ERD 2016

The European Proceedings of Social & Behavioural Sciences EpSBS
Volume XVIII, Pages 1- 672 (22 December 2016)
The European Proceedings of Social & Behavioural Sciences EpSBS
e-ISSN: 2357-1330
©2016 Published by the Future Academy
Edited by: Prof. PhD. Vasile Chis & Prof. PhD. Ion Albulescu
Articles: 1-81
Conference: ERD 2016 - Education, Reflection, Development, Fourth Edition
Dates: 08 - 09 July 2016
Location: Babes-Bolyai University Cluj-Napoca - Romania
Conference Chair(s): Prof. PhD. Vasile Chis Babes-Bolyai University Cluj-Napoca - Romania & Prof. PhD. Ion Albulescu, Babes-Bolyai University Cluj-Napoca - Romania
Cover Page here
http://dx.doi.org/10.15405/epsbs(2357-1330).2016.12

Title: Contents
Open Access

Contents  

No: 1
Title: Trends in Higher Education Service-Learning Courses for Pre-Service Teachers: A Systematic Review
Pages 1-11
Author(s): Iulia A. Copaci*, Alina S. Rusu

Open Access
Full Text 1
Abstract
Objective: As a malleable, potent curricular tool with numerous positive outcomes in students’ personal, academic and social lives, Service-Learning (S-L) has lately gained an increased interest from the scientific community. The most important challenge in introducing S-L instructional strategies in academic practice is designing effective, pragmatic S-L programs directed towards both reforming education by enhancing pre-service teachers’ experiences and addressing community needs. Following the systematic review algorithm, this paper focuses  on summarizing novel trends and procedures in higher education S-L courses for pre-service teachers and on outlining a best practices profile. The systematic review is based on key research questions that reveal the following aspects of the S-L programs: the major scope of the programs, the most common types of programs, the hosting environment chosen by project managers, the types of activities included in such programs, the architecture of the mandatory reflection component of S-L programs, as well as the duration and evaluation techniques of the programs. The findings may serve as a reference point in designing more efficient S-L programs.

http://dx.doi.org/10.15405/epsbs.2016.12.1

No: 2
Title: Historical Perspective in Educational Research
Original Research Article
Pages 2-18
Author(s): Ion Albulescu*, Mirela Albulescu
Open Access
Full Text 2
Abstract
Within the scientific research, the new findings start, in a great extent, from elements that were already stated. The appeal to history as a form of acquiring knowledge is often integrated with the complex process of designing, developing and interpreting new educational theories. The historical perspective on educational research is relevant to dealing with and solving problems that scientific knowledge in the field of education is facing nowadays. The history of science of education is closely linked to its timeliness. Integrating the historical perspective on educational research into the current approach to scientific knowledge is a major factor determining important innovations, developments and improvements introduced in the theory and practice of education. This statement is based on the fact that the historical perspective is not just a simple "chronicle of events", but a significant contribution relevant to the advancement of knowledge. In the content of this article we emphasized the importance of relating the history of educational sciences to its present, underlining the contribution of the conceptual heritage acquired over time to actual and future developments.
http://dx.doi.org/10.15405/epsbs.2016.12.2

No: 3 
Title: Israeli Teachers' Attitudes Assessment regarding Parental Involvement of Children with Special Needs
Original Research Article
Pages 19-26
Author(s): Orly Alaluf *, Dorel Ungureanu, Alina S. Rusu
Open Access
Full Text 3
Abstract
Benefits of collaboration between parents and teachers in general and parents of special needs children in particular seem allegedly obvious, but apparently the implementation of this concept in everyday life is rather complex. Interpretations regarding parental involvement (PI) and its applied implications might differ between parents and professionals. A questionnaire aiming to assess teachers' attitudes toward the involvement of parents of children with special needs in the inclusion in Israel was developed, based on three significant areas: teachers' attitudes toward the general implications of PI, toward the role of PI in decision making and toward the communication needed with the parents. 75 statements from various questionnaires were collected and analysed by experts. After this analysis, a pilot phase was performed (i.e. the questionnaire was administered to 58 Israeli teachers). The internal reliability measure was calculated to evaluate the level of correlation between each item belonging to the same dimension.  Explorative factor analysis revealed internal dimensions that connect to each other. Finally, a questionnaire with 41 statements was compiled. The construction of the questionnaire is part of more extensive research, during which the reliability and the validity of the instrument will be re-examined on a larger sample of 138 participants.
http://dx.doi.org/10.15405/epsbs.2016.12.3

No: 4
Title: An Evolutionary Analysis of Seductive Behavior of Newly Convicted Females
Original Research Article
Pages 27-34
Author(s): Emanuel I. Andelin, Alina S. Rusu* 
Open Access
Full Text 4
Abstract
Primary psychological evaluation in prison was addressed in terms of the interaction between convict (female) – psychologist (male), aiming to identify seductive behavior indicators within the context of protean strategy used by females to create ambiguity in the intergender encounters. Also, we aimed to investigate the association of seductive behaviour indicators with individual inclusive fitness score of female detainees, calculated based on the psychological screening form and a standardised fitness evaluation scale from the field of Evolutionary Psychology (High-K Strategy Scale). Recorded interviews of 33 detainees from Arad Maximum Security Penitentiary, Romania, were analysed taking into account that five women had suicidal attempts before conviction. Seductively expressive women (N=14) had higher values of individual fitness values compared to the non-expressive female category (N=19), but the difference was not statistically significant. Suicidal females expressed no seductive behavioral indicators despite their moderate to high fitness scores, which claims for further reconsideration of fitness evaluation in the context of suicidal behavior.
http://dx.doi.org/10.15405/epsbs.2016.12.4

No: 5
Title: From Role Play to Gamification as Educational Methods
Original Research Article
Pages 35-40
Author(s): Baciu Ana Cristina*
Open Access
Full Text 5
Abstract
The aim of the paper is to underline the importance of role play as a method of teaching, especially in social sciences. We try to stress upon the role and clarify the relevance of this method firstly in teaching students how to approach clients as professionals (e.g. therapists, social-workers) and also for personal self-discovery and development. We can consider role play as a special type of a case study were students are analyzing specific life situations However, we can enhance students` abilities in relying with different clients through role play in face-to face interactions. Remains the question: what about distance learning students? How can we contribute to their training in an efficient way? We offer them written materials and sometimes face-to-face interactions that are not compensating the close, daily-basis activities that we are carrying out with the other students. Here comes, from our point of view, a rather new educational method which is gamification, mainly digital games.
http://dx.doi.org/10.15405/epsbs.2016.12.5

No: 6
Title: Exploring Map Drawing Skills of Geography Teacher Training Students
Original Research Article
Pages 41-47
Author(s): Bagoly-Simó Péter, Maria Eliza Dulamă*, Oana-Ramona Ilovan, Sorin-Alin Kosinszki,Bianca Sorina Răcășan
Open Access
Full Text 6
Abstract
Map skills stand at the core of Geography education. Map reading and map drawing, however, do not enjoy similar attention and consideration in Geography classrooms. Empirical research shows less developed competence models of map drawing as opposed to map reading and an overall map-drawing skill acquisition mainly based on classroom teaching experience. Furthermore, studies showed that teacher training students encounter difficulties when asked to represent geographic space. Drawing upon the theoretical Competence Model of Map Drawing, this paper analyses the symbolic and graphic coding skills of teacher training students. A total of 120 students enrolled in regular (60 persons) and distance education (60 participants) in kindergarten and primary teacher training programs (at the specialisation the Pedagogy of the Primary Grades and of Kindergarten, in Babeş-Bolyai University, Cluj-Napoca, Romania) participated in the study and delivered sketch maps based on instructions. Mixed methods served to analyse the representations. The results of the study show that, despite optical presentations resembling maps, most sketch maps actually resemble mental maps, which is proved by rudimentary symbolic coding.
http://dx.doi.org/10.15405/epsbs.2016.12.6

No: 7
Title: Attitudes toward Science and Scientific Literacy Among Romanian Young Adults
Original Research Article
Pages 48-58
Author(s): Barz Daniela-Luminița*
Open Access
Full Text 7
Abstract
The paper explores attitudes toward science and scientific literacy among Romanian young adults, through an online survey following key dimensions - attitudes toward science, integration of science in everyday life, beliefs in pseudoscientific phenomena and knowledge of the scientific method. Moreover, the study focuses especially on healthcare students and professionals’ scientific literacy, exploring the level of scientific reasoning within the medical field. Analysis includes multiple comparisons across different fields of study, professional areas and age groups. The novelty of the study consists in shifting the assessment of scientific literacy from general scientific knowledge toward the understanding of the scientific method. Results of the present study confirmed a deficit in scientific knowledge, but more importantly, demonstrated that the relationship between scientific literacy and attitudes toward science was a non-linear one. In fact, the study found a gap between what people accept to be scientific fact and what they choose to integrate into everyday life. Given these results, we argue that science education’s focus should be on developing scientific reasoning rather than providing scientific knowledge.
http://dx.doi.org/10.15405/epsbs.2016.12.7

No: 8
Title: Integration Between Social Information Processing and Social-Emotional Competence
Original Research Article
Pages 59-65
Author(s): Musata Dacia Bocos, Yafit Shivhon-Sherf*
Open Access
Full Text 8
Abstract
The present article addresses the concepts of social information processing and social-emotional competence. The concept of social information processing is addressed from aspects of social adjustment and prosocial behavior, and the concept of social-emotional competence is addressed from both the social components and the emotional components. The article focuses on the relation between the concepts regarding children and is based on the assumption that social information processing constitutes a preliminary process for social behavior related to social-emotional competence. The professional literature addresses the two concepts, and from the review of the concepts the conclusion is that the moment children encounter a social situation a cognitive process is activated, at the end of which social behavior related to social-emotional competence is produced. The article addresses the relation between the concepts and indicates a number of questions. How is it possible to combine between the two concepts in the theoretical context and how is it possible to ‘weave’ from them instruments for the work of educators in the applied context?
http://dx.doi.org/10.15405/epsbs.2016.12.8

No: 9
Title:  Teaching Gender in Spanish as a Foreign Language: Gendered Occupational Nouns
Original Research Article
Pages 66-73
Author(s): Capraru Andreea Ruxandra*
Open Access
Full Text 9
Abstract
In a world that is constantly changing, speakers need to keep up with current trends in the language they are choosing to interact in, be it their native language or a foreign one. More often than not, learning a foreign language means learning a second culture and understanding the social changes that represent the cause behind each and every innovation that occurs in that language. Seeing as how the topic of gendered occupational nouns has proven to be highly debatable in recent years, and given the fact that it represents a major and undeniable change in modern-day spoken and written Spanish, its importance as an educational topic is evident. The aim of this paper is to present a systematization of some of the issues that may be encountered in the process of teaching gender to students that are learning Spanish as a foreign language, particularly when it comes to studying gendered nouns in professional settings. The second focus of the study is to provide a list of relevant themes and topics that could prove useful when designing syllabi for a Spanish language and gender course, in order to achieve optimal results by selecting proper and adequate curricular content according to the students’ educational needs.
http://dx.doi.org/10.15405/epsbs.2016.12.9

No: 10
Title: Comparative Study Between Students’ Teaching Practice Activities in Hungary and Romania
Original Research Article
Pages 74-78
Author(s): Cristina Catalano*, Olga Chiș
Open Access
Full Text 10
Abstract
Academic teaching practice is a component of the subsystem for the faculties’ initial training, which is part and parcel of the mandatory curriculum, whose target is to establish maximum bridges between the theoretical acquisitions obtained by studying the psycho-pedagogical school subjects, the specialised ones, and the training internship for the specialised subjects. In all the European countries, the teaching practice activities are very important for the future carreer, because students are learning by doing how to teach and act in the classroom. Because of the importantce of this kind of activities, we initiated a comparative study between educational systems regarding intial trading of students, future teachers for preschool education in Romania and Hungary. The research methods were participating observation, study of school documents and focus group discussions.In our comparative research, we used the following criteria: university entrance,the curricula for the initial training and the ways of planning and developing the teaching practice activities.
http://dx.doi.org/10.15405/epsbs.2016.12.10

No: 11
Title: Study on the of Teachers’ and Parents’ Perception on the Remigration Phenomenon
Original Research Article
Pages 79-84
Author(s): Horaţíu Catalano*
Open Access
Full Text 11
Abstract
This study presents the synthesis of investigations presented in the literature on the issue of migration and remigration, taking in consideration the size and consequences of this phenomenon in terms of education and in the light of the factors and responsible agents for child education, also parents and teachers. Remigrant students who are enrolled in the Romanian Educational System are divided into two categories: children (students), borned in Romania, who have outlined national consciousness, entered in the circular migration with parents and children who were borned in their adopted country and Romanian national language and culture and not for them an adequate representation, their perception being diffused. They knew that the adopted country is their country because there were born there and the place where they lived and were very well integrated and communicate easily with peers, teachers and friends gave them safety and joy along with their parents. We expect this study to raise students remigrant parents and teachers who manage their destinies, the local, regional and national authority so in concert to identify ways and possible means of preventing the negative effects which they cause the remigrantion phenomenon on school performance enrolled in the Romanian Educational System.
http://dx.doi.org/10.15405/epsbs.2016.12.11

No: 12
Title: The Flynn / Non-Flynn Phenomenon and the digitized Educational System
Original Research Article
Pages 85-90
Author(s): Claudia Talasman-Chiorean*
Open Access
Full Text 12
Abstract
Forced to adapt to new realities, the human mind has evolved in a qualitatively superior way from a historical stage to another. This principle is affirmed and demonstrated in several studies known as The Flynn Phenomenon. As a response to these principles, The Non-Flynn Phenomenon claims that in our modern heavily digitized society, IQ has decreased due to the minimal contribution of the human mind in dealing with the new existential problems of humanity. The current trend of substitution of specific human elements by gadgets, software tools or created digital spaces is increasingly obvious. Between The Flynn and non-Flynn Phenomenon, education plays an important role. Education aims efficient use innovative technical means. And this trend may be the solution for the continuous development of IQ. The new technology involves increasing interest, maintaining motivation, widening of the informational horizon, if used properly, without excesses, in combination with other methods and modern and applied educational resources.
http://dx.doi.org/10.15405/epsbs.2016.12.12

No: 13
Title: Connecting Emotional Intelligence and Academic Achievement in Adolescence: A Systematic Review
Original Research Article
Pages 91-100
Author(s): Alexandra Chiș, Alina S. Rusu*
Open Access
Full Text 13
Abstract
Over the last decades, completion of compulsory education has become increasingly important due to labour market requirements of higher education personnel. There is a growing body of research suggesting associations between EI and scholastic success. The present paper focuses on the connection between emotional intelligence (EI) and academic performance in compulsory education, by examining the existent research. The rationale of the paper resides in the need of improving our understanding on the connection between EI’s multiple dimensions and academic achievement of adolescents, especially in countries where the school drop rate of adolescents is reported as being a high one. The primary objective was to summarize our knowledge on the connection between EI and academic achievement in adolescence. The second objective was to highlight specific factors that were investigated in this relationship. Also, we aimed to identify gaps in the research and formulate questions that could drive future diligence in this field. The results could be harnessed as a ground in designing Emotional Intelligence development programs in relation to academic achievement of adolescents.
http://dx.doi.org/10.15405/epsbs.2016.12.13

No: 14
Title: An Interdisciplinary Approach of Animal Assisted Therapy for the Special Needs Children
Original Research Article
Pages 101-108
Author(s): Victor Chitic*, Alina S. Rusu
Open Access
Full Text 14
Abstract
The study investigates the dynamic of verbal and non-verbal communication in the context of Animal Assisted Therapy for children with special needs, using ethological and sociometrical methods (i.e. focal individual sampling, ethogram and sequential behavior analysis). The study followed the evolution of a 5-year-old boy with mild mental retardation, ADHD symptoms and a very low level of verbalization, through one year of weekly AAT (dog assisted therapy) sessions. Each session had an average duration of 20 min. Behavioral analysis of the video recorded materials indicated a significant progress in speech development and a decrease of hyperactive symptoms. The implementation of the proposed methods (focal animal sampling and Social Network Analysis) allowed us to objectively analyze the complex interactions between the behavioral sequences, which usually can be very difficult to be extracted in a quantitative manner. The results supported our hypotheses in terms that the complexity of verbal communication increased throughout the five sessions of dog-assisted therapy, which were selected for the behavioral data analysis. Nonverbal communication towards the dog and the handler was also diversified towards the last session.
http://dx.doi.org/10.15405/epsbs.2016.12.14

No: 15
Title: Students’ School Adjustment/Maladjustment Through Preparatory Class
Original Research Article
Pages 109-122
Author(s): Cîrceie Emilia*
Open Access
Full Text 15
Abstract
School adjustment/maladjustment is emphasized through pupil’s positive/negative performance in his/her actions to solve the tasks imposed by the educational environment. It is connected to school success in a broad sense, emphasized through analyzing the school efficiency, progress and success. An important aspect of adjustment refers to preparatory class child’s ability to create a relation with the teachers, the other students, to internalize school rules and accepted social values. Maladjustment is determined by various factors – emotional, of character, moral, of family, of school, educational – which can disturb the dynamic balance student – school. Pupil’s adjustment to school regime keeps in its center the teacher, as main factor, and the relationship teacher – family is extremely important in making the whole educational process efficient. The partnership relationship is a multidimensional activity, it is not based on a single activity, but it is based on combining a number of different actions with the same aim. Activities with parents require carefully planned actions, which can enhance parents’ trust in institution, having as effect the success of transition towards education.
http://dx.doi.org/10.15405/epsbs.2016.12.15

No: 16
Title: The Impact of a Career Counseling Program over Adolescents’ Career Indecisiveness
Original Research Article
Pages 123-130
Author(s): Claudia Crișan*, Sebastian Turda
Open Access
Full Text 16
Abstract
In adolescence period, one of the main task is the formation of a vocational identity. Career counselors, in this period, need to help adolescents make informed decisions that reduce their level of career indecision. The present study aims at investigating the impact of a career counseling program over career indecisiveness and self-efficacy regarding career decision making process among adolescents in the final year of high-school (N=160). For this research we opted for an A-B-A type of inter-group experimental design and the following questionnaires were used for testing the main hypothis: Career Decison Difficulties Questionnaire (Gati, Krausz & Osipo, 1996) and the Career Decision-Making Self-Efficacy- Short Form Scale (Taylor & Betz, 1983). The participants of the study were devided into two groups: a control group (N=80) and an experimental one (N=80). The results of the study indicated that the adolescents in the final year of high-school who participated in career counseling sessions (the experimental group) showed a decreased level of career indecisiveness (r=0.91) and a high level of self-efficacy regarding the career decision making process.
http://dx.doi.org/10.15405/epsbs.2016.12.16

No: 17
Title: Aspects Regarding Adolescent’s Indecision On Career Choice
Original Research Article
Pages 131-139
Author(s): Ion Dumitru, Otilia Sanda Bersan*
Open Access
Full Text 17
Abstract
This paper presents the results of one research about adolescent’s decision/ indecision regarding career choice. Teenagers indecision regarding career choice is influenced by some variables such as:self-efficacy, parental involvement, locus of control, and also by personality factors such as: extraversion and neuroticism/ emotional instability. When pupils with external locus of control have to take a decision, they show a high level of confusion and become undecided in choosing a vocational path. Externalist people have the tendency to see life as being determinate by chance and often they do not find a reason to get involved in taking the decision. On the other way, teenagers with a high level of internal locus of control are spending more time to analyze the situation and this is why they are more decided in future decisions. This research show that not so enthusiastic adolescent’s that face difficulties in communicating with other people and have problems in imposing their point of view or options in front of others (parents and teachers, for example) have the tendency to face higher difficulties in adequate career choice to follow in the future.
http://dx.doi.org/10.15405/epsbs.2016.12.17

No: 18
Title: Diagnosis of Major Challenges in Information Technology Education in Lebanese Schools
Original Research Article
Pages 140-146
Author(s): EL-Zakhem Imad*
Open Access
Full Text 18
Abstract
In the educational system in Lebanon students are exposed to IT through all their school years, starting with the primary school, but in the first university programming course a high drop or failure rates are noticed.  Despite this fact, we still identify high failure rates among students in programming courses. This leads us to the following question: Does this failure has roots in the High School curriculum and the tutoring strategies or is related to the programming curriculum? Our hypothesis derives from an integrated vision of the curriculum as a coherent entity spread all over the student’s learning curve despite the diversity of learning periods.  The three components involved in the process of IT education are: the curriculum, the instructors responsible for the curriculum implementation and the students, who are the targeted population. To validate our hypothesis we examine the three components of IT education using a specific methodology: an analysis of the IT curriculum in schools, done in order to verify that the curriculum will meet the requirement of the university computer science courses;  interviews with the instructors from different educational institution, private and public in order to assure and examine their alignment with the goals of the curriculum and finally an assessment of the students’ comprehension acquisition of the basic concepts of IT education is conducted through a simple quiz given to high school  students in Lebanon.
http://dx.doi.org/10.15405/epsbs.2016.12.18

No: 19
Title: Corporate Training, Corporate Culture, Corporate Behavior: Development Based on Remote Education Technologies
Original Research Article
Pages 147-151
Author(s): Polina Ananchenkova*
Open Access
Full Text 19
Abstract
Companies with an extensive network of regional and territorial offices in the framework of corporate training actively develop e-learning technologies. System of corporate training in such companies consists of successive multi-level program for employees of the appropriate level. Most programs focused on a remote on-line training for general employees and managers. Personal courses are designed for heads of regional departments and senior managers. Topics and content of the training modules of internal training courses are divided into the following levels according to groups of students:  «Employee» - line staff;  «Leader» - the heads of desks and departments;  «Leader of the group» - the head of branches or the whole company. Remote technologies in corporate training are used mainly at the «employee» and «leader» levels. Thus, the instructional materials contribute to the formation of not only knowledge about the company, but also case studies, contributing to the development of leadership qualities, the ability to take decisions and so on. The purpose of corporate training at the «employee» level is the adaptation of the enlisted in the company. It includes the company history, its mission, global and regional structure, specifics of the business.
http://dx.doi.org/10.15405/epsbs.2016.12.19

No: 20
Title: The E-Learning Technologies Used in the Educational Process of Jobless Citizens
Original Research Article
Pages 152-156
Author(s): Polina Ananchenkova, Mikhail Kuznetsov*
Open Access
Full Text 20
Abstract
An active policy of job placement of unemployed is realized in Russian Federation. Job centers make educational process for unemployed on the basis of accredited training centers and universities. Unemployed has an opportunity to change the qualification and get a job. The complex system of e-learning is an advanced form of teaching process. There is author's research about e-learning use efficiency in the Moscow's Department of labor and employment. The research was conducted as of 2012 and 2013. The total amount of selection - 339 people. In particular, it is noticed that 93% of graduates remained are happy in 2013. This index was 68,7% in 2012. There were no graduates who wasn't taken with educational process in 2013. There were just 6% of participants who had an experience of e-learning in 2012. However, the amount of participants increased in 2013. The e-learning technologies were assessed and the most interesting are: an assessment practical and group operations through the "Vkontankte" (a social networking service);  webinars;  video lectures. The disadvantages are: it is complicated to get used to a new educational process; a participants don't have enough computer skill; it is impossible to ask the teacher a question about the material study course. Taking all the aforesaid into consideration the e-learning for unemployed is a challenging educational form which highly assessed by the participations.
http://dx.doi.org/10.15405/epsbs.2016.12.20

No: 21
Title: Distance Learning Technologies in Training of Migrant Workers
Original Research Article
Pages 157-160
Author(s): Polina Ananchenkova, Mikhail Kuznetsov*
Open Access
Full Text 21
Abstract
The Russian labor market traditionally is attractive for migrants from Central Asian countries such as Tajikistan, Uzbekistan and Kyrgyzstan. Migrant workers often have low level of professional education, are not fluent Russian speakers and have significant difficulties in adaptation to the host community. In accordance with the new migration legislation of the Russian Federation, in order to receive a work permit, a migrant worker must pass Russian language exam. However, attendance of Russian language courses takes a lot of time that should be used for work. Therefore, the issue of passing the Russian language exams makes a real challenge for those entering Russia or planning to do it. In this situation distance learning technologies that are used in the national testing centers can be very helpful for legal migrant workers from different countries. The author's research summarize 2 years of experience of teaching foreign citizens Russian language with usage of distance learning technologies. The research uncovers problems that appear in course of organization of distance learning, the requirements for teaching staff, logistics and so on. The study was conducted by questioning students from 4 foreign countries of Central Asia and Moldova as well as 12 experts (teachers of training center). Total sample included 140 people, the coefficient of an error - 0.3%. More than 100 people were trained in 2 years period, 89 % of whom successfully passed Russian language exams and received work permits on the basis of the examination certificate.
http://dx.doi.org/10.15405/epsbs.2016.12.21

No: 22
Title: Pedagogical Aspects of Teaching, Learning, Assessing the Reading-Writing Elements for Primary School
Original Research Article
Pages 161-166
Author(s): Olga Chiș, Claudia Doina Grec*
Open Access
Full Text 22
Abstract
The acquirement and automaticity of reading and writing skills represent two main activities of the pupils in the early years of schooling, with a considerable implications on the child development and also on his school performances. These qualities are fundamental in the society we live and a normal development for a future adult. Difficulties that may occur in the attainment of these skills, and their persistence, draw teachers attention due to the pedagogical issues raised by these processes. The extension of reading and writing disorders can and will lead to negative effects on the development of pupil's personality. Alongside specialists in the education field, the teacher is the one and only, who can intervene through many appropriate teaching strategies and methods to overcome the  encountered learning difficulties for every child. This paper presents a case study regarding these learning difficulties, control methods and ways of behavior accepted from the teacher’s side.
http://dx.doi.org/10.15405/epsbs.2016.12.22

No: 23
Title: Contemporary Pedagogy, Alternative Options for Protection and Resilience
Original Research Article
Pages 167-172
Author(s): Chis Olga, Chis Vasile*, Catalano Cristina
Open Access
Full Text 23
Abstract
The development of the pedagogy as an educational science started with its focus on the formative process, based on education and instruction. Nowadays, this science is divided in didactics and applied theories, focusing on the teaching process. Contemporary pedagogy becomes imperatively a science of protection from risks and a science of development resilience and human resistance against everyday experiences and challenges. Contemporary pedagogy is a constantly changing and adapting, always looking to improve the quality of education and adjusting to demands of modern society. None of the less, the importance of the present contrasts between old forms of education and new forms of education is presented trying to understand that the old ones can be combined with the new one’s in a modern accent. This paper aims at showing the history of the pedagogy, how it started, the based and its branches, the way that it was developed and it’s future.
http://dx.doi.org/10.15405/epsbs.2016.12.23

No: 24
Title: Israeli Parents’ Involvement in the Hearing Impaired Children Formal Education: Preliminary Data
Original Research Article    
Pages 173-182
Author(s): Galia Taller-Azulay*, Alina S. Rusu
Open Access
Full Text 24
Abstract
This article investigates the level and the components of the involvement of Israeli parents in the formal education of their hearing impaired children (HIC), especially the involvement of fathers. Our preliminary data collected from 41 Israeli parents indicate several similarities and differences between parents, in relation to gender, individual grieving process and coping with the birth of a HIC. The research also addresses the level and means of communication between parents and teachers of hearing impaired children. Our preliminary results indicate that in the Israeli studied sample, fathers are less involved than mothers in the school education of their children with special needs.This difference between genders may inidcate that the less the fathers take care of their children, the less they might need and request help from relatives or friends. This aspect can be different for mothers, because the majority of childcare is under their responsibility and sometimes they need more support from their surroundings. The analysis of the qualitative interviews might bring further light on the similarities and differences between parental involvement of Israeli adults in the special education of the hearing impaired children, in relation to parental style and coping with crisis abilities.
http://dx.doi.org/10.15405/epsbs.2016.12.24

No: 25
Title: Introducing RRI in Science Teaching - An Actual Challenge for Science Teachers
Original Research Article    
Pages 183-191
Author(s): Laura Monica Gorghiu*, Crinela Dumitrescu, Ana-Maria Aurelia Petrescu
Open Access
Full Text 25
Abstract
Even the concept of Responsible Research and Innovation (RRI) has not been clearly explained in the scientific literature, it is more and more frequent used, being promoted in the European Union policies and programs in Science and beyond. According to the Horizon 2020 initiative, launched by European Commission in 2014, RRI underpins several European projects and represents one of the current images of the connection between Science and Society, in the EU vision. Anyway, one of the targeted issues is related to make a transparent engagement of all the societal actors in research and innovation aspects, through promoting science education and facilitating the access to scientific knowledge. However, at the global level, RRI has implications on designing and implementing research and innovation policies that lead to: hiring the society in research and innovation; increasing the access to scientific results; ensuring gender equality in the research area; providing an ethics of researcher / research, and in compliance with current laws relating to ethics; promoting science education at formal and non-formal levels. The paper illustrates the feed-back of the teachers who participated to several Workshops dedicated to promote RRI in Science education, organized in the frame of the European FP7 project entitled: “ENGAGE - Equipping the Next Generation for Active Engagement in Science Equipping the Next Generation”. The workshops introduced the concept of RRI and offered a series of teaching materials, as examples of implementing the RRI dimensions in Science lessons.
http://dx.doi.org/10.15405/epsbs.2016.12.25

No: 26
Title: How do Pre-Service Teachers Feel? SOCITS:  Questionnaire Development Description
Original Research Article    
Pages 192-201
Author(s): Dganit Hoffenbartal* , Einat Bracha
Open Access
Full Text 26
Abstract
The global orientation known as Sense of Coherence (SOC) describes coping resources at the disposal of an individual. Antonovsky (1998) developed a questionnaire that examines SOC in the context of life situations.  SOC served as grounds for the researchers wish to understand coping resources available to teachers and pre-service teachers. The research sought to develop a questionnaire that examines Sense Of  Coherence In Teaching Situations – SOCITS. The results revealed a valid and reliable questionnaire, thus it can be said that this questionnaire is an effective tool for examining and empowering the teachers and pre-service teachers SOCITS'.
http://dx.doi.org/10.15405/epsbs.2016.12.26

No: 27
Title: Analyzing the High-School Graduates’ Competence on Applying Mathematics in Real-Life Contexts
Original Research Article    
Pages 202-209
Author(s): Ioana Magdaș*, Adina Glava
Open Access
Full Text 27
Abstract
A key mathematics competence included in curriculum of European countries is “Applying mathematics in real-life contexts”. The present paper points out the particularities of the transition from the pre-university education to the academic environment, by offering reflections about high-school graduates’ competence on using mathematical knowledge in real-life contexts. The subjects involved in this study were candidates for the Primary and Preschool Education Pedagogy specialization of the Faculty of Psychology and Science of Education, Babeș-Bolyai University, Cluj-Napoca. The data reported is derived from a comparative analysis of the real-life problems’ contents and solutions registered in the last three years’ written examinations that verified participants’ knowledge in Arithmetic. The scores obtained for the proposed problems shows that around 10% of high-school graduates are not capable by a mathematical approach of a real-life problem. Around 57% of them can solve at most a half of problem, that show a partially understanding of the problem’s context, achievement of intermediary results but the impossibility of their correlation in order to solve the problem. A percent of 17% of candidates solved the problem but we have to consider that a part of them are already preschool or primary school teachers who want to complete their studies.
http://dx.doi.org/10.15405/epsbs.2016.12.27

No: 28
Title: Quality in Geographical Research? Territorial Planning Students’ Online Research Methods
Original Research Article   
Pages 210-216
Author(s): Oana-Ramona Ilovan*, Maria Eliza Dulamă, Cristian Nicolae Boţan,
Ioana Magdaş, Valeriu Mircea Vana
Open Access
Full Text 28
Abstract
We investigated students’ literature search options when conducting research in general and online research in particular, and the sample was represented by university students in their 3rd year at the specialization of Territorial Planning and 2nd year M.Sc. students at Planning and Regional Development, in the Faculty of Geography, Babeş-Bolyai University, in Cluj-Napoca, Romania. These students had to conduct research on territorial planning and find solutions for territorial development in order to write their graduation paper. We identified the strengths and weaknesses of their online research methods, the causes of students’ difficulties when conducting online research, and we proposed solutions for either ensuring or increasing the quality of their research results. The most significant conclusions were that, although students searched through diverse and trustful resources (e.g. websites belonging to institutions, organisations, researchers, etc.) and used searching and refining procedures, they still had problems when writing their graduation papers. The problems we identified enabled us to propose introducing a training course for writing scientific papers and graduation papers (training students through writing exercises).
http://dx.doi.org/10.15405/epsbs.2016.12.28

No: 29
Title: Table Tennis Motor Components and Analysis of Successful Trials Testing These Skills
Original Research Article   
Pages 217-224
Author(s): Inbal Bechar*, Emilia Florina Grosu
Open Access
Full Text 29
Abstract
Sports fields are many and varied all over the world. In Israel, there are only a few organizations training persons with disabilities such as ISCD (Israel Sport Center for the Disabled) and the IDF disabled Veterans Organization. Table Tennis developed in the end of the 19th Century in England. Only a few studies have been conducted about this sport branch in terms of the normative population (Sindik, 2013; Zhang, 2012) and the population of persons with intellectual disabilities (Van Biesen et. al., 2014; Van Biesen et. al., 2010). Moreover, there are only a few studies were conducted on people with moderate intellectual disability who train in professional sport teams. In this article we will review the components of the  main movements underlying table tennis game, which were selected after analyzing table tennis games , and skill tests to check each of the selected skills: balance, eye & hand coordination, power regulation, coordination.
http://dx.doi.org/10.15405/epsbs.2016.12.29

No: 30
Title: Physical Activity and Intellectual Disabilities
Original Research Article   
Pages 225-234
Author(s): Inbal Bechar*, Emilia Florina Grosu
Open Access
Full Text 30
Abstract
Persons with intellectual disabilities are often characterized by having motor difficulties and limitations expressed in the performance of sports skills. These difficulties may influence cognitive, social emotional and other areas of functioning or be influenced by them. Therefore, work on the motor field serves both as a therapeutic and rehabilitative tool for each functioning domain (Hemayattala & Movahedi, 2010). The development of the motor domain is of great significance to the independence of a person living in the community as a disabled person. (Hotzler, 2004; Almosni, 2007). This article will presents the advantages of exercise for people with intellectual disabilities. Research in the field of sports with people with intellectual disabilities mostly shows positive influences of physiological aspects such as gaining weight, fitness and health, quality of life, coordination aspects and muscular flexibility, a sense of self-efficacy and self-esteem (Ben Sira et. al., 2005; Ninot & Maiano, 2007; Lejcarova, 2009)
http://dx.doi.org/10.15405/epsbs.2016.12.30

No: 31
Title: Sharing School Staffs Ambivalent Perceptions and Feelings towards Children from Divorced Families
Original Research Article   
Pages 235-240
Author(s): Inbal Veinberg*
Open Access
Full Text 31
Abstract
In the last years, the divorce rates have risen in the world, as well as in Israel. Changes in family structure significantly affect children life cycles and they have to deal with their parents' divorce in different ways. Since children spend many hours in school and school is part of the child's life cycle, school becomes the child's second home. The subject of divorce raises many concerns among school staffs; therefore, it is important to discuss how school staff relates to divorce in general and to children of divorced families in particular. A doctoral thesis sought to examine how to improve perceptions of school staffs regarding dealing with children of divorced families. The following article presents a part of the qualitative findings of a doctoral thesis that discusses improving perceptions of school staff with regard to dealing with children of divorced families from a pedagogical perspective. It addresses school staffs' feelings and perceptions towards children of divorced families.
http://dx.doi.org/10.15405/epsbs.2016.12.31

No: 32
Title: A System-Theoretic Model of Threat and Error Management in Flight Instruction
Original Research Article   
Pages 241-248
Author(s): Ioana Koglbauer*
Open Access
Full Text 32
Abstract
This study proposes a new model of threat and error management (TEM) in flight instruction. Currently TEM is taught using a linear model. However, linear models have limitations in describing complex processes involving multiple controllers, non-linear relationships or feedback. Thus, new methods are necessary for addressing the current complexity of TEM in the cockpit. The method presented here is based on system-theoretic process analysis (STPA). STPA is more suitable for describing control processes in complex systems with multiple and dynamic interactions among hardware, software, environment and people. The system-theoretic model of TEM proposed here addresses threats and errors in a more specific manner including the requirements for controlling a process (e.g. information and feedback, process model, control actions), communication and coordination among controllers and the hierarchical control structure. The new model is used to determine potential causes of hazards in each part of the control loop and in the hierarchical control structure. Potential causes of hazards are inadequate information or feedback, distraction, inadequate process models, communication problems between instructor and trainee, inadequate interface or automation, over-reliance on automation, over-reliance on the trainee, confusion by unexpected actions of the trainee, or of the automation, inadequate control actions. Thus, the system-theoretic model of TEM is a feasible and more comprehensive method for anticipating, preventing and managing threats and errors in flight instruction. The system-theoretic TEM model can be used for training flight instructors, for developing instruction scenarios and for analysing and preventing hazards and instructional incidents or accidents.
http://dx.doi.org/10.15405/epsbs.2016.12.32

No: 33
Title: The Contribution of Therapeutic Stories to the Social-Emotional Development of Pupils
Original Research Article 
Pages 249-260
Author(s): Herman Iulia Ramona*
Open Access
Full Text 33
Abstract
Stories have a universal appeal and their effectiveness as a learning tool has already been demonstrated. For the social-emotional development of students we consider therapeutic stories as an effective method to shape the way they interact with the world and to reveal the essential aspects of themselves The article presents the role of the therapeutic stories in the social-emotional development of second grades pupils. Our research objectives were to implement during the personal development classes, an intervention program based on therapeutic stories for II grade pupils and also to contribute to the social-emotional development of these pupils. As research methods we used the questionnaire to identify the level of social-emotional development, and the pedagogical experiment with an inter-subject design. The findings of the research indicate that students developed in a large extend, during the formative intervention: the interaction skills with adults and with peers, also the ability to accept and respect diversity, the pro-social behavior, the self-concept and the emotional control.
http://dx.doi.org/10.15405/epsbs.2016.12.33

No: 34
Title: Markers Regarding the Organization and Conduct of the Observational Teaching Practice
Original Research Article
Pages 261-265
Author(s): Dana Jucan*
Open Access
Full Text 34
Abstract
Teaching practice is a discipline that is part of the mandatory, core disciplines. During the teaching practice, the students conduct activities of assisting and teaching in preschool and schools. Their activity is coordinated by the teaching practice coordinator, together with the mentor – the preschool teacher or the primary school teacher. The first stage of the practice consists of the assimilation by the students of the fundamental theoretical elements and, also, their familiarization with the primary instruments necessary to perform the teaching practice. Observational practice aims for the familiarization of the students with the specific of the didactic activities in preschools and schools. The teaching practice pursues the formation and development of practical competencies for didactic design, as well as the practice and execution of endeavors specific to the teaching – learning – evaluation processes. Throughout the course of the observational teaching practice performed in schools, the students will realize direct observations of the teaching activity, they will analyze and assess the observed lessons, they will assemble a teaching practice portfolio, and will undergo an oral examination for this discipline. The present study exhibits the opinions of students after finishing their teaching practice.
http://dx.doi.org/10.15405/epsbs.2016.12.34

No: 35
Title: Teacher-Students Relationship. The Significance to Decreasing Dropout Rates and Motivation for Change
Original Research Article
Pages 266-279
Author(s): Judith Shefi*, Vasile Chis
Open Access
Full Text 35
Abstract
A case analysis of a "Second Chance" high school for high risk students focuses on the contribution of teacher-students relationships to reducing school dropout and motivation to change their attitude towards school and learning. The present research based on the following psychological-sociological theories: (1) Self Determination (Deci & Ryan); (2) Self-Efficacy (Bandura). This mixed methods research sough to examine teacher-students relationships' contribution in reducing students' dropout, and their influence on students' motivation to change. Preliminary findings emerging from interviews with teachers reveal teachers' perceptions of their relationships with students and the significance of this relationship. Inconsistency of teacher-student relationship also emerged. The school population consists of some 120 students and 25 teachers. The researched population is that of students and teachers. The latter are regular teachers with no training in special education, with BA and MA degrees. Most of them have years of experience at the school (8-28 years). The students are aged 14-18 and have been potential dropouts throughout their school years in different schools. Most students come from a low socio-economic level and have experienced many failures, attention problems and have difficult behavior problems
http://dx.doi.org/10.15405/epsbs.2016.12.35

No: 36
Title: “Ready, Steady, Play” The Contribution of Play to Learning in the Kindergarten
Original Research Article
Pages 280-288
Author(s): Ayala Kadusi*, Cristian Stan
Open Access
Full Text 36
Abstract
This article deals with the contribution of play to cognitive, social, emotional and physical development in children. The game is having an internal need- every baby and every child in the whole world, characteristics of the game purchased from any culture according to the unique life style of her environment. However - as the baby was younger, we can say what is common between him and the other babies outweighs their differences Children integrate play into activities, creativity, enjoyment and thought by exercising their rich, almost limitless imagination. Play also enables improvement in social skills. Play is an emotional need for children and through it they express their fears and free their emotions. Children's language develops through play. Play contributes to their physical development, to developing delicate and crude motor skills and coordination between different parts of the body. This article aims to present the contribution of play to children's learning in kindergarten, as well as describing the way in which children learn in early childhood.
http://dx.doi.org/10.15405/epsbs.2016.12.36

No: 37
Title: Teamwork in Business Education. The Perspective of Polish Students of Management Studies
Original Research Article   
Pages 289-297
Author(s): Marcin Komańda*
Open Access
Full Text 37
Abstract
The development of soft competences among students is one of the basic challenges that are faced by the process of education in higher education system in Poland. It is a result of postulates of the business world regarding competences of university graduates, which are also the subject of numerous sociological studies. The article presents the analysis of opinions of students of management studies about teamwork during classes. For this purpose the visual sociology method was applied (the use of memes) which was supplemented with a statistical analysis of the indications of respondents based on a five-point Likert scale. T-test determined that contents of particular memes differentiate answers of the respondents in two groups: 25% respondents of the highest number of assigned points, and 25% respondents of the lowest number of assigned points. The results of the research make it possible to state that respondents manifest an unequivocal attitude towards teamwork within the scope of issues presented by the memes, however, their greatest percentage (36%) agreed with their negative content.
http://dx.doi.org/10.15405/epsbs.2016.12.37

No: 38
Title: Online Blogs in the Process of Development of Students’ Reading Skills
Original Research Article   
Pages 298-305
Author(s): Svetlana Korovina*, Anna Pushkina, Natalya Gurova
Open Access
Full Text 38
Abstract
The purpose of the study is to identify the conditions and ways of effective use of online blogs during the process of English language training of students at the university. Analyzing blogs in the context of their didactic problems, synthesis of information obtained in the study of effective educational Internet resources, the effectiveness of blogs, and taking into consideration all the pros and cons of analyzed resources we tested the layout of the tutor blog network for the development of students' reading skills in English classes with a combination of full-time and distance learning. The work in the field of blogs helps to increase students' motivation to learn English. This research serves as a starting point for more in-depth study of application of on-line blogs in the students' learning process of reading skills development, taking into account cultural, age and gender features of the members of the experimental and control groups.
http://dx.doi.org/10.15405/epsbs.2016.12.38

No: 39
Title: EFL Teachers’ Perceptions and Practices Regarding Reading Instruction in a Multi-Cultural Environment
Original Research Article    
Pages 306-316
Author(s): Leah Nachmani*
Open Access
Full Text 39
Abstract
Different factors affect reading acquisition in EFL; mainly teachers’ perspectives and practices, since teacher are the most significant and valuable resource in the school system. This article depicts the procedures used by teachers while promoting reading acquisition among emergent readers learning EFL in small groups within a multi-cultural learning environment and relates to teachers’ perspectives concerning the effect of various factors, specifically cultural, on EFL reading instruction. The article presents partial findings of a mixed methods research in a doctoral thesis that addressed teachers’ perceptions and practices regarding reading acquisition among emergent readers learning EFL in small groups within a multi-cultural environment. The study was conducted in Jewish and Arab schools in Israel. The research revealed that different procedures are used by teachers while promoting reading acquisition among emergent readers learning EFL in small groups in a multi-cultural learning environment these are mainly related to teachers’ attention to different cultural aspects of language and are related to the emotional aspect. In terms of teachers’ perspectives concerning the effect of specifically cultural factors on EFL reading instruction, the study showed that EFL reading instruction is influenced mainly by teachers' knowledge of their learners' background and their knowledge of pupils' L1.
http://dx.doi.org/10.15405/epsbs.2016.12.39


No: 40
Title: On-line Communication
Original Research Article
Pages 317-323
Author(s): Adriana Denisa Manea, Cristian Stan*
Open Access
Full Text 40
Abstract
The technological revolution has offered a lot of new opportunities in the educational area. The ease to adapt to a computerised society of the future requires development of digital skills, building of scientific skills that are necessary for the selection and effective use of information. Therefore, the progress of digital technologies had been successfully put to use in the communication sphere (interpersonal communication, didactic and managerial communication). In the educative-instructive environments, the direct benefits of the technological era are expressed in the accessibility of informational sources and the speed of correct informing, the possibility to use the new knowledge from various domains and integrate them in inter and transdisciplinary curriculum structures, reducing educational costs, especial continuous education. Our study aims to take an account of the main advantages and disadvantages of online communication and identify potential changes in the personal framework of users, brought about by this type of communication.
http://dx.doi.org/10.15405/epsbs.2016.12.40

No: 41
Title: The Success Connection: The Relationship Between Personal Coaching and Academic Success
Original Research Article
Pages 324-332
Author(s): Margalit Ben Yehuda*, Dorel Ungureanu, Cristian Stan
Open Access
Full Text 41
Abstract
The research deals with a Personal-Academic Coaching Program based on "The Six Stages Coaching Model” for promoting students’ achievements, self-efficacy and effective learning strategies. Research literature pertaining to this research relies on Positive Psychology (Seligman, 2007), Humanistic Psychology and Self-Efficacy (Bandura, 1977) theories, and presents the Personal-Academic Coaching Model. The research examines the influence of personal academic coaching on students' achievements and the main findings of the first research stage. Statistical data shows that more than 30% of engineering students drop out in their first year which is not congruent with their academic ability. These data constituted the starting point for this research. The Program that was developed is a unique personal-academic coaching program for promoting students’ learning, self-efficacy and academic achievements. All The coaches are college especially trained lecturers. The research aim was to examine the personal-academic coaching program’s contribution to students’ academic achievements. 407 engineering students in unsatisfactory academic status were chosen to participate in this mixed methods research. Partial findings revealed that students who participated in the personal coaching program reached higher achievements than their peers who did not. These findings reinforce the hypothesis that personal academic coaching contributes to improving students' grades and emphasizes the importance of investing in accompanying students in future programs. The validity of these findings will be examined in the second part of this research.
http://dx.doi.org/10.15405/epsbs.2016.12.41

No: 42
Title: The Influence of Scouting Activities upon the Behaviour of the Young Pupil
Original Research Article
Pages 333-346
Author(s): Veronica - Oana Moldovan*, Muşata-Dacia Bocoş-Binţinţan
Open Access
Full Text 42
Abstract
Through the present study we wish to show the degree in which the scouting activities, based on the scout method, have a significant positive influence upon the adaptation and school integration of the primary school pupils. Scouting is an educational system formed of 7 combined elements, which are: learning by doing, teamwork, the symbolic frame, the personal progress system, the nature, the law and the promise of the scout and the adults’ support.  The applicative pedagogic research takes place over a year and a half, following the pupils from the preparatory grade up to the end of the first grade. In this study we have involved five classes from which 41 students have already enlisted to the scouts, being the experimental lot, and their colleagues, 95, who are the control lot. All five classes are from Tîrgu-Mureș and the students enrolled in scouts became full members of the National Organization of Romanian Scouts (ONCR) - branch in Tîrgu-Mureș. The scouts have attended weekly meetings and outdoor activities, which prove their efficiency according to the statistic processing of the SPSS program.
http://dx.doi.org/10.15405/epsbs.2016.12.42

No: 43
Title: The importance of a "heart-to-heart" conversation  as part of emotional education in elementary schools
Pages 347-356
Author(s): Ronit Marom*, Ion Albulescu
Open Access
Full Text 43
Abstract
Pressure of national and international achievements tests, results in elementary schools dedicating most of their time to promoting pupils' achievements. However, does school dedicate time to students' emotional availability to learning? Under the "New Horizon" educational reform in Israel, homeroom teachers must dedicate one weekly hour to individual emotional conversations with pupils. This decision relies on development theories regarding emotional conversations as vital to learning processes. I believe in managing a "heart to heart conversations" system shared by the entire school staff, a policy that requires overall solutions, but paves the way to pupils'          emotional availability to learning and resulting success. Emotional conversation   has many advantages for the teachers as well such as: getting to know children beyond their learning abilities, matching expectations and become   more significant for their pupils. Last but not list, educational climate is always an optimal goal for the Ministry of Education. I will argue that personal conversations between the entire school staff and pupils, and between pupils themselves are the first tool to be employed in order to optimize the educational climate in schools.
http://dx.doi.org/10.15405/epsbs.2016.12.43

No: 44
Title: Implementation of Social Policy in a Globalization Era: The Client’s Perspective
Pages 357-368
Author(s): Shula Menachem*
Open Access
Full Text 44
Abstract
The article presents a unique and personal perception of implementation of social policy in the globalization era, regarding the fields of education and social services. The article argues that there are gaps between formal policy (deciders) and its implementation, from the point of view of receivers. The article suggests some explanations to understand the nature of this gap and a new approach to bridge it, based on preliminary findings of my research "An Evaluation of Social Services Policy in Israel: from deciders to receivers". The picture emerging from the content analysis shows four themes (world-view, Various Aspects, Decentralization and Globalization Effects) that reveals a gap as a leading and common narrative. . An emotional dimension regarding gap emerged from the data analysis:  inflexibility in service provision, feelings of isolation and loneliness among clientele. Two factors suggested as explanation to the nature of the gap, based on the preliminary findings and the literature: Tension between external and internal aspect, and The Globalization effect.
http://dx.doi.org/10.15405/epsbs.2016.12.44

No: 45
Title: Change Implementation in the School Original Research Article
Pages 369-377
Author(s): Avi Menasches*, Vasile Chis
Open Access
Full Text 45
Abstract
Processes taking place in schools in the modern era are very dynamic and the school as an organization must make adjustments and adaptation to a modern society. Therefore, it is crucial for the school principals to lead the necessary changes based on the management tools and methods of organizational excellence. The article deals with organizational changes in Israeli school, including Kotter's 8 step change model (2003), which includes a description of each stage and its implementation during the change management process, the objections to change inside and outside the organization, finding creative solutions based on analysis of the responses and monitoring. The article reviews the E.F.Q.M. Excellence Model and its integration in the school and the staff, as a central axis of the change that took place and which led the school to an organizational excellence. The article presents the school's significant successes, which is positioned as one of the best schools in the district.
http://dx.doi.org/10.15405/epsbs.2016.12.45

No: 46
Title: From Hegemony to a Multi-Uniqueness Communities
Original Research Article    
Pages 378-388
Author(s): Miriam Gleizer*
Open Access
Full Text 46
Abstract
A change in a renewed Kibbutz and transition from a homogeneous to a postmodern society characterized by multiple different communities is depicted in this article. The research deals with the ability of the settlement, where the study was conducted, to create a common framework that will enrich and empower every part of it, even in an environment of disagreements and conflicts. In contrast to striving for homogeneity that characterized past hegemonic views, at Kibbutzim as well, a process of becoming heterogeneous and pluralist in patterns of life and identity is under way. The article based on narrative research conducted in a Kibbutz where the author is a member. A "renewed kibbutz" required to introduce economic and demographic changes that have changed its character. Discussion focuses Conflict, Symbolic Interactionism and Multiple-modernities theories to describe the changes linearly, from a hegemonic preserving past infrastructure, to a Kibbutz willing to engage in dialogue and reach agreements with new populations to recognizing the existence of a wide community with unique communities within.
http://dx.doi.org/10.15405/epsbs.2016.12.46

No: 47
Title: Philosophical Discourse of Children in the Multi-Dialogical Kindergarten Original Research Article    
Pages 389-397
Author(s): Molly Efrat*
Open Access
Full Text 47
Abstract
The aim of the article is to present part of a research study investigating development of social communication patterns among children in a multi-dialogical kindergarten. This was a mixed method research.  The qualitative part of the research was conducted in two parallel phases: conducting participatory observations on 25 kindergarten children learning according to the MDA; some of these observations were recorded in writing while others were video-filmed and transcribed. In addition, the researcher conducted semi-structured interviews with 15 kindergarten teachers, seven of whom work according to the MDA and eight who work according to the traditional educational approach. To supplement the qualitative study, a closed-ended quantitative questionnaire was constructed.  This questionnaire was administered to 130 kindergarten teachers, 73 of whom were teachers working according to the MDA or undergoing training for the MDA and 57 teachers working according to the traditional approach.  The data from this part were analysed statistically. The article focuses on philosophical discourse among kindergarten children. The research was based on participatory observation of discourse among children on a topic which interested them. They presented their theories about the topic and using developmental thought, they expanded them. This led to peer learning, re-examination of theories and participation of the teacher. The teacher was thus regarded as a participant in the discourse rather than the only source of knowledge.
http://dx.doi.org/10.15405/epsbs.2016.12.47

No: 48
Title: Higher Education Changing Reality of Palestinian Security Prisoners in Israel
Original Research Article    
Pages 398-404
Author(s): Moshe Ohayon*
Open Access
Full Text 48
Abstract
Israeli law defines the role of the imprisonment system as: "To detain prisoners within a secure and appropriate facility while preserving their dignity, fulfilling their basic needs, and their ability to become part of the society when they finish their time”. According to this perception, Israeli prisons offer rehabilitation programs, including educational ones, which are tailored to the different population needs. This article presents some of the debates relating to the implementation of this law among Palestinian security prisoners, and the latter’s right to higher education during their imprisonment. Can higher education change prisoners’ reality? Will the educational programs within prison cells change prisoners, especially Palestinian security prisoners’ perceptions, thinking and life style? This article shows that efforts need to be made to provide education paths to those security prisoners if we wish to help them abandon the route of terror and become and bridge for future discussions between nations.
http://dx.doi.org/10.15405/epsbs.2016.12.48

No: 49
Title: Juvenile Delinquency: Is Society to Blame? Original Research Article    
Pages 405-410
Author(s): Andrea Müller-Fabian *
Open Access
Full Text 49
Abstract
The aim of the study is to present the main characteristics of juvenile delinquency from Romania before and after 1989 in order to emphasize and clarify the relevance and the role of psycho-social factors in the evaluation and prevention of vulnerability exhibited or implied by delinquent behaviors. For this purpose, we relayed on the existing studies and researches concerning juvenile delinquency in the communist and post-communist regime, and also conducted our own investigation through questionnaires, document analysis and interviews on a population of 420 juvenile delinquents and 420 persons in control group. The first batch of studies was taking into account internal (within) and external (without) pressures and influences present in the life of the juvenile delinquent but it did not state a clear case regarding the pre-eminence of one influence over another. Our inquiry tried to sift through them and assess their importance in triggering delinquent behaviour in youth.The general conclusion of the study is that the range and impact of social and educational factors upon the phenomenon of juvenile delinquency are higher and stronger than any other factor.
http://dx.doi.org/10.15405/epsbs.2016.12.49

No: 50
Title: Sport at School and University Level in Educational and Managerial Structures
Original Research Article    
Pages 411-419
Author(s): Mureşan Alexandru , Bulduş Codruţa Florina
Open Access
Full Text 50
Abstract
The aim of this study is to analyse how it is addressed physical education and sports at school and university level from managerial and educational aspect. Sports science, interdisciplinary sciences, social and human disciplines (sociology, psychology, social psychology, medicine and other equally important) integrated the sports themes. Education aims at the formation of human personality through the harmonious development of the individual by means of physical education, health education, hygiene and sports. Physical education and sport are activities of national interest, supported by the state. Terms often receive physical education significance of physical exercise, leisure, fitness, competition, etc. In the current political and economic situation, the human society reconstructs both horizontally and vertically, constraints and opportunities arise for positions as desirable. The study presents the political and economic issues of sport in the Romanian society and proposes managerial solutions. The managerial aspects are emphasized through a case study of a sports club.
http://dx.doi.org/10.15405/epsbs.2016.12.50

No: 51
Title: The Sportivization Of The Physical Education Classes Original Research Article    
Pages 420-429
Author(s): Mureșan Alexandru*
Open Access
Full Text 51
Abstract
Physical Education and the sporting movement in Romania form a social mechanism that decided the behaviour related to the ideals of the times. The results in sporting competitions during “the cold war”, equivalent to the second half of the 20th century become emblematic expressions of the superiority and the strength of the states. The experience shows that this trend triggered the excessive sportivization of the Physical Education classes. The purpose of the terminological explanations consists in revealing the finality and the contradiction born actually between the two activities: Physical Education aims to the quality of life while Sport targets the exacerbation of the aptitudes. The terminological confusion created by putting togheter the two terms causes dissatisfaction to one or another of the sides involved. The content of the activities and the finality of the instructive-educational process in Instruction and Sport acquire a meaning when respecting the proposals of the European Union about these activities.  
http://dx.doi.org/10.15405/epsbs.2016.12.51

No: 52
Title: The Role of Communication Skills in Teaching Process
Original Research Article
Pages 430-434
Author(s): Delia Muste*
Open Access
Full Text 52
Abstract
Classroom is a complex communication space. Communication processes involves verbal,nonverbal and para verbal components and is designed to mediate student and teacher behaviour. The impact that partners exercised over others depends on the quality and depth of interaction. If long thought that working style of the teacher, the way they organize their speech is very important for the efficiency of its business, the focus now moving towards how partners are picking up mutual interaction and means which are co-participants.  In order to develop communication skills in relation with the teaching process we must identify the future needs. That is why this article intend to established how important this process is and which are the implication of this action. Effective communication, especially in educational field is based on the ability to express your own ideas and views clearly, with confidence and concisely, permanently adapting your content and style to the class. Interaction between teachers and students can contribute to effective communication in the classroom or may be the source of problematic situations.
http://dx.doi.org/10.15405/epsbs.2016.12.52

No: 53
Title: Learning Abilities and Geometry Achievements
Original Research Article
Pages 435-447
Author(s): Nava Kivkovich*, Vasile Chis
Open Access
Full Text 53
Abstract
Formal geometry is the most problematic subject in middle school and high school math studies. The difficulty stems from the need to understand the language of mathematics in the field of geometry while integrating it with prior knowledge, parallel to the level of the student's mental development. To help students overcome the difficulties in learning geometry a program was developed based on a tool combining use of teaching strategies, through mediation, such as proper use of mathematical and geometric language in particular, including visual marking and identifying memory supports to prior knowledge and using it in the process of finding a solution. This presentation seeks to present findings emerging from research that examined the effect of use of a Learning Strategies Program that combines teaching strategies in solving geometry problems on 10th Grade pupils' achievements, their attitudes towards learning Mathematics in general and Geometry in particular. A Geometry level Van Hiele questionnaire (as developed by Patkin, 1990) and Raven test (2000) mapped the learning abilities of the pupils.  The pupils' knowledge regarding solving geometry problems was tested.
http://dx.doi.org/10.15405/epsbs.2016.12.53

No: 54
Title: Group and Individual Assessments via Cloud Computing Tools in PBL
Original Research Article
Pages 448-452
Author(s): Necmettin Şentürk*
Open Access
Full Text 54
Abstract
This paper describes the utilization of cloud-computing tools for assessment of collaboration in project based learning. The usage of cloud-computing tools like Google Drive has increased among people in order to store and share data. In this collaborative study, high school students search their project in school and at home and share their finding with their group members on cloud computing tools to discuss the findings and prepare the projects. Group work is generally assessed by using group reports and interview questions. However these tools are not adequate to assess individuals` contribution and social loafing could be occurred in collaboration. Therefore group members` individual contributions should be monitored and assessed. On cloud-computing tools each contribution such as finding images, selecting texts and editing presentation is saved as person by person. Rubrics, depend on log of activities on cloud, are effective tools to assess individuals. These contributions are graded to reveal group members` performance in group work.
http://dx.doi.org/10.15405/epsbs.2016.12.54

No: 55
Title: The Institution of Kindergarten – Current Benchmarks
Original Research Article
Pages 453-457
Author(s): Oltean Alexandra*
Open Access
Full Text 55
Abstract
Preschool education is a main part of the early education and has an undeniable impact on the subsequent development of the child and this is emphasized by numerous recent studies (Dahlberg, Moss, Pence, 1999; Glenn, 2011; Arthur, Peterson, 2012). Building a solid foundation in the preschool period represents a first step in the development of human personality and of the future expert. Preschool education is not a new pedagogical approach or educational system; since ancient times there have been guidelines regarding children education and their raising until they entry school. But, in the recent years the approach of the stage of existence called childhood and of the education provided during this period has changed a lot. In the present article we intend to present some general, main characteristics of the current preschool system, since the kindergarten has become a living environment for children and responds to a series of needs of the family institution.
http://dx.doi.org/10.15405/epsbs.2016.12.55

No: 56
Title: The Role of Non-formal Activities on Familiarizing Students with Cutting-Edge Science Topics
Original Research Article
Pages 458-463
Author(s): Ana-Maria Aurelia Petrescu*, Gabriel Gorghiu, Laura Monica Gorghiu
Open Access
Full Text 56
Abstract
We live in a rapidly changing world in which Science and Technology advance at breakneck speed, and generally speaking, the national education (mainly characterized by conservatism), remains anchored behind the societal changes. In this respect, information related to scientific cutting-edge topics – as: “Nano” World, renewable energy, climate change, smart cities etc. - have small chances to be rapidly integrated into the current curriculum for Science (Physics, Chemistry, Biology) as compulsory studied subjects.The paper tries to identify the role of non-formal educational activities - mainly organized and conducted in the frame of the National Programme: “To Know More, To Be Better” (“School in Another Way”) -, on familiarizing the young students with a range of cutting-edge science topics, as those activities were performed in the frame of the European FP7 Research Project called “IRRESISTIBLE - Including Responsible Research and Innovation in Cutting Edge Science and Inquiry-based Science Education to Improve Teacher's Ability of Bridging Learning Environments”.
http://dx.doi.org/10.15405/epsbs.2016.12.56

No: 57
Title: Gender Education Addressed to Preschool Curriculum System
Original Research Article
Pages 464-471
Author(s): Negru Emilia-Gheorghina *
Open Access
Full Text 57
Abstract
Current Romanian education system aims as organizing principal equity and equality. The emphasis on the personality formation, respect for individual features and differential treatment is a constant priority but the current system of education, thus promoting respect for gender peculiarities. Kindergarten teachers in the whole teaching approach which they take, go through concrete several stages both in projecting  activities and in carrying out them properly, having as a starting point curriculum for pre-school which outlines four main areas for change, namely: diversification of teaching strategies as learning, teaching and evaluation; educational environment; role of the family; global child development perspective with a focus on areas of development (the motor area, cognitive - sensory, language and communication, autonomy and self-service skills). Thus, gender education at preschool age can be an important tool in the process of installing a civic equality in children, in which cooperation and mutual respect constitute basic dimensions.
http://dx.doi.org/10.15405/epsbs.2016.12.57

No: 58
Title: Connecting Education and Research: Introducing RRI in Solar Energy Non-formal Educational Activities
Original Research Article
Pages 472-479
Author(s ): Gabriel Gorghiu*, Ana-Maria Aurelia Petrescu, Gabriela Măntescu
Open Access
Full Text 58
Abstract
It is totally agreed that our sun represents an inexhaustible source of energy. It has a major role on maintaining the life on the planet and keeping the temperature of Earth in vital limits. On the other hand, it represents an inexhaustible source of energy. Using the solar energy - a clean form of energy (the “green one”) -, the entire world can contribute to a major reduction of the pollutant emissions. However, the scientific, social, economic and moral implications of producing and using of solar energy, represents an important issue to be discussed and analyzed by both education and research. In this respect, the paper illustrates the results of implementing in several non-formal contexts - activities with the young students, organized and performed during the week: “To Know More, To Be Better” (“School in Another Way”) - of the Unit: “Application of Nanomaterials in Solar Energy Systems” (designed in the frame of the European FP7 project named “IRRESISTIBLE - Including Responsible Research and Innovation in Cutting Edge Science and Inquiry-based Science Education to Improve Teacher's Ability of Bridging Learning Environments”), that had in view to enrich the students’ knowledge related to the solar energy, but also to introduce Responsible Research and Innovation dimensions, as main issue of building a connection between education and research.
http://dx.doi.org/10.15405/epsbs.2016.12.58

No: 59
Title: Strategies for Improving School – Family Cooperation in the Romanian Primary Educational System
Original Research Article
Pages 480-487
Author(s): Crina-Diana Pancu*, Musata Bocos
Open Access
Full Text 59
Abstract
The way that teachers and parents communicate has a huge influence on the development and education of children. Therefore, it is essential that school andfamily have common goals. The quality of the partnership between school and family is influenced by the attitudes, expectations and opinions regarding the role of the school in children’s development. The purpose of this study is to investigate the opinion of the parents towards the communication between school and family, the quality of cooperation and the strategies that we should apply in order to improve the school-family partnership. Our paper focuses only on the parents’ views regarding the best ways to improve the school and family communication and offers us an image of what parents expect from teachers. The instrument used for data collection was a semi-structured questionnaire, which can be found in the Appendix. The questionnaire approached subjects like: most efficient forms of communication with teachers, frequency and efficiency of communication and aslo causes and solution of conflicts that appear between teachers and parents.
http://dx.doi.org/10.15405/epsbs.2016.12.59

No: 60
Title: Sexual Dysfunctional Beliefs of Romanian Women (Mothers and Daughters): An Intergenerational Approach 
Original Research Article
Pages 488-495
Author(s): Iulia F. Popa, DanaA. Iclozan, Carmen Costea-Bărluțiu, Alina S. Rusu*
Open Access
Full Text 60
Abstract
This study investigates the differences between Romanian mothers and daughters (61 dyads) regarding sexual dysfunctional beliefs (SDF) and their associations with religion, religiosity and residence (rural, urban). Each individual (mother, daughter) filled in the Sexual Dysfunctional Beliefs Questionnaire (Nobre, Gouveia & Gomes, 2003), as well as demographic questions. Mothers significantly endorsed almost all SDF more than did daughters. The SDF endorsement was associated with religiosity and rural residence, but not with religion orientation. In addition, mothers and daughters differed in the correlations between the SDBQ subscales and religiosity. Together, these results provide preliminary support for the development of more efficient sexual education tools, i.e. sexuality programs for adult population. Further research is needed to better understand the role mother-daughter relationship and the attachment style have on SDB and the way the latter impact marital satisfaction. Our results hold some practical relevance in the area of sexual education in Romania, as well as in the area of family interventions.
http://dx.doi.org/10.15405/epsbs.2016.12.60

No: 61
Title: Romanian Parents’ Use of the Internet: Optimizing Parenting Skills as Sexual Educators
Original Research Article
Pages 496-504
Author(s): Meda V. Pop*, Alina S. Rusu
Open Access
Full Text 61
Abstract
There is a growing trend for parents to use the Internet and social media aiming to obtain parenting information and support. We present here an on-line exploration of the beliefs, concerns and needs that Romanian parents express regarding the sexual development and health of their children. Thematic analysis of discussions from social media and internet asynchronous discussion boards (two forums and one Facebook parenting group) is performed. In line with the existent literature, our preliminary data indicate that the major themes of parental discourse in Romania are information and advice seeking, experience and advice sharing and social support seeking. With respect to sexual health and education of children and young people, parents in Romania usually express the following themes in their online interactions with other parents: sex education significance; sexual development and sexual behaviour of children and young people; parenting sexually developing children and young people. It seems that parents do benefit from the social media interactions to a certain extent, especially by creating online support communities and accessing a considerable and diverse amount of information, but there are also concerns about the reliability of the information thus exchanged.
http://dx.doi.org/10.15405/epsbs.2016.12.61

No: 62
Title: Cultural Identity Components – Romanian Parents and German School
Original Research Article
Pages 505-512
Author(s): Popa Maria Cristina*
Open Access
Full Text 62
Abstract
In Sibiu, German school has a tradition of hundreds of years. Some parents, Romanian ethnics, choose to enroll their children in German department starting with preschool level. This study examines the components of cultural identity of these parents. Data was collected using a questionnaire applied in 16 public kindergartens in Sibiu, with German teaching classes. The objectives of the study are: describing the identification level of parents with elements of Romanian culture, investigating the consistency or inconsistency between the identification of parents with elements of Romanian culture and updating type of identity (through new/old items), describing the perception of parents over the adaptation of their children enrolled in German classes, and analyzing the motivation of parents to enroll their children in the German department. Cultural identity components covered are: ethnicity, nationality, place of birth, age, sex, socioeconomic status, language, religion and cultural heritage. The analysis of components is made in relation to motivation for choosing the German section and perception over children adaptation in kindergarten.
http://dx.doi.org/10.15405/epsbs.2016.12.62

No: 63
Title: Participant Observation of Children in Kindergarten Environment
Original Research Article    
Pages 513-519
Author(s): Popa Maria Cristina*
Open Access
Full Text 63
Abstract
Patterns of ethics must be applied in participant observation of children. This article presents an ethical approach applied in one investigation regarding some aspects of children’s behavior in kindergarten environment. Drafting informed consents and describing the procedure for obtaining agreements are detailed. Conducting participant observation, in order to eliminate subjectivity, requires compliance with rigorous practical steps and customized grids following the research objectives. The steps for participant observation implementation are presented, respectively: the researcher’s relationship with the environment before observation, entry into the observed environment, setting in the observed environment (accommodation, relationship development, data collection, actual audio-video recording), leaving the observed environment, making notes, interpretation, and coding and results presentation. The theoretical steps follow a concrete research regarding the process of cultural identity building of Romanian ethnic children enrolled in German kindergartens teaching classes in Sibiu. Finally, following the example, this article presents concrete limits and recommendations for conducting participant observation of children.
http://dx.doi.org/10.15405/epsbs.2016.12.63

No: 64
Title: Comprehensive Internationalization at HAN University of Applied Sciences. Student Mobility
Original Research Article    
Pages 520-527
Author(s): Florentin Popescu *, Jannemieke Geessink
Open Access
Full Text 64
Abstract
The Netherlands Universities Foundation for International Cooperation (Nuffic) conducted a study (van Gaalen, Hobbes, Roodenburg, & Gielesen, 2014) into institutional policy on internationalization in 2014 in the Netherlands. This study included most Dutch Higher Education Institutions (HEIs).  Of these, 27 (59%) had a internationalization central-level plan, eight (17%) were developing such a plan, whilst seven (15%) did not have a separate central- level plan. Only four of the HEIs (9%) in the study did not have a central-level internationalization policy. It can be concluded that the penetration of internationalization in terms of policy is high in the Netherlands. This article is a part of an extensive research project developed by the International Business Centre of Expertise at the HAN University of Applied Sciences and traces the recent institutional developments within the context of its strategic planning and internationalization policies. In particular, this article deals with the “Student Mobility“ dimension of the CIGE model (CIGE, 2013).
http://dx.doi.org/10.15405/epsbs.2016.12.64

No: 65
Title: Educational Olympic Challenge: the Legacy  of Public Sport Participation
Original Research Article    
Pages 528-532
Author(s): Ofir Wegman*
Open Access
Full Text 65
Abstract
One of the Olympic impacts is the educational notion of "sport participation". That notion refers to the idea that public participation in sport or physical activity, will increase as a result of the Olympic Games. Promoting the public sport participation became an Olympic demand for hosting the games. The UK government sport bodies have decided to set out to increase the public sport participation as a result of hosting the 2012 Olympic Games. That decision was based on improving sport facilities and on the concept of "demonstration effect". The assumption is that this educational effect is taking place when people observing elite sport performance will be inspired to join in public sport or physical activity. The aims of this paper were to explore the issue of public sport participation as an Olympic legacy, to describe some theories on the challenge of achieving that legacy, and to present some conclusions about that issue relating to London 2012 games. A qualitative approach was used to achieve the aims of this paper. The literature review includes some strategic and educational theories which lie behind the processes of sport participation and demonstration effect. Finally, some research findings and conclusions were presented relating the implementation of the sport participation legacy in the London 2012 games.
http://dx.doi.org/10.15405/epsbs.2016.12.65

No: 66
Title: Pseudo Democracy in Local Governments in Israel: Steps for a Reform 
Original Research Article    
Pages 533-543
Author(s) Rishpi Orit (Lavi)* 
Open Access
Full Text 66
Abstract
Local Governments in Israel are rated as corrupt and inefficient. Calls for reforms are sent out by the many stake holders very frequently, and also by many writers, researchers and legislators. One point of view is rarely voiced, namely that of elected council members of the 257 municipalities in Israel today. Based on my initial PHD research findings, and my 20 years of research and activities in the field it seems that the legislative process, professionals, and most other stake holders, all neglect and ignore the council members. Thus, formal conclusions and suggested reforms are biased, decision makers decide based on partial and distorted information, and the role of council members continues to be mistreated. As a result, a democratic deficit is created and maintained. The present article represents an effort to practically contribute to the correction of this situation, but we must also mention the need for more research
http://dx.doi.org/10.15405/epsbs.2016.12.66

No: 67
Title: Active Ageing and Effective Learning for Enhanced Quality of Life
Original Research Article   
Pages 544-551
Author(s): Rona (Schwartzman) Bar-Netzer*, Musata Bocos
Open Access
Full Text 67
Abstract
Whilst promoting the European Year for Active Ageing (AA), in 2012, the European Union (EU) revised their definition to mean, growing old in good health.  By this definition, no matter the person's age, the goal would be to enjoy a better quality of life as an active member of society.  Three aspects which support promotion of Active Ageing are: employment, active participation in society and independent living (Hendrickx, 2012). Within the field of Gerontology, the essence of Active Ageing has taken many different names and forms . Many older adults have similar aspirations. In general, they want to be able to do the things that make them happy such as travel, spending time with family (especially grandchildren) and having the ability to maintain their household. The need to combine effective learning in the elderly, with the purpose of motivating intergenerational face-to-face interaction to encourage social support and accept the physiological changes, is a colossal issue.
http://dx.doi.org/10.15405/epsbs.2016.12.67

No: 68
Title: Diverse Attitudes of Religious Cultures in Israel towards  Music and Music Education 
Original Research Article   
Pages 552-561
Author(s): Rona P. Cahn*, Alina S. Rusu
Open Access
Full Text 68
Abstract
Music education (ME) is not part of the core subjects in the school curriculum in Israel. Therefore, views concerning the value of music are significant for the inclusion of ME in the school curriculum. Israeli society is interwoven from various religions with varied points of view concerning music. The article presents the types and sources of religious attitudes towards music and ME. In the Jewish and Christian religions music practices are mentioned in the holly scripts and are therefore accepted as part of both religious and secular activities. However, in the Islamic religion very few music practices are mentioned in the holly script. Therefore, Islamic orthodox authorities' interpretations of the holy script resulted in the banning of many music activities. These bans which were adopted also by the Druze religion lasted for over a millennium. The diverse attitudes of the four main religious cultures towards music have had a different effect on the possibility to study music within each culture. These religious backgrounds clarify the diverse attitudes towards ME. There is a possibility that the disparity in the inclusion of ME is partly caused by these historical religious backgrounds related to views about music. These views may effect the actual musical opportunities of children in Israel.
http://dx.doi.org/10.15405/epsbs.2016.12.68

No: 69
Title: The Emotional Intelligence Role on Structuring Students’ Personality in Science Education Contexts
Original Research Article   
Pages 562-568
Author(s): Elena Ancuța Santi *, Gabriel Gorghiu, Ioana Stăncescu
Open Access
Full Text 69
Abstract
Recent research in Psychology stipulates that the Emotional Intelligence represents an important resource underpinning for the success in life, along with the general intelligence or the academic one. The Emotional Intelligence involves the individual’s ability to understand the own emotions, the ability to perceive the emotions (including other ones), but also to feel compassion, to be self-motivated, to perseverate, to restrain impulses and to postpone immediate satisfactions. It contributes to the integration of the emotional processes in the general functioning of the psyche and relationships and interaction with others. The emotional intelligence is interrelated with the general intelligence of the person causing how positively harness the powers they have, including the IQ. The paper tries to illustrate whether the Emotional Intelligence characterizes the young students’ psychological structure, in the particular context of Science education (secondary level), and how this is valued by them in the Science learning process. The analysis was made in the frame of the European FP7 Project entitled “PROFILES - Professional Reflection Oriented Focus on Inquiry-based Learning and Education through Science”, 529 upper secondary school students participating to the survey.
http://dx.doi.org/10.15405/epsbs.2016.12.69

No: 70
Title: Beliefs of Pre-service Teachers Master Students on School as an Enculturation Factor
Original Research Article   
Pages 569-577
Author(s): Cătălin Glava*, Adina Glava
Open Access
Full Text 70
Abstract
Schools are traditionally considered to be the main agents of enculturation. Yet, given the major changes that the present society experiences, there is a tendency for questioning this privileged status of the school and for recognising the importance of the alternative educational authorities and factors in the process of new generation development. Consequently, schools are challenged to reaffirm their major role as enculturation factors and teachers are key elements in this process. The present study investigates master students’ future perspectives regarding the new accents and roles of the school in connexion with the enculturation function of present Romanian schools. The present study analyses the beliefs of a number of 172 pre-service teachers master students with different specializations, on the factors of change that tend to modify the targets of enculturation nowadays schools undertake and offers a set of recommendations for enhancing the impact of school as a relevant enculturation agent.
http://dx.doi.org/10.15405/epsbs.2016.12.70

No: 71
Title: From Difficulty to Opportunity: the Pre-Military Activity in the IDF
Original Research Article   
Pages 578-587
Author(s): Shalom Noah*
Open Access
Full Text 71
Abstract
The pre-military activity in Israel is an educational model, in the framework of which the individual is supported and empowered by the Israel Defense Force (IDF) as a result of the reduction of the number of learners in technological education and the significant lack in manpower for the different technological constellations in the IDF. The article will present the contribution of the pre-military activity held by the IDF, including its influence in different dimensions. In the framework of the article, initial data will be presented on the contribution of the pre-military activity and on the perceptions of the school principals, teachers, supporting military staff, and students who learn in the pre-military program. The article will also present the contribution of the pre-military activity in the high schools to the success of its graduates, while examining the influence of this activity on the motivation and success of its graduates in the continuation of post-secondary school technological studies.
http://dx.doi.org/10.15405/epsbs.2016.12.71

No: 72
Title: Emotional Experiences of Israeli Youth from the Journey to Holocaust Memorial Sites
Original Research Article 
Pages 588-595
Author(s): Shay Efrat*,  Adriana Baban
Open Access
Full Text 72
Abstract
This paper presents results describing the emotional experiences of Israeli high-school students following their participation in the heritage journey to visit Jewish Holocaust memorial sites in Poland. 13 Interviewees who participated in heritage journey to visit Jewish Holocaust memorial sites in Poland, were asked questions that touched upon their family connection to the Holocaust, the decision to participate or not to participate in the journey to Poland, their learning experiences regarding the journey, their views towards the moral dilemmas faced by Jews during and after the Holocaust, the moral lessons they learned and their experience of participation in the study itself. The results revealed tension between initial interest and motivation to go on the journey and participants’ feelings of self-disappointment in relation to early expectations. The conclusions with regard to the ongoing debate on the various contributions of the journey to Poland and its necessity, points out that insufficient attention has been given to the inner emotional aspects of the journey’s effect.
http://dx.doi.org/10.15405/epsbs.2016.12.72

No: 73
Title: The Evolution of Handwriting in Primary School. Comparison between Types of Handwriting
Original Research Article
Pages 596-600
Author(s): Anca-Georgiana Simion*
Open Access
Full Text 73
Abstract
Developing the writing ability is not only important in building self-esteem for children, but is considered an essential element for success in school, compared to the use of electronic devices, handwriting remains an authentic and important developmental skill for a child. The need for handwriting is revealed by the fact that students may have difficulties in some specific processes that lead to success in reading and writing. These processes are: retrieving letters from memory, reproducing letters on paper, correct spelling, text comprehension.The two important components for handwriting performance is legibility and writing speed. Difficulties in this context with page orientation, spacing, size, inclination and/or alignment of letters and words can affect the legibility of handwriting. Calligraphic writing is a form of immediate communication and continues to be a key competence, both in school context and beyond, despite the widespread use of modern technological devices. Consequently, it is imperative to form handwriting competence in children because this process is the necessary infrastructure for literacy, cognitive and socio-emotional development in children.
http://dx.doi.org/10.15405/epsbs.2016.12.73

No: 74
Title: Relationships between Perceived Adult Parental Role, Intergenerational Ambivalence, and Personal Well-Being among Midlife Parents  
Original Research Article
Pages 601-606
Author(s): Smadar Trainin Cohen*, Musata Bocos
Open Access
Full Text 74
Abstract
The long middle phase of parenting is neither sufficiently understood, not are there enough studies on the issue. The reported research was undertaken with the intention of revealing associations among three variables: perceived parental role, intergenerational ambivalence and parents' well-being with an examination of gender differences. Sixty mid-life Israeli parents with at least one offspring over the age of 25 constituted the population in this two-phase mixed methods research. Quantitative research tools included three questionnaires whose reliability and validity were established; semi-structured interviews comprised the qualitative research tools. The main quantitative findings indicated significant correlations among the research variables. There was a positive correlation between Self-Perceived Parental Role (SPPR) and Parental Well-Being (PWB), and a negative correlation with Intergenerational Ambivalence. Qualitative results suggested a direct and strong relationship between ambivalence expressed by parents and their evaluation of their perceived role and well-being as parents. This research enriches existing theoretical knowledge with regard to experiences of midlife parents, and in particular with regard to their parental role. The correlations identified between midlife parenthood variables as studied in this research may contribute to parents' quality of life, to improving family well-being when identifying problems and strengthening coping resources for cases that lead to stress and crisis
http://dx.doi.org/10.15405/epsbs.2016.12.74

No: 75
Title: The Relationship between Career Counselling, Professional Practice and Desirable Labour Market Integration 
Original Research Article
Pages 607-614
Author(s): Cornelia Stan *
Open Access
Full Text 75
Abstract
In the current context of psychological, social, economic and spiritual interdependences that define the human personality, arises the need of effective collaboration and cooperation between educational factors and human resource management in companies and institutions for a common approach to the issue of career orientation and management. This type of collaboration and cooperation facilitates professional recruitment and selection as well as the students' socio-professional integration in terms of genuine economic and social efficiency. Career preparation and career management do not start at work, but in educational institutions as a result of the activization and efficientization of specific educational valences. The development and implementation of programs of vocational guidance, with the help of counselors, has a strong relevance in the planning and designing of the career of future workers in the labor market. Thus, career orientation, career education and career counseling should play a key role in the educational policy and become essential components of the goals of education and the formative process.
http://dx.doi.org/10.15405/epsbs.2016.12.75

No: 76
Title: A Science Teachers’ Perspective Related to the Students’ Motivation for Learning
Pages 615-622
Author(s): Ioana Stăncescu*, Luminiţa Mihaela Drăghicescu, Elena Ancuţa Santi
Open Access
Full Text 76
Abstract
One of the main objectives of the European FP7 PROFILES Project was to promote Science teaching through specific methods (as IBSE), with the view to improve the students’ scientific literacy. In such a perspective, Science teachers - Physics, Chemistry, Biology -, as reflective practitioners, should be concerned by students’ motivation for learning, which allows them to be actively involved in the act of learning, to capitalize their own resources, to act, to investigate, to experiment, to seek, to find, to develop scientific hypotheses and resolute strategies, to develop their argumentation capacity and decision-making competence.  The paper try to investigate the teachers’ perception concerning the students’ motivation for learning, which can be optimized in classrooms if the teachers: (a) create motivational challenges for students according to their capabilities; (b) guide students to value Science learning as useful for their life, lifelong learning and for their career choice; (c) use related media texts and video-clips; (d) use (extract, draw) interesting and suitable examples of the history of Science; (e) determine relevant topics, encouraging students’ self-motivation.
http://dx.doi.org/10.15405/epsbs.2016.12.76

No: 77
Title: Effects of Nature-Oriented Preschools on the Socio-Emotional Development of Israeli Children
Original Research Article   
Pages 623-630
Author(s): Terry Goldstein*, Alina S. Rusu
Open Access
Full Text 77
Abstract
Based on on different development theories that combine nature and human psychology, nature-oriented methods of education have started to emerge. The subject of nature-oriented preschools addressed in this study comprises two aspects: (1) the psychological developmental theories that create the theoretical background for the insertion of human-nature interactions and their effects on the preschool children, especially on their socio-emotional development, and (2) a literature review of the theories dealing with the impact of nature on people, including the effects of both flora and fauna. The study presented here is part of a larger research plan investigating the effects of nature-oriented preschool system on several socio-emotional aspects of Israeli children. Using qualitative research methods, we aim to examine the behaviors of 20 children, aged 5-6, from an urban nature-oriented preschool in Israel and 20 children (5-6 years) from a regular urban school from the same area. The research aims to employ interviews, observations and questionnaires in order to investigate the nature-oriented preschools' influence on the socio-emotional functioning of nature-oriented preschool children compared to children from regular preschools
http://dx.doi.org/10.15405/epsbs.2016.12.77

No: 78
Title: An Example of the Training a Methodological  Competences in Mathematical Analysis
Original Research Article    
Pages 631-639
Author(s): Teodor-Dumitru Vălcan*
Open Access
Full Text 78
Abstract
In this paper we try to present some simple methods of training and development of professional competences, more specifically methodological, for obtaining the identities mathematical (combinatorial) and their use. Thus, starting from a simple integral, we obtain multiple identities mathematical (combinatorial), that, then we will use in calculating limits of sequences and some primitives, respectively definite integrals. The attentive reader and interested in these issues will notice that the results of this work complete and definitive resolves many problems of Mathematics. Therefore we consider that the work will be of real help to students who are preparing for competitions and Olympiads, students in deepening their knowledge and passing exams and teachers in their professional training. Of course not here we present all types of exercises that can solve with the formulas proven in the paper. There are other types of exercises than those presented herein and we will present in a forthcoming paper.
http://dx.doi.org/10.15405/epsbs.2016.12.78


No: 79
Title: Attitudes towards Student with Disabilities in Higher Education, is there any Change?
Original Research Article
Pages 640-647
Author(s): Zafrir Edna*
Open Access
Full Text 79
Abstract
Successful implementation of any inclusive policy for students with disabilities is largely dependent on educators’ attitudes. Ensuring equality and inclusion is a general goal of education and is also very important in the frames of higher education. This paper reviews the literature regarding attitudes toward students with disabilities and focuses especially on attitudes of teacher trainers in teaching colleges. The paper clears also the main concepts involved in the present approach, namely it presents definitions of the disability and also of the attitudes. These are all based on references to the actual legislation and rules, valid both in Israel and also in other countries.  The paper offers evidence of more positive attitudes towards students with disabilities, including teacher college students, but no evidence of acceptance of comprehensive inclusion. This paper contributes to the existing body of knowledge and emphasizes the need for strategic interventions and policy in order to improve inclusion of students with disabilities in all aspects of life.
http://dx.doi.org/10.15405/epsbs.2016.12.79


No: 80
Title: Training for Small Group Instruction in Pre-Service Teacher Education: Pedagogical Instructors’ Perceptions
Original Research Article
Pages 648-662
Author(s): Yehudit Od-Cohen* & Judith Hadari
Open Access
Full Text 80
Abstract
According to the New Horizon educational reform, all teachers in Israel must implement small group instruction within the school curriculum. Small group instruction is perceived as an opportunity to provide a supportive learning environment that can enable schools to reach their educational aims in individualized ways. Having examined the implementation of small group instruction by novice teachers, our objective  is to present the results of a research which aimed to clarify how pedagogical instructors perceive training for  small group instruction, and how small group instruction is embedded in their curricula. Data were collected from 16 pedagogical advisors pertaining to EFL, Physical Education, special Education, and Sciences. The findings emerging from this research shows a duality in the pedagogical instructors’ perceptions of the importance assigned to teaching for small group instruction hours. On the one hand, small group instruction hours are perceived as important enough to constitute part of teacher training, but on the other hand, they are considered as a subject that it is preferable for students to learn to implement during their practice teaching. Therefore, this research places training for implementing small group instruction on the educational and public agenda as a dual issue, presenting a gap between perceptions of its importance and its absence from the training program in the teacher education process.
http://dx.doi.org/10.15405/epsbs.2016.12.80

No: 81
Title: Dance Movement Therapy, Past and Present: How History Can Inform Current Supervision
Original Research Article
Pages 663-672
Author(s): Yifat Shalem-Zafari*, Prof. Emilia Florina Grosu
Open Access
Full Text 81
Abstract
Background: In looking at the history of dance movement therapy (DMT), three stages of professional focus are identified: Emotional body/movement; verbal processing as it relates to body/movement; and movement analysis and observation tools. Models of supervision for young DMT therapists appear to have paralleled two of these stages, and not the third. This article aims to address a need in the field of DMT in the area of therapist-supervision. Sources of Evidence: A literature review covering the history of DMT, and the existing supervision models in DMT and their effects, provides support for the author’s argument. Main Argument: The author proposes to parallel the third stage of focus in DMT’s development. Namely, it suggests integrating movement-analysis and observation tools into the existing models of supervision. While many existing models benefit from experience-based supervision, there is a need for a professional distance from the supervision material. This could be achieved by using methods of movement observation and analysis, developed in the field of DMT. One of these methods would be combined with the experiential aspects of supervision, and thus provide both inner understanding, and outer perspective, leading to greater therapeutic insight. Conclusions: This article is of importance to DMT supervisors and therapists, as well as to other professionals who view supervision as an integral part of training. It clarifies the importance of structured analysis approaches when using verbal and nonverbal work in supervision, to create an appropriate distance from the supervision material.
http://dx.doi.org/10.15405/epsbs.2016.12.81