Volume IX, Pages 1- 104 (May 2016)
The European Proceedings of Social & Behavioural Sciences EpSBS
©2016 Published by the Future Academy
Edited by: Zafer Bekirogullari, Melis Y. Minas & Roslind X. Thambusamy
Conference: 4th CPSYC 2016 International Congress on Clinical and Counselling Psychology
Dates: 10 - 12 May 2016
Location: Kyrenia - Cyprus
Conference Chair(s): Pavlo Kanellakis, Co-Chair, CPSYC 2016, CPsychol, FBPsS (British Psychological Society), HCPC Registered Clinical, Counselling, Health, Sport and Exercise Psychologist (United Kingdom), Association for Psychological Therapies (APT), Couples SIG & Zafer Bekirogullari, Ph.D., Co-Chair CPSYC 2016, CPsychol, AFBPsS, CSci (British Psychological Society), HCPC Registered Counselling Psychologist (United Kingdom)
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Title: Gender Differences In Anxiety, Depression And Metacognition
Author(s): Vittorio Lenzo*, Mary Ellen Toffle, Fabiana Tripodi, Maria C. Quattropani
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There are many gender differences relating to mental health issues and they concern all aspects: diagnosis, treatment and incidence. No research has been conducted to evaluates the role of metacognition on the basis of gender and its relation to other psychological constructs.
This study had two primary goals. The first was to compare metacognitions by gender. The second goal was to explore the relations among the constructs of metacognitions, anxiety, depression, pathological worry, and obsessive-compulsive symptoms in two groups. Sixty-four participants (32 men and 32 women) took part in this study; they were assessed with the MCQ-30, STAI, BDI, PSWQ, and PADUA Inventory. T-test results for two independent samples for MCQ-30 did not reveal differences between gender. Results of correlational analysis found significant relations between dysfunctional metacognitive beliefs and other constructs on the basis of gender. In conclusion, results of this study point out that gender differences can play an important role in the clinical efficacy of treatments.
Title: Need For Psycho-Oncologic Care On Pacients With Cancer
Author(s): Hana Rusi Saliu*, Myqereme Rusi, Satime Kapllani
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Diagnosing an individual as a victim of cancer is an event that requires the support of the individual in the process of dealing and treating the disease. The purpose of this research is to ascertain which of socio-demographic factors of pacients determine the need for psycho-oncological care. In this paper are presented differences in the need for psycho-oncological help of the patients of different age, different marital status, patients with children and without children and with different levels of education. The problem of the research is to identify which categories of patients have more need for psycho-oncological care. A questionnaire is used to determine the need for psycho-oncological care, which includes the desire of patients to get help in order to manage the disease and the data obtained from the interviews were processed in a qualitative manner. The subject of research were 30 patients suffering from cancer at the University Hospital's Oncology Department Skopje-surveyed in October 2010 to May 2011. The results show that patients aged 45-60 years have more need for psycho-oncological care,also those with secondary education, who are married with children and are in the process of therapy. We can conclude that every person needs care and we should create an individual concept for psycho-oncological care. Patients who have lower socio-economic conditions and which are in the period of acceptance of the disease have a greater need for psycho-oncological care.
Title: Assessment of clients and their problem situations by young psychologists-consultants
Author(s): Svetlana Kostromina*, Elena Zinovyеva, Andrei Pisarev
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On the basis of example of 32 young psychologists-consultants, who has been studying at Psychological Center of St. Petersburg State University, the article considers assessment of the client and his problem situation by the following parameters: personality characteristics of the client, type and complexity of the problem situation, level of functioning the of the client (sufficient/insufficient) for solving his problem. The article performs analysis of the connection between assessment and peculiarities of personality of young consultants: their self-concept, empathy, affections, self-control, self-satisfaction in different spheres of life etc. It shows that young psychologists-consultants assess the clients by mediation of self-concept, extraversion-introversion, dominance, and anxiety.
Title: Alternative Approaches in the Prevention of Alzheimer’s Disease
Author(s): Blanka Klimova*
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Alzheimer’s disease (AD) is currently the most common incurable forms of dementia. The number of people affected by this disease is expected to grow rapidly in the next decades due to the present demographic changes. Since the pharmacological treatment of AD is quite costly, researchers try to look for alternative treatments for patients suffering from AD. The purpose of this article is to explore the non-pharmacological preventive intervention strategies which can help healthy elderly individuals to delay the development of AD and in this way enable them to stay independent on the assistance of other people. Firstly, a method of literature review analyzing the data contained in the world’s prestigious scientific databases: PubMed, Web of Science, Springer, and Scopus, in the period of 1990 – 2015 is used. Secondly, a method of comparison of different research studies examining preventive, non-invasive, intervention strategies in lowering the risk of cognitive decline is applied.
Title: Metacognition by gender: A pilot Study based on canonical correlation analysis
Author(s): Massimo Mucciardi, Vittorio Lenzo*, Mary Ellen Toffle, Maria C. Quattropani
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Past studies have explored the relationship between metacognitions and psychopathology. Few studies has investigated the role of socio-demographic aspects in dysfunctional metacognitive beliefs. Moreover, there is a lack of studies that have examined these variables simultaneously. In this perspective, canonical correlation analysis (CCA) is theoretically coherent with the complexity of this field of research and with the aims of this study. Two group of 169 women and 137 men took part in this study and took a protocol including a measure of metacognition (MCQ-30), and various psychopathological measures to evaluate the following constructs: state anxiety (STAI X1), state trait (STAI X2), pathological worry (PSWQ) and obsessive-compulsive symptoms (PADUA). Two CCA was run on the basis of the gender differences. For each CCA, MCQ-30 subscales and socio-demographic variables were considered as predictor variables of the canonical function. The other instruments were considered as criterion variables of the canonical function. Results for group of men indicated that the most relevant criterion variable was the insufficient control of mental activities. The negative beliefs about uncontrollability and danger and the positive beliefs about worry were the strongest contributors to the predictor synthetic variable. Regarding the group of female, the most important criterion variable were the pathological worry and state anxiety. The negative beliefs about uncontrollability and danger was the most contributor to the predictor synthetic variable. Only for men, work had a role in the predictor synthetic variable. Educational and age did not show a role.
Title: Influence of Cognitive Emotion Regulation on Psychological Well-being of Malaysian Graduates
Author(s): Soheila Panahi*, Aida Suraya Md Yunus, Mohammad Saeed Panahi
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The purpose of this study was to examine the extent to which cognitive emotion regulation components namely self-blame, other-blame, rumination, catastrophyzing, positive refocusing, positive reappraisal, planning and acceptance, influence psychological well-being among graduate students in one Malaysian university.A total of 534 graduate students, comprising of 155 males and 379 females, were selected using proportional sampling method among six faculties. Their mean age was 27 years (SD = 4.7). Descriptive analysis showed that the influence of positive reappraisal was high amongst the respondents. While, the percentages were lower in other-blame and catastrophyzing. Using Structural Equation Modeling, the finding revealed that psychological well-being of graduate students influenced by planning, catastrophyzing, reappraisal, other-blame, self-blame, putting into perspective, and acceptance. In conclusion, seventh strategies mentioned above explained 41% of psychological well-being of graduates students. Beside this, based on the result the model fits the data.
Title: Perception of Parental Love in 4 - 6 Year - Old Children
Author(s): Müge Yurtsever Kılıçgün*
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During childhood, establishing a healthy bond of love between parents and children is the most important requirement. Feeling and expressing types of love vary in this period. ‘This study aims to describe the typologies of 4 - 6 year old children’s perception of their parents’ love for them. The sample of the study consisted of 240 children. The data in this study were obtained from face to face interviews with children by using the mixed methods. Children were asked questions like "How do you know that your mother/father loves you?". The content analysis of the data obtained from the interviews with children was made. Categories were established about the children's perception types for parental love. Percent and frequency values of descriptive data were calculated. Differences in gender and age of the children were analyzed with chi-square analysis. When the similarities and differences in children's expression were analyzed; six different categories were found in parental love perception types of children. These categories were physical contact with parents, parental approval words, spending quality time with parents, being given presents by parent, ensuring basic needs of child by parent and meeting parental expectations. In terms of the gender of the child and parent, significant differences among the types of parental love perception were found. This study drew attention to typologies of the perceptions of parental love generated by children. Considering that in the early years of childhood, healthy parent-child relationship is very much effective upon their relationship throughout the life of individuals; data obtained from research provide important contributions to the field.
Title: Categorisation and Reading Comprehension in Social-Cognitive and Behavioural Sciences
Author(s): Eva Stranovská, Dáša Munková, Silvia Hvozdíková*
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The focus of the study was to examine categorisation or cognitive structuration of foreign language information in the process of foreign language reading and its relation to comprehension of such information. The emphasis is laid on categorisation and the process of reading comprehension and its dependency to cognitive-social and behavioural scienses represented by the study programmes of the research participants and the combination of the study programmes. The research was carried out at the Constantine the Philosopher University in Nitra at the individual faculties/schools: Faculty of Arts, Faculty of Education, Facutly of Natural Sciences and Faculty of Central European Studies. The selected students studied English language as an optional subject. The research methods used in the current research study were as follows: PNS Scale (Thomson et al., 2001), test of foreign language competence (based on ISED – the level of language proficiency B1/B2). Results of the research showed dependency of foreign language reading comprehension on desire for structure of the students of behavioural sciences compared to the students of other study programmes from the other examined faculties.
Title: Cognitive Decline in Dementia with Special Focus on Language Impairments
Author(s): Blanka Klimova*, & Ilona Semradova
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The current demographic trend is dramatically changing; particularly the number of older people is rising. This trend of older population causes an increase of aging diseases such as dementia. The purpose of this article is to discuss language disorders of the main types of dementia and explore their similarities and differences. In addition, the author emphasize the role of the non-pharmacological therapies. The methods used for this review comprise a method of literature review of available sources dealing with the main types of dementia, and a method of comparison of different research studies exploring language disorders of the main types of dementia mentioned above and their comparison.
Title: Early detection of school aged children spine deficiencies and physical therapist intervention
Author(s): Dumitru Andrei*
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In postural reconstruction in kinetotherapy, the assessment of the morphological balance starts with the analysis of observable surface indicators, i.e. visual information of patient morphology. The various elements of this balance may provide information that will contribute to the early detection of risks associated with the apparition of spine deficiencies in school-aged children. The assessment of the apparition and the early detection of these deficiencies demands the development of a system based on objective standards to monitor the detection of such problems. The purpose of this transverse pilot study is the experimentation with processes of standardization for a limited number of somatometric indicators based on measurements and data obtained on a sample of 114 subjects aged between 7 and 10 years (65 boys and 49 girls), using common statistical methods for the distribution of observations and the generation of standards. Preliminary results produced by our study reveal that 39 (34.2%) of 114 subjects display multiple spine posture flaws. Based on these results, the main conclusion of the study is that more attention needs to be paid to the normal development of the spine in children of school age between 7 and 10 years old.