Price, B. Dalum, K. Pedersen and G. Vilumsen, E. Bergman, E. Fezer and others. There are approaches to the definition of the education cluster, classification of the education clusters, the requirements for the composition and structure of the education clusters, the policy formation of the development of the education clusters in the works of the scholars. The actions to increase the demand for graduates of the educational institutions of the cluster are given. The actions to increase the effectiveness of training programs for staff within the education cluster are given. The actions to improve the interaction between the educational institutions and manufacturing firms in the cluster are given. In conclusion the recommendations concerning further research are formulated.
Title: Adolescent Dialogue with Writers as a Means of Reading Culture Formation
Author(s): Irina Verevkina*, Galina Bozhkova, Nadezhda Shabalina, Olga Fayzullina
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The data of reading and monitoring undertaken in the framework of international studies – PIRLS and PISA, show that the reading rates of Russian school children who graduated from primary school, are very high, and are low for those who graduated from high (basic) school. This means that in the 5th grade of secondary school, the number of students capable and eager to read diminishes. The analysis of the current children’s reading model shows the predominance of an efferent direction of school children's motivation in the process of literary education. There is urgency in the problem of the so-called teenagers “screen reading”, the technique of which is mastered empirically by school children. The Internet and the mass media profoundly affect the formation of reading culture in modern teenagers, and increasingly widen the “student – hard copy” gap.
To tackle the problem of motivation to reading, a number of preventive measures promoting changes in school reading models have been proposed:
1. In accordance with the purpose, the nature and content of “reading culture” concept in psycho-pedagogical and methodological literature have been defined;
2. Psycho-pedagogical conditions of 4th – 7th grade school children’s reading culture formation have been substantiated;
3. Effective forms and methods of teaching in order to form reading culture in 4th – 7th grades have been defined;
4. The effectiveness of adolescent dialogue with fiction writers in building reading culture of primary and secondary school students has been experimentally tested and proved.
Title: Personal Psychological Culture as a Condition for Psychological Health Preservation of Lecturers, in the Context of Education
Author(s): Galina Vinokurovaa*, Aksana Yashkovab, Maria Alayevac, Elena Dementieva
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The article is devoted to the problem of modern society – the preservation of mental health of individuals. It is noted that in the conditions of modernization of higher education special requirements for high school teacher, which should have a new set of competencies and a certain set of psychological characteristics that characterize the level of its professional and psychological culture. The article describes the concept: the psychological health of the individual, psychological culture, its structural components. The results of empirical study of psychological culture and mental health of high school teachers. The study showed that in some of the teachers there is an insufficient level of development of the intellectual component of psychological culture – teachers are not well aware of the psychology students, the high level of young people knowledge of psychology was marked by the teachers who have special (mental) training; study of regulatory and practical (behavioral), and value-semantic components of psychological culture revealed that most of the teachers have high and medium level of development of these indicators, however, part of the teachers is not enough ability to rapidly establish deep and rapid establishment, to subject-subject communication. It has been established that there is a close correlation indicators of psychological health and psychological culture of personality of high school teacher.
The article noted that the findings are important for the further development of preventive measures, as well as to develop guidelines aimed at the preservation and development of the psychological health of the individual university teachers, on the alignment of the university system of improving their psychological culture.
Title: Faculty Attitudes Towards Students with Disabilities in Russian Universities: A Glance at Western Siberia
Author(s): Liudmila M. Volosnikova*, Galina Z. Efimova
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The main purpose of this study was to investigate the attitudes of faculty members of Russian state universities, in Western Siberia, towards inclusive education and students with disabilities. We revealed positive attitudes of regional academic staff towards co-education of healthy students and persons with disabilities. Three-quarters of the respondents agree that inclusive education has a positive impact not only on the development and socialization of people with disabilities, but also on their peers with normal educational needs. However, only a quarter of respondents feel ready to work with students with disabilities. The study revealed significant influence of gender, experience, age on the attitude towards inclusion. The lack of experience of working with students with disabilities is the reason for the psychological fear, on the part of academic staff members.
Title: Northern Teacher in Conditions of the Current Renewal Processes in Education
Author(s): Olga M. Chorosova, Rozaliia E. Gerasimova, Galina S. Solomonova*, Nadezda I. Zakharova
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Many discussions about teacher evaluation have been discussed in Russia, where evaluation procedures are constantly under review as the teachers seek continuous improvement. Our article contributes to this discussion, first, by adding a wider international perspective, secondly, by exploring the experiences of participants (observers, in-service teachers) and, finally, by drawing on research related to teacher evaluation. The authors discuss the outcomes of the online survey conducted among teachers in Russia’s Sakha Republic (Yakutia) who participated in the distant interactive educational project. The goal of the survey was to identify how teachers assess the quality of education and the formation of professional competencies.
Title: The Resource Center Capabilities in the Network Interaction while Preparing of Future Teachers
Author(s): Elena I. Mychko, Alexandra S. Zelko*
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The article considers the possibility of resource centers in the organization of network interaction in the preparation of future teachers and the experience of such centers in the city of Kaliningrad. Presents the purpose, objectives, functions of the Resource Center, the methodological basis of its activities and development. Highlighted basic principles of operation of "Pedagogical education" resource center and presents a program of development of the Resource Centre and the strategic vision of its activities. It presents the main objective of the resource center - the organization and implementation of teaching practice as a leading tool of formation of educational outcomes, both professional and social interaction space as a way to implement a complete professional activity. Described in detail the functions of the resource center - ensuring the development of scientific and educational cluster, create a system of practice-oriented training of future teachers in undergraduate and graduate programs in the framework of the enlarged group of specialties "Education and Pedagogy", carrying out career guidance activities for school children and future students. In addition, covered the methodological basis of the activity and development of the resource center - activity approach (requires active and reflexive-activity-related methods and forms of education), the competence approach (focuses on the formation and development of personality and professional competence of future teachers - bachelors and masters), practice-approach (ensure the inclusion of students in the activities of the Resource Centre, which provides them with a unique opportunity to try to solve professional problems in the real world of modern educational environment). The basic principles of operation of the resource center, "Pedagogical Education", presented the program of development of the resource center and strategic vision of its activities.